The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever directs someone to a good, then he will have the reward equal to the doer of the action". [Saheeh Muslim]

A Heart Softening Recitation

Bismillah1

Beautiful recitation of Soorah Qaaf, one of my favorite soorah, by Shaykh Salman Al-3Utaybi from Riyaad.  Read the translation (Subtitles) as you listen to these powerful, heart trembling aayaat (aayaat 16-35).

Bismillah-Salaam1Allaah says

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ 

(interpretation of the meaning):

Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” (1)

The month of Safar is one of the twelve Hijri months, and it is the month which comes after Muharram.

326_bIts Name- Safar (صفر )

Some of the (scholars) said that it is so named because of the emptying (isfaar) of Makkah (i.e., its people would all leave) when they travelled during this month.

It was also said that this month is named Safar because they used to raid other tribes at this time, and they would leave those whom they encountered bereft of their possessions (sifran min al-mataa’) – i.e., they would take all their belongings away and they would leave them with nothing. (2)

Incorrect beliefs & Superstitions concerning the month of Safar

These were well known among the people of the Jaahiliyyah, and still exist among some of those who claim to be Muslims. 

  • 4 Rak3aat naafil prayer, prayed on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, with specific soorah & no. of times soorah are read in it.
  • People do not conclude marriage contracts during Safar
  • Many people believe that it is not permissible to break a stick, knot ropes, or entwine fingers when concluding a marriage contract for this leads to failure of the concerned marriage and disharmony between the spouses
  • Some believe that no one should marry or be circumcised in the month of Safar.
  • Every year, 320,000 calamities come down, and all of that comes down on the last Wednesday of Safar.
  • Or there a special du3aa for Safar or ‘travelling or marriage in Safar is haraam (forbidden)

Ahadeeth  of the Prophet About Safar & Superstition:

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

لا عَدْوَى وَلا طِيَرَةَ وَلا هَامَةَ وَلا صَفَرَ

There is no 3adwaa, no tiyarah, no haamah and no Safar  (3)

(3adwaa (contagion, transmission of infectious disease without the permission of Allaah). Tiyarah (superstitious belief in bird omens). Haamah (refers to a Jaahili Arab tradition described variously as: a worm which infests the grave of a murder victim until he is avenged; an owl; or the bones of a dead person turned into a bird that could fly). Safar (the month of Safar was regarded as “unlucky” during the Jaahiliyyah) (4)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:  

The words “no Safar” refers to the month of Safar, which the Arabs used to regard as inauspicious, especially for marriage. And it was said that it was a stomach disease that affected camels and was transmitted from one camel to another.

It is more likely that what is meant by Safar here is the month, and that what is meant by saying “no Safar” is that it is not to be regarded as inauspicious, rather it is like any other time, during which good or bad things may be decreed.

This does not mean that these things do not happen, because they do happen. Rather it is a statement that they do not have any effect. The One Who causes things to happen is Allaah. If any of these things has a known effect then that is valid and real; if any of them is imagined to have an effect, then that is invalid and false. Thus the hadeeth demonstrates that if there is a valid effect, it cannot be attributed to that thing itself (rather the One Who causes it to happen is Allaah). If the effect is merely imagined, then this hadeeth is stating that it has no effect in the first place. (5)

safarProphet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

 قال : ” لا هامة ولا صفر “ ، زاد مسلم وغيره  ولا نَوء ولا غُول 

“No haamah and no Safar.” (6). In narration of Muslim and others add the words: “No naw’ and no ghoul.” 

It was said that they used to have superstitions concerning the month of Safar, so the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “No Safar”.

And it was said that the Arabs used to believe that there was a snake in the stomach which would harm a person when he had intercourse, and that this was contagious, so the Lawgiver denied that. Maalik said: “The people of the Jaahiliyyah would regard Safar as not being sacred one year and as sacred the next year. (7)

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

لاَ عَدْوَى وَلاَ صَفَرَ خَلَقَ اللَّهُ كُلَّ نَفْسٍ وَكَتَبَ حَيَاتَهَا وَرِزْقَهَا وَمَصَائِبَهَا

There is no 3Adwa nor safar. Allaah created every soul, so he wrote its life, its provision, and its afflictions”. (8)

Fatawaa About Different Superstitions & Innovations in Safar:

Shaykh Bin Baaz said regarding doing Marriage contracts & or entwining fingers etc during Safar:

Safar, just like all other months, does not bring good or evil, as good is only from Allah subhaanAllaah and evil is predestined by Him. Moreover, it is authentically reported that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam annulled the concept of pessimism when he said: “There is no 3Adwa, nor is there any Tiyarah, nor is there any Hamah, nor is there Safar”

The same applies to pessimism about entwining fingers, breaking a stick, etc., when concluding a marriage contract. Such beliefs are false, baseless, and thus they should not be adopted by a Muslim. (9)

The Permanent Committee was asked about marrying or be circumcision in the month of Safar. They replied:

What is mentioned with regard to the prohibition of marriage or circumcision during the month of Safar is superstition. Being superstitious of months, days, birds and similar animals is not permissible.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is no 3Adwa, nor is there any Tiyarah (evil omen), nor is there any Hamah, nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during Jahiliyyah).

