The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever directs someone to a good, then he will have the reward equal to the doer of the action". [Saheeh Muslim]

Archive for the ‘Ruling series’ Category

Some Common mistakes in Ramadaan (2)

besm4

(continued from part 1)

Skipping Suhoor

Some of us are too lazy or sleepy to eat Suhoor or just don’t think it’s important. Even if you don’t feel like having a lot of food, just eat something little; a few dates, even a glass of water. That’s because the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

Eat suhoor for in suhoor there is blessing” (1)

It was narrated from Jaabir that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

Whoever wants to fast, let him eat something for suhoor.” (2)

suhoor.blessing

Stopping Suhoor at ‘Imsaak’

Some people stop eating Suhoor 10-15 minutes earlier than the time of Fajr to observe ‘Imsaak’. They think they cannot eat beyond that time and that it would be wrong if they did.

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen was asked about some timetables which give the time of imsaak as being approximately one-quarter of an hour before Fajr. He said:

This is a kind of bid3ah (innovation) which has no basis in the Sunnah. Rather the Sunnah is to do the opposite. Allaah allows us to eat until dawn: “and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night)” [al-Baqarah 2:187]

And the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “….eat and drink until you hear the adhaan of Ibn Umm Maktoom, for he does not give the adhaan until dawn comes.”

This ‘imsaak’ which some of the people practice, is an addition to what Allaah has prescribed, so it is false. It is a kind of extremism in religion, and the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:
“Those who go to extremes are doomed, those who go to extremes are doomed, those who go to extremes are doomed.” (3)

Not fasting if they missed Suhoor

Sometimes, our alarm doesn’t go off on time and we miss the time for eating, just barely waking up with the adhaan. I’m sure this has happened to all of us one time or another. In this situation, there are some people who are too scared to fast if they miss Suhoor. They think they will feel too weak during the day or that, by default, missing Suhoor automatically means NO fast that day.

But, if you think about it, unless a person has a genuine health problem, it is not such a big deal after all. What if you missed a few morsels of food? You’ll be fine in-shaa’-Allaah. Alhamdulillaah most of us have enough fat stored in our bodies to keep us going for several days without food!

Remember, obedience to Allaah takes precedence over everything. 

Shaykh Salih Al-Munajjid said: “If a Muslim does not eat suhoor or does not wake up for Fajr, this is not counted as a reason for him not to fast.” (4)

Saying the intention to fast ‘out loud’ or saying a specific dua to start fasting

The intention is an action of the heart. We should resolve in our heart that we are going to fast tomorrow. That is all we need. It is not prescribed by the Shari’ah for us to say out loud, “I intend to fast”, “I will fast tomorrow” or other phrases that have been innovated by some people.

Also, there is no specific du3aa’ to be recited at the time of starting the fast in the correct Sunnah. Whatever du3aa’  you may see on some papers or Ramadaan calendars, etc. is not from sunnah.

suhoor dua

Delaying breaking fast

Some people wait until the adhaan finishes or even several minutes after that, just to be ‘on the safe side’. However, the Sunnah is to hasten to break the fast, which means breaking fast whenever the adhaan starts, right after the sun has set. Aa3ishah radi Allaahu 3Anha said: This is what the Messenger of AllaahSallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam used to do.

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

“The people will continue to do well so long as they hasten to break the fast.” (5)

Al-Nawawi said: 

This hadeeth urges us to hasten to break the fast as soon as it is established that the sun has set. What this means is that the ummah will continue to be in a sound state and they will be fine so long as they continue to adhere to this Sunnah. (6)

Eating continuously until the time for Maghrib is up

Some people put so much food in their plates when breaking their fast and continue eating, enjoying dessert, drinking tea, etc., until they miss Maghrib. That is obviously not right.

What one should do is to hasten to break the fast by eating small morsels that will calm one’s hunger, then get up to pray, then if one wishes, one may come back and eat more.

 This is what the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam used to do. (7)

Missing the golden chance of having your Du3aa’ accepted

The prayer of the fasting person is guaranteed to be accepted at the time of breaking fast. The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

 “There are three whose du3aa’ will not be rejected, …………..the fasting person when he breaks his fast…” (8)

Instead of sitting down and making Du3aa’ at this precious time, some people forego this beautiful chance, and are too busy frying ‘samosas’, talking, setting the food, filling their plates and pouring drinks into their glasses and they lose this golden opportunity.

Think about it…. Is food more important than the chance to have your sins forgiven or the fulfillment of your Du3aa’?

Not fasting because of exams or work

Exams or work is NOT one of the excuses allowed by the Shari3ah to not fast. You can do your studying and revision at night if it is too hard to do that during the day.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz was asked about that and he replied: 

It is not permissible for an adult of sound mind to break the fast during Ramadaan because of exams, because that is not one of the excuses permitted in Islam. Rather he has to fast and do his studying at night if it is hard for him to do it during the day. Those who are in charge of exams should be kind to the students and arrange the exams at a time other than Ramadaan, so as to serve two purposes: the purpose of fasting and that of giving students time to prepare for the exams.

The Standing Committee said: 

It is not permissible to break the fast for the reason you mentioned, rather that is haraam, because it is not included among the excuses for which it is permissible to break the Ramadaan fast. (9)

Also remember that pleasing and obeying Allaah is much more important than ‘good grades’. Besides, if you will fulfil your obligation to fast, even if you have to study, Allaah will make it easy for you and help you in everything you do.

“Whosoever fears Allaah, He will appoint for him a way out and provide for him from where he does not expect, Allaah is Sufficient for whosoever puts his trust in Him.” (Soorah at-Talaaq, v: 2-3)

Fasting and not wearing Hijaab

Women’s observing hijab in front of non-mahram men and covering their faces is something that is obligatory as is indicated by the Book of our Lord and the Sunnah of our Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam. (10) The correct view is that a woman is obliged to cover her entire body, even the face and hands. (11)

If a woman does not wear hijab, then she is disobeying her Lord thereby, but her fast is still valid, because sins, including not wearing hijab, do not invalidate the fast, but they detract from its reward (12)

Lavish Iftaar parties

Although inviting each other for breaking fast is something good and encouraged, some people go to extremes with lavish ‘Iftaar parties’ with all sorts of disobedience to Allaah, from flirting, mixing of the sexes and hijaab-less women, to show-off and extravagance, to heedlessness to Salaah and Taraaweeh, to even music and dancing.

Mixing fasting and dieting

DO NOT make the mistake of fasting with the intention to diet. That is one of the biggest mistakes some of us make, especially the sisters.

Fasting is an act of worship and should only and only, be for the sake of Allah alone. Otherwise, mixing it with the intention of dieting may become a form of (minor) Shirk. Sure, there are always added benefits of obeying Allaah, one of them being, losing weight while fasting. That comes in automatically, so reap the benefits but don’t make it part of your intention. If the side benefits come, they come. If they don’t, that shouldn’t stop you from obeying Allaah and fulfilling your duty.

Fighting over the number of Raka3ah of Taraweeh

There is no specific number of rak’ahs for Taraweeh prayer, rather it is permissible to do a little or a lot. Both 8 and 20 are okay.

Taraweeh

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen said:

“No one should be denounced for praying eleven or twenty-three (rak3ah), because the matter is broader in scope than that, praise be to Allaah.” (13)

What is really important, my brothers and sisters, is the command to observe night prayers during Ramadaan, which is encouraged without specifying a particular number. As long as we are praying our Taraaweeh, it shouldn’t be a matter of dispute or disunity whether it is 8 or 20 or even more. And of course, what really counts is that Allaah accepts it from us, even if it is two rak3aat, right?

