The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever directs someone to a good, then he will have the reward equal to the doer of the action". [Saheeh Muslim]

Posts tagged ‘bid3ah’

Rulings on Saying Jumu3ah Mubaarak

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A wide-spread practice that has become very common on forums, whats-App groups and social networks. People updating their status, sharing & sending messages of “Jumu3ah Mubaarak”or “Have a blessed Jumu3ah” etc. What is the ruling on saying or wishing Jumu3ah Mubaarak?

The Mufti Shaykh Abdul 3Azeez Aal As-shaykh was asked the following question: “What is the ruling on the statement Jumu3ah Mubaarak? He replied:

There is no origin for sending out the greeting Jumu3ah Mubaarak on the cell phones. It is a bless day, no doubt. Allaah the Exalted has singled us out with this day, and the Jews and Christians have been lead astray away from this day, but as for giving a greeting every jumu3ah then we don’t know of any origin for this” (1)

 Shaykh 3Abdul-Muhsin Al-3Abaad was asked about the ruling on one who specifies Fridays by saying Jumu3ah Mubaarak & uses evidence that Muslims have 3 Eeds? He replied:

By Allaah, we don’t know of anything that proves the validity of this. No doubt, Jumu3ah is the Eed of the week for the Muslims. As for the two Eeds, then it has been narrated that the companions when they would meet each other they would say, “May Allaah accept it from us and you” or “May Allaah accept your obedience”. (2)

Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan was asked: “What is the ruling on sending text messages every Friday and ending with the phrase “Jumu3ah Mubaarak”?  He  said:

The early generation did not congratulate one another on Fridays, so we should not introduce anything that they did not do.” (3)

Jumuah Mubarak

Shaykh Sulaymaan al-Maajid (may Allah preserve him) said:

We do not think it is prescribed to exchange congratulations on Fridays, such as saying to one another, “Jumu3ah mubaarak” and so on, because it comes under the heading of du3aa’s and dhikr, which must be based on a text (of the Qur’aan or Sunnah) because this is purely the matter of worship and if it were good, the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam and his Companions radi-Allaahu 3Anhum would have done it before us. If anyone suggests that this is permissible, then that may imply that it is prescribed to say du3aa’s and congratulate one another after having done the five daily prayers and other acts of worship, and du3aa’ at these times was not done by the early generations. (4)

arabic jumuah mubarak

 Shaykh Salih Al-Munajjid was asked about sending messages & saying “Jumu3ah Mubaarak” or “Jumu3ah Tayyibah” on Fridays. He replied:

With regard to the Muslims congratulating one another on the occasions of Eed al-Fitr and Eed al-Adha, this is prescribed and it is narrated from the Sahaabah radi-Allaahu 3Anhum. As for congratulating one another on the occasion of Friday, what seems to us to be the case is that it is not prescribed, because the fact that Friday is an Eed was known to the Sahaabah, and they were more knowledgeable than us about its virtues, and they were keen to respect it and give it its due, but there is no report to suggest that they used to congratulate one another on Fridays. And all goodness is in following them (radi-Allaahu 3Anhum). (5)

The Fatwa section of Islamweb were asked If saying “Jumu3ah Mubaarak” is Bid3ah, they replied:

We do not know this to be from the Sunnah of the the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam nor is it known from his companions, nor did any scholar say that this is permissible. Therefore, this is considered a newly introduced innovation (Bid3ah), especially if one says so as an act of worship or while believing that this is a Sunnah. It is confirmed that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: ‘Whoever does an act that is not in accordance with ours (i.e. Islaam) it is rejected.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim] Also, another Hadeeth reads: Whoever introduces into this matter of ours (i.e. Islam) that which is not part of it, his act is rejected.” 

Shaykh Salih Al-Fawzaan, was asked – as published on his official website – about the ruling on a Muslim saying to his Muslim brother ‘Jumu3ah Mubaarakah’ every Friday either by mobile messages or in forums. He replied saying: “This has no basis and it is an innovation, and it is not permissible to congratulate each other on (the occasion of) the day of Friday; no evidence has been reported (in this regard in religious texts) and the Salaf (righteous predecessors) did not do so, so it is an innovated act.” (6)

In another fatwa they replied:

If a Muslim says that to his Muslim brother from time to time, without thinking it to be an established Sunnah or binding, and without doing it on a regular basis, but just by way of supplication, then we hope that it is permissible; although leaving it is preferable so that it does not become like the established Sunnah. (7)

And Allaah Knows best.

Related Posts:

Jumu3ah To Do Deeds [1]  [2]  [3]

The Hour will fall on a Friday 

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References:
(1) http://www.albaidha.net/vb/showthread.php?p=112005
(2) Taken from (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fc4dkjj2ATk)
(3) Ajwabat As’ilah Majallat al-Da3wah al-Islamiyyah
(4) Shaykh's website (http://www.salmajed.com/ar/node/2601)
(5) http://islamqa.info/en/134741
(6)  http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&Id=199983
(7) http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/articles/151831/exchanging-congratulations-on-friday

The Month of Safar & the Innovations & Superstitions

Bismillah-Salaam1Allaah says

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ 

(interpretation of the meaning):

Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” (1)

The month of Safar is one of the twelve Hijri months, and it is the month which comes after Muharram.

326_bIts Name- Safar (صفر )

Some of the (scholars) said that it is so named because of the emptying (isfaar) of Makkah (i.e., its people would all leave) when they travelled during this month.

