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The Month of Safar & the Innovations & Superstitions

Bismillah-Salaam1Allaah says

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ 

(interpretation of the meaning):

Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” (1)

The month of Safar is one of the twelve Hijri months, and it is the month which comes after Muharram.

326_bIts Name- Safar (صفر )

Some of the (scholars) said that it is so named because of the emptying (isfaar) of Makkah (i.e., its people would all leave) when they travelled during this month.

It was also said that this month is named Safar because they used to raid other tribes at this time, and they would leave those whom they encountered bereft of their possessions (sifran min al-mataa’) – i.e., they would take all their belongings away and they would leave them with nothing. (2)

Incorrect beliefs & Superstitions concerning the month of Safar

These were well known among the people of the Jaahiliyyah, and still exist among some of those who claim to be Muslims. 

  • 4 Rak3aat naafil prayer, prayed on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, with specific soorah & no. of times soorah are read in it.
  • People do not conclude marriage contracts during Safar
  • Many people believe that it is not permissible to break a stick, knot ropes, or entwine fingers when concluding a marriage contract for this leads to failure of the concerned marriage and disharmony between the spouses
  • Some believe that no one should marry or be circumcised in the month of Safar.
  • Every year, 320,000 calamities come down, and all of that comes down on the last Wednesday of Safar.
  • Or there a special du3aa for Safar or ‘travelling or marriage in Safar is haraam (forbidden)

Ahadeeth  of the Prophet About Safar & Superstition:

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

لا عَدْوَى وَلا طِيَرَةَ وَلا هَامَةَ وَلا صَفَرَ

There is no 3adwaa, no tiyarah, no haamah and no Safar  (3)

(3adwaa (contagion, transmission of infectious disease without the permission of Allaah). Tiyarah (superstitious belief in bird omens). Haamah (refers to a Jaahili Arab tradition described variously as: a worm which infests the grave of a murder victim until he is avenged; an owl; or the bones of a dead person turned into a bird that could fly). Safar (the month of Safar was regarded as “unlucky” during the Jaahiliyyah) (4)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:  

The words “no Safar” refers to the month of Safar, which the Arabs used to regard as inauspicious, especially for marriage. And it was said that it was a stomach disease that affected camels and was transmitted from one camel to another.

It is more likely that what is meant by Safar here is the month, and that what is meant by saying “no Safar” is that it is not to be regarded as inauspicious, rather it is like any other time, during which good or bad things may be decreed.

This does not mean that these things do not happen, because they do happen. Rather it is a statement that they do not have any effect. The One Who causes things to happen is Allaah. If any of these things has a known effect then that is valid and real; if any of them is imagined to have an effect, then that is invalid and false. Thus the hadeeth demonstrates that if there is a valid effect, it cannot be attributed to that thing itself (rather the One Who causes it to happen is Allaah). If the effect is merely imagined, then this hadeeth is stating that it has no effect in the first place. (5)

safarProphet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

 قال : ” لا هامة ولا صفر “ ، زاد مسلم وغيره  ولا نَوء ولا غُول 

“No haamah and no Safar.” (6). In narration of Muslim and others add the words: “No naw’ and no ghoul.” 

It was said that they used to have superstitions concerning the month of Safar, so the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “No Safar”.

And it was said that the Arabs used to believe that there was a snake in the stomach which would harm a person when he had intercourse, and that this was contagious, so the Lawgiver denied that. Maalik said: “The people of the Jaahiliyyah would regard Safar as not being sacred one year and as sacred the next year. (7)

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

لاَ عَدْوَى وَلاَ صَفَرَ خَلَقَ اللَّهُ كُلَّ نَفْسٍ وَكَتَبَ حَيَاتَهَا وَرِزْقَهَا وَمَصَائِبَهَا

There is no 3Adwa nor safar. Allaah created every soul, so he wrote its life, its provision, and its afflictions”. (8)

Fatawaa About Different Superstitions & Innovations in Safar:

Shaykh Bin Baaz said regarding doing Marriage contracts & or entwining fingers etc during Safar:

Safar, just like all other months, does not bring good or evil, as good is only from Allah subhaanAllaah and evil is predestined by Him. Moreover, it is authentically reported that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam annulled the concept of pessimism when he said: “There is no 3Adwa, nor is there any Tiyarah, nor is there any Hamah, nor is there Safar”

The same applies to pessimism about entwining fingers, breaking a stick, etc., when concluding a marriage contract. Such beliefs are false, baseless, and thus they should not be adopted by a Muslim. (9)

The Permanent Committee was asked about marrying or be circumcision in the month of Safar. They replied:

What is mentioned with regard to the prohibition of marriage or circumcision during the month of Safar is superstition. Being superstitious of months, days, birds and similar animals is not permissible.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is no 3Adwa, nor is there any Tiyarah (evil omen), nor is there any Hamah, nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during Jahiliyyah).

