The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever directs someone to a good, then he will have the reward equal to the doer of the action". [Saheeh Muslim]

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Ramadaan Resources (1)

Bismillaah

Ramadaan, the month of Rahmah, the month of forgiveness is just at our door-steps.

Some beneficial and MUST read notes and links that will help us to get ready for Ramadaan &  welcome it in the best way.

Its never too late to start, let’s strive our best to have a fruitful Ramadaan in-shaa’-Allaah.  (Click the blue links)

A detailed practical advice by Shaykh Salih Al-Munajjid, about preparing ourselves for the arrival of Ramadaan. Click below & do read it.

Prepare For The Arrival of Ramadaan

Another good read to prepare ourselves & feel the importance of this great month. We prepare our homes, when we have a special guest coming over. Now someone more precious, more valuable, more honorable. is coming! how you are gonna welcome it?

Preparing For An Amazing Ramadaan

Some of the common mistakes in Ramadaan, that people are un-aware. Its a good read.

Part 1 here & Part 2 here

This is a must read booklet, “70 Matters related to Fasting” by shaykh Salih Al-Munajjid.

This booklet is available in English & Urdu.

Download in English from here & in Urdu from here

Also, some more E-books are available here on different topics. (Virtues, Fiqh & getting most of Ramadaan, Taraweeh, Qiyaam Al-layl, last 10 days & more).

To get the most of Ramadaan, by organizing ourselves and avoiding the time wasters. here are some good articles & videos.

This is a MUST MUST read!! Personal transcribed notes from a lecture. Tips to manage your time & focus during Ramadaan.

Time Management Tips for Ramadaan

Ramadaan is a special time  & it needs special preparation. To get the best of Ramadaan, we need to have a break from certain things. A Must Read (personal notes from a lecture) click below

Welcoming Ramadaan

These are some personal tips to avoid distraction, that takes away a lot of time, un-noticing & with out realizing. Do read and save your time for 3ibaadah.

Tips To Avoid Distractions During Ramadaan

This is a MUST read for sisters.  

RCTS – Ramadaan Cooking Tips for Sisters 

Different 3Ibaadah & Good Deeds, that can be done in Ramadaan

A short reminder by Shaykh Assim Al-hakeem

A Short Reminder on Preparing For Ramadaan

some beneficial advices from Shaykh Muhammad Hassan, click below

How to Spend Ramadaan

Beneficial advice by Shaykh Nabeel Al-3Awadhi about how to utilize our time during Ramadaan.

Welcome Ramadaan In the Best Way

To be continued in-shaa’-Allaah

Ramadaan Resources (2)

Related Links:

Ramadaan E-Books

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The blessed days of the Dhul-Hijjah

bism (2)قال صلى الله عليه وسلم: “أفضل أيام الدنيا أيام العشر” رواه البزار من حديث جابر بن عبدالله

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “The best days in this worldly life are the (first) ten days (of Dhul-Hijjah).” (1)

A short beneficial reminder by shaykh 3Assim Al-Hakeem, on the virtues of Ten days of Dhul-Hijjah and examples of good deeds that can be done in these 10 days.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r8XikQc_FVs&rel=0

Related Posts:

The Best Days

Virtues of 10 Days of Dhul Hijjah

Making the Best of these 10 Days:

Making the Most of the Blessed Days of Dhul-Hijjah 1

Fasting the First Nine Days of Dhul-Hijjah

Advice About the Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah  [New]

Takbeer of Dhul-Hijjah (Revive the Sunnah)

More Dhul-Hijjah resources =>> Here <<=

3Arafah & Udhiyah Rulings:

Rulings for One Who Wants to Offer A Sacrifice (Must Read)

Some Rulings on Udhiyah [Sacrifice]

Suggested Program For 3Arafah [New]

Some Common mistakes in Ramadaan (2)

besm4

(continued from part 1)

Skipping Suhoor

Some of us are too lazy or sleepy to eat Suhoor or just don’t think it’s important. Even if you don’t feel like having a lot of food, just eat something little; a few dates, even a glass of water. That’s because the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

Eat suhoor for in suhoor there is blessing” (1)

It was narrated from Jaabir that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

Whoever wants to fast, let him eat something for suhoor.” (2)

suhoor.blessing

Stopping Suhoor at ‘Imsaak’

Some people stop eating Suhoor 10-15 minutes earlier than the time of Fajr to observe ‘Imsaak’. They think they cannot eat beyond that time and that it would be wrong if they did.

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen was asked about some timetables which give the time of imsaak as being approximately one-quarter of an hour before Fajr. He said:

This is a kind of bid3ah (innovation) which has no basis in the Sunnah. Rather the Sunnah is to do the opposite. Allaah allows us to eat until dawn: “and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night)” [al-Baqarah 2:187]

And the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “….eat and drink until you hear the adhaan of Ibn Umm Maktoom, for he does not give the adhaan until dawn comes.”

This ‘imsaak’ which some of the people practice, is an addition to what Allaah has prescribed, so it is false. It is a kind of extremism in religion, and the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:
“Those who go to extremes are doomed, those who go to extremes are doomed, those who go to extremes are doomed.” (3)

Not fasting if they missed Suhoor

Sometimes, our alarm doesn’t go off on time and we miss the time for eating, just barely waking up with the adhaan. I’m sure this has happened to all of us one time or another. In this situation, there are some people who are too scared to fast if they miss Suhoor. They think they will feel too weak during the day or that, by default, missing Suhoor automatically means NO fast that day.