It was also said that this month is named Safar because they used to raid other tribes at this time, and they would leave those whom they encountered bereft of their possessions (sifran min al-mataa’) – i.e., they would take all their belongings away and they would leave them with nothing. (2)

Incorrect beliefs & Superstitions concerning the month of Safar

These were well known among the people of the Jaahiliyyah, and still exist among some of those who claim to be Muslims. 

  • 4 Rak3aat naafil prayer, prayed on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, with specific soorah & no. of times soorah are read in it.
  • People do not conclude marriage contracts during Safar
  • Many people believe that it is not permissible to break a stick, knot ropes, or entwine fingers when concluding a marriage contract for this leads to failure of the concerned marriage and disharmony between the spouses
  • Some believe that no one should marry or be circumcised in the month of Safar.
  • Every year, 320,000 calamities come down, and all of that comes down on the last Wednesday of Safar.
  • Or there a special du3aa for Safar or ‘travelling or marriage in Safar is haraam (forbidden)

Ahadeeth  of the Prophet About Safar & Superstition:

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

لا عَدْوَى وَلا طِيَرَةَ وَلا هَامَةَ وَلا صَفَرَ

There is no 3adwaa, no tiyarah, no haamah and no Safar  (3)

(3adwaa (contagion, transmission of infectious disease without the permission of Allaah). Tiyarah (superstitious belief in bird omens). Haamah (refers to a Jaahili Arab tradition described variously as: a worm which infests the grave of a murder victim until he is avenged; an owl; or the bones of a dead person turned into a bird that could fly). Safar (the month of Safar was regarded as “unlucky” during the Jaahiliyyah) (4)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:  

The words “no Safar” refers to the month of Safar, which the Arabs used to regard as inauspicious, especially for marriage. And it was said that it was a stomach disease that affected camels and was transmitted from one camel to another.

It is more likely that what is meant by Safar here is the month, and that what is meant by saying “no Safar” is that it is not to be regarded as inauspicious, rather it is like any other time, during which good or bad things may be decreed.

This does not mean that these things do not happen, because they do happen. Rather it is a statement that they do not have any effect. The One Who causes things to happen is Allaah. If any of these things has a known effect then that is valid and real; if any of them is imagined to have an effect, then that is invalid and false. Thus the hadeeth demonstrates that if there is a valid effect, it cannot be attributed to that thing itself (rather the One Who causes it to happen is Allaah). If the effect is merely imagined, then this hadeeth is stating that it has no effect in the first place. (5)

safarProphet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

 قال : ” لا هامة ولا صفر “ ، زاد مسلم وغيره  ولا نَوء ولا غُول 

“No haamah and no Safar.” (6). In narration of Muslim and others add the words: “No naw’ and no ghoul.” 

It was said that they used to have superstitions concerning the month of Safar, so the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “No Safar”.

And it was said that the Arabs used to believe that there was a snake in the stomach which would harm a person when he had intercourse, and that this was contagious, so the Lawgiver denied that. Maalik said: “The people of the Jaahiliyyah would regard Safar as not being sacred one year and as sacred the next year. (7)

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

لاَ عَدْوَى وَلاَ صَفَرَ خَلَقَ اللَّهُ كُلَّ نَفْسٍ وَكَتَبَ حَيَاتَهَا وَرِزْقَهَا وَمَصَائِبَهَا

There is no 3Adwa nor safar. Allaah created every soul, so he wrote its life, its provision, and its afflictions”. (8)

Fatawaa About Different Superstitions & Innovations in Safar:

Shaykh Bin Baaz said regarding doing Marriage contracts & or entwining fingers etc during Safar:

Safar, just like all other months, does not bring good or evil, as good is only from Allah subhaanAllaah and evil is predestined by Him. Moreover, it is authentically reported that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam annulled the concept of pessimism when he said: “There is no 3Adwa, nor is there any Tiyarah, nor is there any Hamah, nor is there Safar”

The same applies to pessimism about entwining fingers, breaking a stick, etc., when concluding a marriage contract. Such beliefs are false, baseless, and thus they should not be adopted by a Muslim. (9)

The Permanent Committee was asked about marrying or be circumcision in the month of Safar. They replied:

What is mentioned with regard to the prohibition of marriage or circumcision during the month of Safar is superstition. Being superstitious of months, days, birds and similar animals is not permissible.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is no 3Adwa, nor is there any Tiyarah (evil omen), nor is there any Hamah, nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during Jahiliyyah).

Being superstitious about the month of Safar falls under forbidden pessimism that discourages from acting and is one of the acts of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance) that was annulled by Islam. (10)

The Permanent Committee was asked about a du3aa’ (11) distributed and said in Safar (asking Allaah by Tawassul of  Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger & names of Allaah). They replied:

This is an innovated Du3aa’ in terms of being specified to be said at a certain time. It also includes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of…) by Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger and names which are given to Allaah although they are stated neither in the Qur’aan nor in the Sunnah. It is not permissible to name Allaah  except with what He has named Himself in His Book or revealed to His Messenger Muhammad.

Tawassul by people or by the virtue of their status in Du3aa’ is a Bid3ah (innovation in religion), and every Bid3ah is misguidance and a means to Shirk. Accordingly, the circulation of this Du3aa’ should be prevented in addition to getting rid of any of its copies. It seems that it is innovated by the Shiites. (12)

The Permanent Committee was asked about a specific 4 Rak3aat prayer that is prayed on the last Wednesday of Safar (13), that if prayed in specific manner, Allaah protect him by His generosity from all the calamities that come down on that day, and they will not come around him.

They replied:

We do not know of any basis in the Qur’aan or in the Sunnah for the naafil prayer mentioned in the question. We have no proof that any one among the salaf of this ummah or the righteous people of its later generations did this naafil prayer. Rather it is a reprehensible innovation.