Praying ONLY on the night of the 27th

Some people pray ONLY on the 27th to seek Lailat ul-Qadr, neglecting all other odd nights, although the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

“Seek Laylat ul-Qadr among the odd numbered nights of the last ten nights of Ramadaan.” (14)

Wasting the last part of Ramadhaan preparing for Eid

Some people waste the entire last 10 days of Ramadaan preparing for 3Eed, shopping and frequenting malls, etc. neglecting 3Ibaadah and Laylatul Qadr, although, the Prophet SallAllaahu Alayhi wa Sallam used to strive the hardest during the last ten days of Ramadaan in worship and not in shopping.

3Aa’ishah Radi-Allaahu 3Anha said:

“When the (last) ten nights began, the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu Alayhi wa Sallam would tighten his waist-wrapper (i.e., strive hard in worship or refrain from intimacy with his wives), stay awake at night and wake his family.” (15)

May Allaah guide us to practice what we learn, spend Ramadaan as is pleasing to Him and may we reap the fruits of Ramadaan and may Allaah accept our Ramadaan. Aameen.

By Asma bint Shameem

Edited & modified by TowardsHuda

Read part 1 here

Related Posts:

Time Management Tips for Ramadaan 

RCTS – Ramadaan Cooking Tips for Sisters [New]

Tips To Avoid Distractions During Ramadaan

How to Spend Ramadaan by Shaykh Muhammad Hassan

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References:

(1) Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1923; Muslim, 1095

(2) Narrated by Ahmad, 14533; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 2309

(3) http://islamqa.info/en/12602 and http://islamqa.info/en/1155

(4) http://islamqa.info/en/37943

(5) Al-Bukhaari (1957) and Muslim (1098)

(6) http://islamqa.info/en/50019

(7) http://islamqa.info/en/13999 and   http://islamqa.info/en/366

(8) al-Tirmidhi (2525), classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.

(9) Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 10/240. http://islamqa.info/en/60296

(10) http://islamqa.info/en/11774

(11) http://islamqa.info/en/21536

(12) http://islamqa.info/en/107624

(13) Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 1/407

(14) Bukhaaree & Muslim

(!5) Bukhaaree & Muslim

Uttering the Intention (Niyyah) Loudly

bismillah21

The intention (niyyah) is essential for all acts of worship; no act of worship is valid without the intention.

The place for the intention is the heart, and speaking it out loud is bid3ah. It was not proven that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or his companions spoke the intention for any act of worship out loud. (1)

Uttering the Intention (Niyyah)

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah replied to a question asked about the intention:

The intention of purifying oneself by doing wudoo’ ghusl or tayammum, of praying, fasting, paying zakaah, offering kafaarah (expiation) and other acts of worship does not need to be uttered verbally, according to the consensus of the imaams of Islaam. Rather the place of intention is the heart, according to the consensus among them. (2)

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

Speaking the intention is a bid3ah (innovation) and doing so loudly is even more sinful. Rather the Sunnah is to make one’s intention in the heart, because Allaah knows that which is secret and what is even more hidden. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Say: Will you inform Allaah of your religion while Allaah knows all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth?” [al-Hujuraat 49:16]

It was not narrated from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or the Sahaabah or any of the most prominent imams that they spoke the intention out loud. From this we may understand that it is not prescribed, rather it is an innovation that has been introduced into the religion. And Allaah is the Source of strength. (3)

niyyah in the heart

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

When the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam stood up to pray, he would say: “Allaahu akbar,” and he did not say anything before that, or utter the intention (niyyah) out loud at all. He did not say, “I am going to pray such-and-such a prayer, facing the qiblah, four rak3ahs, as an imaam or following an imaam.” And he did not say “ada’an (on time)” or “qadaa’an (making up a missed prayer)” or “fard al-waqt (the obligatory prayer of this time).” These are all bid3ahs which were not narrated by any scholar with any isnaad, be it saheeh, da3eef, musnad or mursal … Neither was this narrated from any of the Prophet’s companions, and none of the Taabi3een or the four imaams described it as mustahabb. (4)

niyyah uttering

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen said:

With regard to uttering the intention for actions other than Hajj or 3Umrah, this is something which it is well known is not prescribed. It is not Sunnah for a person to say, when he wants to do wudoo’, “O Allah, I am going to do wudoo’” or “O Allah, I intend to do wudoo’”, or when he wants to pray to say “O Allah, I am going to pray” or “O Allah, I intend to pray.” None of that is prescribed. And the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam. ” (5)

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah also said:

No one has mentioned any difference of opinion concerning this matter, except that some of the later followers of al-Shaafa3ee expressed approval of that, but some of the leaders of this madhhab said that this was wrong. But in the dispute among the scholars as to whether it is mustahabb to utter one’s intention, there are two points of view. Some of the companions of Abu Haneefah, al-Shaafa3ee and Ahmad said that it is mustahabb to utter the intention so as to make it stronger.

Some of the companions of Maalik, Ahmad and others said that it is not mustahabb to utter it, because that is a bid’ah (innovation). It was not narrated that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or his Sahaabah did it or that he commanded anyone among his ummah to utter the intention. That is not known from any of the Muslims. If that had been prescribed then the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam and his companions would not have neglected it, as it has to do with worship which the ummah does every day and night. This is the more correct view.

Indeed, uttering the intention is a of irrational thinking and falling short in religious commitment. In terms of falling short in religious commitment, that is because it is bid’ah (an innovation). In terms of irrational thinking, that is because it is like a person who wants to eat some food saying, “I intend to put my hand in this vessel, take out a morsel of food, put it in my mouth and chew it, then swallow it, and eat until I have had my fill.” This is sheer foolishness and ignorance.

 The imaams are agreed that speaking the intention out loud and repeating it is not prescribed in Islaam, rather the person who has made this a habit should be disciplined and told not to worship Allaah by following bid3ah and not to disturb others by raising his voice. And Allaah knows best.  (6)

intention niyyah

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ said:

Uttering the intention out loudly or secretly in Salah, Wudu’, and other acts of worship is impermissible, for the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam did not prescribe this either by saying or action, also because the place of intention is not the tongue, but the heart. You should start your prayer whether it is Fard or Nafilah by saying – Allahu Akbar  and start your Wudoo by Tasmiyah to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam.

You should intend practicing the acts of worship that you want by heart, except in case of Hajj and 3Umrah , for it is prescribed to utter the rites of Hajj or 3Umrah by saying: Allahomma Labayk Hajj or (Labayk 3Umrah). (7)

Intention (Niyyah) for Hajj & 3Umrah:

Shaykh al-Fawzaan  said:

“… Except in two cases. The first case is when entering ihram for Hajj or 3Umrah, in which case one says “Labbayka 3Umratan (here I am for 3Umrah)” or “Labbayka Hajjan (here I am for Hajj)”.

The second case is when slaughtering the hadiy or udhiyah or 3aqeeqah, when one should say Bismillaah and state which type it is, whether it is 3aqeeqah or ‘udhiyah or hadiy, and on whose behalf it is being offered. So he should say: In the name of Allaah and on behalf of So and so” or “In the name of Allaah on my behalf and on behalf of my household,” then he should slaughter it.

In these two cases it is prescribed to utter the intention out loud; in all other cases it is not permissible to utter the intention out loud for any act of worship, prayer or anything else. (8)

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ said:

You should intend practicing the acts of worship that you want by heart, except in case of Hajj and 3Umrah , for it is prescribed to utter the rites of Hajj or 3Umrah by saying: Allaahumma (O Allaah) (Labayk [Here I am! At your service] Hajj) or (Labayk 3Umrah).

The same goes for Hady (sacrificial animal offered by pilgrims) and Udhiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims), as it is prescribed for the person offering Hady or Udhiyah to utter after Tasmiyah. (9)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen said:

If a person says “Labbayka 3umratan (Here I am for 3Umrah)” or “Laybbayka hajjan (Here I am for Hajj)”, that does not come under the heading of forming the intention, because he formed the intention before that. Hence it is not prescribed to say, “O Allaah, I am going to do 3Umrah” or “O Allaah, I am going to do Hajj.” Rather you should form the retention in your heart and recite the Talbiyah out loud.

