You may be thinking: “I just graduated, I make an awesome salary, I just bought this brand new 09 car, and I’m doing very well!” Or, “I live my parents and they take care of me!”
Well my response to you is that you’re still broke. Very very poor.
Read the words of your Rabb:
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنْتُمُ الْفُقَرَاءُ إِلَى اللَّهِ ۖ وَاللَّهُ هُوَ الْغَنِيُّ الْحَمِيدُ
“O mankind! You are all Fuqaraa’ (who stand in need of Allaah, but Allaah is Rich (free of all wants and needs), Worthy of all praise!” (1)
Allaah ta3aalaa addresses all of us, every last one of us. Not just the believers, Not just the Prophet but Muslim, non-Muslim, white, black, woman, man…every last human on this earth.
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ O Mankind!
أَنْتُمُ الْفُقَرَاءُ You are all Fuqaraa’ to Allaah.
Al fuqaraa is plural of the word faqeer (فقير)which is from the root
fa-qaaf-ra (ف ق ر)
and faqr means poverty. Faqeer is one who has poverty and one who is poor. If we look at the root of this word, Faqrah is used for part of the spine and faaqirah is used for that which breaks the spine. So a faqeer is one who is suffering from back-breaking poverty, one who is extremely needy, so desperate for anything that could save them.
In the Qur’aan, there are two words used to describe a poor person: faqeer and miskeen.
What is the difference?
Faqeer is someone who has no wealth and no means of obtaining wealth. So they have no money in the bank and they don’t have a job. While a miskeen is one who is also poor, but they have the means, they just need a little extra to make it.
So Allaah ta3aalaa doesn’t call us masakeen (plural of miskeen) but He says: You are all Fuqaraa’– you are all extremely poor. You do not own or possess a thing. And if wasn’t for Allaah ta3aalaa, you would have nothing. You are all in need of Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aalaa, in the dunya and aakhirah. In every state of your existance: in the womb, as a baby, as a toddler, as a young person, as an old person, at the time of death, in the grave and in the hereafter.
So we are fuqaraa’. Who is Allaah?
Allaah is: الْغَنِي Al-Ghaniyy, the One who is Rich, the Independent.
Ghaniyy is from root:
ghayn-noon-ya (غ ن ي) and ghaniyy means richness.
So Allaah is The One who is Very Rich, the One who is Self Sufficient, the One who is Free of All Wants and Needs. He needs nothing from us. Absolutely nothing. He has everything and we have nothing.
And He is: الْحَمِيد Al Hameed: The Most Praiseworthy.
Hameed is from ha-meem-daal (ح م د) and Hameed is the One who is deserving of praise, if one does hamd of Him or not. He doesn’t even need our hamd!
What lessons can we take from this ayah?
- Do not let the thought pass in your mind that you are benefiting Allaah 3azza wa jal in any way. Don’t be an arrogant broke person!
- Be humble to Allaah 3azza wa jal. Remember that Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aalaa needs nothing from us. Why would He, Al-Ghaniyy, need something from a puny, weak, broke human like ourselves when He Possesses the Kingdom (mulk) of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them? We are nothing.
- Ask Allaah ta3aalaa, and He will give you. “…O My servants, all of you are hungry (needy) except for those whom I feed, therefore seek food from Me so that I may feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked (need clothes) except for those whom I provide garments, therefore seek clothing from Me so that I should clothe you. O My servants, you sin by night and by day and I am there to pardon your sins, therefore seek forgiveness from Me so that I should grant you pardon…” (2)
- Attribute all good to Allaah 3azza wa jal, and not to ourselves. You didn’t memorize the Qur’an yourself. You didn’t study the deen yourself. You didn’t graduate yourself. You didn’t get that job yourself. You didn’t, you didn’t, you didn’t. Allaah 3azza wa jal gave us all of these blessings, we did not will it for ourselves. Don’t take credit for something you didn’t do.
- Be grateful for what Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aalaa has given you and thank Him. Do hamd of Al Hameed. How would we feel if we gave a load of cash to a homeless person who was in so much need of anything, yet they just took the money and didn’t even say thank you? We’d be angry, right? And for Allaah is the Highest Example! How can we, al fuqaraa’, receive blessing after blessing and not thank Allaah for it? He is not in need of our thanks and gratitude, Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aalaa says in soorah Ibraheem:
لَئِنْ شَكَرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ ۖ وَلَئِنْ كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيدٌ
“Indeed if you are grateful and give thanks, surely I will definitely increase you, but if you are ungrateful (then know) My punishment is indeed most severe. (3)
What have we done to show Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aalaa we are truly thankful?
Remember: Shukr (gratitude) is by action! The Prophet salAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam would pray qiyaam until his feet would swell, and when asked by 3Aeyshah radi-Allaahu 3anha why he still prays even though his past and future sins are forgiven, he said the famous answer:
يَا عَائِشَةُ أَفَلَا أَكُونُ عَبْدًا شَكُورًا
“O 3Aa’ishah, should I not be a thankful slave?” (4)
So we should use these blessings that Allaah has given us to do good, and not use them to disobey Him. Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aalaa says in soorah Saba:
وَقَلِيلٌ مِنْ عِبَادِيَ الشَّكُورُ,
“But FEW of My slaves are thankful” (5)
Will you be among those few?
Or will you be an arrogant, ungrateful broke person?
Alhamdulillaah. Hamadan, katheeran, tayyiban, mubaarakan feeh.
The most perfect praise is only for Allaah, a praise that is countless, good and blessed.
اللَّهُمَّ أَعِنِّي عَلَى ذِكْرِكَ وَشُكْرِكَ وَحُسْنِ عِبَادَتِكَ
Allaahumma a3innee 3alaa dhikrika wa shukrika wa husni 3ebaadatik.
O Allaah, help us to remember You, to thank You, and to worship You in the best way.Notes by Amatullaah (from bayyinah Tafseer) Taken from Tayyibaat with slight modifications