It was narrated that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours [Islam], will have it rejected.” And he said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours that is not part of it, will have it rejected.”

Whoever attributes this prayer and the things that are mentioned with it to the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam or to any of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) is fabricating serious lies, and Allaah will give him the punishment for liars which he deserves. (14)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn 3Abd al-Salaam al-Shuqayri said:

The ignorant have the habit of writing down the verses of salaam such as “Salaam (peace) be upon Nooh (from Us) among the 3Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)!””  (soorah As-Saafaat 37:79) etc. on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, then they put them in vessels and drink it and seek blessings from it, and they give it as gifts to one another, because they believe that this will take away bad things. This is a false belief and a blameworthy superstition, a reprehensible innovation which must be denounced by everyone who sees it. (15)

Compiled by TowardsHuda (Main Sources)

Related Posts:

The Month of Safar by Shaykh Salih Munajjid (islamqa.info)

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References:
(1) soorah at-Tawbah, v:36
(2) Lisaan al-‘Arab by Ibn al-Mandhoor, part 4, p. 462-463
(3) Al-Bukhaari (5316)
(4) http://islamqa.info/en/45694
(5)Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed, 2/80
(6) Al-Musnad, Al-Saheehayn (Bukharee & Muslim)
(7) http://islamqa.info/en/13930
(8) Arabic reference :Tirmidhee Book 32, Hadeeth 2293 / silsilah as-saheehah
English reference: Tirmidhee Vol. 4, Book 6, Hadeeth 2143 (Darussalaam)
(9) Al-Ifta
(10) Al-Ifta Fatawaa’
(11) Read the fabricated du3aa’ here
(12) Al-Iftaa Fatwa
(13) The fabricated prayer on the Last wednesday of Safar
(14) Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 2/354
(15) Al-Sunan wa’l-Mubtada’aat, p. 111, 112

End the Hijri year with fasting & Prayers for forgiveness?

gallery_91318Question:

As the Hijri year draws to a close, there are many text messages saying that the page recording one’s good deeds will be closed at the end of the year, and urging us to end it with prayers for forgiveness and fasting.

What is the ruling on these messages? Is fasting the last day of the year Sunnah?

Answer:

Praise be to Allaah.

Deeds are Taken Up Twice Daily:

The Sunnah indicates that people’s good deeds are taken up to be shown to Allaah without any delay, twice each day: once at night and once during the day.

It is narrated that Abu Moosa al-Ash3aree (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam stood up before us and told us five things. He said:

“Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted, does not sleep and it is not befitting that He should sleep. He lowers the Balance and raises it; the deeds of the night are taken up to Him before the deeds of the day, and the deeds of the day before the deeds of the night…” (1)

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The recording angels go up with the deeds of the night after it ends, at the beginning of the day, and they go up with the deeds of the day after it ends, at the beginning of the night.

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

The angels of the night and the day come to you in succession, and they meet at Fajr prayer and at 3Asr prayer, then those who stayed among you ascend and their Lord asks them, although He knows best about them, ‘How did you leave My slaves?’ and they say, ‘We left them when they were praying and we came to them when they were praying.’ (2)

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said:

This indicates that deeds are taken up at the end of the day. Whoever is in a state of obedience at that time will be blessed in his provision and his work, and Allaah knows best. Hence we can see the wisdom behind the command to perform these prayers (Fajr and 3Asr) regularly and pay attention to them. 

Deeds are Taken Up Twice Each Week:

The Sunnah indicates that deeds are also shown to Allaah (may He be glorified and exalted) twice each week.

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

People’s deeds are shown [to Allaah] twice each week, on Monday and Thursday, and every believing slave is forgiven except a person between whom and his brother there is a dispute, and it is said, ‘Leave these two until they reconcile.’ (3)

Deeds are Taken Up In the Month of Sha3baan:

The Sunnah also indicates that the good deeds of each year are taken up to Allaah all at once in the month of Sha3baan.

It is narrated that Usaamah ibn Zayd (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I said: O Messenger of Allaah, I do not see you fasting as much in any month as you fast in Ramadaan. He said:

That is a month concerning which the people are heedless, between Rajab and Ramadaan, but it is a month in which good deeds are taken up to the Lord of the Worlds, and I would like my deeds to be taken up when I am fasting.” (4)

These texts may be summed up by noting that people’s deeds are shown to Allaah in three ways:

  • Daily, which happens twice a day
  • Weekly, which also happens twice, on Mondays and Thursdays
  • Annually, which happens once, during the month of Sha3baan

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

The deeds of the year are taken up in Sha3baan, as the truthful one (the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam has told us. The deeds of the week are shown on Monday and Thursday, the deeds of the day are taken up at the end of the day before night comes, and the deeds of the night are taken up at the end of the night, before day comes. When a person’s life comes to an end, all his life’s deeds are taken up and the record of his deeds is closed. (5)

Encouragement To Do Good Deeds:

The ahaadeeth which indicate that deeds are shown to Allaah indicate that it is encouraged to do more deeds of obedience at the times when the deeds are being shown to Him, as the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said concerning fasting in Sha3baan:

I would like my deeds to be taken up when I am fasting.

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

Deeds are shown (to Allaah) on Mondays and Thursdays, and I would like my deeds to be shown when I am fasting.” (6)

One of the Taabi3een used to weep in front of his wife on Thursdays and she would weep in front of him, and he would say: Today our deeds are being shown to Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted. (7)

Conclusion:

From what we have mentioned it is clear that there is no suggestion that at the end of an old year or the beginning of a new year the records of deeds are closed and deeds are shown to Allaah. Rather deeds are shown to Him in the various ways that we have mentioned, and the texts describe other times for this. The texts also indicate that the way of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is to do more acts of obedience at those times.