With regard to uttering the intention for actions other than Hajj or 3Umrah, this is something which it is well known is not prescribed. It is not Sunnah for a person to say, when he wants to do wudoo’, “O Allaah, I am going to do wudoo’” or “O Allaah, I intend to do wudoo’”, or when he wants to pray to say “O Allaah, I am going to pray” or “O Allaah, I intend to pray.” None of that is prescribed. And the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam.” (10)

 Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen also said regarding udhiyah:

This is not uttering the attention, because if the one who is offering the sacrifice says, “This is on my behalf and on behalf of my household,” he is stating what is in his heart. He has not said, “O Allaah, I want to offer a sacrifice,” as would be said by the one who wants to utter his intention. Rather he is only expressing what is in his heart. The intention was already there, from the time he brought the animal, lay it down and slaughtered it, so he had already formed the intention.” (11)

An Amusing Story:

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen mentioned an amusing story in his sharh of 40 Nawawee ahadeeth when speaking about saying intention out loud:

It was told that a layman from Najd was in al Masjid al Haraam, wanting to pray Dhuhr, and there was a man beside him who only knows how to do niyyah (intention) out loud, so when it was iqaamah, the man said: “O Allaah! I intend to pray Dhuhr prayer, 4 rak3ahs for the sake of Allaah, behind the imaam of the Masjid al Haraam”.

 And when he wanted to make takbirat al Ihram, the layman said to him: “Be patient O man, you still need to say the date, the day, the month and the year” so the man was in wonderment.” (12)

Compiled by TowardsHuda

Related Posts:

Ruling on Wiping the Neck during Wudoo’

What is the ruling on expressing intention verbally (fatwa)

Know the Rulings

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References

(1) https://islamqa.info/en/31821

(2) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, 1/214, 215

(3) Fataawa Islamiyyah, 2/315  (https://islamqa.info/en/31821)

(4) Zaad al-Ma3aad (1/201) (https://islamqa.info/en/37841)

(5) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 22/20 (https://islamqa.info/en/109179)

(6) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, 1/214, 215  (https://islamqa.info/en/13337)

(7) http://alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=2074&PageNo=1&BookID=7

(8) Al-Muntaqa min Fataawa al-Fawzaan, 5/30 (https://islamqa.info/en/144650)

(9) Alifta.net

(10) Majmoo‘ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 22/20 (https://islamqa.info/en/109179)

(11) Majmoo‘ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 22/20 https://islamqa.info/en/109340)

(12) http://www.ahlalhdeeth.com/vbe/showthread.php?t=652

Hadeeth Alert: “Whoever is the First to give another person the news…”

Bismillahirrahmanirrahim-1

Hadeeth Alert:

The below hadeeth has been circulating on the net, social sites & forums for many years and now it has become wide-spread on facebook, twitter and WhatsApp. Please be aware of the following famous hadeeth, it is FABRICATED.

“Whoever is the first to give another person the news about the month of Rabi-ul-Awwal, the fire of hell is Haraam for them”.

This fabricated hadeeth is wide-spread in English, Arabic & other languages with different versions (same wordings but for different months).

مبروك عليكم شهر جمادى الأول. قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: من يبارك الناس في هذا الشهر الفضيل، يحرم عليه النار” كل عام وأنتم بخير

شهر ربيع الأول :  من يبارك الناس بهذا الشهر الفضيل ، يحرم علية النار    

Whoever is the first to give another person the news about the month of Rabi-ul-Awwal, the fire of hell is Haraam for them”

“Today is 1st Rajab. The Holy Prophet (SAW) said “Whoever 1st to give another person the news of this month, hell fire is haram for him/her.”

Another version: “Whoever offers congratulations to people for this blessed month, the Fire will be forbidden for him”

And about Ramadaan: “GOOD NEWS!!! In sha Allah!! Ramadhan will likely start on June 6 (depending on moon sighting),…. which is only 140 days from today. The Holy Prophet Mohammad, SallAllahu Alaihi Wasallam, says if one informs another about Ramadhan first, hellfire will become haraam for that individual. I have done my duty by forwarding it to you.”

ramadan fake 1-2 Rajab 2
Shaykh salih Al-Munajjid (islamqa.info) was asked about this hadeeth. He said:

We do not know of any source for the hadeeth mentioned, and it is clearly fabricated. Hence it is not permissible to attribute it to the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, because that comes under the heading of telling lies against him, and telling lies against him is haraam and is a major sin. (1)

The Fatwa section of Islamweb.net was asked about this hadeeth and they replied:

We not find this Hadeeth in the resources that we have at hand. (2)

And another question, they replied:

There is no origin (basis) in the books of sunnah we know. Shaykh 3Alwee As-Saqaaf mentions this hadeeth under section “widely-spread on internet” that this hadeeth is a LIE on the prophet.”  (3)

Telling lies about the Prophet:

Telling lies about the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is a great evil and a serious sin, because the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

“Telling lies about me is not like telling lies about anyone else. Whoever tells lies about me deliberately, let him take his place in Hell.” (4)

And the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

“Do not tell lies about me, for whoever tells lies about me will enter Hell.”  (5)

Ruling on one who fabricates things about the Prophet:

He SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

“Whoever narrates a hadeeth from me that he thinks is false is one of the liars.” (6)

An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

This is a stern warning against lying, which it indicates that whoever thinks it most likely that what he is narrating is false but still narrates it is a liar. How can he not be a liar, when he is narrating something that did not happen? (7)

A number of scholars are of the view that the one who deliberately tells lies about the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is a kaafir. 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) discussed this matter at length and mentioned the ruling on one who tells lies about the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam verbally, the ruling on one who tells lies about him in a report and the ruling on one who narrates a hadeeth knowing it to be false. He was of the view that the one who tells lies about him verbally is a kaafir. (8)

Warning for those who circulate fabricated Ahadeeth:

Unfortunately, due to lack of knowledge, e-mails containing false information and fabricated ahadeeth are widely circulated. The creators of such e-mails as well as those who forward them to others should take heed of the severe warning of Rasool-Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam. He said:

Whoever tells lies about me deliberately, let him take his place in Hell.

It is therefore, necessary that one should be cautious, when one receives e-mails of such a nature wherein there is no authentic reference mentioned. Such e-mails or pieces of information should be referred to reliable and learned scholars for verification.

& Allaah knows best.

Related Posts:

Lying In Joke (Jest)

Ruling on Telling Lies that Do not Harm Anyone

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References:

(1) https://islamqa.info/en/215135

(2) Islamweb.net

(3) Islamweb.net

(4) Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1229

(5) Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 106 (https://islamqa.info/en/34725)

(6)  Narrated by Muslim

(7) Sharh Saheeh Muslim (1/65) (https://islamqa.info/en/215135)

(8) al-Saarim al-Maslool ‘Ala Shaatim il-Rasool (2/328-399)

Beginning of New Hijri Year 1437H

Bismillaah

Muharram, the 1st month of new Hijri year 1437H is starting from Thursday, 15th October 2014.

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

The best of fasting after Ramadaan is fasting Allaah’s month of Muharram. (1)

themonthofmuharram

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said about fasting the 10th Muharram:

For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before. (2)

the_merit_of_fasting__ashura_

 09 Muharram 1437 H = Friday, 23rd October 2015

10 Muharram (3Aashooraa’) 1437H = Saturday, 24th October 2015

11 Muharram 1437H = Sunday, 25th October 2015

Important Note:

Also, please be advised that there is no special du3aa’, prayer or 3Ibaadah, to be done or end the Hijri year with.  click the link below.

