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Posts tagged ‘fasting on the day of arafah’

Fasting on 3Arafah if it Falls on Friday

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Fasting On Jumu3ah (Friday):

Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he said: “I heard the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam say:

“None of you should fast on a Friday unless he fasts the day before or the day after”.’ (1)

Fasting on 3Arafah if It Coincides with Friday:

Shaykh 3Abdul-3Azeez bin 3Abdullaah Aal ash-Shaykh was asked the following question:

Q: If the day of 3Arafah (the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah) was to coincide with Friday is it permissible to single it out with fasting (i.e. by not fasting a day along with it)? May Allaah reward you with good.

He replied:

Fasting Friday is forbidden if the intent is the day of Friday itself;  i.e. singling out the day of Friday; so one must fast a day before it or a day after it.

As for it (Friday) coinciding with a day that is obligatory to fast, or (if Friday coincided) with fasting the six days of Shawwaal, or with fasting the 9th or 10th day of Muharram, or with fasting the day of 3Arafah, then there is nothing to prevent him from that (fasting Friday by itself); as long as he is not in a state of Ihraam performing Hajj. ” (2)

Shaykh ibn Baz (rahimahullaah) was asked:

Q: The day of 3Arafah came on Friday, and I fasted on Friday which was the day of 3Arafah, but I did not fast on Thursday; so is there any sin upon me?

He answered:

We hope there is no sin upon you. This is because you did not intend to single out this day for fasting; rather you only fasted this day because it was the day of 3Arafah.

But if you would have fasted Thursday along with it, it would have been safer and less doubtful.

This is because the Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam prohibited singling out Friday for fasting as it relates to the one observing and optional fast. And you were observing an optional fast. Therefore if you would have fasted Thursday along with it, with would have been safer and less doubtful even if your intention was to fast because it was 3Arafah.

But for the believer to investigate so he can be in agreement with the commands of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is safer and less doubtful.

As for fasting (Friday) intending to do so because it is a virtuous day, then this is not permissible because the Messenger prohibited that.

But if you fast this day because it is the day of 3Arafah then we hope there will be nothing upon you. But if the person takes precaution and fast on Thursday along with Friday, this will be safer. (3)

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ was asked:

Q: Is it permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of 3Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday? Or, should a person observe Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it, bearing in mind that the former case conflicts with the Hadeeth prohibiting the observance of Sawm on Friday alone?

They replied:

It is permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of 3Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday without observing Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it as the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is authentically reported to have urged people to observe Sawm on this day highlighting its superiority and the great reward for observing Sawm on it.

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: Fasting the Day of 3Arafah forgives the sins of two years: the previous and the following…”

This Hadeeth specifies the general meaning of the Hadeeth that readsNone of you should fast on Friday unless he fasts a day before or after it”.

Accordingly, the general prohibition understood from this Hadeeth should be understood in the context of observing Sawm on Friday for it merely being Friday.

However, observing Sawm on Friday for another purpose recommended by Shari3ah is permissible and not prohibited even if Sawm is observed on Friday alone. If Sawm is observed on a day preceding or succeeding it, it will be a more precautionary implementation of the two Hadeeths which will have the effect of the increase of the reward. (4)

Ibn Hajar said in Fath Al-Baari:

(after mentioning the prohibition of singling out Jumu3ah for fasting)

“Excluded from this prohibition is one who fasts the day before or after, or if it coincides with days that he habitually fasts, such as one who fasts al-Ayyaam al-Beed (the 13th, 14th and 15th of each hijri month), or who has the habit of fasting a specific day such as the Day of 3Arafah,  and it coincides with a Friday…. (5)

Similarly, if 3Ashoorah or 3Arafah coincides with a Friday, he may fast, because his intention is to fast 3Ashoorah or 3Arafah, not to fast on a Friday. (6)

Compiled by TowardsHuda

Related Posts:

Virtues of the Day of 3Arafah

Fasting On 3Arafah for Different Moon Sighting Countries

Suggested Program For 3Arafah [NEW]

Fasting and Prescribed deeds on the Day of 3Arafah

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References:
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Rulings About Fasting On Saturdays

