The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever directs someone to a good, then he will have the reward equal to the doer of the action". [Saheeh Muslim]

Posts tagged ‘fasting’

Fasting In Sha3baan

عن أسامة بن زيد رضي الله عنهما قال : قلت يا رسول الله لم أرك تصوم من شهر من الشهور ما تصوم من شعبان ، فقال : ” ذاك شهر تغفل الناس فيه عنه ، بين رجب ورمضان ، وهو شهر ترفع فيه الأعمال إلى رب العالمين ، وأحب أن يرفع عملي وأنا صائم “ رواه النسائي ، أنظر صحيح الترغيب والترهيب ص 425

Usaamah ibn Zayd radi Allaahu 3Anhumaa said: “I said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, I do not see you fasting in any other month like you fast in Sha3baan.’

He said, “That is a month to which people do not pay attention, between Rajab and Ramadaan, and it is a month in which deeds are lifted up to the Lord of the Worlds. I like for my deeds to be lifted up when I am fasting.’” (1)

 عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ :  كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَصُومُ حَتَّى نَقُولَ لا يُفْطِرُ ، وَيُفْطِرُ حَتَّى نَقُولَ لا يَصُومُ ، فَمَا رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم اسْتَكْمَلَ صِيَامَ شَهْرٍ إِلا رَمَضَانَ ، وَمَا رَأَيْتُهُ أَكْثَرَ صِيَامًا مِنْهُ فِي شَعْبَانَ

3Aa’ishah radi Allaahu 3Anha  said: “The Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam used to fast until we thought he would never break his fast, and not fast until we thought he would never fast. I never saw the Messenger of Allaah fasting for an entire month except in Ramadaan, and I never saw him fast more than he did in Sha3baan.”(2)

كَانَ يَصُومُ شَعْبَانَ كُلَّهُ ، كَانَ يَصُومُ شَعْبَانَ إِلا قَلِيلاً

“He used to fast all of Sha3baan, he used to fast all but a little of Sha3baan. (3)

Read more: The Month of Sha3baan

Related Posts:

The Virtues of Sha3baan

Rulings about the 15th of Sha3baan

E-Books Celebrating The Middle of Sha3baan

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References:

(1) Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, see Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb
(2) Narrated by al-Bukhaari & Muslim
(3) Report narrated by Muslim
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Rulings About Fasting On Saturdays

The scholars differed concerning fasting on Saturdays. Some of them said that it is not makrooh (disliked) at all. Others spoke in more detail and said that if a Saturday is singled out for fasting, then it is makrooh, but if it is joined to the Sunday that follows it or the Friday that comes before it, then it is not makrooh. (1)

Hadeeth about Fasting on Saturday:

It is narrated by Tirmidhee from 3AbdAllaah ibn Busr, from his sister, that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Do not fast on Saturdays apart from days when you are obliged to fast. If any one of you cannot find anything other than grape stalks or the twigs of a tree, let him chew it (to make sure that he is not fasting).” (2)

Abu 3Eesa al-Tirmidhee said: “This is a hasan hadeeth. What is makrooh in this case is for a man to single out Saturday for fasting, because the Jews venerate Saturday”

Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Our companions said: It is makrooh to single out Saturday for fasting… what is makrooh is singling out that day. If he fasts another day along with it, then it is not makrooh, because of the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah and Juwayriyah. If it coincides with a day that a person regularly fasts, it is not makrooh”.

What is meant by the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah is the report narrated by Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu anhu who said: I heard the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam say: “No one of you should fast on Friday, unless he fasts (a day) before it or after it.” (3)

The hadeeth of Juwayriyah was narrated by Juwayriyah bint al-Haarith radi Allaahu Anha, that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam entered upon her on a Friday and she was fasting. He said; “Did you fast yesterday?” She said, “No.” He said: “Do you intend to fast tomorrow?” She said: “No.” He said: “Then break your fast.” (4)

This hadeeth and the one before it clearly indicate that it is permissible to fast on a Saturday at times other than Ramadaan, for the one who fasts the Friday before. (5)

There is a disagreement among the scholars regarding the soundness of this hadeeth.