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said concerning commemorating the end of the year:

There is no basis for that, and singling out the end of the year for specific acts of worship such as fasting is a reprehensible innovation (bid3ah).” 

dua wrong

Fasting On Mondays & Thursdays, if coincides with the End of the year:

With regard to fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, if that is a person’s habit, or if he is fasting on those days because of the reports which encourage doing so, then he should not refrain from doing so because it coincides with the end or beginning of the year, so long as he is not fasting on that day because of that coincidence, or because he thinks that there is any special virtue in fasting on that occasion.

And Allaah knows best.

Taken from Islamqa.info

Related Posts:

Ruling on offering congratulations at the Beginning of the Hijri Year

Virtues of Allaah’s sacred month of Muharram

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 References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim (179)
(2) Al-Bukhaari (555) and Muslim (632)
(3) Muslim (2565)
(4) Al-Nasaa’i (1257) Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’
(5) End quote from Haashiyat Sunan Abi Dawood.
(6) Sunan al-Tirmidhi (747), Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa3 al-Ghaleel (949)
(7) Ibn Rajab in Lataa’if al-Ma3aazif)
 
http://islamqa.info/en/44021

Celebrating The 27th Night/Day of Rajab

1 imagesIsraa’ and Mi’raaj (the Prophet’s Night Journey and Ascent into heaven) are two great signs of Allaah which point to the truthfulness of the His Messenger Muhammad SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam, and the greatness of his status before Allaah.

They are also signs of the great power of Allaah, and of His exalted position above His creation.

The Date of Israa’ & Miraaj:

Shaykh 3Abd al- 3Azeez ibn Baaz said:

With regard to this night on which the Israa’ and Mi’raaj took place, there is nothing in the saheeh ahaadeeth to indicate that it is in Rajab or in any other month. Everything that has been narrated concerning a specific date for these events cannot be proven to have come from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam according to the scholars of hadeeth.

There must be a great wisdom why Allaah made people forget the exact night of Israa’ and Mi‘raaj; but even if it were specified, still it would not be permissible for Muslims to perform specific acts of 3Ibaadah (worship) on this night or celebrate it.

It was reported with an isnaad that is not saheeh from al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad that the Prophet’s Night Journey (al-Israa’) took place on the 27th of Rajab. This was denied by Ibraaheem al-Harbi and others.

Even if the date were proven, it would not be permissible for the Muslims to single it out for particular acts of worship, and it is not permissible for them to celebrate it, because the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did not celebrate it and they did not single it out in any way, or perform specific acts of 3Ibaadah on it.

If celebrating it was something that is prescribed in Islam, the Messenger would have told his ummah about that, either in word or in deed. If any such thing had happened, it would have been well known, and his companions would have transmitted the information to us.

In fact, they were the forerunners to every good act, so if celebrating the night of Israa’ and Mi’raaj was lawful, they would have been the first people to do so. The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam was the sincerest giver of advice to people; he perfectly conveyed the Message of Islaam and fulfilled the Amaanah (trust).

If honoring this night and celebrating it was part of the Deen of Allaah, he SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam would never have concealed or neglected it. Since nothing of this happened, it is understood that celebrating and honoring this night is not part of Islam at all. Allaah has perfected the Din for the Muslim Ummah and completed His Favors upon them…” (1)

rajab Israa Miraaj

Different Innovation on 27th of Rajab:

 It was reported that 3Aayesha radi Allaahu 3Anha said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours which is not a part of it, will have it rejected.”

There is no proof that the Israa’ and Mi3raaj happened on this date [the date, the month & the year of Mi3raaj is not proved by authentic ahadeeth]

Celebrating the Night of 27th Rajab:

One innovation that take place during this month is the recitation of the story of the Mi3raaj, and celebrations to commemorate it on the twenty-seventh of Rajab, or singling out this night to perform extra acts of worship such as Qiyaam al-Layl or rejoicing and celebrating.

Some celebrations are accompanied by haraam things such as mixing of men and women, singing and music, all of which are not permitted on the two 3Eeds which are prescribed in Islaam, let alone innovated celebrations. (2)bidah rajabFasting on 27th of Rajab:

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (Rahimahu-Allaah) was asked about fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer. He replied:

Fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer is a bid3ah (innovation), and every bid3ah is a going astray”. (3)

Sacrificing an Animal on the 27th night of Rajab

With regard to slaughtering sacrificial animals in the middle of Sha3baan or the 27th of Rajab, this is a baseless Bid3ah (innovation in religion) that is neither permissible for one to do nor for any one to eat from it, because of the lack of evidence. Rather, this is practicing a Bid3ah.

As for slaughtering animals and giving them in charity during the month of Ramadaan, seeking by it to draw oneself closer to Allaah, Ramadaan is a blessed month where it is ordained to expand efforts in giving alms and spending on the poor.If one slaughters animals for this purpose during Ramadaan, Dhul-Hijjah or any other time, and gives them in charity then all this is good.

