The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever directs someone to a good, then he will have the reward equal to the doer of the action". [Saheeh Muslim]

Posts tagged ‘innovations’

Uttering the Intention (Niyyah) Loudly

bismillah21

The intention (niyyah) is essential for all acts of worship; no act of worship is valid without the intention.

The place for the intention is the heart, and speaking it out loud is bid3ah. It was not proven that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or his companions spoke the intention for any act of worship out loud. (1)

Uttering the Intention (Niyyah)

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah replied to a question asked about the intention:

The intention of purifying oneself by doing wudoo’ ghusl or tayammum, of praying, fasting, paying zakaah, offering kafaarah (expiation) and other acts of worship does not need to be uttered verbally, according to the consensus of the imaams of Islaam. Rather the place of intention is the heart, according to the consensus among them. (2)

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

Speaking the intention is a bid3ah (innovation) and doing so loudly is even more sinful. Rather the Sunnah is to make one’s intention in the heart, because Allaah knows that which is secret and what is even more hidden. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Say: Will you inform Allaah of your religion while Allaah knows all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth?” [al-Hujuraat 49:16]

It was not narrated from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or the Sahaabah or any of the most prominent imams that they spoke the intention out loud. From this we may understand that it is not prescribed, rather it is an innovation that has been introduced into the religion. And Allaah is the Source of strength. (3)

niyyah in the heart

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

When the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam stood up to pray, he would say: “Allaahu akbar,” and he did not say anything before that, or utter the intention (niyyah) out loud at all. He did not say, “I am going to pray such-and-such a prayer, facing the qiblah, four rak3ahs, as an imaam or following an imaam.” And he did not say “ada’an (on time)” or “qadaa’an (making up a missed prayer)” or “fard al-waqt (the obligatory prayer of this time).” These are all bid3ahs which were not narrated by any scholar with any isnaad, be it saheeh, da3eef, musnad or mursal … Neither was this narrated from any of the Prophet’s companions, and none of the Taabi3een or the four imaams described it as mustahabb. (4)

niyyah uttering

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen said:

With regard to uttering the intention for actions other than Hajj or 3Umrah, this is something which it is well known is not prescribed. It is not Sunnah for a person to say, when he wants to do wudoo’, “O Allah, I am going to do wudoo’” or “O Allah, I intend to do wudoo’”, or when he wants to pray to say “O Allah, I am going to pray” or “O Allah, I intend to pray.” None of that is prescribed. And the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam. ” (5)

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah also said:

No one has mentioned any difference of opinion concerning this matter, except that some of the later followers of al-Shaafa3ee expressed approval of that, but some of the leaders of this madhhab said that this was wrong. But in the dispute among the scholars as to whether it is mustahabb to utter one’s intention, there are two points of view. Some of the companions of Abu Haneefah, al-Shaafa3ee and Ahmad said that it is mustahabb to utter the intention so as to make it stronger.

Some of the companions of Maalik, Ahmad and others said that it is not mustahabb to utter it, because that is a bid’ah (innovation). It was not narrated that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or his Sahaabah did it or that he commanded anyone among his ummah to utter the intention. That is not known from any of the Muslims. If that had been prescribed then the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam and his companions would not have neglected it, as it has to do with worship which the ummah does every day and night. This is the more correct view.

Indeed, uttering the intention is a of irrational thinking and falling short in religious commitment. In terms of falling short in religious commitment, that is because it is bid’ah (an innovation). In terms of irrational thinking, that is because it is like a person who wants to eat some food saying, “I intend to put my hand in this vessel, take out a morsel of food, put it in my mouth and chew it, then swallow it, and eat until I have had my fill.” This is sheer foolishness and ignorance.

 The imaams are agreed that speaking the intention out loud and repeating it is not prescribed in Islaam, rather the person who has made this a habit should be disciplined and told not to worship Allaah by following bid3ah and not to disturb others by raising his voice. And Allaah knows best.  (6)

intention niyyah

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ said:

Uttering the intention out loudly or secretly in Salah, Wudu’, and other acts of worship is impermissible, for the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam did not prescribe this either by saying or action, also because the place of intention is not the tongue, but the heart. You should start your prayer whether it is Fard or Nafilah by saying – Allahu Akbar  and start your Wudoo by Tasmiyah to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam.

You should intend practicing the acts of worship that you want by heart, except in case of Hajj and 3Umrah , for it is prescribed to utter the rites of Hajj or 3Umrah by saying: Allahomma Labayk Hajj or (Labayk 3Umrah). (7)

Intention (Niyyah) for Hajj & 3Umrah:

Shaykh al-Fawzaan  said:

“… Except in two cases. The first case is when entering ihram for Hajj or 3Umrah, in which case one says “Labbayka 3Umratan (here I am for 3Umrah)” or “Labbayka Hajjan (here I am for Hajj)”.

The second case is when slaughtering the hadiy or udhiyah or 3aqeeqah, when one should say Bismillaah and state which type it is, whether it is 3aqeeqah or ‘udhiyah or hadiy, and on whose behalf it is being offered. So he should say: In the name of Allaah and on behalf of So and so” or “In the name of Allaah on my behalf and on behalf of my household,” then he should slaughter it.

In these two cases it is prescribed to utter the intention out loud; in all other cases it is not permissible to utter the intention out loud for any act of worship, prayer or anything else. (8)

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ said:

You should intend practicing the acts of worship that you want by heart, except in case of Hajj and 3Umrah , for it is prescribed to utter the rites of Hajj or 3Umrah by saying: Allaahumma (O Allaah) (Labayk [Here I am! At your service] Hajj) or (Labayk 3Umrah).

The same goes for Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims) and Udhiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims), as it is prescribed for the person offering Hady or Udhiyah to utter after Tasmiyah. (9)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen said:

If a person says “Labbayka 3umratan (Here I am for 3Umrah)” or “Laybbayka hajjan (Here I am for Hajj)”, that does not come under the heading of forming the intention, because he formed the intention before that. Hence it is not prescribed to say, “O Allaah, I am going to do 3Umrah” or “O Allaah, I am going to do Hajj.” Rather you should form the retention in your heart and recite the Talbiyah out loud.

