The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever directs someone to a good, then he will have the reward equal to the doer of the action". [Saheeh Muslim]

Posts tagged ‘virtues of ramadan’

Laylatul Qadr & Menstruating Women

What can a woman who is menstruating do on Laylat al-Qadr?

A woman who is menstruating may do all acts of worship apart from praying, fasting, circumambulating the Ka3bah and doing i3tikaaf in the mosque.

It was narrated that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam used to stay up at night during the last ten nights of Ramadaan. It is narrated that 3Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: “When the last ten nights of Ramadaan came, the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam would refrain from marital relations, stay up at night and wake his family up.” (1)

Staying up at night is not only for prayer, rather it includes all kinds of acts of worship. This is how the scholars interpreted it. 

Al-Haafiz said: “Staying up at night” means staying up to do acts of worship. 

Al-Nawawi said: spending the night staying up to pray etc. 

He said in 3Awn al-Ma’bood: i.e., in prayer, dhikr and reciting the Qur’aan. 

Praying qiyaam is the best act of worship that a person can do on Laylat al-Qadr. Hence the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever spends the night of Laylat al-Qadr in prayer out of faith and in hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.” (2) 

Because the woman who is menstruating is not allowed to pray, she can spend the night in doing other acts of worship apart from prayer, such as:

1- Reading or reciting Qur’aan.

2- Dhikr – such as saying Subhaan-Allaah, La ilaaha illa-Allaah, al-Hamdu Lillaah, etc. She can repeat the words “Subhaan-Allaah wa’l-hamdu Lillaah, wa laa ilaaha ill-Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar (Glory be to Allaah, praise be to Allaah, there is no god but Allaah and Allaah is Most Great)” and “Subhaan Allaah wa bi hamdihi, subhaan Allaah il-3Azeem (Glory and praise be to Allaah, glory be to Allaah the Almighty)” etc.

3- Istighfaar (praying for forgiveness), by repeating the phrase “Astaghfir-Allaah (I ask Allaah for forgiveness).”

4- Du3aa’ (supplication) – she can pray to Allaah and ask Him for what is good in this world and in the Hereafter, for du3aa’ is one of the best acts of worship. The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said, “Du3aa’ is 3ibaadah (worship).” (3)

The woman who is menstruating can do these acts of worship and others on Laylat al-Qadr.

Related Posts:

References:

(1) Al-Bukhaari (2401) and Muslim (1174)
(2) (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1901; Muslim, 760)
http://islamqa.com/en/ref/26753
(3) Al-Tirmidhi, 2895; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 2370).
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Exerting Oneself during the Last Ten Days of Ramadaan

3Aa’ishah radi Allaahu 3Anha aid: “When the last ten days (of Ramadaan) would come, the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam would spend his night in worship, wake his family (at night), exert himself and tighten his Izaar (waistcloth).”(1)

This hadeeth is proof that the last ten days of Ramadaan have a special virtue over any other (set of days), in which one should increase in obedience and acts of worship, such as prayer, making dhikr (remembrance) and reciting the Qur’aan.

3Aa’ishah radi Allaahu 3Anha has described our Prophet and role model, Muhammad sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam with four attributes:

1. He sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam would “spend his night in worship”, meaning he would not sleep during it. Thus, he sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam would remain awake throughout it in worship and he would liven his soul by spending the night in sleeplessness. This is since sleep is the brother of death. The meaning of “spend his night” is that he sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam would spend all of it in the state of qiyaam (night prayer) and performing acts of worship that are done for the sake of Allaah, Lord of the worlds. We must remember that the last ten days of Ramadaan are fixed and numbered.

As for what has been reported concerning the forbiddance of spending the entire night in prayer, which has been mentioned in the hadeeth of 3Abdullaah Ibn 3Amr radi Allaahu 3Anhu, then it is in regards to someone who does that consistently throughout every night of the year.

2. He sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam would “wake up his family”,  meaning his pure wives, the Mothers of the Believers, so that they may take part in the profiting of good, the dhikr (remembrance) and the acts of worship during these blessed times.

3. He sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam would “exert himself”, meaning he sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam would persevere and struggle in worship, adding more to his deeds than what he had done in the first twenty days (of Ramadaan). He only did this because the night of Al-Qadr occurs during one of these (last ten) days.

4. He sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam would “tighten his Izaar (waist cloth)” meaning he would exert himself and struggle intensely in worship. It is also said that it means he sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam would withdraw from women. This seems to be more correct since it inclines with what was mentioned previously and with the hadeeth of Anas radi Allaahu 3Anhu: “He sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam would roll up his bed and withdraw from women (i.e. his wives).” (2)

Also, he sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam would observe I3tikaaf in the last ten days of Ramadaan and the person who is in the state of I3tikaaf is restricted from interacting (sexually) with women.