 Yet, to appoint the middle of Sha3baan or the twenty-seventh of Rajab specifically – as done by some people celebrating this night,  this is baseless in Sharee3ah. Rather, this is a Bid3ah. (4)

Participation Impermissible in Celebrating Israa’ and Mi‘raaj:

Celebrating the anniversary of Israa’ and Mi‘raaj is a null and void Bid3ah. It is not known that any of his Rightly-Guided Caliphs, who are the Imams of guidance from the Sahabah and the Tabi3oon to have celebrated this day. Celebrating the Israa’ and Mi‘raaj is Bid3ah and it is not permissible to participate in it. (5)

Related Posts:

The Month of Rajab (A short concise article)

3Umrah In the month of Rajab

Fasting In Rajab [NEW]

References:
(1) http://islamqa.info/en/60288
(2) http://islamqa.info/en/60288
(3) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn 3Uthaymeen, 20/440
(4) Fatwas of Nur 3Ala Al-Darb
(5) http://alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=356&PageNo=1&BookID=10

Fasting In Rajab

bismillah21

Importance of the Month of Rajab:

The month of Rajab is one of the sacred months. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein”.  (1)

The sacred months are: Rajab, Dhu’l-Qa3dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram.

Fasting the month of Rajab:

There is no saheeh hadeeth to indicate that there is any special virtue in fasting all or part of this month.

What some people do, singling out some days of Rajab for fasting, believing that they are better than others, has no basis in sharee3ah.

There is a hadeeth that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Fast some days of the sacred months and not others.” (2)

But it is classed as da3eef by Shaykh Al-Baani.

Even if this hadeeth were saheeh, it indicates that it is mustahabb to fast during the sacred months. So if a person fasts during Rajab because of this, and he also fasts in the other sacred months, there is nothing wrong with that. But singling out Rajab for fasting is not right.

fasting_rajab

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

As for fasting in Rajab in particular, the ahaadeeth concerning that are all da3eef (weak), and in fact mawdoo3 (fabricated). The scholars do not rely on any of them. They are not among the da3eef ahaadeeth which have been narrated concerning virtues, rather most of them are fabricated and false.

In al-Musnad and elsewhere there is a hadeeth which says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined fasting the sacred months, namely Rajab, Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram, but this has to do with fasting during all of them, not just Rajab. End quote. (3)

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“Every hadeeth which mentions fasting in Rajab and praying during some of its nights is false and fabricated.” (4)

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Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: “There is no saheeh hadeeth that would count as evidence which speaks of the virtue of the month of Rajab, or that speaks of fasting this month or part of it, or of spending any particular night of it in prayer”. (5)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (Rahimahu-Allaah) said:

“There are some people who specify the month of Rajab with fasting all of it, and this is a bid3ah and not a sunnah, even Abu Bakr (Radi-Allaahu 3Anhu) he entered upon his household and saw that they have collected two pots of water in order to get ready for fasting Rajab so he broke the pots and said: “Do you want to change Rajab into Ramadaan? “

As for the one who was used to fasting Mondays and Thursdays or the White days then we say let him continue fasting them, And there is no specified fasting for the month of Rajab in particular.” (6)

Shaykh Sayyid Saabiq (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“Fasting in Rajab is no better than fasting in any other month, except that  it is one of the sacred months. There is no report in the saheeh Sunnah to suggest that there is anything special about fasting in this month. Whatever has been narrated concerning that is not fit to be quoted as evidence” (7)

Fasting on 27th of Rajab:

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (Rahimahu-Allaah) was asked about fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer. He replied:

Fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer is a bid3ah (innovation), and every bid3ah is a going astray” (8)

References:
(1) Soorah At-Tawbah, v:36
(2) Abu Dawood 2428; classed as da3eef by al-Albaani in Da’eef Abi Dawood.
(3) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa (25/290)
(4) Al-Manaar al-Muneef, p. 96
(5) Tabyeen al-3Ajab (p. 11)
(6) Fatwa fil-Hajj – 659
(7) Fiqh al-Sunnah (1/282)
(8) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn 3Uthaymeen, 20/440.

http://islamqa.info/en/75394

Related Posts:

The Du3aa’ upon Entering Rajab?

The Month of Rajab

 

Beginning of New Year 1435H

1UPDATED @ 20:30pm

The Supreme Court announced that Tuesday, (02/01/1435 AH according to Umm Al-Qura Calendar), corresponding to 5th November 2013, is the first day of the lunar month of Muharram for the year 1435AH, due to the lack of evidence of sighting the crescent of the month of Muharram on Sunday evening, 29th Dhu Al-Hijjah 1434 AH.
This came in a statement issued by the Supreme Court today. (1)

Muharram, the 1st month of new Hijri year 1435H has started from Today, 5th November 2013.

Prophet sallAllaahu 3etAlayhi wa sallam said: “The best of fasting after Ramadaan is fasting Allaah’s month of Muharram.”

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said about fasting the 10th Muharram: “For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.”

Muharram _6

09 Muharram 1435 H = Wednesday, 13th November 2013
10 Muharram (3Aashooraa’) 1435H = Thursday, 14th November 2013
11 Muharram 1435H = Friday, 15th November 2013.

Related Posts:

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Ruling on offering congratulations at the Beginning of the Hijri Year

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

More Muharram Resources

Reference:
(1) Arab News
http://www.arabnews.com/news/472761

Muharram and 3Aashooraa’ 1434 AH

Muharram 1434 AH has started today.

1 Muharram 1434 AH is today, Thursday, 15th November 2012 & 10 Muharram (3Ashooraa’) 1434 AH will be on Saturday, 24th November 2012.

09 Muharram 1434 AH = Friday, 23rd November 2012
10 Muharram (3Aashooraa’) 1434 AH = Saturday, 24th November 2012
11 Muharram 1434 AH = Sunday, 25th November 2012.