Being superstitious about the month of Safar falls under forbidden pessimism that discourages from acting and is one of the acts of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance) that was annulled by Islam. (10)

The Permanent Committee was asked about a du3aa’ (11) distributed and said in Safar (asking Allaah by Tawassul of  Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger & names of Allaah). They replied:

This is an innovated Du3aa’ in terms of being specified to be said at a certain time. It also includes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of…) by Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger and names which are given to Allaah although they are stated neither in the Qur’aan nor in the Sunnah. It is not permissible to name Allaah  except with what He has named Himself in His Book or revealed to His Messenger Muhammad.

Tawassul by people or by the virtue of their status in Du3aa’ is a Bid3ah (innovation in religion), and every Bid3ah is misguidance and a means to Shirk. Accordingly, the circulation of this Du3aa’ should be prevented in addition to getting rid of any of its copies. It seems that it is innovated by the Shiites. (12)

The Permanent Committee was asked about a specific 4 Rak3aat prayer that is prayed on the last Wednesday of Safar (13), that if prayed in specific manner, Allaah protect him by His generosity from all the calamities that come down on that day, and they will not come around him.

They replied:

We do not know of any basis in the Qur’aan or in the Sunnah for the naafil prayer mentioned in the question. We have no proof that any one among the salaf of this ummah or the righteous people of its later generations did this naafil prayer. Rather it is a reprehensible innovation.

It was narrated that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours [Islam], will have it rejected.” And he said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours that is not part of it, will have it rejected.”

Whoever attributes this prayer and the things that are mentioned with it to the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam or to any of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) is fabricating serious lies, and Allaah will give him the punishment for liars which he deserves. (14)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn 3Abd al-Salaam al-Shuqayri said:

The ignorant have the habit of writing down the verses of salaam such as “Salaam (peace) be upon Nooh (from Us) among the 3Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)!””  (soorah As-Saafaat 37:79) etc. on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, then they put them in vessels and drink it and seek blessings from it, and they give it as gifts to one another, because they believe that this will take away bad things. This is a false belief and a blameworthy superstition, a reprehensible innovation which must be denounced by everyone who sees it. (15)

Compiled by TowardsHuda (Main Sources)

Related Posts:

The Month of Safar by Shaykh Salih Munajjid (islamqa.info)

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References:
(1) soorah at-Tawbah, v:36
(2) Lisaan al-‘Arab by Ibn al-Mandhoor, part 4, p. 462-463
(3) Al-Bukhaari (5316)
(4) http://islamqa.info/en/45694
(5)Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed, 2/80
(6) Al-Musnad, Al-Saheehayn (Bukharee & Muslim)
(7) http://islamqa.info/en/13930
(8) Arabic reference :Tirmidhee Book 32, Hadeeth 2293 / silsilah as-saheehah
English reference: Tirmidhee Vol. 4, Book 6, Hadeeth 2143 (Darussalaam)
(9) Al-Ifta
(10) Al-Ifta Fatawaa’
(11) Read the fabricated du3aa’ here
(12) Al-Iftaa Fatwa
(13) The fabricated prayer on the Last wednesday of Safar
(14) Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 2/354
(15) Al-Sunan wa’l-Mubtada’aat, p. 111, 112
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Ruling on Wiping the Neck during Wudoo’

Bismillaah - CopyProphet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

شَرُّ الأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا وَكُلُّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلالَةٌ

“The worst of matters are those which are newly-invented, and every innovation is a going astray.” (1)

He SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam also said:

مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي دِينِنَا مَا لَيْسَ فِيهِ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ

“Whoever introduces anything into our religion that is not part of it, will have it rejected.” (2)

Widespread AHadeeth about Wiping of the Neck:

These are widespread ahadeeth on internet & different social media forums, about wiping of the neck during wudoo’.