The scholars differed concerning fasting on Saturdays. Some of them said that it is not makrooh (disliked) at all. Others spoke in more detail and said that if a Saturday is singled out for fasting, then it is makrooh, but if it is joined to the Sunday that follows it or the Friday that comes before it, then it is not makrooh. (1)

Hadeeth about Fasting on Saturday:

It is narrated by Tirmidhee from 3AbdAllaah ibn Busr, from his sister, that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Do not fast on Saturdays apart from days when you are obliged to fast. If any one of you cannot find anything other than grape stalks or the twigs of a tree, let him chew it (to make sure that he is not fasting).” (2)

Abu 3Eesa al-Tirmidhee said: “This is a hasan hadeeth. What is makrooh in this case is for a man to single out Saturday for fasting, because the Jews venerate Saturday”

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Our companions said: It is makrooh to single out Saturday for fasting… what is makrooh is singling out that day. If he fasts another day along with it, then it is not makrooh, because of the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah and Juwayriyah. If it coincides with a day that a person regularly fasts, it is not makrooh”.

What is meant by the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah is the report narrated by Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu anhu who said: I heard the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam say: “No one of you should fast on Friday, unless he fasts (a day) before it or after it.” (3)

The hadeeth of Juwayriyah was narrated by Juwayriyah bint al-Haarith radi Allaahu Anha, that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam entered upon her on a Friday and she was fasting. He said; “Did you fast yesterday?” She said, “No.” He said: “Do you intend to fast tomorrow?” She said: “No.” He said: “Then break your fast.” (4)

This hadeeth and the one before it clearly indicate that it is permissible to fast on a Saturday at times other than Ramadaan, for the one who fasts the Friday before. (5)

There is a disagreement among the scholars regarding the soundness of this hadeeth.

Shaykh Bin Baaz said:

“The Hadeeth is not Saheeh; it has been ranked as Mudtarib (a Hadeeth with disagreement over a transmitter or the text) and Shadh (a Hadeeth narrated by a trustworthy narrator, not in line with the narration of other trustworthy narrators in terms of wording, chain of narrators, or both) by many Hafidh (scholars who have memorized Hadeth), because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is authentically reported to have said: “Do not observe Sawm on Friday, unless you observe Sawm on the day before it or the day after it.” (6)  The day that follows it is Saturday.” (7)

Ibn Al Qayyim reported that Imaam Maalik said that that Hadeeth was wrong.” 

Abu Dawood said: “This Hadeeth is abrogated”. Al Nasaa’ee said: ‘It is a mixed up Hadeeth’.  (8)

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta said:

“The Hadeeth prohibiting observing Sawm on Saturday is Da3eef (a Hadeeth that fails to reach the status of Hasan, due to a weakness in the chain of narration or one of the narrators) as it is Hadeeth Mudtarib (a Hadeeth with disagreement over a transmitter or the text) that conflicts with authentic Hadeeth.

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

It should be noted that different scenarios may apply with regard to fasting on a Saturday.

1)  It may be obligatory, such as observing a Ramadaan fast during Ramadaan or making it up later on, or observing a fast as expiation (kafaarah), or instead of offering a sacrifice when performing Hajj tamattu3, and so on. There is nothing wrong with that so long as he does not single it out deliberately thinking that there is some virtue in that.

2)  If he fasts on the Friday before, there is nothing wrong with it, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said to one of the Mothers of the Believers who was fasting on a Friday: “Did you fast yesterday?” She said: “No.” He said: “Are you going to fast tomorrow?” She said, “No.” He said: “Then break your fast.”

The words, “Are you going to fast tomorrow?” indicate that it is permissible to fast Saturday along with Friday.

3)  If it happens to be one of the days when it is prescribed to fast, such as Ayyaam al-Beed (the 13th, 14th and 15th of each hijri month), 3Arafah, 3Ashooraa’, six days of Shawwaal for one who has fasted Ramadaan, and the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah. There is nothing wrong with that, because he is not fasting because it is Saturday, rather it is because it is one of the days when it is prescribed to fast.

4) When it happens to be a day when he habitually fasts, such as a person whose habit is to fast alternate days, and the day that he fasts happens to be a Saturday, then there is nothing wrong with it, as the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said when he forbade fasting one or two days before Ramadaan begins: “except a man who (habitually) observes a fast, in which case let him fast.” This is similar.