End the Hijri year with fasting & Prayers for forgiveness? [Must read]

Related Posts:

Ruling on offering congratulations at the Beginning of the Hijri Year

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Fasting Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’ [NEW]

More Muharram Resources

Reference:
(1)  Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Muslim

Some Common mistakes in Ramadaan (1)

Some Common mistakes in Ramadaan

Taking Ramadaan as a ritual:

For many of us Ramadaan has lost its spirituality and has become more of a ritual than a form of 3Ibaadah. We fast from morning to night just because everyone around us is fasting too. We forget that it’s a time to purify our hearts and our souls from all evil….we forget to make du3aa’, forget to beseech Allaah to forgive us and ask Him to save us from the Fire of Hell. Sure we stay away from food and drink but that’s about all. Although the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

Jibreel said to me, ‘May Allaah rub his nose in the dust, that person to who Ramadaan comes and his sins are not forgiven,’ and I said, ‘Ameen’….” (1)

Fasting but not praying

Realize that the fasting of one who does not pray WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED. This is because not praying constitutes kufr as the Prophet Sall-Allaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

Between a man and shirk and kufr there stands his giving up prayer.” (2)

In fact, NONE of his good deeds will be accepted; rather, they are all annulled. The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

Whoever forsakes ‘Asr prayer, his deeds are in vain.” (3)

This hadeeth indicates that in the case of one who does not pray, Allaah will not accept any deed from him, so the one who does not pray will not benefit at all from his deeds, and no good deeds of his will ascend to Allaah. (4)

Too much stress on food and drink

For some people, the entire month of Ramadaan revolves around food. They spend the ENTIRE day planning, cooking, shopping and thinking about only food, instead of concentrating on Salaah, Qur’aan and other acts of worship. All they can think of is FOOD, so much so that they turn the month of ‘fasting’ into the month of ‘feasting’. Come Iftaar time, their table is a sight to see, with the multitudes and varieties of food, sweets and drinks. They are missing the very purpose of fasting, and thus, increase in their greed and desires instead of learning to control them.

And remember, too much food is also a kind of waste & extravagance.

وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَلَا تُسْرِفُوا ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفِينَ

“…..and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allaah) likes not Al-Musrifoon (those who waste by extravagance)” [soorah al-A3raaf , v:31]

Spending all day cooking

Some of the sisters (either by their own choice or forced by their husbands) are cooking ALL day and ALL night, so that by the end of the day, they are too tired to even pray 3Ishaa’, let alone pray Taraaweeh or Tahajjud; too exhausted to even read Qur’aan.

This is the month of mercy and forgiveness, du3aa’ and 3Ibaadah, to increase in your taqwa and to improve your relationship with Allaah. And how can you do that if you spend all your time in the kitchen cooking? So turn off that stove and turn on your Eemaan!

(read here Ramadaan cooking tips for sisters)

Eating too much

Some people stuff themselves at Suhoor until they are ready to burst, because they think this is the way to not feel hungry during the day and some people eat at Iftaar, like there is no tomorrow, trying to ‘make up for the food they missed.’ However, this is completely against the Sunnah. Remember, moderation is the key to everything.

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

The son of Adam does not fill any vessel worse than his stomach; for the son of Adam a few mouthfuls are sufficient to keep his back straight. If you must fill it, then one-third for food, one-third for drink and one-third for air. (5)

Besides, too much food distracts a person from many deeds of obedience and worship, makes him lazy.

Sufyaan al-Thawri (may Allaah have mercy on his) said: If you want your body to be healthy and to sleep less, then eat less.  

Eating too much also makes the heart heedless. It was said to Imam Ahmad (may Allaah have mercy on him):

Does a man find any softness and humility in his heart when he is full?

He said, I do not think so.” (6)

Sleeping all day

Some people spend their entire day (or a major part of it) ‘sleeping away their fast’. Is this what is really required of us during this noble month?

These people are also missing the purpose of fasting and just falling prey to laziness and lethargy. All it needs is to exert a little self-control. For a fasting person to spend most of the day asleep is nothing, but negligence on his part.

The Standing Committee said regarding this: “For a fasting person to spend most of the day asleep is a kind of negligence on his part, especially since the month of Ramadaan is a special time and the Muslim should strive to benefit from it by reading Qur’aan a great deal, seeking provision and acquiring knowledge.” (7)

Fasting but not giving up evil

Some of us fast but do not give up lying, cursing, fighting, backbiting, etc. and some of us fast but do not give up cheating, stealing, dealing in haraam, buying lotto tickets, selling alcohol, committing fornication, etc. and all kinds of impermissible things without realizing that the purpose of fasting is to not stay away from food and drink; rather the aim behind it is to fear Allaah.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

“O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious)” [soorah al-Baqarah 2:183]

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

“Whoever does not give up false speech and acting upon it and ignorant conduct, Allaah has no need of his giving up his food and drink.” (8)

In another narration:

Whoever does not give up obscene talk and lying, Allaah has no need of his giving up his food and drink.” (9)

Ramadhaan highway Code  - Dos And Donts

Wasting time

The month of Ramadaan is a precious, precious time, so much so that Allaah calls this month أَيَّامًا مَّعْدُودَاتٍ

“Ayyaamum Ma3doodaat” (A fixed number of days) (10)

Before we know it, this month of mercy and forgiveness will be over. We should try and spend every moment possible in the worship of Allaah so that we can make the most of this blessing. However, there are some of us who waste away their day playing video games, or worse still, watching TV, movies or even listening to music.

Subhaan Allaah! Trying to obey Allaah by DISOBEYING him!

Make the best of this Ramadaan (see here & here). who knows this could be our last Ramadan.

Smoking

Smoking is haraam (forbidden) in Islaam whether during Ramadaan or outside of it (11) as it is one of al-Khabaa’ith (evil things). And this includes ALL kinds of ‘smoking material’ whether it is cigars, cigarettes, pipes,’Sheesha’, hookah or even worse than that. (12)

وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَائِثَ

“He allows them as lawful At Tayyibaat (all good and lawful things), and prohibits them as unlawful Al Khabaa’ith (all evil and unlawful things) (13)

Smoking is harmful, not only to the one smoking, but also to the ones around him. It is also a means of wasting one’s wealth.

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “There should be no harming or reciprocating harm.”

& Smoking invalidates the fast. (14)

To be continued…..part 2

By Asma bint Shameem, edited & modified by TowardsHuda

Related Posts:

Time Management Tips for Ramadaan 

How to Spend Ramadaan by Shaykh Muhammad Hassan

Welcome Ramadaan In the Best Way [New]

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References:

(1) Tirmidhi, Ahmad, others. Saheeh by al-Albaani

(2) Narrated by Muslim, 82

(3) Bukhaaree, 553

(4) http://islamqa.info/en/37820

(5) Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2380; Ibn Maajah, 3349. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 1939

(6) http://islamqa.info/en/11153

(7) Al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah, 10/212

(8) Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6057

(9)Tabaraani in al-Mu’jam al-Sagheer and al-Mu’jam al-Awsat. Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb

(10) Soorah Al-Baqarah, v:184

(11) http://islamqa.info/en/37765 and http://islamqa.info/en/10922

(12) http://islamqa.info/en/7432 –

(13)  Soorah al-A3raaf :157

(14) http://islamqa.info/en/106450 and http://islamqa.info/en/37765

Rulings on Saying Jumu3ah Mubaarak

2

A wide-spread practice that has become very common on forums, whats-App groups and social networks. People updating their status, sharing & sending messages of “Jumu3ah Mubaarak”or “Have a blessed Jumu3ah” etc. What is the ruling on saying or wishing Jumu3ah Mubaarak?