1).Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Wiping the neck is a protection from the yoke (or chains – al-ghull)”  (3)

Al-Nawawi said about this hadeeth “these are not the words of the Prophet” (4). He (Al-Nawawi) & Shaykh Al-Banee graded this hadeeth as Fabricated (mawdoo3) (5)

2). It is narrated from Talhah ibn Musarraf, from his father, from his grandfather, which says that he saw the Messenger of AllaahSallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam wiping his head until he reached the back of his head and the first part of the neck”

This is classed as da3eef by al-Albaani in Da3eef Abi Dawood. (6)

Fatawaa of Scholars about Wiping the Neck:

The majority of scholars are of the opinion that such a practice is not likable.  Many scholars even think that wiping over the neck is Bida3h (bad innovation).  This is the opinion of the Shafi3ee.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:

There is no saheeh report from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam which says that he wiped his neck during wudoo’, rather no such thing has been narrated from him in any saheeh hadeeth. Rather the saheeh ahaadeeth which describe the wudoo’ of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam do not mention that he wiped his neck. Hence the majority of scholars, such as Maalik, al-Shaafa3ee and Ahmed did not regard that as mustahabb. Those who say that it is mustahabb rely on a report narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu or a da3eef (weak) hadeeth which says that he wiped his head until he reached the back of his head. Such reports cannot be relied on, and it does not contradict what is indicated by the sound ahaadeeth. Whoever does not wipe his neck, his wudoo’ is valid according to scholarly consensus” (7)

Imaam an-Nawawee (rahimahullaah):

Wiping the neck during Wudhu is not from the Sunnah, rather it is an innovation. (8) (9)

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

There is no saheeh hadeeth from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam about wiping the neck at all.” (10)

Shaykh Ibn Baaz said:

It is not mustahabb or prescribed in sharee3ah to wipe the neck, rather the head and the ears only are to be wiped, as is indicated by the Qur’aan and Sunnah.” (11)

Shaykh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) said:

I do not see it permissible to wipe ones neck during wudhu, except that a daleel is provided that is authentic, showing its legislation and since there is none it should not be done.(12)

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa replied:

 There is no proof in either the Book of Allaah or the Sunnah of His Messenger SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam that wiping the neck is part of wudoo’, so it is not a prescribed part of wudoo’. (13)

Related Posts:

Know the Rulings

Rulings about Covering the Feet (in prayer)

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References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Bukharee & Saheeh Muslim.
According to a version narrated by Muslim: ((Whoever does any action that is not in accordance with this matter of ours will have it rejected”))
(3)Al-ghull (plural. al-aghlaal) refers to chains that are placed on the neck. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“They are those who disbelieved in their Lord! They are those who will have iron chains (al-aghlaal) tying their hands to their necks”  [soorah Al-Ra3d, v:5]

“And We shall put iron collars (al-aghlaal) round the necks of those who disbelieved. Are they requited aught except what they used to do?”  [soorah Saba, v:33]

(4) Al-Majmoo3 (1/489)  (http://islamqa.info/en/70120)
(5 ) Arabic site
(6) Abu Dawood (132) and was classed as da3eef by al-Albaan33 in Da3eef Abi Dawood.
(7) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa, 21/127
(8) Al-Badar al-Muneer v. 2 p. 221
(9) In al-Majmoo3 (1/489)
Al-Nawawi mentioned a difference of opinion among the companions of al-Shaafa3ee (may Allaah have mercy on him) concerning wiping the neck in wudoo’. Then he said: This is a summary of what they said, and they had four views on this matter, one of which is that it is Sunnah to wipe it with new water. The second is that it is mustahabb and cannot be said to be Sunnah. The third is that it is mustahabb to use the water left from wiping the head and ears. The fourth is that it is neither Sunnah nor mustahabb.
The fourth view is the one that is correct. Hence al-Shaafa3ee (may Allaah have mercy on him) did not mention it, and neither did our earlier companions. It was not mentioned by most of the scholars. There is no proof of that from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
(10) in Zaad al-Ma3aad (1/195)
(11)Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 10/ 103 ((http://islamqa.info/en/70120))
 (12) Tamaam al-Minnah page 98
(13)  Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 5/235 ((http://islamqa.info/en/2168))
 

Fasting Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’

besm4

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.” (1)

Mustahabb (encouraged) to fast Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’:

3Abd-Allaah ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhuma said: “When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted on 3Aashooraa’ and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

If I live to see the next year, in-shaa’-Allaah, we will fast on the ninth day too.’

But it so happened that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam passed away before the next year came.” (2)

Al-Shaafa3ee and his companions, Ahmad, Ishaaq and others said:

It is mustahabb [recommended] to fast both the ninth and the tenth, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted the tenth and intended to fast the ninth.