Shaykh Bin Baaz said:

“The Hadeeth is not Saheeh; it has been ranked as Mudtarib (a Hadeeth with disagreement over a transmitter or the text) and Shadh (a Hadeeth narrated by a trustworthy narrator, not in line with the narration of other trustworthy narrators in terms of wording, chain of narrators, or both) by many Hafidh (scholars who have memorized Hadeth), because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is authentically reported to have said: “Do not observe Sawm on Friday, unless you observe Sawm on the day before it or the day after it.” (6)  The day that follows it is Saturday.” (7)

Ibn Al Qayyim reported that Imaam Maalik said that that Hadeeth was wrong.” 

Abu Dawood said: “This Hadeeth is abrogated”. Al Nasaa’ee said: ‘It is a mixed up Hadeeth’.  (8)

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta said:

“The Hadeeth prohibiting observing Sawm on Saturday is Da3eef (a Hadeeth that fails to reach the status of Hasan, due to a weakness in the chain of narration or one of the narrators) as it is Hadeeth Mudtarib (a Hadeeth with disagreement over a transmitter or the text) that conflicts with authentic Hadeeth.

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

It should be noted that different scenarios may apply with regard to fasting on a Saturday.

1)  It may be obligatory, such as observing a Ramadaan fast during Ramadaan or making it up later on, or observing a fast as expiation (kafaarah), or instead of offering a sacrifice when performing Hajj tamattu3, and so on. There is nothing wrong with that so long as he does not single it out deliberately thinking that there is some virtue in that.

2)  If he fasts on the Friday before, there is nothing wrong with it, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said to one of the Mothers of the Believers who was fasting on a Friday: “Did you fast yesterday?” She said: “No.” He said: “Are you going to fast tomorrow?” She said, “No.” He said: “Then break your fast.”

The words, “Are you going to fast tomorrow?” indicate that it is permissible to fast Saturday along with Friday.

3)  If it happens to be one of the days when it is prescribed to fast, such as Ayyaam al-Beed (the 13th, 14th and 15th of each hijri month), 3Arafah, 3Ashooraa’, six days of Shawwaal for one who has fasted Ramadaan, and the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah. There is nothing wrong with that, because he is not fasting because it is Saturday, rather it is because it is one of the days when it is prescribed to fast.

4) When it happens to be a day when he habitually fasts, such as a person whose habit is to fast alternate days, and the day that he fasts happens to be a Saturday, then there is nothing wrong with it, as the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said when he forbade fasting one or two days before Ramadaan begins: “except a man who (habitually) observes a fast, in which case let him fast.” This is similar.

5 – If he singles it out to observe a voluntary fast for one day only. This is what is forbidden, if the hadeeth forbidding it is proven to be saheeh. (9)

& Allaah knows best.

References:
(1) Fataawa Manaar al-Islam, 2/366.
(2) Al-Tirmidhee (744), Abu Dawood (2421) & Ibn Maajah (1726). Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Irwa’
(3) Al-Bukhaaree (1985) and Muslim (1144)

(4) Al-Bukhaaree (1986) from
(5) http://islamqa.info/en/ref/81621
(6)Al-Bukhaaree(1985) and Muslim (1144)
(7) Fatwas of Ibn Baz>Volume 15
(8) http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&Id=87220
(9) Majmoo3 Fataawaa wa Rasaa’il al-Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (20/57)
http://islamqa.info/en/ref/81621
 

Wisdom Behind Fasting the Six Days of Shawwaal

Shaykh 3Uthaymeen may Allaah have mercy on him, said about fasting the six days of shawwaal:

“The wisdom behind fasting the six days of Shawwaal is the same as the wisdom regarding other optional acts which Allaah has ordained for His Servants in order to make the obligatory actions complete.  So fasting the six days of Shawwaal is like the supererogatory Sunnah prayers [ar-Raatibah] which are performed after the obligatory prayers in order to complete any deficiencies in them. 