The Mufti Shaykh Abdul 3Azeez Aal As-shaykh was asked the following question: “What is the ruling on the statement Jumu3ah Mubaarak? He replied:

There is no origin for sending out the greeting Jumu3ah Mubaarak on the cell phones. It is a bless day, no doubt. Allaah the Exalted has singled us out with this day, and the Jews and Christians have been lead astray away from this day, but as for giving a greeting every jumu3ah then we don’t know of any origin for this” (1)

 Shaykh 3Abdul-Muhsin Al-3Abaad was asked about the ruling on one who specifies Fridays by saying Jumu3ah Mubaarak & uses evidence that Muslims have 3 Eeds? He replied:

By Allaah, we don’t know of anything that proves the validity of this. No doubt, Jumu3ah is the Eed of the week for the Muslims. As for the two Eeds, then it has been narrated that the companions when they would meet each other they would say, “May Allaah accept it from us and you” or “May Allaah accept your obedience”. (2)

Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan was asked: “What is the ruling on sending text messages every Friday and ending with the phrase “Jumu3ah Mubaarak”?  He  said:

The early generation did not congratulate one another on Fridays, so we should not introduce anything that they did not do.” (3)

Jumuah Mubarak

Shaykh Sulaymaan al-Maajid (may Allah preserve him) said:

We do not think it is prescribed to exchange congratulations on Fridays, such as saying to one another, “Jumu3ah mubaarak” and so on, because it comes under the heading of du3aa’s and dhikr, which must be based on a text (of the Qur’aan or Sunnah) because this is purely the matter of worship and if it were good, the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam and his Companions radi-Allaahu 3Anhum would have done it before us. If anyone suggests that this is permissible, then that may imply that it is prescribed to say du3aa’s and congratulate one another after having done the five daily prayers and other acts of worship, and du3aa’ at these times was not done by the early generations. (4)

arabic jumuah mubarak

 Shaykh Salih Al-Munajjid was asked about sending messages & saying “Jumu3ah Mubaarak” or “Jumu3ah Tayyibah” on Fridays. He replied:

With regard to the Muslims congratulating one another on the occasions of Eed al-Fitr and Eed al-Adha, this is prescribed and it is narrated from the Sahaabah radi-Allaahu 3Anhum. As for congratulating one another on the occasion of Friday, what seems to us to be the case is that it is not prescribed, because the fact that Friday is an Eed was known to the Sahaabah, and they were more knowledgeable than us about its virtues, and they were keen to respect it and give it its due, but there is no report to suggest that they used to congratulate one another on Fridays. And all goodness is in following them (radi-Allaahu 3Anhum). (5)

The Fatwa section of Islamweb were asked If saying “Jumu3ah Mubaarak” is Bid3ah, they replied:

We do not know this to be from the Sunnah of the the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam nor is it known from his companions, nor did any scholar say that this is permissible. Therefore, this is considered a newly introduced innovation (Bid3ah), especially if one says so as an act of worship or while believing that this is a Sunnah. It is confirmed that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: ‘Whoever does an act that is not in accordance with ours (i.e. Islaam) it is rejected.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim] Also, another Hadeeth reads: Whoever introduces into this matter of ours (i.e. Islam) that which is not part of it, his act is rejected.” 

Shaykh Salih Al-Fawzaan, was asked – as published on his official website – about the ruling on a Muslim saying to his Muslim brother ‘Jumu3ah Mubaarakah’ every Friday either by mobile messages or in forums. He replied saying: “This has no basis and it is an innovation, and it is not permissible to congratulate each other on (the occasion of) the day of Friday; no evidence has been reported (in this regard in religious texts) and the Salaf (righteous predecessors) did not do so, so it is an innovated act.” (6)

In another fatwa they replied:

If a Muslim says that to his Muslim brother from time to time, without thinking it to be an established Sunnah or binding, and without doing it on a regular basis, but just by way of supplication, then we hope that it is permissible; although leaving it is preferable so that it does not become like the established Sunnah. (7)

And Allaah Knows best.

Related Posts:

Jumu3ah To Do Deeds [1]  [2]  [3]

The Hour will fall on a Friday 

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References:
(1) http://www.albaidha.net/vb/showthread.php?p=112005
(2) Taken from (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fc4dkjj2ATk)
(3) Ajwabat As’ilah Majallat al-Da3wah al-Islamiyyah
(4) Shaykh's website (http://www.salmajed.com/ar/node/2601)
(5) http://islamqa.info/en/134741
(6)  http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&Id=199983
(7) http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/articles/151831/exchanging-congratulations-on-friday

Ruling on Telling Lies that Do not Harm Anyone

Bismillah-Salaam1

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ was asked a question:

Q. What is the ruling on Telling lies that do not harm anyone?

They replied:

Lying is absolutely Haraam (prohibited) except in the cases that are excluded by Shari3ah (Islaamic law), which does not include what is mentioned in the question.

This prohibition is based on the general meaning of evidence, such as Allaah’s Statement:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَكُونُوا مَعَ الصَّادِقِينَ

 “O you who believe! Be afraid of Allaah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds)”(1)

Moreover, it is related on the authority of 3Abdullaah ibn Mas3ood radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alahy wa sallam said:

Adhere to telling the truth, for telling the truth leads to righteousness and righteousness leads to Jannah (Paradise). A person will keep on speaking the truth and seek to speak the truth until they are recorded with Allaah as a truth-speaker.

Beware of lying! For lying leads to immorality and immorality leads to Hellfire. A person will keep on telling lies and seek to tell lies until they are recorded with Allaah as a liar.” (2)

no_lies

It is also narrated that 3Abdullaah ibn Mas3ood radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “Telling lies is wrong whether in earnest or in jest, read if you wish: “O you who believe! Be afraid of Allaah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds).”  He read the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) and said: 

فهل تجدون لأحد فيه رخصة؟
“Do you find any Rukhsah (concession) allowing anyone to tell a lie?” (3)

Related Posts:

Lying In Joke (Jest)

“Tell them Daddy Is not home!!

April Fool (summarized from shaykh Salih  Munajjid’s Article)

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References:

(1) Surah at-Tawbah, (9:119)

(2)  Al-Bukhari and Muslim. These words are from Muslim (2607)

(3) Fatwa Source: Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’, Fatwa no. 6355, Part 26; Pages 51-52 (http://islamqa.info/en/105477)

Mawlid Is Not From Loving The Prophet

bismillah (2)
Celebrating & Participating in Mawlid Out of love for the Prophet

There is nothing in the Qur’aan to say that we should celebrate the Mawlid or birthday of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam. The Prophet himself SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam did not do this or command anyone to do it, either during his lifetime or after his death.

The Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) were the people who loved the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam most. They  had a greater love and respect for him, and were more aware of his rights, than those who came after them,

Was it reported that Abu Bakr, who was the closest of people to him and the one who loved him the most, celebrated the birthday of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam?

Was it reported that 3Umar, who ruled for twelve years, or 3Uthmaan, did this?

Was it reported that 3Alee, his relative and son-in-law, did this?

Was it reported that any of the Sahaabah did this? 

No, by Allaah! Is it because they were not aware of its importance, or did they not truly love the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam? No one would say such a thing except one who has gone astray and is leading others astray.

Did any of the Imaams – Abu Haneefah, Maalik, al-Shaafi3ee, Ahmad, al-Hasan al-Basri, Ibn Seereen – do this or command others to do it or say that it was good?

By Allaah, no! It was not even mentioned during the first and best three centuries. 

mawlid

 The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said in a saheeh hadeeth:

The best of mankind are my generation (or my century), then those who come after them, then those who come after them. Then there will come a people who will not care if their testimony comes before their oath or vice versa (i.e., they will not take such matter seriously).” (1)

The celebration of the Prophet’s birthday appeared many centuries later, when many of the features of true religion had vanished and bid3ah had become widespread. Thus this celebration became a sign of one’s love for the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam.

mawlid (2)

But can it be possible that the Sahaabah, the Imaams and the people of the best three centuries were unaware of it and it was only those who came later who were aware of its importance?!