Related Posts:

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Muharram

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Virtues of Fasting 3Aashooraa’:

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : مَا رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَتَحَرَّى صِيَامَ يَوْمٍ فَضَّلَهُ عَلَى غَيْرِهِ إِلا هَذَا الْيَوْمَ يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ وَهَذَا الشَّهْرَ يَعْنِي شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ . ” رواه البخاري

Ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “I never saw the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam so keen to fast any day and give it priority over any other than this day, the day of 3Aashooraa’, and this month, meaning Ramadaan.” (1)


قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” صِيَامُ يَوْمِ عَرَفَةَ أَحْتَسِبُ عَلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ السَّنَةَ الَّتِي قَبْلَهُ وَالسَّنَةَ الَّتِي بَعْدَهُ وَصِيَامُ يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ أَحْتَسِبُ عَلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ السَّنَةَ الَّتِي قَبْلَهُ ” رواه مسلم

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.” (2)

Mustahabb (encouraged) to fast Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’:

3Abd-Allaah ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhuma said: “When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted on 3Aashooraa’ and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians.’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said, ‘If I live to see the next year, inshaa’ Allaah, we will fast on the ninth day too.’ But it so happened that the Messenger of AllaahsallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam passed away before the next year came.” (3)

Fasting 3Aashooraa (download as pdf)

Related Posts:

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Some Rulings About 3Aashooraa’

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Reference:
(1) Bukhaaree
(2) Muslim
(3) Read More: http://islamqa.com/en/ref/21785
 

The Month of Rajab

Rajab is one of those sacred months, which Allaah has chosen and given a special status. Allaah says in Soorah Tawbah:

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْراً فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ

“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four (Dhul-Qa3dah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab) are Sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein.” (1)

Allaah has commanded us to give special attention to the sanctity of these four months, and refrain from committing sins in them.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُحِلُّوا شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ وَلَا الشَّهْرَ الْحَرَامَ

(interpretation of meaning): “O you who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the Symbols of Allaah, nor of the Sacred Month” (2)

meaning avoid sins and do not violate the laws of Allaah for you are required to respect and honor the sacred months – This prohibition includes both sinful deeds and incorrect beliefs. However, we find numerous innovations widespread among the masses of people with regards to the month of Rajab, some of them are fasting, praying Qiyaam on the 27th of Rajab. Also included in these innovations are visiting graves, reciting specific Du3aas, frequently performing 3Umrah in Rajab, etc.

Innovation in religion is one of the serious matters which go against the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah. The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam did not die until after the religion had been perfected. Allaah says:

 الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا  

(interpretation of the meaning): “This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islaam as your religion…” (3)

 عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت : قال رسول الله عليه وسلم : من أحدث في أمرنا ما ليس منه فهو رد . متفق عليه

It was reported that 3Aayesha radi Allaahu 3Anha said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours which is not a part of it, will have it rejected.”  (4)

وفي رواية لمسلم : من عمل عملا ليس عليه أمرنا فهو رد

“Whoever does an action which is not a part of this matter of ours will have it rejected.” (5)

The following innovations are commonly practiced in Rajab:

1- Salaat al-Raghaa’ib: This prayer became widespread after the first and best centuries, especially in the fourth century AH. Some liars fabricated this prayer, which is done on the first night of Rajab.

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Tayymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“Salaat al-Raghaa’ib is bid3ah according to the consensus of the scholars of religion, such as Maalik, al-Shaafi3ee, Abu Haneefah, al-Thawriee, al-‘Oozaa’i, al-Layth and others . The hadeeth that is narrated concerning it is a lie according to the consensus of the scholars who have knowledge of hadeeth”.

2- Major Events: It was reported that major events happened in the month of Rajab: but none of these reports are true. It was reported that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was born on the first night of Rajab, and that he received his Mission on the twenty-seventh, or twenty-fifth of this month. None of this is correct.

3- Celebrating Prophet’s Night Journey – It was reported with an isnaad that is not saheeh from al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad that the Prophet’s Night Journey (al-Israa’) took place on the twenty-seventh of Rajab. This was denied by Ibraaheem al-Harbi and others.

One innovation that take place during this month is the recitation of the story of the Mi3raaj, and celebrations to commemorate it on the twenty-seventh of Rajab, or singling out this night to perform extra acts of worship such as Qiyaam al-Layl or fasting during the day, or rejoicing and celebrating.

Some celebrations are accompanied by haraam things such as mixing of men and women, singing and music, all of which are not permitted on the two 3E3ds which are prescribed in Islaam, let alone innovated celebrations.

Add to that the fact that there is no proof that the Israa’ and Mi3raaj happened on this date [the date, the month & the year of Mi3raaj is not proved by authentic ahadeeth].

Even if it were proven, that is no excuse for holding celebrations on this date, because nothing of the kind has been reported from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or from his companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, or from any of the Salaf (early generations) of this Ummah. If it were a good thing, they would surely have done it before us.

4- Salaat Umm Dawood halfway through Rajab.

5- Specific du3aa’s which are recited during Rajab are all fabrications and innovations.

6- Visiting graves specifically in Rajab is bid3ah, because graves are to be visited at any time of the year.

7- Koonday- Distributing special type of breads: In the month of Rajab is that the people bake special types of breads and, after reciting some verses and prayers on them, distribute them among their friends and neighbors.

8- Fasting in Rajab:

There is no saheeh report from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or from the Sahaabah to indicate that there is any particular virtue in fasting during Rajab.

The fasting that is prescribed in Rajab is the same as that prescribed in other months, namely fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, and the three days of al-Beed, fasting alternate days.