And from Allaah, the Most High’s, Wisdom is that He made Sunnah [prayers] for the obligatory ones in order to complete them and raise them [in rank], so fasting the six days of Shawwaal has this great benefit.” (1)

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “The first thing for which people will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be their salaah (prayer). Our Lord, may He be glorified and exalted, will say to His angels – although He knows best – ‘Look at the salaah of My slave, whether it is complete or incomplete.’ If it is perfect, it will be recorded as perfect, and if something is lacking, He will say, ‘Look and see whether My slave did any voluntary (naafil) prayers.’ If he did some voluntary prayers, [Allaah] will say, Complete the obligatory actions of My slave from his voluntary actions.’ Then all his actions will be dealt with in a similar manner.” (2)

Related Post:

Virtue of Fasting Six Days of Shawwaal

Shawwaal [page updated]

References:
(1) Fataawaa Noorun-3Alaa Darb.
(2) Narrated by Abu Dawood (http://islamqa.info/en/ref/7859)

Virtue of Fasting Six Days of Shawwaal

Fasting six days of Shawwaal after the obligatory fast of Ramadaan is Sunnah Mustahabbah. It is recommended for the Muslim to fast six days of Shawwaal, and in this there is great virtue and an immense reward.

Whoever fasts these six days will have recorded for him a reward as if he had fasted a whole year.

Abu Ayyoob radi Allaahu 3Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever fasts Ramadaan and follows it with six days of Shawwaal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime (whole year).” (1)

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam explained this when he said: “Whoever fasts for six days after (3Eed) al-Fitr has completed the year: (whoever does a good deed (hasanah) will have ten hasanah like it).”

According to another report: “Allaah has made for each hasanah ten like it, so a month is like fasting ten months, and fasting six days completes the year.” (2)

It was also narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah with the wording: “Fasting for the month of Ramadaan brings the reward of ten like it, and fasting for six days brings the reward of two months, and that is the fasting of the whole year.”

Another of the important benefits of fasting six days of Shawwaal is that it makes up for any shortfall in a person’s obligatory Ramadaan fasts, because no one is free of shortcomings or sins that have a negative effect on his fasting. On the Day of Resurrection, some of his naafil deeds will be taken to make up the shortcomings in his obligatory deeds.

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “The first thing for which people will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be their salaah (prayer). Our Lord, may He be glorified and exalted, will say to His angels – although He knows best – ‘Look at the salaah of My slave, whether it is complete or incomplete.’ If it is perfect, it will be recorded as perfect, and if something is lacking, He will say, ‘Look and see whether My slave did any voluntary (naafil) prayers.’ If he did some voluntary prayers, [Allaah] will say, Complete the obligatory actions of My slave from his voluntary actions.’ Then all his actions will be dealt with in a similar manner.” (3) 

Related Posts:

Fasting in Shawwaal

Rulings on Fasting in Shawwaal for Women (Updated) (must read)

References:
(1) Muslim, Abu Dawood, At-Tirmidhee, an-Nisaa’ee and Ibn Maajah
(2) An-Nisaa’ee and Ibn Maajah. Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, 1/421.
(3) Narrated by Abu Dawood
http://islamqa.info/en/ref/7859

Fasting The First Nine Days Of Dhul-Hijjah

عن هنيدة ابن خالد عن امرأته عن بعض أزواج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قالت “كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يصوم تسع ذي الحجة ، ويوم عاشوراء ، وثلاثة أيام من كل شهر : أول اثنين من الشهر وخميسين “صحيح أبو داود وصحيح النسائى

Hunaydah ibn Khaalid narrated upon the authority of his wife who said: “Some of the wives of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam told me that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam used to fast the Day of 3Aashoorah, the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah, and three days out of every month*….” (1)

(*13th, 14th, and 15th of every month)

Imaam An-Nawwawee said with reference to fasting the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah: “It is extremely preferable to do so”.

Shaykh 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy upon him) was asked about fasting the first [nine] days of Dhul-Hijjah?

He replied: “Fasting the first [nine] of Dhul-Hijjah is from the righteous actions without doubt. And the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said, “There are not any days in which righteous actions are done that are more beloved to Allaah than these ten days.” They said, “Oh Messenger of Allaah, not even jihaad in Allaah’s cause?”

He said: “Not even jihaad in Allaah’s cause,Except for a man who left out with his self and his wealth, and he did not return with either.”