5 – If he singles it out to observe a voluntary fast for one day only. This is what is forbidden, if the hadeeth forbidding it is proven to be saheeh. (9)

& Allaah knows best.

References:
(1) Fataawa Manaar al-Islam, 2/366.
(2) Al-Tirmidhee (744), Abu Dawood (2421) & Ibn Maajah (1726). Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Irwa’
(3) Al-Bukhaaree (1985) and Muslim (1144)

(4) Al-Bukhaaree (1986) from
(5) http://islamqa.info/en/ref/81621
(6)Al-Bukhaaree(1985) and Muslim (1144)
(7) Fatwas of Ibn Baz>Volume 15
(8) http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&Id=87220
(9) Majmoo3 Fataawaa wa Rasaa’il al-Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (20/57)
http://islamqa.info/en/ref/81621
 

Fasting On 3Arafah for Different Moon Sighting Countries

It was reported from Abu Qataadah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was asked about fasting on the Day of 3Arafah. He said, “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year.” (1)

In another narration: “I ask Allaah that it may expiate for (the sins of) the year that comes before it and the year that comes after it.”

Fasting The Day of 3Arafah for Different Moon Sighting Countries

The day of 3Arafah and the fast thereon is the ninth day of the month of Dhul-Hijjah, which is defined for each country according to their sighting of the new moon of Dhul-Hijjah. So it may be on Thursday for the people of Makkah, and for others it may be on Wednesday or Saturday. It is not essential to follow the people of Makkah when there are differences in the sighting of the new moon. This is the most correct of the scholarly views, that each country has its own sighting when there is a difference concerning that. (1)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: what if the day of 3Arafah is different because of the moon being sighted at different times in different countries? Should we fast according to the moon sighting in the country where we are or according to the moon sighting in al-Haramayn (the two Holy Sanctuaries)?

He replied: ”This is based on a difference of opinion among the scholars: Is there only one moon sighting for the whole world or does it vary according to when the moon rises in different places?

The correct view is that it varies according to when the moon rises in different places.

For example, if the moon is sighted in Makkah, and today is the ninth, and it is sighted elsewhere one day before Makkah, and the day of 3Arafah in Makkah is the tenth for them, it is not permissible for them to fast on this day because it is 3Eid.

Similarly if it so happens that they sight the moon after Makkah, and the 9th in Makkah is the 8th for them, then they should fast the day that is the 9th for them, which is the 10th in Makkah. This is the correct view, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said:“When you see it (the new moon) fast and when you see it break your fast.”

Those who did not see the moon in their own location have not seen it. Just as people are unanimously agreed that the times for dawn and sunset vary according to their own location, so too the months are also worked out by location, just like the daily timings.(2)

Related Posts:

Virtues of the Day of 3Arafah

Fasting and Prescribed deeds on the Day of 3Arafah

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References:
(1) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/140011
(2) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa, 20. http://islamqa.com/en/ref/40720/

Fasting and Prescribed deeds on the Day of 3Arafah

Fasting:

It was reported from Abu Qataadah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was asked about fasting on the Day of 3Arafah. He said, “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year.” (1)

In another narration:I ask Allaah that it may expiate for (the sins of) the year that comes before it and the year that comes after it.”

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: What is the ruling on fasting the day of 3Arafah for non-pilgrims and pilgrims?

He replied: “Fasting on the day of 3Arafah for non-pilgrims is a confirmed Sunnah. The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was asked about fasting on the day of 3Arafah and he said: “I ask Allaah that it may expiate for (the sins of) the year that comes before it and the year that comes after it”.  According to another report he said: “It expiates for the past and coming years.”

As for the pilgrim, it is not Sunnah for him to fast on the day of 3Arafah, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam did not fast on the day of 3Arafah during the Farewell Pilgrimage. In Saheeh al-Bukhaaree it is narrated from Maymoonah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the people were not sure whether the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was fasting on the day of 3Arafah, so she sent him some milk when he was standing in 3Arafah, and he drank it whilst the people were looking on. ” (2)

Fasting on Day of 3Arafah for Different Moon Sighting Countries

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: what if the day of 3Arafah is different because of the moon being sighted at different times in different countries? Should we fast according to the moon sighting in the country where we are or according to the moon sighting in al-Haramayn (the two Holy Sanctuaries)?