With regard to uttering the intention for actions other than Hajj or 3Umrah, this is something which it is well known is not prescribed. It is not Sunnah for a person to say, when he wants to do wudoo’, “O Allaah, I am going to do wudoo’” or “O Allaah, I intend to do wudoo’”, or when he wants to pray to say “O Allaah, I am going to pray” or “O Allaah, I intend to pray.” None of that is prescribed. And the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam.” (10)

 Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen also said regarding udhiyah:

This is not uttering the attention, because if the one who is offering the sacrifice says, “This is on my behalf and on behalf of my household,” he is stating what is in his heart. He has not said, “O Allaah, I want to offer a sacrifice,” as would be said by the one who wants to utter his intention. Rather he is only expressing what is in his heart. The intention was already there, from the time he brought the animal, lay it down and slaughtered it, so he had already formed the intention.” (11)

An Amusing Story:

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen mentioned an amusing story in his sharh of 40 Nawawee ahadeeth when speaking about saying intention out loud:

It was told that a layman from Najd was in al Masjid al Haraam, wanting to pray Dhuhr, and there was a man beside him who only knows how to do niyyah (intention) out loud, so when it was iqaamah, the man said: “O Allaah! I intend to pray Dhuhr prayer, 4 rak3ahs for the sake of Allaah, behind the imaam of the Masjid al Haraam”.

 And when he wanted to make takbirat al Ihram, the layman said to him: “Be patient O man, you still need to say the date, the day, the month and the year” so the man was in wonderment.” (12)

Compiled by TowardsHuda

Related Posts:

Ruling on Wiping the Neck during Wudoo’

What is the ruling on expressing intention verbally (fatwa)

Know the Rulings

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References

(1) https://islamqa.info/en/31821

(2) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, 1/214, 215

(3) Fataawa Islamiyyah, 2/315  (https://islamqa.info/en/31821)

(4) Zaad al-Ma3aad (1/201) (https://islamqa.info/en/37841)

(5) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 22/20 (https://islamqa.info/en/109179)

(6) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, 1/214, 215  (https://islamqa.info/en/13337)

(7) http://alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=2074&PageNo=1&BookID=7

(8) Al-Muntaqa min Fataawa al-Fawzaan, 5/30 (https://islamqa.info/en/144650)

(9) Alifta.net

(10) Majmoo‘ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 22/20 (https://islamqa.info/en/109179)

(11) Majmoo‘ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 22/20 https://islamqa.info/en/109340)

(12) http://www.ahlalhdeeth.com/vbe/showthread.php?t=652

Rulings on Saying Jumu3ah Mubaarak

2

A wide-spread practice that has become very common on forums, whats-App groups and social networks. People updating their status, sharing & sending messages of “Jumu3ah Mubaarak”or “Have a blessed Jumu3ah” etc. What is the ruling on saying or wishing Jumu3ah Mubaarak?

The Mufti Shaykh Abdul 3Azeez Aal As-shaykh was asked the following question: “What is the ruling on the statement Jumu3ah Mubaarak? He replied:

There is no origin for sending out the greeting Jumu3ah Mubaarak on the cell phones. It is a bless day, no doubt. Allaah the Exalted has singled us out with this day, and the Jews and Christians have been lead astray away from this day, but as for giving a greeting every jumu3ah then we don’t know of any origin for this” (1)

 Shaykh 3Abdul-Muhsin Al-3Abaad was asked about the ruling on one who specifies Fridays by saying Jumu3ah Mubaarak & uses evidence that Muslims have 3 Eeds? He replied:

By Allaah, we don’t know of anything that proves the validity of this. No doubt, Jumu3ah is the Eed of the week for the Muslims. As for the two Eeds, then it has been narrated that the companions when they would meet each other they would say, “May Allaah accept it from us and you” or “May Allaah accept your obedience”. (2)

Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan was asked: “What is the ruling on sending text messages every Friday and ending with the phrase “Jumu3ah Mubaarak”?  He  said:

The early generation did not congratulate one another on Fridays, so we should not introduce anything that they did not do.” (3)

Jumuah Mubarak

Shaykh Sulaymaan al-Maajid (may Allah preserve him) said:

We do not think it is prescribed to exchange congratulations on Fridays, such as saying to one another, “Jumu3ah mubaarak” and so on, because it comes under the heading of du3aa’s and dhikr, which must be based on a text (of the Qur’aan or Sunnah) because this is purely the matter of worship and if it were good, the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam and his Companions radi-Allaahu 3Anhum would have done it before us. If anyone suggests that this is permissible, then that may imply that it is prescribed to say du3aa’s and congratulate one another after having done the five daily prayers and other acts of worship, and du3aa’ at these times was not done by the early generations. (4)

arabic jumuah mubarak

 Shaykh Salih Al-Munajjid was asked about sending messages & saying “Jumu3ah Mubaarak” or “Jumu3ah Tayyibah” on Fridays. He replied:

With regard to the Muslims congratulating one another on the occasions of Eed al-Fitr and Eed al-Adha, this is prescribed and it is narrated from the Sahaabah radi-Allaahu 3Anhum. As for congratulating one another on the occasion of Friday, what seems to us to be the case is that it is not prescribed, because the fact that Friday is an Eed was known to the Sahaabah, and they were more knowledgeable than us about its virtues, and they were keen to respect it and give it its due, but there is no report to suggest that they used to congratulate one another on Fridays. And all goodness is in following them (radi-Allaahu 3Anhum). (5)

The Fatwa section of Islamweb were asked If saying “Jumu3ah Mubaarak” is Bid3ah, they replied:

We do not know this to be from the Sunnah of the the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam nor is it known from his companions, nor did any scholar say that this is permissible. Therefore, this is considered a newly introduced innovation (Bid3ah), especially if one says so as an act of worship or while believing that this is a Sunnah. It is confirmed that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: ‘Whoever does an act that is not in accordance with ours (i.e. Islaam) it is rejected.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim] Also, another Hadeeth reads: Whoever introduces into this matter of ours (i.e. Islam) that which is not part of it, his act is rejected.” 