But, if you think about it, unless a person has a genuine health problem, it is not such a big deal after all. What if you missed a few morsels of food? You’ll be fine in-shaa’-Allaah. Alhamdulillaah most of us have enough fat stored in our bodies to keep us going for several days without food!

Remember, obedience to Allaah takes precedence over everything. 

Shaykh Salih Al-Munajjid said: “If a Muslim does not eat suhoor or does not wake up for Fajr, this is not counted as a reason for him not to fast.” (4)

Saying the intention to fast ‘out loud’ or saying a specific dua to start fasting

The intention is an action of the heart. We should resolve in our heart that we are going to fast tomorrow. That is all we need. It is not prescribed by the Shari’ah for us to say out loud, “I intend to fast”, “I will fast tomorrow” or other phrases that have been innovated by some people.

Also, there is no specific du3aa’ to be recited at the time of starting the fast in the correct Sunnah. Whatever du3aa’  you may see on some papers or Ramadaan calendars, etc. is not from sunnah.

suhoor dua

Delaying breaking fast

Some people wait until the adhaan finishes or even several minutes after that, just to be ‘on the safe side’. However, the Sunnah is to hasten to break the fast, which means breaking fast whenever the adhaan starts, right after the sun has set. Aa3ishah radi Allaahu 3Anha said: This is what the Messenger of AllaahSallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam used to do.

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

“The people will continue to do well so long as they hasten to break the fast.” (5)

Al-Nawawi said: 

This hadeeth urges us to hasten to break the fast as soon as it is established that the sun has set. What this means is that the ummah will continue to be in a sound state and they will be fine so long as they continue to adhere to this Sunnah. (6)

Eating continuously until the time for Maghrib is up

Some people put so much food in their plates when breaking their fast and continue eating, enjoying dessert, drinking tea, etc., until they miss Maghrib. That is obviously not right.

What one should do is to hasten to break the fast by eating small morsels that will calm one’s hunger, then get up to pray, then if one wishes, one may come back and eat more.

 This is what the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam used to do. (7)

Missing the golden chance of having your Du3aa’ accepted

The prayer of the fasting person is guaranteed to be accepted at the time of breaking fast. The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

 “There are three whose du3aa’ will not be rejected, …………..the fasting person when he breaks his fast…” (8)

Instead of sitting down and making Du3aa’ at this precious time, some people forego this beautiful chance, and are too busy frying ‘samosas’, talking, setting the food, filling their plates and pouring drinks into their glasses and they lose this golden opportunity.

Think about it…. Is food more important than the chance to have your sins forgiven or the fulfillment of your Du3aa’?

Not fasting because of exams or work

Exams or work is NOT one of the excuses allowed by the Shari3ah to not fast. You can do your studying and revision at night if it is too hard to do that during the day.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz was asked about that and he replied: 

It is not permissible for an adult of sound mind to break the fast during Ramadaan because of exams, because that is not one of the excuses permitted in Islam. Rather he has to fast and do his studying at night if it is hard for him to do it during the day. Those who are in charge of exams should be kind to the students and arrange the exams at a time other than Ramadaan, so as to serve two purposes: the purpose of fasting and that of giving students time to prepare for the exams.

The Standing Committee said: 

It is not permissible to break the fast for the reason you mentioned, rather that is haraam, because it is not included among the excuses for which it is permissible to break the Ramadaan fast. (9)

Also remember that pleasing and obeying Allaah is much more important than ‘good grades’. Besides, if you will fulfil your obligation to fast, even if you have to study, Allaah will make it easy for you and help you in everything you do.

“Whosoever fears Allaah, He will appoint for him a way out and provide for him from where he does not expect, Allaah is Sufficient for whosoever puts his trust in Him.” (Soorah at-Talaaq, v: 2-3)

Fasting and not wearing Hijaab

Women’s observing hijab in front of non-mahram men and covering their faces is something that is obligatory as is indicated by the Book of our Lord and the Sunnah of our Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam. (10) The correct view is that a woman is obliged to cover her entire body, even the face and hands. (11)

If a woman does not wear hijab, then she is disobeying her Lord thereby, but her fast is still valid, because sins, including not wearing hijab, do not invalidate the fast, but they detract from its reward (12)

Lavish Iftaar parties

Although inviting each other for breaking fast is something good and encouraged, some people go to extremes with lavish ‘Iftaar parties’ with all sorts of disobedience to Allaah, from flirting, mixing of the sexes and hijaab-less women, to show-off and extravagance, to heedlessness to Salaah and Taraaweeh, to even music and dancing.

Mixing fasting and dieting

DO NOT make the mistake of fasting with the intention to diet. That is one of the biggest mistakes some of us make, especially the sisters.

Fasting is an act of worship and should only and only, be for the sake of Allah alone. Otherwise, mixing it with the intention of dieting may become a form of (minor) Shirk. Sure, there are always added benefits of obeying Allaah, one of them being, losing weight while fasting. That comes in automatically, so reap the benefits but don’t make it part of your intention. If the side benefits come, they come. If they don’t, that shouldn’t stop you from obeying Allaah and fulfilling your duty.

Fighting over the number of Raka3ah of Taraweeh

There is no specific number of rak’ahs for Taraweeh prayer, rather it is permissible to do a little or a lot. Both 8 and 20 are okay.