Wisdom Behind Fasting Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’

If one were to ask, what is the wisdom behind fasting the ninth as well as the tenth?  The answer is:

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

The scholars among our companions and others said that there are several reasons for recommending fasting on the ninth day (Taasoo3aa’):

1. The intention behind it is to be different from the Jews who limit their fasting to the tenth day. This was narrated from Ibn 3Abbaas.

2. The intention was to join the fast of 3Aashooraa to another day, just as it is not allowed to fast on a Friday on its own [but it is allowed if one fasts the day before or the day after as well].

3. The idea is to be on the safe side and make sure one is fasting on the tenth, in case the moon sighting was not accurate and what people think is the ninth is actually the tenth.

The strongest of these reasons is in order to be different from the People of the Book.

fasting taasoo3aa

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah said:

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam forbade resembling the People of the Book in many ahaadeeth. For example, he said concerning 3Aashooraa: “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth.” (3)

Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, commenting on the hadeeth “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth”:

His concern to fast the ninth may be understood as meaning that he would not limit himself to that, rather that he would add it to the tenth, either to be on the safe side, or to be different from the Jews and Christians, which is more likely to be correct; this is what may be understood from some of the reports narrated by Muslim.” (4)

Based on this, there are different ways of fasting 3Aashooraa, the least of which is to fast the tenth only, but it is better to fast the ninth as well. The more one fasts in Muharram, the better.

 Fasting Only On the Day of 3Aashooraa’:

Shaykh al-Islaam said:

Fasting on the day of 3Aashoraa’ is an expiation for a year, and it is not makrooh to fast only that day”. (5)

Ibn Hajar al-Haytami said: 

There is nothing wrong with fasting only on 3Aashooraa’.” (6)

only 3Aashooraa'

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa said:

It is permissible to fast the day of 3Aashooraa’. (tenth day of Muharram) just one day, however, it is better to fast the day before it or the day after it (also)”. (7)

Related Posts:

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Some Rulings About 3Aashooraa’

 References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Muslim, 1916.
(3) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 6
(4) Fath al-Baari, 4/245
Read More: http://islamqa.com/en/ref/21785
(5) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5
(6) In Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj: part 3, Baab Sawm al-Tatawwu’
(7) Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘3lmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Volume 10, Page 401, Fatwa No.13700

Wash your Heart before Ramadaan

Bismillaah - Copy

Ramadaan is around the corner. Before we enter Ramadaan, its time to rectify our hearts.

Shaykh Muhammad Hussain Ya3qoob gave an excellent, beneficial advice about how to rectify, clean & soften our hearts. 

A timely worth watching reminder..

May Allaah help us to purify our hearts from all internal diseases & filth of sins & give us life to live Ramadaan.

Related Posts:

Clean Your Heart Before Ramadaan

Why We dont feel the beauty of Ramadaan

Preparing for Ramadaan

Fasting In Rajab

bismillah21

Importance of the Month of Rajab:

The month of Rajab is one of the sacred months. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein”.  (1)

The sacred months are: Rajab, Dhu’l-Qa3dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram.

Fasting the month of Rajab:

There is no saheeh hadeeth to indicate that there is any special virtue in fasting all or part of this month.

What some people do, singling out some days of Rajab for fasting, believing that they are better than others, has no basis in sharee3ah.

There is a hadeeth that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Fast some days of the sacred months and not others.” (2)

But it is classed as da3eef by Shaykh Al-Baani.

Even if this hadeeth were saheeh, it indicates that it is mustahabb to fast during the sacred months. So if a person fasts during Rajab because of this, and he also fasts in the other sacred months, there is nothing wrong with that. But singling out Rajab for fasting is not right.

fasting_rajab

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

As for fasting in Rajab in particular, the ahaadeeth concerning that are all da3eef (weak), and in fact mawdoo3 (fabricated). The scholars do not rely on any of them. They are not among the da3eef ahaadeeth which have been narrated concerning virtues, rather most of them are fabricated and false.