So fasting is included in the general context of this hadeeth. And there appears a hadeeth stating that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam used to fast the first ten of Dhul-Hijjah, not counting the 3Eed [in other words, the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah].

And Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal rahimahullaah takes this position and it is authentic. Fasting in the first ten [of Dhul-Hijjah, excluding the 3Eed] is sunnah. Yes.”

Shaykh Salih Al-Munajjid says: “It is Sunnah for the Muslim to fast on the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam encouraged us to do righteous deeds in the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, and fasting is one of the best of deeds, which Allaah has chosen for Himself as it says in the hadeeth qudsee: “Allaah says: ‘All the deeds of the son of Adam are for him, except fasting, which is for Me and I shall reward for it.” ( 2) (3)

Making up Missed Ramadaan Fasts & 10 Days of Dhul-Hijjah:

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about combining making up a missed obligation and doing something that is mustahabb (such as fasting the day 3Aashoora’ which coincides with making up a missed Ramadaan fast)?

He replied: “With regard to obligatory and voluntary fasts, what is prescribed in sharee3ah and what makes sense is to start with the obligatory fasts and then do the naafil ones, because the obligatory fast is a debt which must be paid. But if a person observes a voluntary fast before making up what he owes then the correct view is that his voluntary fast is valid so long as there is still enough time to make up the missed fasts, because a person may make up missed Ramadaan fasts so long as there is still enough time for him to do so before the next Ramadaan comes.

But if he has the intention of fasting this day to make up for a missed Ramadaan fast, he will have two rewards – one for the day of 3Arafah or 3Ashoora’ and another for making up the missed fast. (4)

Compiled by towardshuda

Download as pdf Fasting the 9 days of Dhul Hijjah

 
References:
(1) Ahmad, An-Nasaa’ee
(2) Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1805.
(3) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/49042
(4) Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn 3Uthaymeen, 20/438
[http://islamqa.com/en/ref/41901]
 
 
 

Rulings on Fasting in Shawwaal for Women

Should a Woman Start with Making up Missed Fasts from Ramadaan or with the 6 days of Shawwaal?

If she wants to earn the reward mentioned in the hadeeth of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam: “Whoever fasts Ramadaan then follows it with six days of Shawwaal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime” (1), then she should complete her Ramadaan fasts first, then follow it with six days of Shawwaal, so that the hadeeth with be applicable to her too, and she will gain the reward mentioned in it. (2)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen was asked: What if a woman owes days from Ramadaan – is it permissible for her to give precedence to fasting the six days of Shawwaal over making up the days she owes, or should she give priority to the days she owes over fasting the six days of Shawwaal? 

He replied: If a woman still owes days from Ramadaan, then she should not fast the six days of Shawwaal until after she has made up what she owes, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever fasts Ramadaan then follows it with six days of Shawwaal…”

Whoever still has days to make up from Ramadaan has not fasted Ramadaan, so she will not attain the reward of fasting the six days of Shawwaal until after she has finished making up the days she owes.

If we assume that this making up missed fasts lasts throughout Shawwaal, such as if a woman was bleeding following childbirth and did not fast at all in Ramadaan, then she started to make up her missed fasts in Shawwaal and did not finish that until Dhu’l-Qa3dah began, then she may fast the six days, and she will have the reward of one who fasted them in Shawwaal, because she delayed it for a necessary reason, so she will have the reward. (3)

Fasting Six Days of Shawwaal Before Making up Missed Fasts, if there are not enough days left?

Fasting six days of Shawwaal is dependent upon having completed the Ramadaan fast, according to the correct view. This is indicated by the words of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam: “Whoever fasts Ramadaan then follows it with six days of Shawwaal, it will be as if he fasted a lifetime.”