Taraweeh

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen said:

“No one should be denounced for praying eleven or twenty-three (rak3ah), because the matter is broader in scope than that, praise be to Allaah.” (13)

What is really important, my brothers and sisters, is the command to observe night prayers during Ramadaan, which is encouraged without specifying a particular number. As long as we are praying our Taraaweeh, it shouldn’t be a matter of dispute or disunity whether it is 8 or 20 or even more. And of course, what really counts is that Allaah accepts it from us, even if it is two rak3aat, right?

Praying ONLY on the night of the 27th

Some people pray ONLY on the 27th to seek Lailat ul-Qadr, neglecting all other odd nights, although the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

“Seek Laylat ul-Qadr among the odd numbered nights of the last ten nights of Ramadaan.” (14)

Wasting the last part of Ramadhaan preparing for Eid

Some people waste the entire last 10 days of Ramadaan preparing for 3Eed, shopping and frequenting malls, etc. neglecting 3Ibaadah and Laylatul Qadr, although, the Prophet SallAllaahu Alayhi wa Sallam used to strive the hardest during the last ten days of Ramadaan in worship and not in shopping.

3Aa’ishah Radi-Allaahu 3Anha said:

“When the (last) ten nights began, the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu Alayhi wa Sallam would tighten his waist-wrapper (i.e., strive hard in worship or refrain from intimacy with his wives), stay awake at night and wake his family.” (15)

May Allaah guide us to practice what we learn, spend Ramadaan as is pleasing to Him and may we reap the fruits of Ramadaan and may Allaah accept our Ramadaan. Aameen.

By Asma bint Shameem

Edited & modified by TowardsHuda

Read part 1 here

Related Posts:

Time Management Tips for Ramadaan 

RCTS – Ramadaan Cooking Tips for Sisters [New]

Tips To Avoid Distractions During Ramadaan

How to Spend Ramadaan by Shaykh Muhammad Hassan

=======================================================

References:

(1) Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1923; Muslim, 1095

(2) Narrated by Ahmad, 14533; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 2309

(3) http://islamqa.info/en/12602 and http://islamqa.info/en/1155

(4) http://islamqa.info/en/37943

(5) Al-Bukhaari (1957) and Muslim (1098)

(6) http://islamqa.info/en/50019

(7) http://islamqa.info/en/13999 and   http://islamqa.info/en/366

(8) al-Tirmidhi (2525), classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.

(9) Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 10/240. http://islamqa.info/en/60296

(10) http://islamqa.info/en/11774

(11) http://islamqa.info/en/21536

(12) http://islamqa.info/en/107624

(13) Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 1/407

(14) Bukhaaree & Muslim

(!5) Bukhaaree & Muslim

Prepare For The Arrival of Ramadaan

bismillah

download

Preparing For Ramadaan:

Shaykh Salih Al-Munajjid gave a detailed practical advice about how can we prepare ourselves for the arrival of Ramadaan. He said:

Among the best ways of preparing for the month of Ramadaan are:

1. Sincere repentance:

This is obligatory at all times, but because of the approach of a great and blessed month, it is even more important to hasten to repent from sins between you and your Lord, and between you and other people by giving them their rights, so that when the blessed month begins you may busy yourself with acts of worship with a clean heart and peace of mind. Allaah says:

وَتُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ جَمِيعاً أَيُّهَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

(interpretation of the meaning):

“And all of you beg Allaah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful” (1)

It was narrated from al-Agharr ibn Yasaar (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

“O people, repent to Allaah for I repent to Him one hundred times each day.” (2)

2. Du3aa’ (supplication):

It was narrated from some of the salaf that they used to pray to Allaah for six months that they would live until Ramadaan, then they would pray for five months afterwards that He would accept it from them.

The Muslim should ask his Lord to let him live until Ramadaan with a strong religious commitment and good physical health, and he should ask Him to help him obey Him during the month, and ask Him to accept his good deeds from Him.

3. Rejoicing at the approach of the blessed month:

The arrival of Ramadaan is one of the great blessings that Allaah bestows upon His Muslim slave, because Ramadaan is one of the occasions of good in which the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of Hell are closed. It is the month of the Qur’aan and of decisive battles in the history of our religionAllaah says:

قُلْ بِفَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَبِرَحْمَتِهِ فَبِذَلِكَ فَلْيَفْرَحُوا هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ

(interpretation of the meaning):

“Say: ‘In the Bounty of Allaah, and in His Mercy (i.e. Islam and the Qur’aan); —therein let them rejoice.’ That is better than what (the wealth) they amass”  (3)

4. Discharging the duty of any outstanding obligatory fasts

It was narrated that Abu Salamah said: I heard 3Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) say:

“I would owe fasts from the previous Ramadaan and I would not be able to make them up except in Sha3baan. (4)

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

From her keenness to do that in Sha3baan it may be understood that it is not permissible to delay making them up until another Ramadaan begins. (5)

5 – Seeking knowledge in order to be able to follow the rulings on fasting and to understand the virtues of Ramadaan. (click Ramadaan resources / E-Books)

6 – Hastening to complete any tasks that may distract the Muslim from doing acts of worship. (click Time Management Tips for Ramadaan )

7 – Sitting with one’s family members – wife and children – to tell them of the rulings on fasting and encourage the young ones to fast.

8 – Preparing some books which can be read at home or given to the Imaam of the Masjid to read to the people during Ramadaan.

9 – Fasting some of the month of Sha3baan in preparation for fasting Ramadaan.