He replied: “This is based on a difference of opinion among the scholars: Is there only one moon sighting for the whole world or does it vary according to when the moon rises in different places?

The correct view is that it varies according to when the moon rises in different places.

For example, if the moon is sighted in Makkah, and today is the ninth, and it is sighted elsewhere one day before Makkah, and the day of 3Arafah in Makkah is the tenth for them, it is not permissible for them to fast on this day because it is 3Eid.

Similarly if it so happens that they sight the moon after Makkah, and the 9th in Makkah is the 8th for them, then they should fast the day that is the 9th for them, which is the 10th in Makkah. This is the correct view, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said:“When you see it (the new moon) fast and when you see it break your fast.”

Those who did not see the moon in their own location have not seen it. Just as people are unanimously agreed that the times for dawn and sunset vary according to their own location, so too the months are also worked out by location, just like the daily timings.(3)

Best Du3aa’ on the Day of 3Arafah

It was narrated from 3AbdAllaah ibn 3Amr ibn al-3Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said:

“The best of du3aa’ is du3aa’ on the day of 3Arafah, and the best that I and the Prophets before me said is:

لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له ، له الملك ، وله الحمد ، وهو على كل شيء قدير

‘Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahul-mulk wa lahul-hamd wa huwa 3ala kulli shay’in qadeer’ 

(There is no god but Allaah alone, with no partner or associate; His is the dominion, to Him be praise, and He has power over all things).” (4)

Commenting on the Hadeeth, Ibn 3Abdul-Barr (rahimahullah) said, “The Hadeeth stands as evidence that the supplications on the Day of 3Arafah are most probably answered and that the best of remembrance of Allaah is to say, ‘There is none worthy of worship except Allaah’.” (5)

It was narrated from Talhah ibn 3Ubayd ibn Kurayz in a mursal report: “The best of du3aa’ is du3aa’ on the day of 3Arafah.” (6).

The scholars differed concerning this virtue of du3aa’ on the day of 3Arafah, whether it applies only to those who are in 3Arafah or it includes other places. The more correct view is that it is general and that the virtue is connected to the day, but undoubtedly those who are in 3Arafah have combined the virtue of the place with the virtue of the time.

Al-Baaji (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “The words ‘the best of du3aa’ is on the day of 3Arafah’ mean the dhikr with the greatest blessing, the greatest reward and that which is most likely to be answered. It may be interpreted as referring to pilgrims only, because the meaning of du3aa’ on the day of 3Arafah is very true in their case, and applies especially to them. But if the day of 3Arafah is regarded in general terms, it is described as such because of the pilgrims being there. And Allaah knows best”. (7)

Takbeer:

The scholars said that there are two types of Takbeer:

First: which is not limited to a specific time, and it is Sunnah to say it all the time, morning and evening, before prayer and after prayer, at all times. It starts with the start of the month of Dhul-Hijjah and lasts until the last day of Tashreeq.

Second: The Takbeer restricted to a specific time, which is prescribed after prayers. It starts from Fajr on the day of 3Arafah and lasts until the sun sets on the last day of the days of Tashreeq, in addition to the takbeer that may be recited at any time.

So when a person says the tasleem at the end of the obligatory prayer, he should pray for forgiveness (by saying Astaghfir-Allaah) three times, and say:“Allaahumma anta al-salaam wa minka al-salaam, tabaarakta yaa dhaa’l-jalaali wa’l-ikraam (“O Allaah, You are al-Salaam [the One Who is free from all defects and deficiencies), and from You is all peace, blessed are You, O possessor of majesty and honour)”, then start the takbeer. (8)

It was narrated that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam and a group of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) used to recite Takbeer following each of the five prayers from Fajr on the day of 3Arafah until 3Asr on the 13th day of Dhu’l-Hijjah. (9)