What the Qur’aan tells us is that love of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam is demonstrated by following the guidance he brought.

Allaah says:

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

“Say, [O Muhammad], “If you (really) love Allaah , then follow me, [so] Allaah will love
you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving and Merciful”

قُلْ أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ ۖ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْكَافِرِينَ

Say, “Obey Allaah and the Messenger.” But if they turn away – then indeed, Allaah does not like the disbelievers. (2)

10891966_754018598020730_6116428334642564940_n

The first aayah explains that love is just a claim, but the proof of sincerity is following what the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam brought. The second aayah reaffirms the importance and necessity of obeying Allaah and His Messenger. Hence Allaah ended the aayah with a very stern warning in which those who refuse to obey are described as kaafirs, and Allah does not love the disbelievers. We ask Allaah to keep us safe from that. (3)

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam told us of the danger of not obeying him, and the danger of adding to what he brought. The celebration of Mawlid or his birthday is indeed an addition to what he brought – as all the scholars agree.

He said:

The best of speech is the Book of Allaah, and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad. The most evil of things are those which are newly-invented (in religion), and every innovation is a going astray.” (4)

Shaykh Bin Baaz said:

The love of Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam is not reflected by celebrating Mawlid but by obeying him and keeping away from Bid3ah (5)

Related Posts:

Ruling on celebrating birthday of the Prophet 

Refutation to claims that mawlid is permissible [must read]

Response on Misconceptions about the Ruling of Celebrating the Birthday of the Prophet

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References:

(1) Reported by al-Bukhaari, Muslim and al-Tirmidhi

(2) soorah Aal 3Imraan, v:31-32

(3) http://islamqa.info/en/249

(4) Reported by Muslim and al-Nisaa’i

(5) بدعة المولد

Read more details here and here

The Month of Safar & the Innovations & Superstitions

Bismillah-Salaam1Allaah says

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ 

(interpretation of the meaning):

Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” (1)

The month of Safar is one of the twelve Hijri months, and it is the month which comes after Muharram.

326_bIts Name- Safar (صفر )

Some of the (scholars) said that it is so named because of the emptying (isfaar) of Makkah (i.e., its people would all leave) when they travelled during this month.

It was also said that this month is named Safar because they used to raid other tribes at this time, and they would leave those whom they encountered bereft of their possessions (sifran min al-mataa’) – i.e., they would take all their belongings away and they would leave them with nothing. (2)

Incorrect beliefs & Superstitions concerning the month of Safar

These were well known among the people of the Jaahiliyyah, and still exist among some of those who claim to be Muslims. 

  • 4 Rak3aat naafil prayer, prayed on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, with specific soorah & no. of times soorah are read in it.
  • People do not conclude marriage contracts during Safar
  • Many people believe that it is not permissible to break a stick, knot ropes, or entwine fingers when concluding a marriage contract for this leads to failure of the concerned marriage and disharmony between the spouses
  • Some believe that no one should marry or be circumcised in the month of Safar.
  • Every year, 320,000 calamities come down, and all of that comes down on the last Wednesday of Safar.
  • Or there a special du3aa for Safar or ‘travelling or marriage in Safar is haraam (forbidden)

Ahadeeth  of the Prophet About Safar & Superstition:

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

لا عَدْوَى وَلا طِيَرَةَ وَلا هَامَةَ وَلا صَفَرَ

There is no 3adwaa, no tiyarah, no haamah and no Safar  (3)

(3adwaa (contagion, transmission of infectious disease without the permission of Allaah). Tiyarah (superstitious belief in bird omens). Haamah (refers to a Jaahili Arab tradition described variously as: a worm which infests the grave of a murder victim until he is avenged; an owl; or the bones of a dead person turned into a bird that could fly). Safar (the month of Safar was regarded as “unlucky” during the Jaahiliyyah) (4)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:  

The words “no Safar” refers to the month of Safar, which the Arabs used to regard as inauspicious, especially for marriage. And it was said that it was a stomach disease that affected camels and was transmitted from one camel to another.

It is more likely that what is meant by Safar here is the month, and that what is meant by saying “no Safar” is that it is not to be regarded as inauspicious, rather it is like any other time, during which good or bad things may be decreed.

This does not mean that these things do not happen, because they do happen. Rather it is a statement that they do not have any effect. The One Who causes things to happen is Allaah. If any of these things has a known effect then that is valid and real; if any of them is imagined to have an effect, then that is invalid and false. Thus the hadeeth demonstrates that if there is a valid effect, it cannot be attributed to that thing itself (rather the One Who causes it to happen is Allaah). If the effect is merely imagined, then this hadeeth is stating that it has no effect in the first place. (5)

safarProphet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

 قال : ” لا هامة ولا صفر “ ، زاد مسلم وغيره  ولا نَوء ولا غُول 

“No haamah and no Safar.” (6). In narration of Muslim and others add the words: “No naw’ and no ghoul.” 

It was said that they used to have superstitions concerning the month of Safar, so the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “No Safar”.

And it was said that the Arabs used to believe that there was a snake in the stomach which would harm a person when he had intercourse, and that this was contagious, so the Lawgiver denied that. Maalik said: “The people of the Jaahiliyyah would regard Safar as not being sacred one year and as sacred the next year. (7)

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

لاَ عَدْوَى وَلاَ صَفَرَ خَلَقَ اللَّهُ كُلَّ نَفْسٍ وَكَتَبَ حَيَاتَهَا وَرِزْقَهَا وَمَصَائِبَهَا

There is no 3Adwa nor safar. Allaah created every soul, so he wrote its life, its provision, and its afflictions”. (8)

Fatawaa About Different Superstitions & Innovations in Safar:

Shaykh Bin Baaz said regarding doing Marriage contracts & or entwining fingers etc during Safar:

Safar, just like all other months, does not bring good or evil, as good is only from Allah subhaanAllaah and evil is predestined by Him. Moreover, it is authentically reported that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam annulled the concept of pessimism when he said: “There is no 3Adwa, nor is there any Tiyarah, nor is there any Hamah, nor is there Safar”

The same applies to pessimism about entwining fingers, breaking a stick, etc., when concluding a marriage contract. Such beliefs are false, baseless, and thus they should not be adopted by a Muslim. (9)

The Permanent Committee was asked about marrying or be circumcision in the month of Safar. They replied:

What is mentioned with regard to the prohibition of marriage or circumcision during the month of Safar is superstition. Being superstitious of months, days, birds and similar animals is not permissible.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is no 3Adwa, nor is there any Tiyarah (evil omen), nor is there any Hamah, nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during Jahiliyyah).

Being superstitious about the month of Safar falls under forbidden pessimism that discourages from acting and is one of the acts of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance) that was annulled by Islam. (10)

The Permanent Committee was asked about a du3aa’ (11) distributed and said in Safar (asking Allaah by Tawassul of  Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger & names of Allaah). They replied:

This is an innovated Du3aa’ in terms of being specified to be said at a certain time. It also includes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of…) by Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger and names which are given to Allaah although they are stated neither in the Qur’aan nor in the Sunnah. It is not permissible to name Allaah  except with what He has named Himself in His Book or revealed to His Messenger Muhammad.

Tawassul by people or by the virtue of their status in Du3aa’ is a Bid3ah (innovation in religion), and every Bid3ah is misguidance and a means to Shirk. Accordingly, the circulation of this Du3aa’ should be prevented in addition to getting rid of any of its copies. It seems that it is innovated by the Shiites. (12)

The Permanent Committee was asked about a specific 4 Rak3aat prayer that is prayed on the last Wednesday of Safar (13), that if prayed in specific manner, Allaah protect him by His generosity from all the calamities that come down on that day, and they will not come around him.

They replied:

We do not know of any basis in the Qur’aan or in the Sunnah for the naafil prayer mentioned in the question. We have no proof that any one among the salaf of this ummah or the righteous people of its later generations did this naafil prayer. Rather it is a reprehensible innovation.