Being superstitious about the month of Safar falls under forbidden pessimism that discourages from acting and is one of the acts of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance) that was annulled by Islam. (10)

The Permanent Committee was asked about a du3aa’ (11) distributed and said in Safar (asking Allaah by Tawassul of  Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger & names of Allaah). They replied:

This is an innovated Du3aa’ in terms of being specified to be said at a certain time. It also includes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of…) by Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger and names which are given to Allaah although they are stated neither in the Qur’aan nor in the Sunnah. It is not permissible to name Allaah  except with what He has named Himself in His Book or revealed to His Messenger Muhammad.

Tawassul by people or by the virtue of their status in Du3aa’ is a Bid3ah (innovation in religion), and every Bid3ah is misguidance and a means to Shirk. Accordingly, the circulation of this Du3aa’ should be prevented in addition to getting rid of any of its copies. It seems that it is innovated by the Shiites. (12)

The Permanent Committee was asked about a specific 4 Rak3aat prayer that is prayed on the last Wednesday of Safar (13), that if prayed in specific manner, Allaah protect him by His generosity from all the calamities that come down on that day, and they will not come around him.

They replied:

We do not know of any basis in the Qur’aan or in the Sunnah for the naafil prayer mentioned in the question. We have no proof that any one among the salaf of this ummah or the righteous people of its later generations did this naafil prayer. Rather it is a reprehensible innovation.

It was narrated that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours [Islam], will have it rejected.” And he said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours that is not part of it, will have it rejected.”

Whoever attributes this prayer and the things that are mentioned with it to the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam or to any of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) is fabricating serious lies, and Allaah will give him the punishment for liars which he deserves. (14)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn 3Abd al-Salaam al-Shuqayri said:

The ignorant have the habit of writing down the verses of salaam such as “Salaam (peace) be upon Nooh (from Us) among the 3Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)!””  (soorah As-Saafaat 37:79) etc. on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, then they put them in vessels and drink it and seek blessings from it, and they give it as gifts to one another, because they believe that this will take away bad things. This is a false belief and a blameworthy superstition, a reprehensible innovation which must be denounced by everyone who sees it. (15)

Compiled by TowardsHuda (Main Sources)

Related Posts:

The Month of Safar by Shaykh Salih Munajjid (islamqa.info)

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References:
(1) soorah at-Tawbah, v:36
(2) Lisaan al-‘Arab by Ibn al-Mandhoor, part 4, p. 462-463
(3) Al-Bukhaari (5316)
(4) http://islamqa.info/en/45694
(5)Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed, 2/80
(6) Al-Musnad, Al-Saheehayn (Bukharee & Muslim)
(7) http://islamqa.info/en/13930
(8) Arabic reference :Tirmidhee Book 32, Hadeeth 2293 / silsilah as-saheehah
English reference: Tirmidhee Vol. 4, Book 6, Hadeeth 2143 (Darussalaam)
(9) Al-Ifta
(10) Al-Ifta Fatawaa’
(11) Read the fabricated du3aa’ here
(12) Al-Iftaa Fatwa
(13) The fabricated prayer on the Last wednesday of Safar
(14) Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 2/354
(15) Al-Sunan wa’l-Mubtada’aat, p. 111, 112

Got A Grudge?

1

مسلم (2565) عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ

تُفْتَحُ أَبْوَابُ الْجَنَّةِ يَوْمَ الِاثْنَيْنِ وَيَوْمَ الْخَمِيسِ فَيُغْفَرُ لِكُلِّ عَبْدٍ لَا يُشْرِكُ بِاللَّهِ شَيْئًا إِلَّا رَجُلًا كَانَتْ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ أَخِيهِ شَحْنَاءُ فَيُقَالُ : أَنْظِرُوا هَذَيْنِ حَتَّى يَصْطَلِحَا ، أَنْظِرُوا هَذَيْنِ حَتَّى يَصْطَلِحَا ، أَنْظِرُوا هَذَيْنِ حَتَّى يَصْطَلِحَا

It was narrated from Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wassallam said:

The gates of Jannah are opened on Mondays and Thursdays, and every slave (of Allaah) who does not associate any partners with Allaah is forgiven, except a man between whom and his brother there is some grudge (1)

It is said, “Wait for these two until they reconcile, wait for these two until they reconcile, wait for these two until they reconcile.’” (2)

Ibn Raslaan said:

It seems that if one of them seeks to reconcile with the other but he does not accept it, the one who seeks reconciliation will be forgiven. (3)

عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ

لَا يَحِلُّ لِمُسْلِمٍ أَنْ يَهْجُرَ أَخَاهُ فَوْقَ ثَلَاثٍ يَلْتَقِيَانِ فَيَصُدُّ هَذَا وَيَصُدُّ هَذَا وَخَيْرُهُمَا الَّذِي يَبْدَأُ بِالسَّلَامِ

It is narrated from Abu Ayyoob radiAllaahu 3Anhu that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wassallam said:

It is not permissible for a Muslim to forsake his brother for more than three days, each of them turning away from the other when they meet. The better of them is the first to greet the other with salaam.” (4)

imagesAl-Nawawi said:

“The better of them is the first to greet the other with salaam” – this is the evidence for the view of al-Shaafa3ee and Maalik and those who agree with them, that the greeting of salaam ends the forsaking, and removes sin from the person (5)

It’s Monday!  Got a Grudge? 

Do Not Hold it….Reconcile

Related Posts:

A Smiling and Cheerful Face

“Where are those who loved each other for the sake of My glory?”

Giving Gifts

Do you hate someone?

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Reference:
(1) Grudge: A feeling of ill will or resentment  ((Arabic word الشَّحْنَاءُ : الحقْدُ والعداوةُ والبغضاءُ ))
bitterness, rancor, malevolence, enmity, hatred. Grudge, malice, spite refer to ill will held against another or others. A grudge is a feeling of resentment harbored because of some real or fancied wrong
 
(2) Saheeh Muslim, Book 45, Hadeeth Number 2565, Darussalam Publishers [English Translation]
(3) Sharh al-Zarqaani 3ala al-Muwatta3 (4/335)
(4) Al-Bukhaari (6237) and Muslim (2561)
(5) in Sharh Muslim
Read more details: http://islamqa.info/en/93888

Bismillaah - CopyProphet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

شَرُّ الأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا وَكُلُّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلالَةٌ

“The worst of matters are those which are newly-invented, and every innovation is a going astray.” (1)

He SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam also said:

مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي دِينِنَا مَا لَيْسَ فِيهِ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ

“Whoever introduces anything into our religion that is not part of it, will have it rejected.” (2)

Widespread AHadeeth about Wiping of the Neck:

These are widespread ahadeeth on internet & different social media forums, about wiping of the neck during wudoo’.

1).Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Wiping the neck is a protection from the yoke (or chains – al-ghull)”  (3)

Al-Nawawi said about this hadeeth “these are not the words of the Prophet” (4). He (Al-Nawawi) & Shaykh Al-Banee graded this hadeeth as Fabricated (mawdoo3) (5)

2). It is narrated from Talhah ibn Musarraf, from his father, from his grandfather, which says that he saw the Messenger of AllaahSallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam wiping his head until he reached the back of his head and the first part of the neck”

This is classed as da3eef by al-Albaani in Da3eef Abi Dawood. (6)

Fatawaa of Scholars about Wiping the Neck:

The majority of scholars are of the opinion that such a practice is not likable.  Many scholars even think that wiping over the neck is Bida3h (bad innovation).  This is the opinion of the Shafi3ee.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:

There is no saheeh report from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam which says that he wiped his neck during wudoo’, rather no such thing has been narrated from him in any saheeh hadeeth. Rather the saheeh ahaadeeth which describe the wudoo’ of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam do not mention that he wiped his neck. Hence the majority of scholars, such as Maalik, al-Shaafa3ee and Ahmed did not regard that as mustahabb. Those who say that it is mustahabb rely on a report narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu or a da3eef (weak) hadeeth which says that he wiped his head until he reached the back of his head. Such reports cannot be relied on, and it does not contradict what is indicated by the sound ahaadeeth. Whoever does not wipe his neck, his wudoo’ is valid according to scholarly consensus” (7)

Imaam an-Nawawee (rahimahullaah):

Wiping the neck during Wudhu is not from the Sunnah, rather it is an innovation. (8) (9)

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

There is no saheeh hadeeth from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam about wiping the neck at all.” (10)

Shaykh Ibn Baaz said:

It is not mustahabb or prescribed in sharee3ah to wipe the neck, rather the head and the ears only are to be wiped, as is indicated by the Qur’aan and Sunnah.” (11)

Shaykh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) said:

I do not see it permissible to wipe ones neck during wudhu, except that a daleel is provided that is authentic, showing its legislation and since there is none it should not be done.(12)

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa replied:

 There is no proof in either the Book of Allaah or the Sunnah of His Messenger SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam that wiping the neck is part of wudoo’, so it is not a prescribed part of wudoo’. (13)

Related Posts:

Know the Rulings

Rulings about Covering the Feet (in prayer)

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References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Bukharee & Saheeh Muslim.
According to a version narrated by Muslim: ((Whoever does any action that is not in accordance with this matter of ours will have it rejected”))
(3)Al-ghull (plural. al-aghlaal) refers to chains that are placed on the neck. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“They are those who disbelieved in their Lord! They are those who will have iron chains (al-aghlaal) tying their hands to their necks”  [soorah Al-Ra3d, v:5]