3Umar radi Allaah 3Anhu used to forbid fasting in Rajab because it involved resemblance to the Jaahiliyyah. It was reported that Kharashah ibn al-Harr said: I saw 3Umar smacking the hands of those who fasted in Rajab until they reached out for food, and he was saying, This is a month which was venerated in the Jaahiliyyah. (6)

Imaam Ibn al-Qayyim said: the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam did not fast for three consecutive months (i.e., Rajab, Sha3baan and Ramadaan) as some people do, and he never fasted Rajab at all, nor did he encourage people to fast this month.

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: “No saheeh hadeeth that may be used as evidence has been narrated concerning the virtues of the month of Rajab or fasting this month or fasting in any specific part of it, or observing Qiyaam al-Layl specifically during this month. Imaam Abu Ismaa3eel al-Harawi al-Haafiz has already stated this before me, and we have narrated this from others also.” (7)

In Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah states with regard to fasting specifically in Rajab, we do not know of any basis in Sharee3ah for doing that.

9- Frequent 3Umrah in Rajab:

There is no report from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam – to suggest that there is any particular virtue in performing 3Umrah in the month of Rajab, or that it is encouraged. Rather it is proven that there is a particular virtue in performing 3Umrah in the month of Ramadaan, and in the months of Hajj, which are Shawwaal, Dhul-Qa3dah and Dhu’l-Hijjah.

There is no report to prove that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam performed 3Umrah in Rajab, rather that was denied by 3Aayeshah radi Allaah 3Anha, who said:” The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam  never performed 3Umrah in Rajab” (8)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in his Fataawaa:

“As for singling out some of the days of Rajab for any kind of good deed, ziyaarah (visiting the House of Allaah, the Ka3bah) or anything else, there is no basis for this, because Imaam Abu Shaamah stated in his book al-Bid3a wa’l-Hawaadith: specifying acts of worship at times that were not specified by sharee3ah is wrong; no time is to be regarded as better than any other except in cases where the sharee3ah gave preference to a certain act of worship at a certain time, or stated that any good deed done at this time is better than good deeds done at other times. Hence the scholars denounced the practice of singling out the month of Rajab for doing 3Umrah frequently.”

But if a person goes for 3Umrah during Rajab without believing that this has any particular virtue and because it is just a coincidence that it is easier for him to go at this time, then there is nothing wrong with that.

We ask Allaah to protect us from all innovations, and make us amongst those who correctly follow the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, and venerate those things that Allaah has made sacred in the way that He has prescribed.

Summarized from the Booklet “The Month of Rajab” by Shaykh Salih Munajjid & Ahya site

Related Posts:

The Du3aa’ upon Entering Rajab?

Rajab & Innovations ماہ رجب كےمتعلق ( in Urdu)

 Fasting In Rajab

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References:
(1) soorah At-Tawbah, v: 36
(2) Soorah al-Maa’idah, v:2
(3) soorah al-Maa’idah, v:3
(4) Agreed Upon
(5) Saheeh Muslim
(6) al-Irwaa’, 957; Shaykh Al-baanee said: it is saheeh
(7) In book  تبين العجب بما ورد في فضل رجب  Tabayyun al-3Ajab bimaa wurida fi Fadl Rajab
(8)  Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1776; Muslim, 1255

Some Rulings About 3Ashooraa’

3Aashooraa’ in History

Ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam came to Madeenah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of ‘Aashooraa’. He said, ‘What is this?’

They said, ‘This is a righteous day, it is the day when Allaah saved the Children of Israeel from their enemies, so Moosa fasted on this day.’

He said, ‘We have more right to Moosa than you,’ so he fasted on that day and commanded [the Muslims] to fast on that day.”

According to another report: “He said to his Companions: ‘You have more right to Moosa than they do, so fast on that day.” (2)


The practice of fasting on 3Aashooraa’ was known even in the days of Jaahiliyyah, before the Prophet’s mission. It was reported that 3Ayeshah  radi Allaahu 3Anha said: “The people of Jaahiliyyah used to fast on that day…”

It was also reported that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam used to fast on 3Aashooraa’ in Makkah, before he migrated to Madeenah. When he migrated to Madeenah, he found the Jews celebrating this day, so he asked them why, and they replied as described in the hadeeth quoted above. He commanded the Muslims to be different from the Jews, who took it as a festival, as was reported in the hadeeth of Abu Moosa radi Allaahu 3Anhu, who said: “The Jews used to take the day of 3Aashooraa’ as a festival [according to a report narrated by Muslim: the day of ‘Aashooraa’ was venerated by the Jews, who took it as a festival.

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: ‘So you [Muslims] should fast on that day.’”

Apparently the motive for commanding the Muslims to fast on this day was the desire to be different from the Jews, so that the Muslims would fast when the Jews did not, because people do not fast on a day of celebration. (3)

Fasting on the day of 3Aashooraa’ was obligatory, but when fasting Ramadaan was made obligatory, the obligation to fast 3Aashooraa’ was lifted, i.e., it was no longer obligatory to fast on this day, but it is still desirable (mustahabb).

Celebrating 3Aashooraa’:

[wearing kohl, taking a bath (ghusl), using henna, shaking hands with one another, cooking grains (huboob), showing their happiness]:

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about it & he replied:

‘Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds. Nothing to that effect has been reported in any saheeh hadeeth from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or from his Companions. None of the imaams of the Muslims encouraged or recommended such things, neither the four imaams, nor any others.