It was narrated that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours [Islam], will have it rejected.” And he said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours that is not part of it, will have it rejected.”

Whoever attributes this prayer and the things that are mentioned with it to the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam or to any of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) is fabricating serious lies, and Allaah will give him the punishment for liars which he deserves. (14)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn 3Abd al-Salaam al-Shuqayri said:

The ignorant have the habit of writing down the verses of salaam such as “Salaam (peace) be upon Nooh (from Us) among the 3Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)!””  (soorah As-Saafaat 37:79) etc. on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, then they put them in vessels and drink it and seek blessings from it, and they give it as gifts to one another, because they believe that this will take away bad things. This is a false belief and a blameworthy superstition, a reprehensible innovation which must be denounced by everyone who sees it. (15)

Compiled by TowardsHuda (Main Sources)

Related Posts:

The Month of Safar by Shaykh Salih Munajjid (islamqa.info)

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References:
(1) soorah at-Tawbah, v:36
(2) Lisaan al-‘Arab by Ibn al-Mandhoor, part 4, p. 462-463
(3) Al-Bukhaari (5316)
(4) http://islamqa.info/en/45694
(5)Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed, 2/80
(6) Al-Musnad, Al-Saheehayn (Bukharee & Muslim)
(7) http://islamqa.info/en/13930
(8) Arabic reference :Tirmidhee Book 32, Hadeeth 2293 / silsilah as-saheehah
English reference: Tirmidhee Vol. 4, Book 6, Hadeeth 2143 (Darussalaam)
(9) Al-Ifta
(10) Al-Ifta Fatawaa’
(11) Read the fabricated du3aa’ here
(12) Al-Iftaa Fatwa
(13) The fabricated prayer on the Last wednesday of Safar
(14) Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 2/354
(15) Al-Sunan wa’l-Mubtada’aat, p. 111, 112

Ruling on Wiping the Neck during Wudoo’

Bismillaah - CopyProphet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

شَرُّ الأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا وَكُلُّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلالَةٌ

“The worst of matters are those which are newly-invented, and every innovation is a going astray.” (1)

He SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam also said:

مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي دِينِنَا مَا لَيْسَ فِيهِ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ

“Whoever introduces anything into our religion that is not part of it, will have it rejected.” (2)

Widespread AHadeeth about Wiping of the Neck:

These are widespread ahadeeth on internet & different social media forums, about wiping of the neck during wudoo’.

1).Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Wiping the neck is a protection from the yoke (or chains – al-ghull)”  (3)

Al-Nawawi said about this hadeeth “these are not the words of the Prophet” (4). He (Al-Nawawi) & Shaykh Al-Banee graded this hadeeth as Fabricated (mawdoo3) (5)

2). It is narrated from Talhah ibn Musarraf, from his father, from his grandfather, which says that he saw the Messenger of AllaahSallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam wiping his head until he reached the back of his head and the first part of the neck”

This is classed as da3eef by al-Albaani in Da3eef Abi Dawood. (6)

Fatawaa of Scholars about Wiping the Neck:

The majority of scholars are of the opinion that such a practice is not likable.  Many scholars even think that wiping over the neck is Bida3h (bad innovation).  This is the opinion of the Shafi3ee.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:

There is no saheeh report from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam which says that he wiped his neck during wudoo’, rather no such thing has been narrated from him in any saheeh hadeeth. Rather the saheeh ahaadeeth which describe the wudoo’ of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam do not mention that he wiped his neck. Hence the majority of scholars, such as Maalik, al-Shaafa3ee and Ahmed did not regard that as mustahabb. Those who say that it is mustahabb rely on a report narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu or a da3eef (weak) hadeeth which says that he wiped his head until he reached the back of his head. Such reports cannot be relied on, and it does not contradict what is indicated by the sound ahaadeeth. Whoever does not wipe his neck, his wudoo’ is valid according to scholarly consensus” (7)

Imaam an-Nawawee (rahimahullaah):

Wiping the neck during Wudhu is not from the Sunnah, rather it is an innovation. (8) (9)

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

There is no saheeh hadeeth from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam about wiping the neck at all.” (10)

Shaykh Ibn Baaz said:

It is not mustahabb or prescribed in sharee3ah to wipe the neck, rather the head and the ears only are to be wiped, as is indicated by the Qur’aan and Sunnah.” (11)

Shaykh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) said:

I do not see it permissible to wipe ones neck during wudhu, except that a daleel is provided that is authentic, showing its legislation and since there is none it should not be done.(12)

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa replied:

 There is no proof in either the Book of Allaah or the Sunnah of His Messenger SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam that wiping the neck is part of wudoo’, so it is not a prescribed part of wudoo’. (13)

Related Posts:

Know the Rulings

Rulings about Covering the Feet (in prayer)

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References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Bukharee & Saheeh Muslim.
According to a version narrated by Muslim: ((Whoever does any action that is not in accordance with this matter of ours will have it rejected”))
(3)Al-ghull (plural. al-aghlaal) refers to chains that are placed on the neck. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“They are those who disbelieved in their Lord! They are those who will have iron chains (al-aghlaal) tying their hands to their necks”  [soorah Al-Ra3d, v:5]

“And We shall put iron collars (al-aghlaal) round the necks of those who disbelieved. Are they requited aught except what they used to do?”  [soorah Saba, v:33]

(4) Al-Majmoo3 (1/489)  (http://islamqa.info/en/70120)
(5 ) Arabic site
(6) Abu Dawood (132) and was classed as da3eef by al-Albaan33 in Da3eef Abi Dawood.
(7) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa, 21/127
(8) Al-Badar al-Muneer v. 2 p. 221
(9) In al-Majmoo3 (1/489)
Al-Nawawi mentioned a difference of opinion among the companions of al-Shaafa3ee (may Allaah have mercy on him) concerning wiping the neck in wudoo’. Then he said: This is a summary of what they said, and they had four views on this matter, one of which is that it is Sunnah to wipe it with new water. The second is that it is mustahabb and cannot be said to be Sunnah. The third is that it is mustahabb to use the water left from wiping the head and ears. The fourth is that it is neither Sunnah nor mustahabb.
The fourth view is the one that is correct. Hence al-Shaafa3ee (may Allaah have mercy on him) did not mention it, and neither did our earlier companions. It was not mentioned by most of the scholars. There is no proof of that from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
(10) in Zaad al-Ma3aad (1/195)
(11)Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 10/ 103 ((http://islamqa.info/en/70120))
 (12) Tamaam al-Minnah page 98
(13)  Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 5/235 ((http://islamqa.info/en/2168))
 

End the Hijri year with fasting & Prayers for forgiveness?

gallery_91318Question:

As the Hijri year draws to a close, there are many text messages saying that the page recording one’s good deeds will be closed at the end of the year, and urging us to end it with prayers for forgiveness and fasting.

What is the ruling on these messages? Is fasting the last day of the year Sunnah?

Answer:

Praise be to Allaah.

Deeds are Taken Up Twice Daily:

The Sunnah indicates that people’s good deeds are taken up to be shown to Allaah without any delay, twice each day: once at night and once during the day.

It is narrated that Abu Moosa al-Ash3aree (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam stood up before us and told us five things. He said:

“Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted, does not sleep and it is not befitting that He should sleep. He lowers the Balance and raises it; the deeds of the night are taken up to Him before the deeds of the day, and the deeds of the day before the deeds of the night…” (1)

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The recording angels go up with the deeds of the night after it ends, at the beginning of the day, and they go up with the deeds of the day after it ends, at the beginning of the night.