The conjunction thumma (ثُمَّ) (then) indicates that this must be done in this order. This indicates that the fast of Ramadaan must be completed first (by observing the Ramadaan fast and making up any missed fasts), then after that one may fast the six days of Shawwaal, so as to attain the reward mentioned in the hadeeth. (4)

The one who still has some days to make up is not regarded as having fasted Ramadaan until he makes up those days. Some people think that if they fear Shawwaal is going to end soon and they fast the six days even though they still owe some days from Ramadaan, that this is acceptable. This is a mistake, because these six days cannot be fasted until a person has made up the days that he owes from Ramadaan. (5)

Delaying Making up Missed Fasts

Anyone who has days to make up from the (previous) Ramadaan then he/she has to make them up before (the arrival of) the next Ramadaan. It is permissible for him/her to delay his/her fast until Sha3baan.

However, if the following Ramadhaan arrives and he/she still has not made up the (missed) days without (a valid) reason, then he has committed a sin. So now he/she has to make up those days along with feeding a poor person for every day (he has to make up). (6)

And Allaah is the source of strength.

Related Post:

Fasting in Shawwaal

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References:
(1) Muslim, no. 1984
(2) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/4082
(3) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa, 20/19. http://islamqa.com/en/ref/40389
(4) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/40389
(5) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn 3Uthaymeen, 20/438. 
(6) Shaykh Ibn Baaz, Fataawa Ramadhaan – Volume 2, Page 555, Fatwa No. 537;
al-Fataawa libni-Baaz – Kitaab ad-Da3waah, Volume 2, Page 158-159

Fasting in Shawwaal

 Virtues of fasting the 6 days of Shawwaal

Fasting six days of Shawwaal after the obligatory fast of Ramadaan is Sunnah Mustahabbah. It is recommended for the Muslim to fast six days of Shawwaal, and in this there is great virtue and an immense reward.

Aboo Ayyoob al-Ansaaree (may Allaah be pleased with him) reported Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam as saying:

 من صام رمضان وأتبعه ستا من شوال كان كصيام الدهر 

“Whoever fasts Ramadaan and follows it with six days of Shawwaal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime.” (1)

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam explained this when he said: “Whoever fasts for six days after 3Eid al-Fitr has completed the year: (whoever does a good deed (hasanah) will have ten hasanah like it).”

According to another report: “Allaah has made for each hasanah ten like it, so a month is like fasting ten months, and fasting six days completes the year.” (2)

Therefore, 29/30 days (will be multiplied by 10) and adding the 6 days (which are also multiplied by 10), will be equivalent to one year (350/360 days).

Another of the important benefits of fasting six days of Shawwaal is that is makes up for any shortfall in a person’s obligatory Ramadaan fasts, because no one is free of shortcomings or sins that have a negative effect on his fasting. On the Day of Resurrection, some of his naafil deeds will be taken to make up the shortcomings in his obligatory deeds. (3) 

When should we begin?

There is a common misconception that 3Eed al-Fitr last for three days; however, this is merely a tradition, not based on any Islaamic evidence. Aboo Sa3eed (may Allaah be pleased with him) narrated: “The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam forbade the fasting of 3Eed-ul-Fitr and 3Eed-ul-Adhaa (two feast days) ….” (4)

Thus, one is not permitted to fast on the 3Eed day itself, but can start the next day.

The standing committee received the following question: Should fasting the six days be done immediately after Ramadaan, following the day of 3Eed or is it permissible to do it a few days after 3Eed in the month of Shawwaal or not?

They replied: “These days do not have to be fasted immediately after 3Eed al-Fitr; it is permissible to start fasting them one or more days after 3Eed, and they may be done consecutively or separately during the month of Shawwaal, according to what is easier for a person. There is plenty of room for maneuver in this matter, and this is not obligatory, it is Sunnah.  (5)

How should they be done?

It is not a necessary condition that they (shawwaal fast) should be fasted consecutively. If you fast them separately or consecutively, it is OK. The sooner you do them, the better, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meanings):

“so compete in good deeds.” [soorah al-Maaidah 5:48]

And (you should hasten to fast these six days) because delaying may cause problems. This is the view of the Shaafais and some of the Hanbalis, but it is OK if you do not hasten it and you delay it until the middle or end of the month.