“And We shall put iron collars (al-aghlaal) round the necks of those who disbelieved. Are they requited aught except what they used to do?”  [soorah Saba, v:33]

(4) Al-Majmoo3 (1/489)  (http://islamqa.info/en/70120)
(5 ) Arabic site
(6) Abu Dawood (132) and was classed as da3eef by al-Albaan33 in Da3eef Abi Dawood.
(7) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa, 21/127
(8) Al-Badar al-Muneer v. 2 p. 221
(9) In al-Majmoo3 (1/489)
Al-Nawawi mentioned a difference of opinion among the companions of al-Shaafa3ee (may Allaah have mercy on him) concerning wiping the neck in wudoo’. Then he said: This is a summary of what they said, and they had four views on this matter, one of which is that it is Sunnah to wipe it with new water. The second is that it is mustahabb and cannot be said to be Sunnah. The third is that it is mustahabb to use the water left from wiping the head and ears. The fourth is that it is neither Sunnah nor mustahabb.
The fourth view is the one that is correct. Hence al-Shaafa3ee (may Allaah have mercy on him) did not mention it, and neither did our earlier companions. It was not mentioned by most of the scholars. There is no proof of that from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
(10) in Zaad al-Ma3aad (1/195)
(11)Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 10/ 103 ((http://islamqa.info/en/70120))
 (12) Tamaam al-Minnah page 98
(13)  Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 5/235 ((http://islamqa.info/en/2168))
 

besm4

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.” (1)

Mustahabb (encouraged) to fast Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’:

3Abd-Allaah ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhuma said: “When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted on 3Aashooraa’ and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

If I live to see the next year, in-shaa’-Allaah, we will fast on the ninth day too.’

But it so happened that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam passed away before the next year came.” (2)

Al-Shaafa3ee and his companions, Ahmad, Ishaaq and others said:

It is mustahabb [recommended] to fast both the ninth and the tenth, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted the tenth and intended to fast the ninth.

Wisdom Behind Fasting Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’

If one were to ask, what is the wisdom behind fasting the ninth as well as the tenth?  The answer is:

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

The scholars among our companions and others said that there are several reasons for recommending fasting on the ninth day (Taasoo3aa’):

1. The intention behind it is to be different from the Jews who limit their fasting to the tenth day. This was narrated from Ibn 3Abbaas.

2. The intention was to join the fast of 3Aashooraa to another day, just as it is not allowed to fast on a Friday on its own [but it is allowed if one fasts the day before or the day after as well].

3. The idea is to be on the safe side and make sure one is fasting on the tenth, in case the moon sighting was not accurate and what people think is the ninth is actually the tenth.

The strongest of these reasons is in order to be different from the People of the Book.

fasting taasoo3aa

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah said:

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam forbade resembling the People of the Book in many ahaadeeth. For example, he said concerning 3Aashooraa: “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth.” (3)

Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, commenting on the hadeeth “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth”:

His concern to fast the ninth may be understood as meaning that he would not limit himself to that, rather that he would add it to the tenth, either to be on the safe side, or to be different from the Jews and Christians, which is more likely to be correct; this is what may be understood from some of the reports narrated by Muslim.” (4)

Based on this, there are different ways of fasting 3Aashooraa, the least of which is to fast the tenth only, but it is better to fast the ninth as well. The more one fasts in Muharram, the better.

 Fasting Only On the Day of 3Aashooraa':

Shaykh al-Islaam said:

Fasting on the day of 3Aashoraa’ is an expiation for a year, and it is not makrooh to fast only that day”. (5)

Ibn Hajar al-Haytami said: 

There is nothing wrong with fasting only on 3Aashooraa’.” (6)

only 3Aashooraa'

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa said:

It is permissible to fast the day of 3Aashooraa’. (tenth day of Muharram) just one day, however, it is better to fast the day before it or the day after it (also)”. (7)

Related Posts:

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Some Rulings About 3Aashooraa’

 References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Muslim, 1916.
(3) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 6
(4) Fath al-Baari, 4/245
Read More: http://islamqa.com/en/ref/21785
(5) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5
(6) In Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj: part 3, Baab Sawm al-Tatawwu’
(7) Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘3lmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Volume 10, Page 401, Fatwa No.13700

Beginning of New Year 1436H

bismillah21

Muharram, the 1st month of new Hijri year 1436H is starting from Saturday, 25th October 2014.

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

The best of fasting after Ramadaan is fasting Allaah’s month of Muharram. (1)

Muharram _6

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said about fasting the 10th Muharram:

For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before. (2)

 09 Muharram 1436 H = Sunday, 2nd November 2014

10 Muharram (3Aashooraa’) 1436H = Monday, 3rd November 2014

11 Muharram 1436H = Tuesday, 4th November 2014

Related Posts:

Ruling on offering congratulations at the Beginning of the Hijri Year

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

More Muharram Resources

Reference:
(1)  Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Muslim

gallery_91318Question:

As the Hijri year draws to a close, there are many text messages saying that the page recording one’s good deeds will be closed at the end of the year, and urging us to end it with prayers for forgiveness and fasting.