Shaykh Salih Al-Fawzaan, was asked – as published on his official website – about the ruling on a Muslim saying to his Muslim brother ‘Jumu3ah Mubaarakah’ every Friday either by mobile messages or in forums. He replied saying: “This has no basis and it is an innovation, and it is not permissible to congratulate each other on (the occasion of) the day of Friday; no evidence has been reported (in this regard in religious texts) and the Salaf (righteous predecessors) did not do so, so it is an innovated act.” (6)

In another fatwa they replied:

If a Muslim says that to his Muslim brother from time to time, without thinking it to be an established Sunnah or binding, and without doing it on a regular basis, but just by way of supplication, then we hope that it is permissible; although leaving it is preferable so that it does not become like the established Sunnah. (7)

And Allaah Knows best.

Related Posts:

Jumu3ah To Do Deeds [1]  [2]  [3]

The Hour will fall on a Friday 

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References:
(1) http://www.albaidha.net/vb/showthread.php?p=112005
(2) Taken from (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fc4dkjj2ATk)
(3) Ajwabat As’ilah Majallat al-Da3wah al-Islamiyyah
(4) Shaykh's website (http://www.salmajed.com/ar/node/2601)
(5) http://islamqa.info/en/134741
(6)  http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&Id=199983
(7) http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/articles/151831/exchanging-congratulations-on-friday

Ruling on Telling Lies that Do not Harm Anyone

Bismillah-Salaam1

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ was asked a question:

Q. What is the ruling on Telling lies that do not harm anyone?

They replied:

Lying is absolutely Haraam (prohibited) except in the cases that are excluded by Shari3ah (Islaamic law), which does not include what is mentioned in the question.

This prohibition is based on the general meaning of evidence, such as Allaah’s Statement:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَكُونُوا مَعَ الصَّادِقِينَ

 “O you who believe! Be afraid of Allaah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds)”(1)

Moreover, it is related on the authority of 3Abdullaah ibn Mas3ood radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alahy wa sallam said:

Adhere to telling the truth, for telling the truth leads to righteousness and righteousness leads to Jannah (Paradise). A person will keep on speaking the truth and seek to speak the truth until they are recorded with Allaah as a truth-speaker.

Beware of lying! For lying leads to immorality and immorality leads to Hellfire. A person will keep on telling lies and seek to tell lies until they are recorded with Allaah as a liar.” (2)

no_lies

It is also narrated that 3Abdullaah ibn Mas3ood radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “Telling lies is wrong whether in earnest or in jest, read if you wish: “O you who believe! Be afraid of Allaah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds).”  He read the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) and said: 

فهل تجدون لأحد فيه رخصة؟
“Do you find any Rukhsah (concession) allowing anyone to tell a lie?” (3)

Related Posts:

Lying In Joke (Jest)

“Tell them Daddy Is not home!!

April Fool (summarized from shaykh Salih  Munajjid’s Article)

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References:

(1) Surah at-Tawbah, (9:119)

(2)  Al-Bukhari and Muslim. These words are from Muslim (2607)

(3) Fatwa Source: Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’, Fatwa no. 6355, Part 26; Pages 51-52 (http://islamqa.info/en/105477)

Mawlid Is Not From Loving The Prophet

bismillah (2)
Celebrating & Participating in Mawlid Out of love for the Prophet

There is nothing in the Qur’aan to say that we should celebrate the Mawlid or birthday of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam. The Prophet himself SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam did not do this or command anyone to do it, either during his lifetime or after his death.

The Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) were the people who loved the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam most. They  had a greater love and respect for him, and were more aware of his rights, than those who came after them,

Was it reported that Abu Bakr, who was the closest of people to him and the one who loved him the most, celebrated the birthday of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam?

Was it reported that 3Umar, who ruled for twelve years, or 3Uthmaan, did this?

Was it reported that 3Alee, his relative and son-in-law, did this?

Was it reported that any of the Sahaabah did this? 

No, by Allaah! Is it because they were not aware of its importance, or did they not truly love the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam? No one would say such a thing except one who has gone astray and is leading others astray.

Did any of the Imaams – Abu Haneefah, Maalik, al-Shaafi3ee, Ahmad, al-Hasan al-Basri, Ibn Seereen – do this or command others to do it or say that it was good?

By Allaah, no! It was not even mentioned during the first and best three centuries. 

mawlid

 The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said in a saheeh hadeeth:

The best of mankind are my generation (or my century), then those who come after them, then those who come after them. Then there will come a people who will not care if their testimony comes before their oath or vice versa (i.e., they will not take such matter seriously).” (1)

The celebration of the Prophet’s birthday appeared many centuries later, when many of the features of true religion had vanished and bid3ah had become widespread. Thus this celebration became a sign of one’s love for the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam.

mawlid (2)

But can it be possible that the Sahaabah, the Imaams and the people of the best three centuries were unaware of it and it was only those who came later who were aware of its importance?!

What the Qur’aan tells us is that love of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam is demonstrated by following the guidance he brought.

Allaah says:

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

“Say, [O Muhammad], “If you (really) love Allaah , then follow me, [so] Allaah will love
you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving and Merciful”

قُلْ أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ ۖ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْكَافِرِينَ

Say, “Obey Allaah and the Messenger.” But if they turn away – then indeed, Allaah does not like the disbelievers. (2)

10891966_754018598020730_6116428334642564940_n

The first aayah explains that love is just a claim, but the proof of sincerity is following what the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam brought. The second aayah reaffirms the importance and necessity of obeying Allaah and His Messenger. Hence Allaah ended the aayah with a very stern warning in which those who refuse to obey are described as kaafirs, and Allah does not love the disbelievers. We ask Allaah to keep us safe from that. (3)

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam told us of the danger of not obeying him, and the danger of adding to what he brought. The celebration of Mawlid or his birthday is indeed an addition to what he brought – as all the scholars agree.

He said:

The best of speech is the Book of Allaah, and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad. The most evil of things are those which are newly-invented (in religion), and every innovation is a going astray.” (4)

Shaykh Bin Baaz said:

The love of Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam is not reflected by celebrating Mawlid but by obeying him and keeping away from Bid3ah (5)

Related Posts:

Ruling on celebrating birthday of the Prophet 

Refutation to claims that mawlid is permissible [must read]

Response on Misconceptions about the Ruling of Celebrating the Birthday of the Prophet

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References:

(1) Reported by al-Bukhaari, Muslim and al-Tirmidhi

(2) soorah Aal 3Imraan, v:31-32

(3) http://islamqa.info/en/249

(4) Reported by Muslim and al-Nisaa’i

(5) بدعة المولد

Read more details here and here

The Month of Safar & the Innovations & Superstitions

Bismillah-Salaam1Allaah says

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ 

(interpretation of the meaning):

Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” (1)

The month of Safar is one of the twelve Hijri months, and it is the month which comes after Muharram.