No reliable scholars have narrated anything like this, neither from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, nor from the Sahaabah, nor from the Taabi3een; neither in any saheeh report or in a da3eef (weak) report; neither in the books of Saheeh, nor in al-Sunan, nor in the Musnads.

No hadeeth of this nature was known during the best centuries, but some of the later narrators reported ahaadeeth like the one which says “Whoever puts kohl in his eyes on the day of 3Aashooraa’ will not suffer from eye disease in that year, and whoever takes a bath (does ghusl) on the day of 3Aashooraa’ will not get sick in that year, etc.”

They also narrated reports concerning the supposed virtues of praying on the day of 3Aashooraa’, and other reports saying that on the day of 3Aashooraa’ Adam repented, the Ark settled on Mount Joodi, Yoosuf returned to Ya3qoob, Ibraaheem was saved from the fire, the ram was provided for sacrifice instead of Ismaa’eel, and so on. They also reported a fabricated hadeeth that is falsely attributed to the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, which says, “Whoever is generous to his family on the day of 3Aashooraa’, Allaah will be generous to him for the rest of the year.”

As for the other things, such as cooking special dishes with or without grains, or wearing new clothes, or spending money on one’s family, or buying the year’s supplies on that day, or doing special acts of worship such as special prayers or deliberately slaughtering an animal on that day, or saving some of the meat of the sacrifice to cook with grains, or wearing kohl and henna, or taking a bath (ghusl), or shaking hands with one another, or visiting one another, or visiting the mosques and mashhads (shrines) and so on… all of this is reprehensible bid3ah and is wrong.

None of it has anything to do with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, or the way of the Khulafa’ al-Raashidoon. It was not approved of by any of the imaams of the Muslims, not Maalik, not al-Thawri, not al-Layth ibn Sa3d, not Abu Haneefah, not al-Oozaa3i, not al-Shaafa3’i, not Ahmad ibn Hanbal, not Ishaaq ibn Raahwayh, not any of the imaams and scholars of the Muslims. (4)

Taking it as a day of mourning:

Celebrating that day is an innovation (bid3ah), and making it an anniversary for mourning is also an innovation.

What the Shi3ah do on 3Ashooraa’ of beating their chests, slapping their cheeks, striking their shoulders with chains and cutting their heads with swords to let the blood flow are all innovations that have no basis in Islaam. These things are evils that were forbidden by the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, who did not prescribe for his ummah to do any of these things or anything similar to them to mark the death of a leader or the loss of a martyr, no matter what his status.


3Abd-Allaah ibn Mas3ood radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “He is not one of us who strikes his cheeks, rends his garment, or cries with the cry of the Jaahiliyyah.” (5)

These reprehensible actions that the Shi3ah do on the day of 3Ashooraa’ have no basis in Islam. The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam did not do them, nor did any of his companions. None of his companions did them when he or anyone else died, although the loss of Muhammad sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was greater than the death of al-Husayn radi Allaahu 3Anhu. (6)

Al-Haafidh ibn Katheer rahimahAllaah, known for his work of tafseer, states regarding this act of mourning the death of Husayn ibn 3Alee radi Allahu anhu:

“Every Muslim should mourn the killing of al-Husayn radi Allahu anhu, for he is one of the leaders of the Muslims, one of the scholars of the Sahaabah, and the son of the daughter of the Messenger of AllaahsallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, who was the best of his daughters. He was a devoted worshipper, and a courageous and generous man. But there is nothing good in what the Shi3ah do of expressing distress and grief, most of which may be done in order to show off. His father was better than him and he was killed, but they do not take his death as an anniversary as they do with the death of al-Husayn. His father was killed on a Friday as he was leaving the mosque after Fajr prayer, on the seventeenth of Ramadan in 40 AH.

3Uthmaan was better than 3Alee according to Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa3ah, and he was killed when he was besieged in his house during the days of al-Tashreeq in Dhu’l-Hijjah of 36 AH, with his throat cut from one jugular vein to the other, but the people did not take his death as an anniversary.

3Umar ibn al-Khattaab was better than 3Alee and 3Uthmaan, and he was killed as he was standing in the mihraab, praying Fajr and reciting Qur’aan, but the people did not take his death as an anniversary. Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq was better than him but the people did not take his death as an anniversary.

The Messenger of Allah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is the leader of the sons of Adam in this world and the Hereafter, and Allaah took him to Him as the Prophets died before him, but no one took the dates of their deaths as anniversaries on which they do what these ignorant Raafidis do on the day that al-Husayn was killed. … The best that can be said when remembering these and similar calamities is that which 3Al33 ibn al-Husayn narrated from his grandfather the Messenger of Allah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, who said: “There is no Muslim who is afflicted by a calamity and when he remembers it, even if it was in the dim and distant past, he says Inna Lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raaji3oon (verily to Allaah we belong and unto Him is our return), but Allaah will give him a reward like that of the day when it befell him.” (7)

Eating food that is made on 3Ashooraa’:

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: This is an abhorrent evil and reprehensible innovation which must be abandoned; it is not permissible to take part in it and it is not permissible to eat the food that is offered.

And he said: It is not permissible take part in it or to eat of these meats or drink these drinks [prepared for this occasion] (8)

About 3Aashooraa (download as pdf)

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References:
(1) Al-Bukhaaree
(2) Al-Bukhaaree
(3) Summarized from the words of al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar – may Allaah have mercy on him – in Fath al-Baari Sharh ‘ala Saheeh al-Bukhaari
(4) Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah – may Allaah have mercy on him. Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5)
(5) Al-Bukhaari (1294) and Muslim (103)
(6) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/101268
(7) Al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihaayah (8/221).
(8) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/102885/

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