In al-Musnad and elsewhere there is a hadeeth which says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined fasting the sacred months, namely Rajab, Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram, but this has to do with fasting during all of them, not just Rajab. End quote. (3)

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“Every hadeeth which mentions fasting in Rajab and praying during some of its nights is false and fabricated.” (4)

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Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: “There is no saheeh hadeeth that would count as evidence which speaks of the virtue of the month of Rajab, or that speaks of fasting this month or part of it, or of spending any particular night of it in prayer”. (5)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (Rahimahu-Allaah) said:

“There are some people who specify the month of Rajab with fasting all of it, and this is a bid3ah and not a sunnah, even Abu Bakr (Radi-Allaahu 3Anhu) he entered upon his household and saw that they have collected two pots of water in order to get ready for fasting Rajab so he broke the pots and said: “Do you want to change Rajab into Ramadaan? “

As for the one who was used to fasting Mondays and Thursdays or the White days then we say let him continue fasting them, And there is no specified fasting for the month of Rajab in particular.” (6)

Shaykh Sayyid Saabiq (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“Fasting in Rajab is no better than fasting in any other month, except that  it is one of the sacred months. There is no report in the saheeh Sunnah to suggest that there is anything special about fasting in this month. Whatever has been narrated concerning that is not fit to be quoted as evidence” (7)

Fasting on 27th of Rajab:

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (Rahimahu-Allaah) was asked about fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer. He replied:

Fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer is a bid3ah (innovation), and every bid3ah is a going astray” (8)

References:
(1) Soorah At-Tawbah, v:36
(2) Abu Dawood 2428; classed as da3eef by al-Albaani in Da’eef Abi Dawood.
(3) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa (25/290)
(4) Al-Manaar al-Muneef, p. 96
(5) Tabyeen al-3Ajab (p. 11)
(6) Fatwa fil-Hajj – 659
(7) Fiqh al-Sunnah (1/282)
(8) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn 3Uthaymeen, 20/440.

http://islamqa.info/en/75394

Related Posts:

The Du3aa’ upon Entering Rajab?

The Month of Rajab

 

Wash Your Heart

BismillahRamadaan is at our door steps. Its time to rectify our hearts before we enter Ramadaan.

How!

Wash it & purify it..

Shaykh Muhammad Hussain Ya3qoob gives a practical beautiful advice about how to wash & clean our hearts.  A timely worth watching reminder..

May Allaah help us to purify our hearts from all internal diseases & filth of sins & give us life to live Ramadaan.

Related Posts:

Clean Your Heart Before Ramadaan

Clean The Heart Before Ramadaan

Bismillaah - Copy

Ramdaan is just round the corner. A practical beneficial read, that we all need to gain the maximum benefits from Ramadaan as we prepare for the arrival of this blessed month.

“We dont feel the beauty of Ramadaan & 3Ibaadah as our hearts have some problems. unless we clean our hearts from all hatred, sins & all internal diseases, we wont feel the beauty of 3Ibaadah and the sweetness of Ramadaan.

Just like you can’t plant a seed on a tough piece of land or marble, you need to dig & make the soil soft, then water the soil to make it ready for seeding, similarly we need to clean our hearts first to taste the sweetness of 3Ibaadah & to have Ramadaan an effect on us.”

clean heartHow Do we clean our heart. Read below.

Clean Your Heart Before Ramadaan  (click)

[Excerpt from a Ramadaan course]

Notes taken by a student

Related Posts:

Preparing for Ramadaan

 

The Month of Rajab

Rajab is one of those sacred months, which Allaah has chosen and given a special status. Allaah says in Soorah Tawbah:

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْراً فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ

“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four (Dhul-Qa3dah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab) are Sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein.” (1)

Allaah has commanded us to give special attention to the sanctity of these four months, and refrain from committing sins in them.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُحِلُّوا شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ وَلَا الشَّهْرَ الْحَرَامَ

(interpretation of meaning): “O you who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the Symbols of Allaah, nor of the Sacred Month” (2)

meaning avoid sins and do not violate the laws of Allaah for you are required to respect and honor the sacred months – This prohibition includes both sinful deeds and incorrect beliefs. However, we find numerous innovations widespread among the masses of people with regards to the month of Rajab, some of them are fasting, praying Qiyaam on the 27th of Rajab. Also included in these innovations are visiting graves, reciting specific Du3aas, frequently performing 3Umrah in Rajab, etc.

Innovation in religion is one of the serious matters which go against the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah. The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam did not die until after the religion had been perfected. Allaah says:

 الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا  

(interpretation of the meaning): “This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islaam as your religion…” (3)

 عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت : قال رسول الله عليه وسلم : من أحدث في أمرنا ما ليس منه فهو رد . متفق عليه

It was reported that 3Aayesha radi Allaahu 3Anha said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours which is not a part of it, will have it rejected.”  (4)

وفي رواية لمسلم : من عمل عملا ليس عليه أمرنا فهو رد

“Whoever does an action which is not a part of this matter of ours will have it rejected.” (5)

The following innovations are commonly practiced in Rajab:

1- Salaat al-Raghaa’ib: This prayer became widespread after the first and best centuries, especially in the fourth century AH. Some liars fabricated this prayer, which is done on the first night of Rajab.