326_bIts Name- Safar (صفر )

Some of the (scholars) said that it is so named because of the emptying (isfaar) of Makkah (i.e., its people would all leave) when they travelled during this month.

It was also said that this month is named Safar because they used to raid other tribes at this time, and they would leave those whom they encountered bereft of their possessions (sifran min al-mataa’) – i.e., they would take all their belongings away and they would leave them with nothing. (2)

Incorrect beliefs & Superstitions concerning the month of Safar

These were well known among the people of the Jaahiliyyah, and still exist among some of those who claim to be Muslims. 

  • 4 Rak3aat naafil prayer, prayed on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, with specific soorah & no. of times soorah are read in it.
  • People do not conclude marriage contracts during Safar
  • Many people believe that it is not permissible to break a stick, knot ropes, or entwine fingers when concluding a marriage contract for this leads to failure of the concerned marriage and disharmony between the spouses
  • Some believe that no one should marry or be circumcised in the month of Safar.
  • Every year, 320,000 calamities come down, and all of that comes down on the last Wednesday of Safar.
  • Or there a special du3aa for Safar or ‘travelling or marriage in Safar is haraam (forbidden)

Ahadeeth  of the Prophet About Safar & Superstition:

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

لا عَدْوَى وَلا طِيَرَةَ وَلا هَامَةَ وَلا صَفَرَ

There is no 3adwaa, no tiyarah, no haamah and no Safar  (3)

(3adwaa (contagion, transmission of infectious disease without the permission of Allaah). Tiyarah (superstitious belief in bird omens). Haamah (refers to a Jaahili Arab tradition described variously as: a worm which infests the grave of a murder victim until he is avenged; an owl; or the bones of a dead person turned into a bird that could fly). Safar (the month of Safar was regarded as “unlucky” during the Jaahiliyyah) (4)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:  

The words “no Safar” refers to the month of Safar, which the Arabs used to regard as inauspicious, especially for marriage. And it was said that it was a stomach disease that affected camels and was transmitted from one camel to another.

It is more likely that what is meant by Safar here is the month, and that what is meant by saying “no Safar” is that it is not to be regarded as inauspicious, rather it is like any other time, during which good or bad things may be decreed.

This does not mean that these things do not happen, because they do happen. Rather it is a statement that they do not have any effect. The One Who causes things to happen is Allaah. If any of these things has a known effect then that is valid and real; if any of them is imagined to have an effect, then that is invalid and false. Thus the hadeeth demonstrates that if there is a valid effect, it cannot be attributed to that thing itself (rather the One Who causes it to happen is Allaah). If the effect is merely imagined, then this hadeeth is stating that it has no effect in the first place. (5)

safarProphet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

 قال : ” لا هامة ولا صفر “ ، زاد مسلم وغيره  ولا نَوء ولا غُول 

“No haamah and no Safar.” (6). In narration of Muslim and others add the words: “No naw’ and no ghoul.” 

It was said that they used to have superstitions concerning the month of Safar, so the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “No Safar”.

And it was said that the Arabs used to believe that there was a snake in the stomach which would harm a person when he had intercourse, and that this was contagious, so the Lawgiver denied that. Maalik said: “The people of the Jaahiliyyah would regard Safar as not being sacred one year and as sacred the next year. (7)

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

لاَ عَدْوَى وَلاَ صَفَرَ خَلَقَ اللَّهُ كُلَّ نَفْسٍ وَكَتَبَ حَيَاتَهَا وَرِزْقَهَا وَمَصَائِبَهَا

There is no 3Adwa nor safar. Allaah created every soul, so he wrote its life, its provision, and its afflictions”. (8)

Fatawaa About Different Superstitions & Innovations in Safar:

Shaykh Bin Baaz said regarding doing Marriage contracts & or entwining fingers etc during Safar:

Safar, just like all other months, does not bring good or evil, as good is only from Allah subhaanAllaah and evil is predestined by Him. Moreover, it is authentically reported that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam annulled the concept of pessimism when he said: “There is no 3Adwa, nor is there any Tiyarah, nor is there any Hamah, nor is there Safar”

The same applies to pessimism about entwining fingers, breaking a stick, etc., when concluding a marriage contract. Such beliefs are false, baseless, and thus they should not be adopted by a Muslim. (9)

The Permanent Committee was asked about marrying or be circumcision in the month of Safar. They replied:

What is mentioned with regard to the prohibition of marriage or circumcision during the month of Safar is superstition. Being superstitious of months, days, birds and similar animals is not permissible.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is no 3Adwa, nor is there any Tiyarah (evil omen), nor is there any Hamah, nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during Jahiliyyah).

Being superstitious about the month of Safar falls under forbidden pessimism that discourages from acting and is one of the acts of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance) that was annulled by Islam. (10)

The Permanent Committee was asked about a du3aa’ (11) distributed and said in Safar (asking Allaah by Tawassul of  Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger & names of Allaah). They replied:

This is an innovated Du3aa’ in terms of being specified to be said at a certain time. It also includes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of…) by Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger and names which are given to Allaah although they are stated neither in the Qur’aan nor in the Sunnah. It is not permissible to name Allaah  except with what He has named Himself in His Book or revealed to His Messenger Muhammad.

Tawassul by people or by the virtue of their status in Du3aa’ is a Bid3ah (innovation in religion), and every Bid3ah is misguidance and a means to Shirk. Accordingly, the circulation of this Du3aa’ should be prevented in addition to getting rid of any of its copies. It seems that it is innovated by the Shiites. (12)

The Permanent Committee was asked about a specific 4 Rak3aat prayer that is prayed on the last Wednesday of Safar (13), that if prayed in specific manner, Allaah protect him by His generosity from all the calamities that come down on that day, and they will not come around him.