What is the ruling on these messages? Is fasting the last day of the year Sunnah?

Answer:

Praise be to Allaah.

Deeds are Taken Up Twice Daily:

The Sunnah indicates that people’s good deeds are taken up to be shown to Allaah without any delay, twice each day: once at night and once during the day.

It is narrated that Abu Moosa al-Ash3aree (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam stood up before us and told us five things. He said:

“Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted, does not sleep and it is not befitting that He should sleep. He lowers the Balance and raises it; the deeds of the night are taken up to Him before the deeds of the day, and the deeds of the day before the deeds of the night…” (1)

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The recording angels go up with the deeds of the night after it ends, at the beginning of the day, and they go up with the deeds of the day after it ends, at the beginning of the night.

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

The angels of the night and the day come to you in succession, and they meet at Fajr prayer and at 3Asr prayer, then those who stayed among you ascend and their Lord asks them, although He knows best about them, ‘How did you leave My slaves?’ and they say, ‘We left them when they were praying and we came to them when they were praying.’ (2)

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said:

This indicates that deeds are taken up at the end of the day. Whoever is in a state of obedience at that time will be blessed in his provision and his work, and Allaah knows best. Hence we can see the wisdom behind the command to perform these prayers (Fajr and 3Asr) regularly and pay attention to them. 

Deeds are Taken Up Twice Each Week:

The Sunnah indicates that deeds are also shown to Allaah (may He be glorified and exalted) twice each week.

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

People’s deeds are shown [to Allaah] twice each week, on Monday and Thursday, and every believing slave is forgiven except a person between whom and his brother there is a dispute, and it is said, ‘Leave these two until they reconcile.’ (3)

Deeds are Taken Up In the Month of Sha3baan:

The Sunnah also indicates that the good deeds of each year are taken up to Allaah all at once in the month of Sha3baan.

It is narrated that Usaamah ibn Zayd (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I said: O Messenger of Allaah, I do not see you fasting as much in any month as you fast in Ramadaan. He said:

That is a month concerning which the people are heedless, between Rajab and Ramadaan, but it is a month in which good deeds are taken up to the Lord of the Worlds, and I would like my deeds to be taken up when I am fasting.” (4)

These texts may be summed up by noting that people’s deeds are shown to Allaah in three ways:

  • Daily, which happens twice a day
  • Weekly, which also happens twice, on Mondays and Thursdays
  • Annually, which happens once, during the month of Sha3baan

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

The deeds of the year are taken up in Sha3baan, as the truthful one (the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam has told us. The deeds of the week are shown on Monday and Thursday, the deeds of the day are taken up at the end of the day before night comes, and the deeds of the night are taken up at the end of the night, before day comes. When a person’s life comes to an end, all his life’s deeds are taken up and the record of his deeds is closed. (5)

Encouragement To Do Good Deeds:

The ahaadeeth which indicate that deeds are shown to Allaah indicate that it is encouraged to do more deeds of obedience at the times when the deeds are being shown to Him, as the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said concerning fasting in Sha3baan:

I would like my deeds to be taken up when I am fasting.

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

Deeds are shown (to Allaah) on Mondays and Thursdays, and I would like my deeds to be shown when I am fasting.” (6)

One of the Taabi3een used to weep in front of his wife on Thursdays and she would weep in front of him, and he would say: Today our deeds are being shown to Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted. (7)

Conclusion:

From what we have mentioned it is clear that there is no suggestion that at the end of an old year or the beginning of a new year the records of deeds are closed and deeds are shown to Allaah. Rather deeds are shown to Him in the various ways that we have mentioned, and the texts describe other times for this. The texts also indicate that the way of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is to do more acts of obedience at those times.

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said concerning commemorating the end of the year:

There is no basis for that, and singling out the end of the year for specific acts of worship such as fasting is a reprehensible innovation (bid3ah).” 

dua wrong

Fasting On Mondays & Thursdays, if coincides with the End of the year:

With regard to fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, if that is a person’s habit, or if he is fasting on those days because of the reports which encourage doing so, then he should not refrain from doing so because it coincides with the end or beginning of the year, so long as he is not fasting on that day because of that coincidence, or because he thinks that there is any special virtue in fasting on that occasion.

And Allaah knows best.