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Tayymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“Salaat al-Raghaa’ib is bid3ah according to the consensus of the scholars of religion, such as Maalik, al-Shaafi3ee, Abu Haneefah, al-Thawriee, al-‘Oozaa’i, al-Layth and others . The hadeeth that is narrated concerning it is a lie according to the consensus of the scholars who have knowledge of hadeeth”.

2- Major Events: It was reported that major events happened in the month of Rajab: but none of these reports are true. It was reported that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was born on the first night of Rajab, and that he received his Mission on the twenty-seventh, or twenty-fifth of this month. None of this is correct.

3- Celebrating Prophet’s Night Journey – It was reported with an isnaad that is not saheeh from al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad that the Prophet’s Night Journey (al-Israa’) took place on the twenty-seventh of Rajab. This was denied by Ibraaheem al-Harbi and others.

One innovation that take place during this month is the recitation of the story of the Mi3raaj, and celebrations to commemorate it on the twenty-seventh of Rajab, or singling out this night to perform extra acts of worship such as Qiyaam al-Layl or fasting during the day, or rejoicing and celebrating.

Some celebrations are accompanied by haraam things such as mixing of men and women, singing and music, all of which are not permitted on the two 3E3ds which are prescribed in Islaam, let alone innovated celebrations.

Add to that the fact that there is no proof that the Israa’ and Mi3raaj happened on this date [the date, the month & the year of Mi3raaj is not proved by authentic ahadeeth].

Even if it were proven, that is no excuse for holding celebrations on this date, because nothing of the kind has been reported from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or from his companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, or from any of the Salaf (early generations) of this Ummah. If it were a good thing, they would surely have done it before us.

4- Salaat Umm Dawood halfway through Rajab.

5- Specific du3aa’s which are recited during Rajab are all fabrications and innovations.

6- Visiting graves specifically in Rajab is bid3ah, because graves are to be visited at any time of the year.

7- Koonday- Distributing special type of breads: In the month of Rajab is that the people bake special types of breads and, after reciting some verses and prayers on them, distribute them among their friends and neighbors.

8- Fasting in Rajab:

There is no saheeh report from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or from the Sahaabah to indicate that there is any particular virtue in fasting during Rajab.

The fasting that is prescribed in Rajab is the same as that prescribed in other months, namely fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, and the three days of al-Beed, fasting alternate days.

3Umar radi Allaah 3Anhu used to forbid fasting in Rajab because it involved resemblance to the Jaahiliyyah. It was reported that Kharashah ibn al-Harr said: I saw 3Umar smacking the hands of those who fasted in Rajab until they reached out for food, and he was saying, This is a month which was venerated in the Jaahiliyyah. (6)

Imaam Ibn al-Qayyim said: the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam did not fast for three consecutive months (i.e., Rajab, Sha3baan and Ramadaan) as some people do, and he never fasted Rajab at all, nor did he encourage people to fast this month.

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: “No saheeh hadeeth that may be used as evidence has been narrated concerning the virtues of the month of Rajab or fasting this month or fasting in any specific part of it, or observing Qiyaam al-Layl specifically during this month. Imaam Abu Ismaa3eel al-Harawi al-Haafiz has already stated this before me, and we have narrated this from others also.” (7)

In Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah states with regard to fasting specifically in Rajab, we do not know of any basis in Sharee3ah for doing that.

9- Frequent 3Umrah in Rajab:

There is no report from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam – to suggest that there is any particular virtue in performing 3Umrah in the month of Rajab, or that it is encouraged. Rather it is proven that there is a particular virtue in performing 3Umrah in the month of Ramadaan, and in the months of Hajj, which are Shawwaal, Dhul-Qa3dah and Dhu’l-Hijjah.

There is no report to prove that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam performed 3Umrah in Rajab, rather that was denied by 3Aayeshah radi Allaah 3Anha, who said:” The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam  never performed 3Umrah in Rajab” (8)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in his Fataawaa:

“As for singling out some of the days of Rajab for any kind of good deed, ziyaarah (visiting the House of Allaah, the Ka3bah) or anything else, there is no basis for this, because Imaam Abu Shaamah stated in his book al-Bid3a wa’l-Hawaadith: specifying acts of worship at times that were not specified by sharee3ah is wrong; no time is to be regarded as better than any other except in cases where the sharee3ah gave preference to a certain act of worship at a certain time, or stated that any good deed done at this time is better than good deeds done at other times. Hence the scholars denounced the practice of singling out the month of Rajab for doing 3Umrah frequently.”

