Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:
شَرُّ الأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا وَكُلُّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلالَةٌ
“The worst of matters are those which are newly-invented, and every innovation is a going astray.” (1)
He SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam also said:
مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي دِينِنَا مَا لَيْسَ فِيهِ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ
“Whoever introduces anything into our religion that is not part of it, will have it rejected.” (2)
Widespread AHadeeth about Wiping of the Neck:
These are widespread ahadeeth on internet & different social media forums, about wiping of the neck during wudoo’.
1).Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Wiping the neck is a protection from the yoke (or chains – al-ghull)” (3)
Al-Nawawi said about this hadeeth “these are not the words of the Prophet” (4). He (Al-Nawawi) & Shaykh Al-Banee graded this hadeeth as Fabricated (mawdoo3) (5)
2). It is narrated from Talhah ibn Musarraf, from his father, from his grandfather, which says that he saw the Messenger of AllaahSallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam wiping his head until he reached the back of his head and the first part of the neck”
This is classed as da3eef by al-Albaani in Da3eef Abi Dawood. (6)
Fatawaa of Scholars about Wiping the Neck:
The majority of scholars are of the opinion that such a practice is not likable. Many scholars even think that wiping over the neck is Bida3h (bad innovation). This is the opinion of the Shafi3ee.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:
There is no saheeh report from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam which says that he wiped his neck during wudoo’, rather no such thing has been narrated from him in any saheeh hadeeth. Rather the saheeh ahaadeeth which describe the wudoo’ of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam do not mention that he wiped his neck. Hence the majority of scholars, such as Maalik, al-Shaafa3ee and Ahmed did not regard that as mustahabb. Those who say that it is mustahabb rely on a report narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu or a da3eef (weak) hadeeth which says that he wiped his head until he reached the back of his head. Such reports cannot be relied on, and it does not contradict what is indicated by the sound ahaadeeth. Whoever does not wipe his neck, his wudoo’ is valid according to scholarly consensus” (7)
Imaam an-Nawawee (rahimahullaah):
Wiping the neck during Wudhu is not from the Sunnah, rather it is an innovation. (8) (9)
Ibn al-Qayyim said:
There is no saheeh hadeeth from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam about wiping the neck at all.” (10)
Shaykh Ibn Baaz said:
It is not mustahabb or prescribed in sharee3ah to wipe the neck, rather the head and the ears only are to be wiped, as is indicated by the Qur’aan and Sunnah.” (11)
Shaykh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) said:
I do not see it permissible to wipe ones neck during wudhu, except that a daleel is provided that is authentic, showing its legislation and since there is none it should not be done.(12)
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa replied:
There is no proof in either the Book of Allaah or the Sunnah of His Messenger SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam that wiping the neck is part of wudoo’, so it is not a prescribed part of wudoo’. (13)
Know the Rulings
Rulings about Covering the Feet (in prayer)
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Bukharee & Saheeh Muslim.
According to a version narrated by Muslim: ((Whoever does any action that is not in accordance with this matter of ours will have it rejected”))
(3)Al-ghull (plural. al-aghlaal) refers to chains that are placed on the neck. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
(4) Al-Majmoo3 (1/489) (http://islamqa.info/en/70120)
(5 ) Arabic site
(6) Abu Dawood (132) and was classed as da3eef by al-Albaan33 in Da3eef Abi Dawood.
(7) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa, 21/127
(8) Al-Badar al-Muneer v. 2 p. 221
(9) In al-Majmoo3 (1/489)
Al-Nawawi mentioned a difference of opinion among the companions of al-Shaafa3ee (may Allaah have mercy on him) concerning wiping the neck in wudoo’. Then he said: This is a summary of what they said, and they had four views on this matter, one of which is that it is Sunnah to wipe it with new water. The second is that it is mustahabb and cannot be said to be Sunnah. The third is that it is mustahabb to use the water left from wiping the head and ears. The fourth is that it is neither Sunnah nor mustahabb.
The fourth view is the one that is correct. Hence al-Shaafa3ee (may Allaah have mercy on him) did not mention it, and neither did our earlier companions. It was not mentioned by most of the scholars. There is no proof of that from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
(10) in Zaad al-Ma3aad (1/195)
(11)Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 10/ 103 ((http://islamqa.info/en/70120))
(12) Tamaam al-Minnah page 98
(13) Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 5/235 ((http://islamqa.info/en/2168))
“They are those who disbelieved in their Lord! They are those who will have iron chains (al-aghlaal) tying their hands to their necks” [soorah Al-Ra3d, v:5]
“And We shall put iron collars (al-aghlaal) round the necks of those who disbelieved. Are they requited aught except what they used to do?” [soorah Saba, v:33]