They replied:

We do not know of any basis in the Qur’aan or in the Sunnah for the naafil prayer mentioned in the question. We have no proof that any one among the salaf of this ummah or the righteous people of its later generations did this naafil prayer. Rather it is a reprehensible innovation.

It was narrated that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours [Islam], will have it rejected.” And he said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours that is not part of it, will have it rejected.”

Whoever attributes this prayer and the things that are mentioned with it to the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam or to any of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) is fabricating serious lies, and Allaah will give him the punishment for liars which he deserves. (14)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn 3Abd al-Salaam al-Shuqayri said:

The ignorant have the habit of writing down the verses of salaam such as “Salaam (peace) be upon Nooh (from Us) among the 3Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)!””  (soorah As-Saafaat 37:79) etc. on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, then they put them in vessels and drink it and seek blessings from it, and they give it as gifts to one another, because they believe that this will take away bad things. This is a false belief and a blameworthy superstition, a reprehensible innovation which must be denounced by everyone who sees it. (15)

Compiled by TowardsHuda (Main Sources)

Related Posts:

The Month of Safar by Shaykh Salih Munajjid (islamqa.info)

==========================================

References:
(1) soorah at-Tawbah, v:36
(2) Lisaan al-‘Arab by Ibn al-Mandhoor, part 4, p. 462-463
(3) Al-Bukhaari (5316)
(4) http://islamqa.info/en/45694
(5)Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed, 2/80
(6) Al-Musnad, Al-Saheehayn (Bukharee & Muslim)
(7) http://islamqa.info/en/13930
(8) Arabic reference :Tirmidhee Book 32, Hadeeth 2293 / silsilah as-saheehah
English reference: Tirmidhee Vol. 4, Book 6, Hadeeth 2143 (Darussalaam)
(9) Al-Ifta
(10) Al-Ifta Fatawaa’
(11) Read the fabricated du3aa’ here
(12) Al-Iftaa Fatwa
(13) The fabricated prayer on the Last wednesday of Safar
(14) Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 2/354
(15) Al-Sunan wa’l-Mubtada’aat, p. 111, 112

Fasting Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’

besm4

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.” (1)

Mustahabb (encouraged) to fast Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’:

3Abd-Allaah ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhuma said: “When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted on 3Aashooraa’ and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

If I live to see the next year, in-shaa’-Allaah, we will fast on the ninth day too.’

But it so happened that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam passed away before the next year came.” (2)

Al-Shaafa3ee and his companions, Ahmad, Ishaaq and others said:

It is mustahabb [recommended] to fast both the ninth and the tenth, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted the tenth and intended to fast the ninth.

Wisdom Behind Fasting Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’

If one were to ask, what is the wisdom behind fasting the ninth as well as the tenth?  The answer is:

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

The scholars among our companions and others said that there are several reasons for recommending fasting on the ninth day (Taasoo3aa’):

1. The intention behind it is to be different from the Jews who limit their fasting to the tenth day. This was narrated from Ibn 3Abbaas.

2. The intention was to join the fast of 3Aashooraa to another day, just as it is not allowed to fast on a Friday on its own [but it is allowed if one fasts the day before or the day after as well].

3. The idea is to be on the safe side and make sure one is fasting on the tenth, in case the moon sighting was not accurate and what people think is the ninth is actually the tenth.

The strongest of these reasons is in order to be different from the People of the Book.

fasting taasoo3aa

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah said:

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam forbade resembling the People of the Book in many ahaadeeth. For example, he said concerning 3Aashooraa: “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth.” (3)

Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, commenting on the hadeeth “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth”:

His concern to fast the ninth may be understood as meaning that he would not limit himself to that, rather that he would add it to the tenth, either to be on the safe side, or to be different from the Jews and Christians, which is more likely to be correct; this is what may be understood from some of the reports narrated by Muslim.” (4)

Based on this, there are different ways of fasting 3Aashooraa, the least of which is to fast the tenth only, but it is better to fast the ninth as well. The more one fasts in Muharram, the better.

 Fasting Only On the Day of 3Aashooraa’:

Shaykh al-Islaam said:

Fasting on the day of 3Aashoraa’ is an expiation for a year, and it is not makrooh to fast only that day”. (5)

Ibn Hajar al-Haytami said: 

There is nothing wrong with fasting only on 3Aashooraa’.” (6)

only 3Aashooraa'

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa said:

It is permissible to fast the day of 3Aashooraa’. (tenth day of Muharram) just one day, however, it is better to fast the day before it or the day after it (also)”. (7)

Related Posts:

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Some Rulings About 3Aashooraa’

 References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Muslim, 1916.
(3) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 6
(4) Fath al-Baari, 4/245
Read More: http://islamqa.com/en/ref/21785
(5) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5
(6) In Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj: part 3, Baab Sawm al-Tatawwu’
(7) Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘3lmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Volume 10, Page 401, Fatwa No.13700

Celebrating The 27th Night/Day of Rajab

1 imagesIsraa’ and Mi’raaj (the Prophet’s Night Journey and Ascent into heaven) are two great signs of Allaah which point to the truthfulness of the His Messenger Muhammad SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam, and the greatness of his status before Allaah.

They are also signs of the great power of Allaah, and of His exalted position above His creation.

The Date of Israa’ & Miraaj:

Shaykh 3Abd al- 3Azeez ibn Baaz said:

With regard to this night on which the Israa’ and Mi’raaj took place, there is nothing in the saheeh ahaadeeth to indicate that it is in Rajab or in any other month. Everything that has been narrated concerning a specific date for these events cannot be proven to have come from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam according to the scholars of hadeeth.

There must be a great wisdom why Allaah made people forget the exact night of Israa’ and Mi‘raaj; but even if it were specified, still it would not be permissible for Muslims to perform specific acts of 3Ibaadah (worship) on this night or celebrate it.

It was reported with an isnaad that is not saheeh from al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad that the Prophet’s Night Journey (al-Israa’) took place on the 27th of Rajab. This was denied by Ibraaheem al-Harbi and others.

Even if the date were proven, it would not be permissible for the Muslims to single it out for particular acts of worship, and it is not permissible for them to celebrate it, because the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did not celebrate it and they did not single it out in any way, or perform specific acts of 3Ibaadah on it.