It was narrated that 3Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said:

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam used to fast until we said: He will not break his fast, and he used not to fast until we said: He will not fast. And I never saw the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam complete a month of fasting except Ramadaan, and I never saw him fast more in any month than in Sha3baan. (6)

It was narrated that Usaamah ibn Zayd said: “I said: O Messenger of Allaah, I do not see you fasting in any month as you fast in Sha3baan? He said:

“That is a month that people neglect between Rajab and Ramadaan, but it is a month in which people’s deeds are taken up to the Lord of the Worlds and I would like my deeds to be taken up when I am fasting.” (7)

This hadeeth explains the wisdom behind fasting in Sha3baan, which is that it is a month in which deeds are taken up (to Allaah). Some of the scholars mentioned another reason, which is that this fasting is like Sunnah prayers offered beforehand in relation to the obligatory prayer; they prepare the soul for performing the obligatory action, and the same may be said of fasting Sha3baan before Ramadaan.

10 – Reading Qur’aan

Salamah ibn Kuhayl said: It was said that Sha3baan was the month of the Qur’aan readers.

When Sha3baan began, 3Amr ibn Qays would close his shop and free his time for reading Qur’aan.

Abu Bakr al-Balkhi said:

The month of Rajab is the month for planting, the month of Sha3baan is the month of irrigating the crops, and the month of Ramadaan is the month of harvesting the crops.

He also said:

The likeness of the month of Rajab is that of the wind, the likeness of Sha3baan is that of the clouds and the likeness of Ramadaan is that of the rain; whoever does not plant and sow in Rajab, and does not irrigate in Sha3baan, how can he reap in Ramadaan?

Now Rajab has passed, so what will you do in Sha3baan if you are seeking Ramadaan? This is how your Prophet and the early generations of the ummah were in this blessed month, so what will you do?

And Allaah is the Source of strength.

by shaykh Salih Al-Munajjid

Related Posts:

Wash your Heart before Ramadaan

Build A Daily Relationship with Qur’aan

Fasting In Sha3baan

Ramadaan Related Posts:

Preparing For An Amazing Ramadaan

How to Spend Ramadaan

Prepare for Ramadaan Transcribed lecture by Shaykh Hazim Rajeb

30 Steps to Warm Up for Ramadaan

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References:

(1) Soorah An-Noor 24:31

(2) Narrated by Muslim (2702)

(3) Soorah Yoonus 10:58

(4) Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1849) and Muslim (1146).

(5) Fath al-Baari (4/191)

(6) Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1868) and Muslim (1156).

(7) Narrated by al-Nasaa’i (2357); classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i.

Beginning of New Hijri Year 1437H

Bismillaah

Muharram, the 1st month of new Hijri year 1437H is starting from Thursday, 15th October 2014.

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

The best of fasting after Ramadaan is fasting Allaah’s month of Muharram. (1)

themonthofmuharram

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said about fasting the 10th Muharram:

For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before. (2)

the_merit_of_fasting__ashura_

 09 Muharram 1437 H = Friday, 23rd October 2015

10 Muharram (3Aashooraa’) 1437H = Saturday, 24th October 2015

11 Muharram 1437H = Sunday, 25th October 2015

Important Note:

Also, please be advised that there is no special du3aa’, prayer or 3Ibaadah, to be done or end the Hijri year with.  click the link below.

End the Hijri year with fasting & Prayers for forgiveness? [Must read]

Related Posts:

Ruling on offering congratulations at the Beginning of the Hijri Year

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Fasting Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’ [NEW]

More Muharram Resources

Reference:
(1)  Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Muslim

Dhul Hijjah Checklist

Bismillaah

The month of Dhul-Hijjah is just round the corner. The first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah are the best days of the year. Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said about these days:

There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allaah than these ten days.”

The people asked, “Not even jihaad for the sake of Allaah?” He said, 

“Not even jihaad for the sake of Allaah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with nothing.”

Let’s make the best of these superior days.  Please watch 4-minute advice by shaykh Nabil Al-3Awadhi or read this excellent article to get the maximum benefits from these 10 days.

Attached herewith is the checklist for many good deeds, that can be done daily during these days. Download and print it and lets try to do as much as possible. 

Do make du3aa’ to Allaah to help us and give us tawfeeq to do good deeds, seeking His Pleasure only.

اللَّهُمَّ أَعِنِّي عَلَى ذِكْرِكَ وَشُكْرِكَ وَحُسْنِ عِبَادَتِكَ

 “O Allaah, help me to remember You, to give You thanks, and to perform Your worship in the best manner.”

Dhul Hijjah Checklist (rightclick & save target as)

(with all authentic ahadeeth about the rewards of good deeds)

Related Posts:

Fasting the First Nine Days of Dhul-Hijjah

Advice About the Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah [New]

Takbeer of Dhul-Hijjah (Revive the Sunnah)

Suggested Program For 3Arafah [New]

Advice About the Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah

Bismillaah - Copyعن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما عن النبي  صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : ” ما من أيام العمل الصالح فيهن أحب إلى الله منه في هذه الأيام العشر . قالوا ولا الجهاد في سبيل الله !! قال : ولا الجهاد في سبيل الله ، إلا رجل خرج بنفسه وماله ولم يرجع من ذلك بشيء ” أخرجه البخاري 2/457 

Ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhuma reported that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allaah than these ten days.”

The people asked, “Not even jihaad for the sake of Allaah?”

He said, “Not even jihaad for the sake of Allaah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with nothing.” (1)

A beneficial reminder and advice about these 10 days, by shaykh Nabil al-3Awadhi. A worth-watching 4-minute video, highlighting various good deeds that one can do in these days.