So, O Muslim brother, strive to characterize yourself with these attributes. And guard the prayer you make in the depths of the night (tahajjud) with the Imaam in addition to the Taraaweeh prayer (which is prayed in the early parts of the night), so that your exertion in these last ten days may go beyond that of the first twenty. And so that you may achieve the attribute of “spending the night in worship” by praying.

And you must be patient in your obedience to Allaah, for indeed, the tahajjud (night) prayer is difficult, but its reward is great. By Allaah, it is a great opportunity in ones life and a profitable thing to take advantage of, for the one whom Allaah grants it to. And a person does not know if perhaps he will encounter one of Allaah’s many rewards during the night prayer, thus serving as assistance for him in this world and in the Hereafter.

The righteous predecessors of this ummah would lengthen the prayer at night, exerting themselves. As-Saa’ib Ibn Yazeed said: “3Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab ordered Ubay Bin Ka3ab and Tameem Ad-Daaree to lead the people in prayer with eleven raka’aat. The reciter would recite one hundred verses, to the point that we had to lean upon wooden staffs due to the long standing. And we would not stop until the early parts of Fajr.” [3]

3Abdullaah Ibn Abee Bakr reported: “I heard my father (i.e. Abu Bakr) say: ‘During Ramadaan, we would finish (the night prayer) late and we would hurry the servants to present the food (of suhoor) for fear that Fajr (morning) would come upon us.” [4]

There are two struggles of the soul that the believer faces during Ramadaan: the struggle by day with fasting and the struggle by night with qiyaam (night prayer). So whosoever combines these two and fulfills their rights, then he is amongst the patient — those who will “be given their reward in full without any reckoning.” [5]

These ten days are the last part of the month and a person’s actions are based on his last ones. So perhaps, he will encounter the night of Al-Qadr, while standing in prayer for Allaah and thus have all his past sins forgiven.

And one must incite, animate and persuade his family to perform acts of worship, especially in these great times in which no one neglects it except that he has been deprived. What is more incredible than this is that while the people are performing prayer and making tahajjud, some individuals spend their time in forbidden gatherings and sinful events. This is indeed the greatest loss. We ask Allaah for his protection.

Therefore, embarking on these last days means entering into the profiting from righteous deeds in what remains of the month. From the unfortunate matters is to see that some people excel in righteous actions, such as prayer and recitation of the Qur’aan, in the first part of the month, but then signs of fatigue and weariness begin to show on them afterwards, especially when the last ten days of Ramadaan come in. And this is in spite of these last ten days possessing a greater standing than the first ones. Thus, one must persevere in striving and struggling and increase his worship when the end of the month draws near.

And we must keep in mind that a person’s actions are based on his last ones.

by Shaykh 3Abdullaah Ibn Saalih Al-Fawzaan
Source: Ahaadeeth As-Siyaam (pg. 133-135)

Related Posts:

Virtues of Last 10 days and Laylatul Qadr

Virtues of Night of Qadr by Shaykh Fawzaan

How to seek Laylat-ul Qadr by Shaykh Al-Banee

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References:
[1] Al-Bukhaaree (4/269) and Muslim (1174)
[2] See Lataa’if-ul-Ma’aarif: pg. 219
[3] See Al-Muwatta (Eng. Dar El-Fiker): vol. 1, pg 154
[4] Also in the Muwatta of Imaam Maalik: vol. 1, pg. 156
[5] Surat-uz-Zumar: 15

Conditions You Must Meet to Benefit from the Qur’aan

اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابًا مُّتَشَابِهًا مَّثَانِيَ تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْهُ جُلُودُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلِينُ جُلُودُهُمْ وَقُلُوبُهُمْ إِلَىٰ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُدَى اللَّهِ يَهْدِي بِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَن يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ

“Allaah has sent down the best statement, a Book (this Qur’aan), its parts resembling each other in goodness and truth, oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it (when they recite it or hear it). Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allaah. That is the guidance of Allaah. He Guides therewith whom He pleases and whomever Allaah sends astray, for him there is no guide. [Soorah Az-Zumar, v: 23]

Al-Hasan Al-Basree said: “O son of Aadam, how is your heart ever going to be softened by the recitation of Qur’aan when all you read for is to reach the end of the soorah

If you want to benefit from the Qur’aan;

1.You must concentrate and devote your heart solely when reciting and listening to it.