But if a person goes for 3Umrah during Rajab without believing that this has any particular virtue and because it is just a coincidence that it is easier for him to go at this time, then there is nothing wrong with that.

We ask Allaah to protect us from all innovations, and make us amongst those who correctly follow the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, and venerate those things that Allaah has made sacred in the way that He has prescribed.

Summarized from the Booklet “The Month of Rajab” by Shaykh Salih Munajjid & Ahya site

Related Posts:

The Du3aa’ upon Entering Rajab?

Rajab & Innovations ماہ رجب كےمتعلق ( in Urdu)

 Fasting In Rajab

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References:
(1) soorah At-Tawbah, v: 36
(2) Soorah al-Maa’idah, v:2
(3) soorah al-Maa’idah, v:3
(4) Agreed Upon
(5) Saheeh Muslim
(6) al-Irwaa’, 957; Shaykh Al-baanee said: it is saheeh
(7) In book  تبين العجب بما ورد في فضل رجب  Tabayyun al-3Ajab bimaa wurida fi Fadl Rajab
(8)  Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1776; Muslim, 1255

The Etiquette of Seeking Knowledge

 


The Etiquette of Seeking Knowledge

In the past, scholars used to dictate to the seekers of knowledge the etiquette of seeking knowledge, carrying the knowledge, the etiquette of the student with their teacher etc.

Chapter 1:

The Etiquette of the Seekers Inner Self.

Knowledge is Worship: Some scholars say Knowledge is a secret prayer and the worship of the heart. Therefore the conditions of worship are:

1. Al-Ikhlaas (Sincerity) to Allaah the All-Mighty. Allaah said (which means) “And they were commanded not except to worship Allah Alone sincerely.” [Soorah Al-Bayyinah, v:5]

Likewise our beloved Prophet sallallaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said, Verily actions are by the intentions [Bukhari and Muslim]. So avoid Ar-Riyaa and Tasmee (showing off with the intention of being heard). Seek the Pleasure of Allaah and avoid everything that blemishes your intention such as loving to stand out, seeking wealth, glory, fame, praiseworthiness etc.

2. As-Sunnah (In accord with the way of Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam)

Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3alaa said (meaning): “Say, If you truly love Allaah, then follow me (i.e. the Prophet), Allaah will love you and forgive you of your sins. [Soorah Aal-e-3Imraan, v:31]

————
*Be adherent to the path of the Pious Predecessors: Ibn Taymiyyah said, “Ahlus-Sunnah are the finest selection of Muslims, and the best people towards people.”

“And verily, this is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path.” [Surah Al-An3aam, v:153]

*Adorn yourself with the splendor of knowledge: by having beautiful manners, pious conduct, peacefulness, humility, humbleness etc. Ibn Seereen said, they (i.e. the Salaf) used to learn manners as they would learn knowledge.

*Adorn yourself with honor: and that which leads to it, such as good manners, a cheerful face, spreading the Salaam, showing forbearance etc. Avoid what tarnishes your honour, whether it is your nature, speech, or actions, evil habits, boastfulness, arrogance, looking down at others.

*Outside appearance (dress): is an indication of the persons affiliation and expressing themselves. So be careful of what you wear. Your clothes indicate to the onlooker as to how to categorize you in terms of dignity, sensibility, or it shows you to be a shaykh, a person of worship, a childish person, or a person who loves to be noticed.

*Adorn yourself with gentleness: Adhere to being gentle in speech, avoiding harsh words, for gentle speech wins over hostile personalities.

*Contemplation: Think before you speak, what am I going to say? What will be the results of what I am going to say? Be careful how you phrase it.

Chapter 2:

The Methodology of Seeking Knowledge.

*Whoever does not perfect the foundation is prevented from reaching their aim in knowledge” and “whoever wants to attain knowledge in one go, will lose it in one go”. Seeking knowledge should be taken step by step. The proof for that is:

“And [it is] a Qur’aan which We divided into parts in order that you may recite it to men in intervals, and We revealed it by stages.” (Surah Al-Israa :106)

*Memorize the Qur’aan (if possible), then attend lessons from:

  • (3Aqeedah) Books on Tawheed such as Kitaab Al-Tawheed, Al-3Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah etc
  • (Hadeeth) The Forty Hadeeth of An-Nawawi,
  • (Fiqh) Buloogh Al-Maraam
  • (Tafseer) Ibn Katheer
  • (Seerah) Zaad Al-M3aad etc
  • & other books related to these topics as a foundation.