Related Posts:

The Best Days

Virtues of 10 Days of Dhul Hijjah

Make the Best of These 10 Days:

Making the Most of the Blessed Days of Dhul-Hijjah 1 [excellent read]

Fasting the First Nine Days of Dhul-Hijjah

Takbeer of Dhul-Hijjah (Revive the Sunnah)

More Dhul-Hijjah resources =>> Here <<=

3Arafah & Udhiyah Rulings:

Rulings for One Who Wants to Offer A Sacrifice (Must Read)

Some Rulings on Udhiyah [Sacrifice]

Suggested Program For 3Arafah [New]

More 3Arafah resources =>> Here <<=

Reference:

(1) Reported by Al-Bukhaaree, 2/457

Some Common mistakes in Ramadaan (1)

Some Common mistakes in Ramadaan

Taking Ramadaan as a ritual:

For many of us Ramadaan has lost its spirituality and has become more of a ritual than a form of 3Ibaadah. We fast from morning to night just because everyone around us is fasting too. We forget that it’s a time to purify our hearts and our souls from all evil….we forget to make du3aa’, forget to beseech Allaah to forgive us and ask Him to save us from the Fire of Hell. Sure we stay away from food and drink but that’s about all. Although the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

Jibreel said to me, ‘May Allaah rub his nose in the dust, that person to who Ramadaan comes and his sins are not forgiven,’ and I said, ‘Ameen’….” (1)

Fasting but not praying

Realize that the fasting of one who does not pray WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED. This is because not praying constitutes kufr as the Prophet Sall-Allaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

Between a man and shirk and kufr there stands his giving up prayer.” (2)

In fact, NONE of his good deeds will be accepted; rather, they are all annulled. The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

Whoever forsakes ‘Asr prayer, his deeds are in vain.” (3)

This hadeeth indicates that in the case of one who does not pray, Allaah will not accept any deed from him, so the one who does not pray will not benefit at all from his deeds, and no good deeds of his will ascend to Allaah. (4)

Too much stress on food and drink

For some people, the entire month of Ramadaan revolves around food. They spend the ENTIRE day planning, cooking, shopping and thinking about only food, instead of concentrating on Salaah, Qur’aan and other acts of worship. All they can think of is FOOD, so much so that they turn the month of ‘fasting’ into the month of ‘feasting’. Come Iftaar time, their table is a sight to see, with the multitudes and varieties of food, sweets and drinks. They are missing the very purpose of fasting, and thus, increase in their greed and desires instead of learning to control them.

And remember, too much food is also a kind of waste & extravagance.

وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَلَا تُسْرِفُوا ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفِينَ

“…..and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allaah) likes not Al-Musrifoon (those who waste by extravagance)” [soorah al-A3raaf , v:31]

Spending all day cooking

Some of the sisters (either by their own choice or forced by their husbands) are cooking ALL day and ALL night, so that by the end of the day, they are too tired to even pray 3Ishaa’, let alone pray Taraaweeh or Tahajjud; too exhausted to even read Qur’aan.

This is the month of mercy and forgiveness, du3aa’ and 3Ibaadah, to increase in your taqwa and to improve your relationship with Allaah. And how can you do that if you spend all your time in the kitchen cooking? So turn off that stove and turn on your Eemaan!

(read here Ramadaan cooking tips for sisters)

Eating too much

Some people stuff themselves at Suhoor until they are ready to burst, because they think this is the way to not feel hungry during the day and some people eat at Iftaar, like there is no tomorrow, trying to ‘make up for the food they missed.’ However, this is completely against the Sunnah. Remember, moderation is the key to everything.

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

The son of Adam does not fill any vessel worse than his stomach; for the son of Adam a few mouthfuls are sufficient to keep his back straight. If you must fill it, then one-third for food, one-third for drink and one-third for air. (5)

Besides, too much food distracts a person from many deeds of obedience and worship, makes him lazy.

Sufyaan al-Thawri (may Allaah have mercy on his) said: If you want your body to be healthy and to sleep less, then eat less.  

Eating too much also makes the heart heedless. It was said to Imam Ahmad (may Allaah have mercy on him):

Does a man find any softness and humility in his heart when he is full?

He said, I do not think so.” (6)

Sleeping all day

Some people spend their entire day (or a major part of it) ‘sleeping away their fast’. Is this what is really required of us during this noble month?

These people are also missing the purpose of fasting and just falling prey to laziness and lethargy. All it needs is to exert a little self-control. For a fasting person to spend most of the day asleep is nothing, but negligence on his part.

The Standing Committee said regarding this: “For a fasting person to spend most of the day asleep is a kind of negligence on his part, especially since the month of Ramadaan is a special time and the Muslim should strive to benefit from it by reading Qur’aan a great deal, seeking provision and acquiring knowledge.” (7)

Fasting but not giving up evil

Some of us fast but do not give up lying, cursing, fighting, backbiting, etc. and some of us fast but do not give up cheating, stealing, dealing in haraam, buying lotto tickets, selling alcohol, committing fornication, etc. and all kinds of impermissible things without realizing that the purpose of fasting is to not stay away from food and drink; rather the aim behind it is to fear Allaah.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

“O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious)” [soorah al-Baqarah 2:183]

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

“Whoever does not give up false speech and acting upon it and ignorant conduct, Allaah has no need of his giving up his food and drink.” (8)

In another narration:

Whoever does not give up obscene talk and lying, Allaah has no need of his giving up his food and drink.” (9)

Ramadhaan highway Code  - Dos And Donts

Wasting time

The month of Ramadaan is a precious, precious time, so much so that Allaah calls this month أَيَّامًا مَّعْدُودَاتٍ

“Ayyaamum Ma3doodaat” (A fixed number of days) (10)

Before we know it, this month of mercy and forgiveness will be over. We should try and spend every moment possible in the worship of Allaah so that we can make the most of this blessing. However, there are some of us who waste away their day playing video games, or worse still, watching TV, movies or even listening to music.