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

The angels of the night and the day come to you in succession, and they meet at Fajr prayer and at 3Asr prayer, then those who stayed among you ascend and their Lord asks them, although He knows best about them, ‘How did you leave My slaves?’ and they say, ‘We left them when they were praying and we came to them when they were praying.’ (2)

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said:

This indicates that deeds are taken up at the end of the day. Whoever is in a state of obedience at that time will be blessed in his provision and his work, and Allaah knows best. Hence we can see the wisdom behind the command to perform these prayers (Fajr and 3Asr) regularly and pay attention to them. 

Deeds are Taken Up Twice Each Week:

The Sunnah indicates that deeds are also shown to Allaah (may He be glorified and exalted) twice each week.

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

People’s deeds are shown [to Allaah] twice each week, on Monday and Thursday, and every believing slave is forgiven except a person between whom and his brother there is a dispute, and it is said, ‘Leave these two until they reconcile.’ (3)

Deeds are Taken Up In the Month of Sha3baan:

The Sunnah also indicates that the good deeds of each year are taken up to Allaah all at once in the month of Sha3baan.

It is narrated that Usaamah ibn Zayd (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I said: O Messenger of Allaah, I do not see you fasting as much in any month as you fast in Ramadaan. He said:

That is a month concerning which the people are heedless, between Rajab and Ramadaan, but it is a month in which good deeds are taken up to the Lord of the Worlds, and I would like my deeds to be taken up when I am fasting.” (4)

These texts may be summed up by noting that people’s deeds are shown to Allaah in three ways:

  • Daily, which happens twice a day
  • Weekly, which also happens twice, on Mondays and Thursdays
  • Annually, which happens once, during the month of Sha3baan

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

The deeds of the year are taken up in Sha3baan, as the truthful one (the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam has told us. The deeds of the week are shown on Monday and Thursday, the deeds of the day are taken up at the end of the day before night comes, and the deeds of the night are taken up at the end of the night, before day comes. When a person’s life comes to an end, all his life’s deeds are taken up and the record of his deeds is closed. (5)

Encouragement To Do Good Deeds:

The ahaadeeth which indicate that deeds are shown to Allaah indicate that it is encouraged to do more deeds of obedience at the times when the deeds are being shown to Him, as the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said concerning fasting in Sha3baan:

I would like my deeds to be taken up when I am fasting.

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

Deeds are shown (to Allaah) on Mondays and Thursdays, and I would like my deeds to be shown when I am fasting.” (6)

One of the Taabi3een used to weep in front of his wife on Thursdays and she would weep in front of him, and he would say: Today our deeds are being shown to Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted. (7)

Conclusion:

From what we have mentioned it is clear that there is no suggestion that at the end of an old year or the beginning of a new year the records of deeds are closed and deeds are shown to Allaah. Rather deeds are shown to Him in the various ways that we have mentioned, and the texts describe other times for this. The texts also indicate that the way of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is to do more acts of obedience at those times.

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said concerning commemorating the end of the year:

There is no basis for that, and singling out the end of the year for specific acts of worship such as fasting is a reprehensible innovation (bid3ah).” 

dua wrong

Fasting On Mondays & Thursdays, if coincides with the End of the year:

With regard to fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, if that is a person’s habit, or if he is fasting on those days because of the reports which encourage doing so, then he should not refrain from doing so because it coincides with the end or beginning of the year, so long as he is not fasting on that day because of that coincidence, or because he thinks that there is any special virtue in fasting on that occasion.

And Allaah knows best.

Taken from Islamqa.info

Related Posts:

Ruling on offering congratulations at the Beginning of the Hijri Year

Virtues of Allaah’s sacred month of Muharram

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 References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim (179)
(2) Al-Bukhaari (555) and Muslim (632)
(3) Muslim (2565)
(4) Al-Nasaa’i (1257) Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’
(5) End quote from Haashiyat Sunan Abi Dawood.
(6) Sunan al-Tirmidhi (747), Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa3 al-Ghaleel (949)
(7) Ibn Rajab in Lataa’if al-Ma3aazif)
 
http://islamqa.info/en/44021

Fasting on 3Arafah if it Falls on Friday

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Fasting On Jumu3ah (Friday):

Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he said: “I heard the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam say:

“None of you should fast on a Friday unless he fasts the day before or the day after”.’ (1)

Fasting on 3Arafah if It Coincides with Friday:

Shaykh 3Abdul-3Azeez bin 3Abdullaah Aal ash-Shaykh was asked the following question:

Q: If the day of 3Arafah (the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah) was to coincide with Friday is it permissible to single it out with fasting (i.e. by not fasting a day along with it)? May Allaah reward you with good.

He replied:

Fasting Friday is forbidden if the intent is the day of Friday itself;  i.e. singling out the day of Friday; so one must fast a day before it or a day after it.

As for it (Friday) coinciding with a day that is obligatory to fast, or (if Friday coincided) with fasting the six days of Shawwaal, or with fasting the 9th or 10th day of Muharram, or with fasting the day of 3Arafah, then there is nothing to prevent him from that (fasting Friday by itself); as long as he is not in a state of Ihraam performing Hajj. ” (2)

Shaykh ibn Baz (rahimahullaah) was asked:

Q: The day of 3Arafah came on Friday, and I fasted on Friday which was the day of 3Arafah, but I did not fast on Thursday; so is there any sin upon me?

He answered:

We hope there is no sin upon you. This is because you did not intend to single out this day for fasting; rather you only fasted this day because it was the day of 3Arafah.

But if you would have fasted Thursday along with it, it would have been safer and less doubtful.

This is because the Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam prohibited singling out Friday for fasting as it relates to the one observing and optional fast. And you were observing an optional fast. Therefore if you would have fasted Thursday along with it, with would have been safer and less doubtful even if your intention was to fast because it was 3Arafah.

But for the believer to investigate so he can be in agreement with the commands of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is safer and less doubtful.

As for fasting (Friday) intending to do so because it is a virtuous day, then this is not permissible because the Messenger prohibited that.

But if you fast this day because it is the day of 3Arafah then we hope there will be nothing upon you. But if the person takes precaution and fast on Thursday along with Friday, this will be safer. (3)

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ was asked:

Q: Is it permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of 3Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday? Or, should a person observe Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it, bearing in mind that the former case conflicts with the Hadeeth prohibiting the observance of Sawm on Friday alone?

They replied:

It is permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of 3Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday without observing Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it as the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is authentically reported to have urged people to observe Sawm on this day highlighting its superiority and the great reward for observing Sawm on it.

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: Fasting the Day of 3Arafah forgives the sins of two years: the previous and the following…”

This Hadeeth specifies the general meaning of the Hadeeth that readsNone of you should fast on Friday unless he fasts a day before or after it”.

Accordingly, the general prohibition understood from this Hadeeth should be understood in the context of observing Sawm on Friday for it merely being Friday.

However, observing Sawm on Friday for another purpose recommended by Shari3ah is permissible and not prohibited even if Sawm is observed on Friday alone. If Sawm is observed on a day preceding or succeeding it, it will be a more precautionary implementation of the two Hadeeths which will have the effect of the increase of the reward. (4)

Ibn Hajar said in Fath Al-Baari:

(after mentioning the prohibition of singling out Jumu3ah for fasting)

“Excluded from this prohibition is one who fasts the day before or after, or if it coincides with days that he habitually fasts, such as one who fasts al-Ayyaam al-Beed (the 13th, 14th and 15th of each hijri month), or who has the habit of fasting a specific day such as the Day of 3Arafah,  and it coincides with a Friday…. (5)

Similarly, if 3Ashoorah or 3Arafah coincides with a Friday, he may fast, because his intention is to fast 3Ashoorah or 3Arafah, not to fast on a Friday. (6)

Compiled by TowardsHuda

Related Posts:

Virtues of the Day of 3Arafah

Fasting On 3Arafah for Different Moon Sighting Countries

Suggested Program For 3Arafah [NEW]

Fasting and Prescribed deeds on the Day of 3Arafah

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References:

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