Imaam ash-Shawkaani said: “It is apparent from the hadeeth that it is sufficient to fast for six days in Shawwaal, regardless of whether it is at the beginning, in the middle or at the end. Nor is it a condition that the days be consecutive, with no gaps between them except for the days of 3Eed al-Fitr. But if they fasted thus, it is better; although all forms are correct, it is more correct to fast them with no gaps in between them and the month of Ramadaan except for the day of 3Eed, the fasting of which is not permissible.

But as for the idea that those who do not fast it in this manner will not receive the reward of it, that is incorrect. This is because whoever fasted six days at the end of Shawwaal has without doubt followed the fasting of Ramadaan with six days of Shawwaal, and that is what is required.” (6)

Imaam Al-Nawaawee (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Our companions said: it is mustahabb (recommended) to fast six days of Shawwaal. Because of this hadeeth they said: it is mustahabb to fast these days consecutively at the beginning of Shawwaal, but if one separates them or delays them until end Shawwaal, this is permissible, because he will still be following the general guidelines of the hadeeth. We have no dispute regarding this matter, and this was also the view of Ahmad and Daawood.” (7)

Muhammad ibn Ismaa3eel as-Sa3’aanee said, “It should be noted that the reward for fasting [the six days] will be given to whoever fasts them, whether separately or continually, immediately after 3Eed or during the month.

In Sunan at-Tirmithee [it is reported] from Ibn al-Mubaarak that he preferred [the fast to be] six days from the beginning of the month of Shawwaal. It was also narrated from Ibn al-Mubaarak that he said, “Whoever fasts six days from Shawwaal separately is permissible.” My opinion is that there is no evidence for choosing them from the beginning of Shawwaal, as whoever does them in any days of Shawwaal can be described as having followed Ramadaan with six days from Shawwaal.” (8)

Fasting the six days of Shawwal in another month

Fasting six days at a time other than Shawwaal, some scholars regarded that as being like fasting them in Shawwaal, and some stated that there is virtue therein but it is less than the virtue of fasting six days in Shawwaal. And some scholars hope for the reward for the one who is not able to complete six days because of an excuse. The bounty of Allaah is great and His generosity knows no end.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy upon him) said: “It is not prescribed to make them up after the end of Shawwaal, because they are Sunnah and the time for them has passed, whether one missed them for an excuse or otherwise.”

He said concerning one who fasted four days in Shawwaal and did not complete six because of circumstances: “Fasting the six days of Shawwaal is a mustahabb (recommended) act of worship but is not obligatory; but you will have the reward of whatever you fast of them, and there is the hope of a complete reward if there was a legitimate shar3ee excuse for not completing them, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “If a person falls sick or travels, Allaah will decree for him (the reward of) what he used to do when he was not traveling and was healthy.” (9). So you do not have to make up what you did not do. (10) 

Making up missed Ramadaan fasts with fasting six days of Shawwaal with one intention:

That is not valid, because fasting the six days of Shawwaal can only be done after fasting Ramadaan in full.

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen said: “Whoever fasts the day of 3Arafah, or the day of 3Ashoorah, but still owes days from Ramadaan, his fast is valid, but if he intends to fast this day to make up for a missed Ramadaan fast, he will have two rewards: the reward for the day of 3Arafah or 3Ashoorah long with the reward for making up the missed fast. This has to do with voluntary fasts in general that are not connected to Ramadaan.

With regard to fasting the six days of Shawwaal, they are connected to Ramadaan and can only done after making up missed Ramadaan fasts. If he fasts them before making up missed Ramadaan fasts he will not attain that reward, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever fasts Ramadaan then follows it with six days of Shawwaal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime.” It is well known that whoever still owes days from Ramadaan is not regarded as having fasted Ramadaan until he makes up the days he missed.” (11)

Observing a voluntary fast when you still need to make up days from Ramadaan?

Fasting six days of Shawwaal is dependent upon having completed the Ramadaan fast, according to the correct view. This is indicated by the words of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam: “Whoever fasts Ramadaan then follows it with six days of Shawwaal, it will be as if he fasted a lifetime.” (12).

The conjunction thumma (then) indicates that this must be done in this order. This indicates that the fast of Ramadaan must be completed first (by observing the Ramadaan fast and making up any missed fasts), then after that one may fast the six days of Shawwaal, so as to attain the reward mentioned in the hadeeth.