If celebrating it was something that is prescribed in Islam, the Messenger would have told his ummah about that, either in word or in deed. If any such thing had happened, it would have been well known, and his companions would have transmitted the information to us.

In fact, they were the forerunners to every good act, so if celebrating the night of Israa’ and Mi’raaj was lawful, they would have been the first people to do so. The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam was the sincerest giver of advice to people; he perfectly conveyed the Message of Islaam and fulfilled the Amaanah (trust).

If honoring this night and celebrating it was part of the Deen of Allaah, he SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam would never have concealed or neglected it. Since nothing of this happened, it is understood that celebrating and honoring this night is not part of Islam at all. Allaah has perfected the Din for the Muslim Ummah and completed His Favors upon them…” (1)

rajab Israa Miraaj

Different Innovation on 27th of Rajab:

 It was reported that 3Aayesha radi Allaahu 3Anha said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours which is not a part of it, will have it rejected.”

There is no proof that the Israa’ and Mi3raaj happened on this date [the date, the month & the year of Mi3raaj is not proved by authentic ahadeeth]

Celebrating the Night of 27th Rajab:

One innovation that take place during this month is the recitation of the story of the Mi3raaj, and celebrations to commemorate it on the twenty-seventh of Rajab, or singling out this night to perform extra acts of worship such as Qiyaam al-Layl or rejoicing and celebrating.

Some celebrations are accompanied by haraam things such as mixing of men and women, singing and music, all of which are not permitted on the two 3Eeds which are prescribed in Islaam, let alone innovated celebrations. (2)bidah rajabFasting on 27th of Rajab:

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (Rahimahu-Allaah) was asked about fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer. He replied:

Fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer is a bid3ah (innovation), and every bid3ah is a going astray”. (3)

Sacrificing an Animal on the 27th night of Rajab

With regard to slaughtering sacrificial animals in the middle of Sha3baan or the 27th of Rajab, this is a baseless Bid3ah (innovation in religion) that is neither permissible for one to do nor for any one to eat from it, because of the lack of evidence. Rather, this is practicing a Bid3ah.

As for slaughtering animals and giving them in charity during the month of Ramadaan, seeking by it to draw oneself closer to Allaah, Ramadaan is a blessed month where it is ordained to expand efforts in giving alms and spending on the poor.If one slaughters animals for this purpose during Ramadaan, Dhul-Hijjah or any other time, and gives them in charity then all this is good.

 Yet, to appoint the middle of Sha3baan or the twenty-seventh of Rajab specifically – as done by some people celebrating this night,  this is baseless in Sharee3ah. Rather, this is a Bid3ah. (4)

Participation Impermissible in Celebrating Israa’ and Mi‘raaj:

Celebrating the anniversary of Israa’ and Mi‘raaj is a null and void Bid3ah. It is not known that any of his Rightly-Guided Caliphs, who are the Imams of guidance from the Sahabah and the Tabi3oon to have celebrated this day. Celebrating the Israa’ and Mi‘raaj is Bid3ah and it is not permissible to participate in it. (5)

Related Posts:

The Month of Rajab (A short concise article)

3Umrah In the month of Rajab

Fasting In Rajab [NEW]

References:
(1) http://islamqa.info/en/60288
(2) http://islamqa.info/en/60288
(3) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn 3Uthaymeen, 20/440
(4) Fatwas of Nur 3Ala Al-Darb
(5) http://alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=356&PageNo=1&BookID=10

Fasting In Rajab

bismillah21

Importance of the Month of Rajab:

The month of Rajab is one of the sacred months. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein”.  (1)

The sacred months are: Rajab, Dhu’l-Qa3dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram.

Fasting the month of Rajab:

There is no saheeh hadeeth to indicate that there is any special virtue in fasting all or part of this month.

What some people do, singling out some days of Rajab for fasting, believing that they are better than others, has no basis in sharee3ah.

There is a hadeeth that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Fast some days of the sacred months and not others.” (2)

But it is classed as da3eef by Shaykh Al-Baani.

Even if this hadeeth were saheeh, it indicates that it is mustahabb to fast during the sacred months. So if a person fasts during Rajab because of this, and he also fasts in the other sacred months, there is nothing wrong with that. But singling out Rajab for fasting is not right.

fasting_rajab

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

As for fasting in Rajab in particular, the ahaadeeth concerning that are all da3eef (weak), and in fact mawdoo3 (fabricated). The scholars do not rely on any of them. They are not among the da3eef ahaadeeth which have been narrated concerning virtues, rather most of them are fabricated and false.

In al-Musnad and elsewhere there is a hadeeth which says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined fasting the sacred months, namely Rajab, Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram, but this has to do with fasting during all of them, not just Rajab. End quote. (3)

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“Every hadeeth which mentions fasting in Rajab and praying during some of its nights is false and fabricated.” (4)

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Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: “There is no saheeh hadeeth that would count as evidence which speaks of the virtue of the month of Rajab, or that speaks of fasting this month or part of it, or of spending any particular night of it in prayer”. (5)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (Rahimahu-Allaah) said:

“There are some people who specify the month of Rajab with fasting all of it, and this is a bid3ah and not a sunnah, even Abu Bakr (Radi-Allaahu 3Anhu) he entered upon his household and saw that they have collected two pots of water in order to get ready for fasting Rajab so he broke the pots and said: “Do you want to change Rajab into Ramadaan? “

As for the one who was used to fasting Mondays and Thursdays or the White days then we say let him continue fasting them, And there is no specified fasting for the month of Rajab in particular.” (6)

Shaykh Sayyid Saabiq (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“Fasting in Rajab is no better than fasting in any other month, except that  it is one of the sacred months. There is no report in the saheeh Sunnah to suggest that there is anything special about fasting in this month. Whatever has been narrated concerning that is not fit to be quoted as evidence” (7)

Fasting on 27th of Rajab:

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (Rahimahu-Allaah) was asked about fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer. He replied:

Fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer is a bid3ah (innovation), and every bid3ah is a going astray” (8)

References:
(1) Soorah At-Tawbah, v:36
(2) Abu Dawood 2428; classed as da3eef by al-Albaani in Da’eef Abi Dawood.
(3) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa (25/290)
(4) Al-Manaar al-Muneef, p. 96
(5) Tabyeen al-3Ajab (p. 11)
(6) Fatwa fil-Hajj – 659
(7) Fiqh al-Sunnah (1/282)
(8) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn 3Uthaymeen, 20/440.

http://islamqa.info/en/75394

Related Posts:

The Du3aa’ upon Entering Rajab?