Taken from Islamqa.info

Related Posts:

Ruling on offering congratulations at the Beginning of the Hijri Year

Virtues of Allaah’s sacred month of Muharram

===================================================

 References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim (179)
(2) Al-Bukhaari (555) and Muslim (632)
(3) Muslim (2565)
(4) Al-Nasaa’i (1257) Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’
(5) End quote from Haashiyat Sunan Abi Dawood.
(6) Sunan al-Tirmidhi (747), Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa3 al-Ghaleel (949)
(7) Ibn Rajab in Lataa’if al-Ma3aazif)
 
http://islamqa.info/en/44021

bismillah_f

Allaah says

وَأَذِّن فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ

(interpretation of the meaning): 

“And proclaim to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep and distant (wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj)”

[soorah Al-Hajj, verse:27] 

A 75-year-old Yemeni walks over 2 months to reach Minaa for Hajj. 

yemeni man1

 Mohammed 3Ali Al-Mirfa3 told Al-Madina newspaper on Thursday that he started his journey from his home  town in Yemen on the third day of Eid Al-Fitr (July 3).

 He described his foot journey to be long and exhausting but he said: “I was determined to walk it  regardless of any difficulties.”

 Al-Mirfa3 said he bade farewell to his 12 children, wife and relatives and began his journey of a lifetime. He said  he is destitute and does not have anything to lose.

“I was only assisted in my journey by my strong will and determination which my long years have not been able to break,” he said.

When the newspaper met him, he was drinking a cup of tea provided to him by one of the cleaners. He was eating a loaf of bread with the tea.

“This is my breakfast. I am happy to have made it to the sacred Sites,” he said.

yemeni man

Al-Mirfa3 did not say if he had a Hajj campaign to accommodate him in Minaa, 3Arafat and Makkah.

He did not also say how he will go back home.

Source : Saudi Gazette

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A True Story The Man Who Has Exceeded Age of 96

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Virtues of the Day of 3Arafah

Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam was asked about fasting on the Day of 3Arafah. He said:

 “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year.”

(continue reading…virtues of the day of 3Arafah)

FASTING ON THE DAY OF ARAFAH

Suggested program for 3Arafah:

1. Sleep early the night before to strengthen yourself for the special day.

2. Wake up well before Fajr for suhoor.

3. Make wudoo’, while consciously remembering that your sins are being washed away till the last drop of water. (1)

4. Pray at least 4 rak3aat of Qiyaam (2) and make du3aa’ for your deen & dunya & the Muslims in your sujood (3). Cry to Allaah, showing Him humility & ask Him to give you Tawfeeq on this great day.

Thank Him for making you of those who would experience this special occasion.

5. Spend some time (10-15 minutes at least) making Istighfaar before Fajr, to be like the righteous whom Allaah described as “seeking forgiveness before dawn.” (4)

6. Repeat after the Fajr adhaan & make du3aa’. (Accepted time of Du3aa’) (5)

7. Pray Fajr. Sit in your prayer place and do your morning Adhkar. Make Tasbeeh, Tahleel, Tahmeed, & Takbeer. And as the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam advised.

Increase in لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له ، له الملك ، وله الحمد ، وهو على كل شيء قدير

“la ilaha illallah, wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulk wa lahul hamd, wa huwa ala kulli shay’in qadeer.” (6)

8. 15 minutes after sunrise pray 2 rak3aat of shurooq. This all amounts to the reward of a complete Hajj & 3Umrah. So do not waste it! (7)

9. If you’re able to stay awake by all means, do so and do not waste a single minute. If you need to sleep, take a nap for an hour with the conscious intention of energizing yourself for the worship of Allaah, so that even your sleep will be rewarded!

10. When you wake up, make wudoo’ and pray at least 4 rakaat of Duhaa. (8)

11. Then recite lots of Qur’aan and make the dhikr mentioned above in breaks in between.

(Make dhikr after Dhuhr as you prepare food or as you do whatever responsibilities are absolutely necessary).

12. After 3Asr, say the evening adhkar. Then recite Qur’aan again till about an hour before Maghrib.

13. At that point, make LOTS of du3aa’ till Maghrib, while having Yaqeen (certainty) that Allaah will answer. (Preparing a du3aa’ list ahead of time helps!)

Beg that the day will not come to an end except that Allaah has forgiven you all your sins and written you of those He has freed from the Fire. Don’t forget du3aa’ for the Muslims suffering all over the world.

14. Remember as you break your fast that your du3aa’ at that moment is accepted.

May Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aala grant us all Tawfeeq on that day. Aameen

Related Posts:

Fasting and Prescribed deeds on the Day of 3Arafah

Best Du3aa on the day of 3Arafah

Fasting On 3Arafah for Different Moon Sighting Countries

Fasting on 3Arafah if it Falls on Friday  [NEW]

References:

(1) Narrated Abû Hurayrah radhiAllaahu 3anhu: Allaah’s Apostle sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said: “When a bondsman – a Muslim or a believer – washes his face (in course of ablution), every sin he contemplated with his eyes will be washed away from his face along with water, or with the last drop of water ; when he washes his hands, every sin they wrought will be effaced from his hands with the water, or with the last drop of water; and when he washes his feet, every sin towards which his feet have walked will be washed away with the water, or with the last drop of water, with the result that he comes out pure from all sins.” [Saheeh Muslim]
(2) 100 verses written as
(3) du3aa is accepted in sujood
(4) “And in the hours before dawn they would ask forgiveness,”  (Soorat Adh-Dhaariyaat, v:18)
(5) The Messenger of Allah sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said: “Du3aa is not rejected between the adhan and iqamah, so engage in du’a (supplication).” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 212; Abu Dawood, 437; Ahmad, 12174. Classed as saheeh by al-Albani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 489).
(6) Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “The best of du3aa’ is du3aa’ on the day of 3Arafah, and the best that I and the Prophets before me said is:لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له ، له الملك ، وله الحمد ، وهو على كل شيء قدير‘
(7) Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever prays Fajr in congregation, then sits remembering Allaah until the sun rises, then prays two rak3aat, will have a reward like that of Hajj and 3Umrah, complete, complete, complete.” (Tirmidhi (586), from Anas ibn Maalik- classed as hasan was al-Albaani  in Saheeh Sunan at-Tirmidhi)
(8) Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever prays two rak3aat of Duhaa will not be recorded as being among the heedless,and whoever prays four rak3aat (of Duhaa) will be recorded among the worshipers..” (Shaykh Al-Albani graded this hadeeth as Hasan in Saheeh At-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb)

wqw

Fasting On Jumu3ah (Friday):

Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he said: “I heard the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam say:

“None of you should fast on a Friday unless he fasts the day before or the day after”.’ (1)

Fasting on 3Arafah if It Coincides with Friday:

Shaykh 3Abdul-3Azeez bin 3Abdullaah Aal ash-Shaykh was asked the following question:

Q: If the day of 3Arafah (the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah) was to coincide with Friday is it permissible to single it out with fasting (i.e. by not fasting a day along with it)? May Allaah reward you with good.

He replied:

Fasting Friday is forbidden if the intent is the day of Friday itself;  i.e. singling out the day of Friday; so one must fast a day before it or a day after it.

As for it (Friday) coinciding with a day that is obligatory to fast, or (if Friday coincided) with fasting the six days of Shawwaal, or with fasting the 9th or 10th day of Muharram, or with fasting the day of 3Arafah, then there is nothing to prevent him from that (fasting Friday by itself); as long as he is not in a state of Ihraam performing Hajj. ” (2)

Shaykh ibn Baz (rahimahullaah) was asked:

Q: The day of 3Arafah came on Friday, and I fasted on Friday which was the day of 3Arafah, but I did not fast on Thursday; so is there any sin upon me?

He answered:

We hope there is no sin upon you. This is because you did not intend to single out this day for fasting; rather you only fasted this day because it was the day of 3Arafah.

But if you would have fasted Thursday along with it, it would have been safer and less doubtful.

This is because the Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam prohibited singling out Friday for fasting as it relates to the one observing and optional fast. And you were observing an optional fast. Therefore if you would have fasted Thursday along with it, with would have been safer and less doubtful even if your intention was to fast because it was 3Arafah.

But for the believer to investigate so he can be in agreement with the commands of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is safer and less doubtful.

As for fasting (Friday) intending to do so because it is a virtuous day, then this is not permissible because the Messenger prohibited that.

But if you fast this day because it is the day of 3Arafah then we hope there will be nothing upon you. But if the person takes precaution and fast on Thursday along with Friday, this will be safer. (3)

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ was asked:

Q: Is it permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of 3Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday? Or, should a person observe Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it, bearing in mind that the former case conflicts with the Hadeeth prohibiting the observance of Sawm on Friday alone?

They replied:

It is permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of 3Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday without observing Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it as the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is authentically reported to have urged people to observe Sawm on this day highlighting its superiority and the great reward for observing Sawm on it.

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: Fasting the Day of 3Arafah forgives the sins of two years: the previous and the following…”

This Hadeeth specifies the general meaning of the Hadeeth that readsNone of you should fast on Friday unless he fasts a day before or after it”.

Accordingly, the general prohibition understood from this Hadeeth should be understood in the context of observing Sawm on Friday for it merely being Friday.

However, observing Sawm on Friday for another purpose recommended by Shari3ah is permissible and not prohibited even if Sawm is observed on Friday alone. If Sawm is observed on a day preceding or succeeding it, it will be a more precautionary implementation of the two Hadeeths which will have the effect of the increase of the reward. (4)

Ibn Hajar said in Fath Al-Baari:

(after mentioning the prohibition of singling out Jumu3ah for fasting)

“Excluded from this prohibition is one who fasts the day before or after, or if it coincides with days that he habitually fasts, such as one who fasts al-Ayyaam al-Beed (the 13th, 14th and 15th of each hijri month), or who has the habit of fasting a specific day such as the Day of 3Arafah,  and it coincides with a Friday…. (5)

Similarly, if 3Ashoorah or 3Arafah coincides with a Friday, he may fast, because his intention is to fast 3Ashoorah or 3Arafah, not to fast on a Friday. (6)

Compiled by TowardsHuda

Related Posts:

Virtues of the Day of 3Arafah

Fasting On 3Arafah for Different Moon Sighting Countries

Suggested Program For 3Arafah [NEW]

Fasting and Prescribed deeds on the Day of 3Arafah

==========================================================

References:

Beginning of Dhul-Hijjah1435H

Bismillah-Salam


Announcement of the High Judiciary Council (HJC) of Saudi Arabia regarding the beginning of Dhul-Hijjah 1435H (2014).