The one who still owes missed Ramadaan fasts is said to have fasted part of Ramadaan; we cannot say that he has fasted Ramadaan. (13) If someone has missed some of the days of Ramadaan, he should fast them first, then fast six days of Shawwaal, because he cannot follow the fast of Ramadaan with six days of Shawwaal unless he has completed his Ramadaan fast.

Does one have to fast six days of Shawwaal every year?

Fasting six days of Shawwaal after the day of 3Eed is Sunnah.

It is not waajib (obligatory) on the person who does this once or more often to continue doing it. He is not guilty of a sin if he does not fast these days. (14)

Details Taken from Islamqa.com
& Fasting in Shawwal by 3Imraan Ayoob from Al-kitaab & Sunnah group

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References:
(1) Narrated by Muslim, Abu Dawood, al-Tirmidhee, al-Nisaa’i and Ibn Maajah)
(2) Al-Nisaa’ee and Ibn Maajah. See also Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, 1/421
(3) http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/7859
(4) Saheeh Bukhaari, Volume 3, Book 31, Number 212
(full hadeeth) “….and also the wearing of As-Samma’ (a single garment covering the whole body), and sitting with one’s leg drawn up while being wrapped in one garment. He also forbade the prayers after the Fajr (morning) and the 3Asr (afternoon) prayers.”
(5) Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 10/39
(6) “Wabl al-Ghamam’, with my authentication (1/520); as quoted in ‘Fiqh Volume 1’, p. 570, by Muhammad Subhi ibn Hasan Hallaaq, Darussalam Publishers, 2007
(7) Al-Majmoo3 Sharh al-Muhadhdhab. http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/40389/7858
(8) Subulus-Salaam, Chapter on Fasting; as quoted in ‘Fiqh of Fasting course’, Module 5, by Dr. Bilal Philips, http://www.islamiconlineun iversity.com/moodle
(9) Saheeh Bukhaaree
(10) Majmoo3 Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (15/389, 395)
(11) Fataawa al-Siyaam (438); http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/islamqa/39328
(12) Narrated by Muslim, 1164
(13) http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/40389
(14) Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 10/391

“Did he not reach Ramadaan, fast and pray…?”

Talhah ibn 3UbaydAllaah radi-Allaahu 3anhu reported that two men came to the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam who had accepted Islaam at the same time. One of them used to partake in Jihaad more-so than the other, and so (one day) he fought in a battle and was martyred therein. The other remained behind him for another year, and then he passed away.

Talhah said: “I saw in my dream that I was at the door of Paradise when behold, I was with both of them (the two men). Someone came out of Paradise and allowed the man who passed away later to enter first. Then he came out again and allowed the martyred one to enter. Then he returned and said to me, ‘Go back, for your time has not come yet.’”

Talhah woke up and began to inform others about this and they were all surprised. This reached the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam and when they informed him of it, he said:

من أي ذلك تعجبون؟ قالوا: يا رسول اللهّ هذا كان أشد الرجلين اجتهاداً ثم استشهد ودخل هذا الآخر الجنة قبله فقال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم) : أليس قد مكث هذا بعده سنة؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: أدرك رمضان فصام وصلى كذا وكذا من سجدة في السنة؟ قالوا: بلى. قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم): فما بينهما أبعد مما بين السماء والأرض

He sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said: “What are you surprised about?’”

They said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah! Out of them both, this one strove harder (in Jihaad) then he was martyred but this other one was entered into Paradise before him.’ 

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said: “Did he not remain behind him for one year?’” They said, ‘Yes (he did).’ 

He said, “Did he not reach Ramadaan, fast and pray with such and such number of prostrations in the year?’” They said, ‘Yes.’ 

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said, “So the difference between them is greater than what is between the heavens and the earth.” (1)

Make the most out of Ramadaan, we seriously don’t realise its greatness, worth and reward.

May Allaah let us reach Ramadaan & give us tawfeeq to do good deeds. ameen

 
Reference:
(1) Saheeh Ibn Maajah (2/345, 346) see Shaykh Al-baani’s “al-Silsilah al-Saheehah”

 

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