The Month of Rajab

 

Lying In Joke (Jest)

Bismillah1Allaah says in the Qu’raan:

مَا يَلْفِظُ مِنْ قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ

(interpretation of the meaning):

“Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared [to record].” (1)

عن أبي أمامة قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أنا زعيم ببيت في ربض الجنة لمن ترك المراء وإن كان محقا، وببيت في وسط الجنة لمن ترك الكذب وإن كان مازحا، وببيت في أعلى الجنة لمن حسن خلقه وحسنه الألباني

 The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

I guarantee a house in Jannah for one who gives up arguing, even if he is in the right; and I guarantee a home in the middle of Jannah for one who abandons lying even for the sake of fun; and I guarantee a house in the highest part of Jannah for one who has good manners.” (2)

saudi_mosmyat-beda3-0025

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: 

Woe to the person who lies in his talking to make people laugh, woe to him, woe to him”. (3)

3Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Abi Laylaa said: “The companions of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam told us that they were travelling with the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam. A man among them fell asleep and some of them went and took his arrows.

When the man woke up, he got alarmed (because his arrows were missing) and the people laughed. The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said, “What are you laughing at?”

They said, “Nothing, except that we took the arrows and he got alarmed.”

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

It is not permissible for a Muslim to frighten another Muslim.” (4)

It is narrated by 3Abdullaah ibn as-Saa’ib ibn Yazeed radi-Allaahu 3Anhu that Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

None of you should take the property of his brother in amusement (i.e. jest), nor in earnest. If anyone takes the staff of his brother, he should return it.” (5)

Shaykh Albaanee was asked: Is there a difference between intentionally lying and jokingly lying? And is it permissible for a person to lie jokingly?

Response: No, it is not permissible.

Question: “(So) all of it is judged (regarded) the same?”

Response: Yes (it is) haraam. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam) only spoke the truth. (6)

Related Posts:

Ruling on Telling Lies that Do not Harm Anyone [New]

April Fool (summarized from shaykh Salih  Munajjid’s Article)

Tell Them Daddys Not Home

April Fool (wathakker flyer)

====================================================

References:

(1). [soorah Qaaf, verse: 18]
(2) [Abu Dawood, declared Hasan (good) by shaykh Al-bani
(3) Abu Dawood, al-Tirmidhi and al-Nasaai, declared authentic by shaykh Al-bani
(4) Abu Dawood (5004), and Musnad Ahmad. Authenticated by Shaikh al-Albanee in Saheeh al-Jamee (7658)
(5) Sunan Abu Dawood (5003) and graded as “Hasan” by Shaikh al-Albaanee
(6) al-Haawee min Fataawa ash- Shaykh al-Albaanee- Page 390-391

Muharram and 3Aashooraa’ 1434 AH

Muharram 1434 AH has started today.

1 Muharram 1434 AH is today, Thursday, 15th November 2012 & 10 Muharram (3Ashooraa’) 1434 AH will be on Saturday, 24th November 2012.

09 Muharram 1434 AH = Friday, 23rd November 2012
10 Muharram (3Aashooraa’) 1434 AH = Saturday, 24th November 2012
11 Muharram 1434 AH = Sunday, 25th November 2012.

Related Posts:

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Muharram

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Virtues of Fasting 3Aashooraa’:

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : مَا رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَتَحَرَّى صِيَامَ يَوْمٍ فَضَّلَهُ عَلَى غَيْرِهِ إِلا هَذَا الْيَوْمَ يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ وَهَذَا الشَّهْرَ يَعْنِي شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ . ” رواه البخاري

Ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “I never saw the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam so keen to fast any day and give it priority over any other than this day, the day of 3Aashooraa’, and this month, meaning Ramadaan.” (1)


قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” صِيَامُ يَوْمِ عَرَفَةَ أَحْتَسِبُ عَلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ السَّنَةَ الَّتِي قَبْلَهُ وَالسَّنَةَ الَّتِي بَعْدَهُ وَصِيَامُ يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ أَحْتَسِبُ عَلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ السَّنَةَ الَّتِي قَبْلَهُ ” رواه مسلم

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.” (2)

Mustahabb (encouraged) to fast Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’:

3Abd-Allaah ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhuma said: “When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted on 3Aashooraa’ and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians.’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said, ‘If I live to see the next year, inshaa’ Allaah, we will fast on the ninth day too.’ But it so happened that the Messenger of AllaahsallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam passed away before the next year came.” (3)

Fasting 3Aashooraa (download as pdf)

Related Posts:

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Some Rulings About 3Aashooraa’

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Reference:
(1) Bukhaaree
(2) Muslim
(3) Read More: http://islamqa.com/en/ref/21785
 

The Month of Rajab

Rajab is one of those sacred months, which Allaah has chosen and given a special status. Allaah says in Soorah Tawbah:

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْراً فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ

“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four (Dhul-Qa3dah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab) are Sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein.” (1)

Allaah has commanded us to give special attention to the sanctity of these four months, and refrain from committing sins in them.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُحِلُّوا شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ وَلَا الشَّهْرَ الْحَرَامَ

(interpretation of meaning): “O you who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the Symbols of Allaah, nor of the Sacred Month” (2)

meaning avoid sins and do not violate the laws of Allaah for you are required to respect and honor the sacred months – This prohibition includes both sinful deeds and incorrect beliefs. However, we find numerous innovations widespread among the masses of people with regards to the month of Rajab, some of them are fasting, praying Qiyaam on the 27th of Rajab. Also included in these innovations are visiting graves, reciting specific Du3aas, frequently performing 3Umrah in Rajab, etc.