Subhaan Allaah! Trying to obey Allaah by DISOBEYING him!

Make the best of this Ramadaan (see here & here). who knows this could be our last Ramadan.

Smoking

Smoking is haraam (forbidden) in Islaam whether during Ramadaan or outside of it (11) as it is one of al-Khabaa’ith (evil things). And this includes ALL kinds of ‘smoking material’ whether it is cigars, cigarettes, pipes,’Sheesha’, hookah or even worse than that. (12)

وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَائِثَ

“He allows them as lawful At Tayyibaat (all good and lawful things), and prohibits them as unlawful Al Khabaa’ith (all evil and unlawful things) (13)

Smoking is harmful, not only to the one smoking, but also to the ones around him. It is also a means of wasting one’s wealth.

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “There should be no harming or reciprocating harm.”

& Smoking invalidates the fast. (14)

To be continued…..part 2

By Asma bint Shameem, edited & modified by TowardsHuda

Related Posts:

Time Management Tips for Ramadaan 

How to Spend Ramadaan by Shaykh Muhammad Hassan

Welcome Ramadaan In the Best Way [New]

=======================================================

References:

(1) Tirmidhi, Ahmad, others. Saheeh by al-Albaani

(2) Narrated by Muslim, 82

(3) Bukhaaree, 553

(4) http://islamqa.info/en/37820

(5) Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2380; Ibn Maajah, 3349. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 1939

(6) http://islamqa.info/en/11153

(7) Al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah, 10/212

(8) Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6057

(9)Tabaraani in al-Mu’jam al-Sagheer and al-Mu’jam al-Awsat. Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb

(10) Soorah Al-Baqarah, v:184

(11) http://islamqa.info/en/37765 and http://islamqa.info/en/10922

(12) http://islamqa.info/en/7432 –

(13)  Soorah al-A3raaf :157

(14) http://islamqa.info/en/106450 and http://islamqa.info/en/37765

The Likeness of Ramadaan and Prophet Yoosuf

Bismillah1

waiting_back

The month of Ramadaan to the other months is like Yoosuf to his brothers. So, just like Yoosuf was the most beloved son to Ya3qoob, Ramadaan is likewise the most beloved month to Allaah.

A nice point for the nation of Muhammad sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam to ponder over is that if Yoosuf had the mercy and compassion to say (“There is no reproach for you today…” [soorah Yoosuf, v: 92]).

Ramadaan is likewise the month of mercy, blessing, goodness, salvation from the Fire, and Forgiveness from the King that exceeds that of all the other months and what can be gained from their days and nights.

Another nice point to think about is that Yoosuf’s brothers came to rely on him to fix their mistakes after all those they had made. So, he met them with kindness and helped them out, and he fed them while they were hungry and allowed them to return, and he told his servants: “Carry their belongings with you so that they don’t lose them.” So, one person filled the gaps of eleven others, and the month of Ramadaan is likewise one month that fills the gaps of our actions over the other eleven months. Imagine the gaps and shortcoming and deficiency we have in obeying Allaah!

We hope that in Ramadaan, we are able to make up for our shortcomings in the other months, to rectify our mistakes, and to cap it off with happiness and firmness on the Rope of the Forgiving King.

Another point is that Ya3qoob had eleven sons who were living with him and whose actions he would see at all times, and his eyesight did not return because of any of their clothing. Instead, it returned due to Yoosuf’s shirt. His eyesight came back strong, and he himself became strong after he was weak, and seeing after he was blind.

Likewise, if the sinner smells the scents of Ramadaan, sits with those who remind him of Allaah, recites the Qur’aan, befriends on the condition of Islaam and faith, and avoids backbiting and vain talk, he will (by Allaah’s Will) become forgiven after he was a sinner, he will become close after he was far, he will be able to see with his heart after it was blind, his presence will be met with happiness after it was met with repulsion, he will be met with mercy after he was met with disdain, he will be provided for without limit or effort on his part, he will be guided for his entire life, he will have his soul dragged out with ease and smoothness when he dies, he will be blessed with Forgiveness when he meets Allaah, and he will be granted the best levels in the Gardens of Paradise.

So, by Allaah, take advantage of this greatness during these few days and you will soon see abundant blessing, high levels of reward, and a very long period of rest and relaxation by the Will of Allaah.

By Allaah, this is the true relaxation…”

From Ibn al-Jawzi’s “Bustaan al-Wa3idheen wa Riyaad as-Sami3een” [page 213-214]

Translated by Abu Sabaya

Related Posts:

Preparing For An Amazing Ramadaan [NEW]

Preparing for Ramadaan

Welcoming Ramadaan

Welcome Ramadaan In the Best Way [NEW]

 

Mawlid Is Not From Loving The Prophet

bismillah (2)
Celebrating & Participating in Mawlid Out of love for the Prophet

There is nothing in the Qur’aan to say that we should celebrate the Mawlid or birthday of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam. The Prophet himself SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam did not do this or command anyone to do it, either during his lifetime or after his death.

The Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) were the people who loved the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam most. They  had a greater love and respect for him, and were more aware of his rights, than those who came after them,

Was it reported that Abu Bakr, who was the closest of people to him and the one who loved him the most, celebrated the birthday of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam?

Was it reported that 3Umar, who ruled for twelve years, or 3Uthmaan, did this?

Was it reported that 3Alee, his relative and son-in-law, did this?

Was it reported that any of the Sahaabah did this? 

No, by Allaah! Is it because they were not aware of its importance, or did they not truly love the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam? No one would say such a thing except one who has gone astray and is leading others astray.

Did any of the Imaams – Abu Haneefah, Maalik, al-Shaafi3ee, Ahmad, al-Hasan al-Basri, Ibn Seereen – do this or command others to do it or say that it was good?

By Allaah, no! It was not even mentioned during the first and best three centuries. 

mawlid

 The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said in a saheeh hadeeth:

The best of mankind are my generation (or my century), then those who come after them, then those who come after them. Then there will come a people who will not care if their testimony comes before their oath or vice versa (i.e., they will not take such matter seriously).” (1)

The celebration of the Prophet’s birthday appeared many centuries later, when many of the features of true religion had vanished and bid3ah had become widespread. Thus this celebration became a sign of one’s love for the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam.

mawlid (2)

But can it be possible that the Sahaabah, the Imaams and the people of the best three centuries were unaware of it and it was only those who came later who were aware of its importance?!

What the Qur’aan tells us is that love of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam is demonstrated by following the guidance he brought.

Allaah says:

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

“Say, [O Muhammad], “If you (really) love Allaah , then follow me, [so] Allaah will love
you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving and Merciful”

قُلْ أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ ۖ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْكَافِرِينَ

Say, “Obey Allaah and the Messenger.” But if they turn away – then indeed, Allaah does not like the disbelievers. (2)

10891966_754018598020730_6116428334642564940_n

The first aayah explains that love is just a claim, but the proof of sincerity is following what the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam brought. The second aayah reaffirms the importance and necessity of obeying Allaah and His Messenger. Hence Allaah ended the aayah with a very stern warning in which those who refuse to obey are described as kaafirs, and Allah does not love the disbelievers. We ask Allaah to keep us safe from that. (3)

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam told us of the danger of not obeying him, and the danger of adding to what he brought. The celebration of Mawlid or his birthday is indeed an addition to what he brought – as all the scholars agree.

He said:

The best of speech is the Book of Allaah, and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad. The most evil of things are those which are newly-invented (in religion), and every innovation is a going astray.” (4)

Shaykh Bin Baaz said:

The love of Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam is not reflected by celebrating Mawlid but by obeying him and keeping away from Bid3ah (5)

Related Posts:

Ruling on celebrating birthday of the Prophet 

Refutation to claims that mawlid is permissible [must read]

Response on Misconceptions about the Ruling of Celebrating the Birthday of the Prophet

============================================

References:

(1) Reported by al-Bukhaari, Muslim and al-Tirmidhi

(2) soorah Aal 3Imraan, v:31-32

(3) http://islamqa.info/en/249

(4) Reported by Muslim and al-Nisaa’i

(5) بدعة المولد

Read more details here and here

The Month of Safar & the Innovations & Superstitions

Bismillah-Salaam1Allaah says

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ 

(interpretation of the meaning):

Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” (1)

The month of Safar is one of the twelve Hijri months, and it is the month which comes after Muharram.

326_bIts Name- Safar (صفر )

Some of the (scholars) said that it is so named because of the emptying (isfaar) of Makkah (i.e., its people would all leave) when they travelled during this month.

It was also said that this month is named Safar because they used to raid other tribes at this time, and they would leave those whom they encountered bereft of their possessions (sifran min al-mataa’) – i.e., they would take all their belongings away and they would leave them with nothing. (2)

Incorrect beliefs & Superstitions concerning the month of Safar

These were well known among the people of the Jaahiliyyah, and still exist among some of those who claim to be Muslims. 

  • 4 Rak3aat naafil prayer, prayed on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, with specific soorah & no. of times soorah are read in it.
  • People do not conclude marriage contracts during Safar
  • Many people believe that it is not permissible to break a stick, knot ropes, or entwine fingers when concluding a marriage contract for this leads to failure of the concerned marriage and disharmony between the spouses
  • Some believe that no one should marry or be circumcised in the month of Safar.
  • Every year, 320,000 calamities come down, and all of that comes down on the last Wednesday of Safar.
  • Or there a special du3aa for Safar or ‘travelling or marriage in Safar is haraam (forbidden)

Ahadeeth  of the Prophet About Safar & Superstition:

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

لا عَدْوَى وَلا طِيَرَةَ وَلا هَامَةَ وَلا صَفَرَ

There is no 3adwaa, no tiyarah, no haamah and no Safar  (3)

(3adwaa (contagion, transmission of infectious disease without the permission of Allaah). Tiyarah (superstitious belief in bird omens). Haamah (refers to a Jaahili Arab tradition described variously as: a worm which infests the grave of a murder victim until he is avenged; an owl; or the bones of a dead person turned into a bird that could fly). Safar (the month of Safar was regarded as “unlucky” during the Jaahiliyyah) (4)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:  

The words “no Safar” refers to the month of Safar, which the Arabs used to regard as inauspicious, especially for marriage. And it was said that it was a stomach disease that affected camels and was transmitted from one camel to another.