Saudi Arabia has declared that  tomorrow, Thursday, 25th September 2014 will be the 1st day of Dhul-Hijjah.

1 Dhul-Hijjah 1435 = Thursday, 25th September 2014

9 Dhul-Hijjah 1435 (3Arafah day) = Friday, 3rd October 2014

10 Dhul-Hijjah 1435 (3Eed Al-Adhaa) = Saturday, 4th October 2014

source

Related Posts:

Fasting The First Nine Days Of Dhul-Hijjah (Must Read)

Takbeer of Dhul-Hijjah (Revive the Sunnah) (Must Read)

Making the Most of the Blessed Days of Dhul-Hijjah 1

Rulings for One Who Wants to Offer A Sacrifice (Must Read)

Bismillaah - CopyAnother beautiful inspiring story.

He may not be able to read Arabic, but he can recite the Qur’aan, his voice is confident when answering questions about the Qur’aan verses.

The extraordinary little guy is Fajar Abdurokhim Wahyudiono, 10 years old from Indonesia.

What makes him so special was that he has memorised the entire Qur’aan, despite the difficulties he faces. His ambition is simple and noble: to become an Imaam of Masjid al-Haraam, Makkah.

Fajar suffers from spastic cerebral palsy (CP), a group of disorders that can involve brain and nervous system functions, such as movement, learning, hearing, seeing, and thinking.

“Fajar loves the challenge of completing or looking for a specific verse. Not so much with reciting,” said his mother Heny Sulistiowati,  at their house in Karanganyar, Central Java, Indonesia.

Heny and her husband, Joko Wahyudiono believe that the Qur’aan is the cure for all ailments. When their son was born prematurely on October 2, 2003, they regularly played him recordings of the Qur’aan. Because of his low birth weight of only 1.6 kilos, Fajar had to remain in intensive care. When they came to bring him breast milk, Heny and Joko also brought along a recording for the nurse to play.

“I told the nurse to play the cassette once in a while for my child. At that time, the NICU usually played music.”

Playing recordings of the Qur’aan continued after Fajar was brought home. Heny and Joko were very selective as to what he was allowed to listen. It’s also why they decided not to have a TV and or listen to music at home.

“A child has to listen to good things. Everything from the Qur’aan is good, so that’s the best thing,” Heny said.

Up until he was two months old, Fajar was just like other babies. It was only when he turned three months that Heny realised there was something different about him: his development was slow. After consulting a pediatrician, they discovered that Fajar had CP. The doctor said it could have been caused by his premature delivery, as parts of his brain had not fully developed.

Together with physical therapy, Heny continued with the cassette recordings.

At age 3, when Fajar showed interest in images, Heny bought an interactive CD of the Qur’aan. And that was how he learned the Arabic alphabet.

He first spoke around the age of 3, and the first thing out of his mouth were snippets of Qur’aan verses. At first, his parents could only make out the end of the verse Fajar was trying to recite. Later, they could hear the beginning and the end, and finally they could make out the complete verse.

When he was almost 4 years old, he had memorised the entire Qur’aan. Then, he began to ask his mother to find a verse for him. Not a hafiz herself, Heny was overwhelmed and found for him a female Qur’aan teacher.

“Six months into it, the teacher said that Fajar had memorized 80-90 percent of the Qur’aan, although not in order,” she said.

He changed teachers twice and in December 2012, at the age of 9, Fajar had finally memorized the entire Qur’aan in order.

Fajar with his mother

Fajar with his mother

What’s more, the regular listening to the Qur’aan seems to be improving his condition, according to Heny.

A brain test at age 3 showed that his brain was experiencing seizures. Recent tests showed that these had vanished. A MRI test revealed empty spaces in Fajar’s brain, which usually indicates hydrocephalus, a condition where the brain swells from excessive fluid. However, Fajar does not have this condition. Today he even goes to public school, while his motor and cognitive skills are improving.

“This is the miracle of the Qur’aan, it wakes sleeping brain cells. Alhamdulillaah, Fajar is experiencing the blessing of the Qur’aan,” said Heny.

Indeed, from the miracles of the Qur’aan.

وَلَقَدْ يَسَّرْنَا الْقُرْآنَ لِلذِّكْرِ فَهَلْ مِن مُّدَّكِرٍ

“And We have certainly made the Qur’aan easy to understand & remember, so is there any who will remember? [soorah Al-Qamar, v:17]

may Allaah grant this boy complete shifaa’ and attach our hearts to the Qur’aan and grant us the memorization of His Book. Aameen.

Source

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