Innovation in religion is one of the serious matters which go against the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah. The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam did not die until after the religion had been perfected. Allaah says:

 الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا  

(interpretation of the meaning): “This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islaam as your religion…” (3)

 عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت : قال رسول الله عليه وسلم : من أحدث في أمرنا ما ليس منه فهو رد . متفق عليه

It was reported that 3Aayesha radi Allaahu 3Anha said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours which is not a part of it, will have it rejected.”  (4)

وفي رواية لمسلم : من عمل عملا ليس عليه أمرنا فهو رد

“Whoever does an action which is not a part of this matter of ours will have it rejected.” (5)

The following innovations are commonly practiced in Rajab:

1- Salaat al-Raghaa’ib: This prayer became widespread after the first and best centuries, especially in the fourth century AH. Some liars fabricated this prayer, which is done on the first night of Rajab.

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Tayymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“Salaat al-Raghaa’ib is bid3ah according to the consensus of the scholars of religion, such as Maalik, al-Shaafi3ee, Abu Haneefah, al-Thawriee, al-‘Oozaa’i, al-Layth and others . The hadeeth that is narrated concerning it is a lie according to the consensus of the scholars who have knowledge of hadeeth”.

2- Major Events: It was reported that major events happened in the month of Rajab: but none of these reports are true. It was reported that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was born on the first night of Rajab, and that he received his Mission on the twenty-seventh, or twenty-fifth of this month. None of this is correct.

3- Celebrating Prophet’s Night Journey – It was reported with an isnaad that is not saheeh from al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad that the Prophet’s Night Journey (al-Israa’) took place on the twenty-seventh of Rajab. This was denied by Ibraaheem al-Harbi and others.

One innovation that take place during this month is the recitation of the story of the Mi3raaj, and celebrations to commemorate it on the twenty-seventh of Rajab, or singling out this night to perform extra acts of worship such as Qiyaam al-Layl or fasting during the day, or rejoicing and celebrating.

Some celebrations are accompanied by haraam things such as mixing of men and women, singing and music, all of which are not permitted on the two 3E3ds which are prescribed in Islaam, let alone innovated celebrations.

Add to that the fact that there is no proof that the Israa’ and Mi3raaj happened on this date [the date, the month & the year of Mi3raaj is not proved by authentic ahadeeth].

Even if it were proven, that is no excuse for holding celebrations on this date, because nothing of the kind has been reported from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or from his companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, or from any of the Salaf (early generations) of this Ummah. If it were a good thing, they would surely have done it before us.

4- Salaat Umm Dawood halfway through Rajab.

5- Specific du3aa’s which are recited during Rajab are all fabrications and innovations.

6- Visiting graves specifically in Rajab is bid3ah, because graves are to be visited at any time of the year.

7- Koonday- Distributing special type of breads: In the month of Rajab is that the people bake special types of breads and, after reciting some verses and prayers on them, distribute them among their friends and neighbors.

8- Fasting in Rajab:

There is no saheeh report from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or from the Sahaabah to indicate that there is any particular virtue in fasting during Rajab.

The fasting that is prescribed in Rajab is the same as that prescribed in other months, namely fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, and the three days of al-Beed, fasting alternate days.

3Umar radi Allaah 3Anhu used to forbid fasting in Rajab because it involved resemblance to the Jaahiliyyah. It was reported that Kharashah ibn al-Harr said: I saw 3Umar smacking the hands of those who fasted in Rajab until they reached out for food, and he was saying, This is a month which was venerated in the Jaahiliyyah. (6)

Imaam Ibn al-Qayyim said: the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam did not fast for three consecutive months (i.e., Rajab, Sha3baan and Ramadaan) as some people do, and he never fasted Rajab at all, nor did he encourage people to fast this month.

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: “No saheeh hadeeth that may be used as evidence has been narrated concerning the virtues of the month of Rajab or fasting this month or fasting in any specific part of it, or observing Qiyaam al-Layl specifically during this month. Imaam Abu Ismaa3eel al-Harawi al-Haafiz has already stated this before me, and we have narrated this from others also.” (7)

In Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah states with regard to fasting specifically in Rajab, we do not know of any basis in Sharee3ah for doing that.

9- Frequent 3Umrah in Rajab:

There is no report from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam – to suggest that there is any particular virtue in performing 3Umrah in the month of Rajab, or that it is encouraged. Rather it is proven that there is a particular virtue in performing 3Umrah in the month of Ramadaan, and in the months of Hajj, which are Shawwaal, Dhul-Qa3dah and Dhu’l-Hijjah.

There is no report to prove that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam performed 3Umrah in Rajab, rather that was denied by 3Aayeshah radi Allaah 3Anha, who said:” The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam  never performed 3Umrah in Rajab” (8)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in his Fataawaa:

“As for singling out some of the days of Rajab for any kind of good deed, ziyaarah (visiting the House of Allaah, the Ka3bah) or anything else, there is no basis for this, because Imaam Abu Shaamah stated in his book al-Bid3a wa’l-Hawaadith: specifying acts of worship at times that were not specified by sharee3ah is wrong; no time is to be regarded as better than any other except in cases where the sharee3ah gave preference to a certain act of worship at a certain time, or stated that any good deed done at this time is better than good deeds done at other times. Hence the scholars denounced the practice of singling out the month of Rajab for doing 3Umrah frequently.”

But if a person goes for 3Umrah during Rajab without believing that this has any particular virtue and because it is just a coincidence that it is easier for him to go at this time, then there is nothing wrong with that.

We ask Allaah to protect us from all innovations, and make us amongst those who correctly follow the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, and venerate those things that Allaah has made sacred in the way that He has prescribed.

Summarized from the Booklet “The Month of Rajab” by Shaykh Salih Munajjid & Ahya site

Related Posts:

The Du3aa’ upon Entering Rajab?

Rajab & Innovations ماہ رجب كےمتعلق ( in Urdu)

 Fasting In Rajab

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References:
(1) soorah At-Tawbah, v: 36
(2) Soorah al-Maa’idah, v:2
(3) soorah al-Maa’idah, v:3
(4) Agreed Upon
(5) Saheeh Muslim
(6) al-Irwaa’, 957; Shaykh Al-baanee said: it is saheeh
(7) In book  تبين العجب بما ورد في فضل رجب  Tabayyun al-3Ajab bimaa wurida fi Fadl Rajab
(8)  Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1776; Muslim, 1255

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