*Capture knowledge by writing it down:

*Acquire knowledge from the Mashaaikh: The basis of knowledge should be taken by way of dictation and acquisition from the teachers, by being in the company of scholars and taking from the mouths of men, and not from the depths of books.

Whoever becomes involved in seeking knowledge without a Shaykh will emerge without knowledge, because knowledge is a profession and every profession has its experts, therefore, it is necessary to have a proficient teacher in order to learn. If you wish to attain knowledge without a teacher, you will stray from the straight path.

Chapter 3:

The Etiquette of the Seeker with their Shaykh.

As knowledge is not attained primarily from the books, rather it is necessary to take from a shaykh in order to perfect the keys of knowledge with him. The student should likewise maintain a certain etiquette when with the shaykh. Abstain from arguing in front of him, talking excessively, interrupting him continually, excessive questions etc. Avoid calling him by his first name, rather call him shaykhee, or ya shaykhanaa. Just as you would not refer to your father by his name.

Chapter 4:

The Etiquette of Companionship.

*Beware of bad companions: People are like flocks of birds, naturally disposed to imitating one another, so beware of associating with bad companions for it is indeed destruction and prevention is better than cure. Therefore, choose the best companions and friendship. Someone who will help you in you quest in drawing nearer to your Lord.

Chapter 5:

The Etiquette of the Student in Leading a life of knowledge.

*One must have high aspirations in knowledge: Having high aspirations will attract endless good from Allaah that will never cut off.

*Emigrating for the sake of seeking knowledge: Whoever does not emigrate to seek knowledge in search of teachers and travel to acquire from them, then it is unlikely that he will ever be qualified to be traveled to (for people to learn from him), as knowledge will be gained that is rare to find in the depths of books.

*Preserve the knowledge through writing it: Do your best to preserve knowledge in written form as this will safeguard it from being lost. So bind knowledge by writing, especially benefits that are unlikely to be found in corners. Likewise, forgetfulness in frequent.

*Occasional revision of knowledge: Whoever does no revise knowledge will lose it. If the Quran which has been made easy to memorize- is lost without revision, then how about other forms of knowledge?

*The sanctuary of the seeker of knowledge: is to say I do not know (laa adree). If you are unsure of the answer then make sure you say this.

*Avoid procrastination: Preserve you life by tacking your time serious, adhering to study and being in the company with the people of knowledge. Do not be one who says I will get round to it later. Value your time now and act now.

*Completion of learning the tools: The seeker should not leave a subject until they have perfected it.

Chapter 6:

Adorn Yourself with the Implementation of Knowledge.

*The alms of knowledge: Openly proclaim the truth, enjoin the good and forbid the evil, weigh up the advantages and disadvantages. Due to the nobility of knowledge, it increases with implementing it.

*Dealing with the books: After purchasing a book, do not put it in your library until you have a browse, read its forward and index, and a few extracts from it.

Chapter 7:

Precautions.

*False hopes: to claim knowledge in something that you know not, or proficiency in what you are not proficient.

*Beware of being Abu Shibr (father of a span): It is said that knowledge has three spans; whoever enters the first span will become arrogant (he thinks he knows it all), then the who enters the second span will become humble (because he realizes he needs to learn a lot more), then he who enter the third span will realize that he knows nothing.

*Becoming manifest before becoming qualified: It was said, Whosoever manifests themselves before their time, then they have manifested themselves into humiliation. (e.g. if you are not really a shaykh yet, they do not claim to be one).

*Beware of the Byzantine debate: for they use to debate about whether the Angels were male or female while (they were arguing about a not so important issue) their enemy was at the gates of their county, then they were defeated.

*Avoid sectarianism: Hold together to the Rope of Allaah.

(May Allaah bless you to be a successful student.. Ameen).

Book by Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd
Summarized by Abdul-Shaheed Drew

You can download the full version of this book from here.

The Etiquette of Seeking Knowledge

An Explanation Of Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd’s ‘Etiquette Of A Seeker Of Knowledge’ By Shaykh 3Uthaymeen

Explanation by Shaykh 3Uthaymeen

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