Compiled by towardshuda

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References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (part 20, question no. 404)
(3) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa, 20. 
http://islamqa.com/en/ref/40720/
(4) At-Tirmidhi (3585)’ classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb (1536).
(5) Islamweb.net
(6) Narrated by Maalik in al-Muwatta’ (500); classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’ (1102)
(7) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/70282
(8) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn Baaz  13/17; al-Sharh al-Mumti’ by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 5/220-224.
(9) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/10508  (Kitaab Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn Baaz )
 
 

Virtues of the Day of 3Arafah


     

1. It is the day on which the religion was perfected and Allaah’s Favour was completed.

It was reported from 3Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) that a Jewish man said to him, “O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, there is an aayah in your Book which you recite; if it had come to us Jews, we would have taken that day as an 3Eed (festival).” 3Umar said, “Which aayah?” He said: (interpretation of the meaning) “This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” [soorah Al-Maa’idah, v:3]

3Umar said, “We know on which day and in which place that was revealed to the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam. It was when he was standing in 3Arafah on a Friday.” (1)

2.  It is a day of 3Eid for the people who are in that place.

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said: “Yawm 3Arafah (the day of 3Arafah), Yawm al-Nahr (the Day of Sacrifice) and Ayyaam al-Tashreeq (the 3 days following Yawm al-Nahr) are 3Eid (festival) for us, the people of Islaam. These are days of eating and drinking.” (2)

It was reported that 3‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab said: “It ( i.e., the aayah ‘This day I have perfected…’) was revealed on a Friday, the Day of 3Arafah, both of which – praise be to Allaah – are 3Eids for us.”

3.  It is a day by which Allaah swore an oath.

The Almighty cannot swear by anything except that which is mighty. Yawm 3Arafah is the “witnessed day” mentioned in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):

“By the witnessing day [Friday] and by the witnessed day [the Day of 3Arafah].” [soorah Al-Burooj, v:3].

It was reported from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said: “The promised day is the Day of Resurrection, the witnessed day is the Day of 3Arafah, and the witnessing day is Friday.” (3)

It is the “odd” [i.e., odd-numbered, Witr] by which Allaah swore in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning): “And by the even and the odd” [soorah Al-Fajr, v:3].

Ibn 3Abbaas said: “The even is the Day of al-Adhaa [i.e., 10th Dhul-Hijjah] and the odd is the Day of 3Arafah [i.e., 9th Dhul-Hijjah]. This is also the view of 3Ikrimah and al-Dahhaak.

4.  Fasting on this day is an expiation for two years.

It was reported from Abu Qataadah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam was asked about fasting on the Day of 3Arafah. He said, “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year.” (4)

This (fasting) is mustahabb for those who are not on Hajj. In the case of the one who is on Hajj, it is not Sunnah for him to fast on the Day of 3Arafah, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam did not fast on this day in 3Arafah.

It was narrated that he forbade fasting on the Day of 3Arafah in 3Arafah.

5.  It is the day on which Allaah took the covenant from the progeny of Aadam.

It was reported that Ibn 3Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said: “Allaah took the covenant from the loins of Aadam in Na’maan, i.e., 3Arafah. He brought forth from his loins all his offspring and spread them before Him, then He addressed them, and said: ‘Am I not your Lord? They said, ‘Yes, we testify,’ let you should say on the Day of Resurrection: ‘Verily, we have been unaware of this.’ Or lest you should say: ‘It was only our fathers aforetime who took others as partners in worship along with Allaah, and we were (merely their) descendents after them; will You then destroy us because of the deeds of men who practised Al-Baatil (i.e., ploytheism and committing crimes and sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allaah)?’ [soorah Al-A3raaf, v:172-173].” (5)

And there is no greater day than this and no greater covenant than this.

6.  It is the day of forgiveness of sins, freedom from the Fire and pride in the people who are there:

It was narrated from 3Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said:“There is no day on which Allaah frees more people from the Fire than the Day of  3Arafah. He comes close and expresses His pride to the angels, saying, ‘What do these people want?’” (6)

It was reported from Ibn 3Umar that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said: “Allaah expresses His pride to His angels at the time of 3Ishaa’ on the Day of 3Arafah, about the people of 3Arafah. He says, ‘Look at My slaves who have come unkempt and dusty.’” (7)

In another Hadeeth:

“As for you staying till the evening in 3Arafah, then Allaah descends to the sky of the Duniya and He boasts about you to the Angels, and says: ‘My slaves have come to Me, looking rough, from every deep valley hoping for My mercy, so if your sins were equivalent to the amount of sand or the drops of rain or like the foam on the sea I will forgive them. So go forth My slaves! Having forgiveness and for what or who you have interceded for.’” (8)

And Allaah knows best.

by Shaykh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

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References:
(1). Saheeh Bukharee & Saheeh Muslim
(2). Sunan Nisaa’ee & Sunan Abi Dawood.
(3). Narrated by al-Tirmidhee and classed as saheeh by al-Albaanee.
(4). Narrated by Muslim.
(5). Narrated by Ahmad and classed as saheeh by al-Albaanee
(6). Saheeh Muslim
(7). Narrated by Ahmad and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.
(8). Reported by at-Tabarani in his book “al-Kabeer” and by al-Bazaar. Shaykh Al-Albanee graded it Hassan. Taken from ‘Saheeh al-Targheeb wa Tarheeb’. Volume 2, Page 9-10, hadeeth no. 1112
 

Fasting The First Nine Days Of Dhul-Hijjah

عن هنيدة ابن خالد عن امرأته عن بعض أزواج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قالت “كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يصوم تسع ذي الحجة ، ويوم عاشوراء ، وثلاثة أيام من كل شهر : أول اثنين من الشهر وخميسين “صحيح أبو داود وصحيح النسائى

Hunaydah ibn Khaalid narrated upon the authority of his wife who said: “Some of the wives of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam told me that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam used to fast the Day of 3Aashoorah, the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah, and three days out of every month*….” (1)

(*13th, 14th, and 15th of every month)

Imaam An-Nawwawee said with reference to fasting the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah: “It is extremely preferable to do so”.

Shaykh 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy upon him) was asked about fasting the first [nine] days of Dhul-Hijjah?

He replied: “Fasting the first [nine] of Dhul-Hijjah is from the righteous actions without doubt. And the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said, “There are not any days in which righteous actions are done that are more beloved to Allaah than these ten days.” They said, “Oh Messenger of Allaah, not even jihaad in Allaah’s cause?”

He said: “Not even jihaad in Allaah’s cause,Except for a man who left out with his self and his wealth, and he did not return with either.”

So fasting is included in the general context of this hadeeth. And there appears a hadeeth stating that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam used to fast the first ten of Dhul-Hijjah, not counting the 3Eed [in other words, the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah].

And Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal rahimahullaah takes this position and it is authentic. Fasting in the first ten [of Dhul-Hijjah, excluding the 3Eed] is sunnah. Yes.”

Shaykh Salih Al-Munajjid says: “It is Sunnah for the Muslim to fast on the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam encouraged us to do righteous deeds in the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, and fasting is one of the best of deeds, which Allaah has chosen for Himself as it says in the hadeeth qudsee: “Allaah says: ‘All the deeds of the son of Adam are for him, except fasting, which is for Me and I shall reward for it.” ( 2) (3)

Making up Missed Ramadaan Fasts & 10 Days of Dhul-Hijjah:

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about combining making up a missed obligation and doing something that is mustahabb (such as fasting the day 3Aashoora’ which coincides with making up a missed Ramadaan fast)?

He replied: “With regard to obligatory and voluntary fasts, what is prescribed in sharee3ah and what makes sense is to start with the obligatory fasts and then do the naafil ones, because the obligatory fast is a debt which must be paid. But if a person observes a voluntary fast before making up what he owes then the correct view is that his voluntary fast is valid so long as there is still enough time to make up the missed fasts, because a person may make up missed Ramadaan fasts so long as there is still enough time for him to do so before the next Ramadaan comes.

But if he has the intention of fasting this day to make up for a missed Ramadaan fast, he will have two rewards – one for the day of 3Arafah or 3Ashoora’ and another for making up the missed fast. (4)

Compiled by towardshuda

Download as pdf Fasting the 9 days of Dhul Hijjah

 
References:
(1) Ahmad, An-Nasaa’ee
(2) Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1805.
(3) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/49042
(4) Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn 3Uthaymeen, 20/438
[http://islamqa.com/en/ref/41901]
 
 
 

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