2.You must pay attention, and try to comprehend the fact that what you are reading is the word of Allaah.

3.  As you read you must know that Allaah is addressing you in and through His Qur’aan. Indeed it is the words of Allaah to you through the tongue of His Messenger sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam.

Allaah says:

إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَذِكْرَىٰ لِمَن كَانَ لَهُ قَلْبٌ أَوْ أَلْقَى السَّمْعَ وَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ

which means: “Verily, therein is a reminder for him who has a heart and gives ear while he is heedful.” [soorah Qaaf, v:37]

Obtaining the perfect effect depends upon the stimulus, the place of the receiver , the condition for the effect to occur, and the absence of any obstacle that may obstruct the effect. The above verse explains all that in the most precise and clear words.

Allaah says, which means: “Verily, therein is a reminder” it is a sign for what has passed from the beginning of the chapter until this verse.

His saying, “for him who has a heart” refers to the place of the receiver and it means the living heart, which comprehends what Allaah says.

For example when Allaah says:

إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ وَقُرْآنٌ مُّبِينٌ ﴿٦٩﴾ لِّيُنذِرَ مَن كَانَ حَيًّا

which means: “This is only a Reminder and a Plain Qur’aan . That he or it (Muhammed salallaahu alayhi wasalam or the Qur’aan) may give warning to him who is living ( a healthy minded believer.)”[soorah Yaa-seen, v:69-70]

“who is living” means the one who has a living heart.

And when Allaah says, which means,“and gives ear” means the person listens to what is being said to him.

And this is the condition to be truly affected by the words.

And His saying “while he is heedful” means to be aware; that his heart is conscious and not distracted by any worldly matter.

Ibn Qutaibah said, “He is listening to the Book of Allaah while his heart is present and understands; not being inattentive or unaware. If the heart is inattentive; lacking understanding concerning what is being said, as well as failing to see or meditate on it, then there is an obstruction. If however, the Qur’aan produced an effect on the receiver, which is the living heart and the condition of listening was fulfilled, and the heart is not engaged with something other than the meaning of the speech, the desired effect will occur, which is obtaining benefit from the Qur’aan and remembrance.”

by Ibn al Qayyim.
Al- Fawaid – A collection of wise sayings

Related Posts:

3Ibaadah In Ramadaan (1)

The Month of Qur’aan

A short powerful reminder about the essence of Ramaadan by brother No3uman 3Ali Khan.

Ramadaan, the month of Qur’aan. a worth watch.

May Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aala gives us the true understanding of His book & open our hearts to love & feel His words. Aameen

“Did he not reach Ramadaan, fast and pray…?”

Talhah ibn 3UbaydAllaah radi-Allaahu 3anhu reported that two men came to the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam who had accepted Islaam at the same time. One of them used to partake in Jihaad more-so than the other, and so (one day) he fought in a battle and was martyred therein. The other remained behind him for another year, and then he passed away.

Talhah said: “I saw in my dream that I was at the door of Paradise when behold, I was with both of them (the two men). Someone came out of Paradise and allowed the man who passed away later to enter first. Then he came out again and allowed the martyred one to enter. Then he returned and said to me, ‘Go back, for your time has not come yet.’”

Talhah woke up and began to inform others about this and they were all surprised. This reached the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam and when they informed him of it, he said:

من أي ذلك تعجبون؟ قالوا: يا رسول اللهّ هذا كان أشد الرجلين اجتهاداً ثم استشهد ودخل هذا الآخر الجنة قبله فقال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم) : أليس قد مكث هذا بعده سنة؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: أدرك رمضان فصام وصلى كذا وكذا من سجدة في السنة؟ قالوا: بلى. قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وسلم): فما بينهما أبعد مما بين السماء والأرض

He sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said: “What are you surprised about?’”

They said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah! Out of them both, this one strove harder (in Jihaad) then he was martyred but this other one was entered into Paradise before him.’ 

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said: “Did he not remain behind him for one year?’” They said, ‘Yes (he did).’ 

He said, “Did he not reach Ramadaan, fast and pray with such and such number of prostrations in the year?’” They said, ‘Yes.’ 

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said, “So the difference between them is greater than what is between the heavens and the earth.” (1)

Make the most out of Ramadaan, we seriously don’t realise its greatness, worth and reward.

May Allaah let us reach Ramadaan & give us tawfeeq to do good deeds. ameen

 
Reference:
(1) Saheeh Ibn Maajah (2/345, 346) see Shaykh Al-baani’s “al-Silsilah al-Saheehah”

 

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