It is more likely that what is meant by Safar here is the month, and that what is meant by saying “no Safar” is that it is not to be regarded as inauspicious, rather it is like any other time, during which good or bad things may be decreed.

This does not mean that these things do not happen, because they do happen. Rather it is a statement that they do not have any effect. The One Who causes things to happen is Allaah. If any of these things has a known effect then that is valid and real; if any of them is imagined to have an effect, then that is invalid and false. Thus the hadeeth demonstrates that if there is a valid effect, it cannot be attributed to that thing itself (rather the One Who causes it to happen is Allaah). If the effect is merely imagined, then this hadeeth is stating that it has no effect in the first place. (5)

safarProphet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

 قال : ” لا هامة ولا صفر “ ، زاد مسلم وغيره  ولا نَوء ولا غُول 

“No haamah and no Safar.” (6). In narration of Muslim and others add the words: “No naw’ and no ghoul.” 

It was said that they used to have superstitions concerning the month of Safar, so the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “No Safar”.

And it was said that the Arabs used to believe that there was a snake in the stomach which would harm a person when he had intercourse, and that this was contagious, so the Lawgiver denied that. Maalik said: “The people of the Jaahiliyyah would regard Safar as not being sacred one year and as sacred the next year. (7)

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

لاَ عَدْوَى وَلاَ صَفَرَ خَلَقَ اللَّهُ كُلَّ نَفْسٍ وَكَتَبَ حَيَاتَهَا وَرِزْقَهَا وَمَصَائِبَهَا

There is no 3Adwa nor safar. Allaah created every soul, so he wrote its life, its provision, and its afflictions”. (8)

Fatawaa About Different Superstitions & Innovations in Safar:

Shaykh Bin Baaz said regarding doing Marriage contracts & or entwining fingers etc during Safar:

Safar, just like all other months, does not bring good or evil, as good is only from Allah subhaanAllaah and evil is predestined by Him. Moreover, it is authentically reported that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam annulled the concept of pessimism when he said: “There is no 3Adwa, nor is there any Tiyarah, nor is there any Hamah, nor is there Safar”

The same applies to pessimism about entwining fingers, breaking a stick, etc., when concluding a marriage contract. Such beliefs are false, baseless, and thus they should not be adopted by a Muslim. (9)

The Permanent Committee was asked about marrying or be circumcision in the month of Safar. They replied:

What is mentioned with regard to the prohibition of marriage or circumcision during the month of Safar is superstition. Being superstitious of months, days, birds and similar animals is not permissible.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is no 3Adwa, nor is there any Tiyarah (evil omen), nor is there any Hamah, nor is there Safar (the month of Safar was believed to bring bad luck during Jahiliyyah).

Being superstitious about the month of Safar falls under forbidden pessimism that discourages from acting and is one of the acts of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance) that was annulled by Islam. (10)

The Permanent Committee was asked about a du3aa’ (11) distributed and said in Safar (asking Allaah by Tawassul of  Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger & names of Allaah). They replied:

This is an innovated Du3aa’ in terms of being specified to be said at a certain time. It also includes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of…) by Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn, the honor of the Messenger and names which are given to Allaah although they are stated neither in the Qur’aan nor in the Sunnah. It is not permissible to name Allaah  except with what He has named Himself in His Book or revealed to His Messenger Muhammad.

Tawassul by people or by the virtue of their status in Du3aa’ is a Bid3ah (innovation in religion), and every Bid3ah is misguidance and a means to Shirk. Accordingly, the circulation of this Du3aa’ should be prevented in addition to getting rid of any of its copies. It seems that it is innovated by the Shiites. (12)

The Permanent Committee was asked about a specific 4 Rak3aat prayer that is prayed on the last Wednesday of Safar (13), that if prayed in specific manner, Allaah protect him by His generosity from all the calamities that come down on that day, and they will not come around him.

They replied:

We do not know of any basis in the Qur’aan or in the Sunnah for the naafil prayer mentioned in the question. We have no proof that any one among the salaf of this ummah or the righteous people of its later generations did this naafil prayer. Rather it is a reprehensible innovation.

It was narrated that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours [Islam], will have it rejected.” And he said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours that is not part of it, will have it rejected.”

Whoever attributes this prayer and the things that are mentioned with it to the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam or to any of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) is fabricating serious lies, and Allaah will give him the punishment for liars which he deserves. (14)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn 3Abd al-Salaam al-Shuqayri said:

The ignorant have the habit of writing down the verses of salaam such as “Salaam (peace) be upon Nooh (from Us) among the 3Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)!””  (soorah As-Saafaat 37:79) etc. on the last Wednesday of the month of Safar, then they put them in vessels and drink it and seek blessings from it, and they give it as gifts to one another, because they believe that this will take away bad things. This is a false belief and a blameworthy superstition, a reprehensible innovation which must be denounced by everyone who sees it. (15)

Compiled by TowardsHuda (Main Sources)

Related Posts:

The Month of Safar by Shaykh Salih Munajjid (islamqa.info)

==========================================

References:
(1) soorah at-Tawbah, v:36
(2) Lisaan al-‘Arab by Ibn al-Mandhoor, part 4, p. 462-463
(3) Al-Bukhaari (5316)
(4) http://islamqa.info/en/45694
(5)Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed, 2/80
(6) Al-Musnad, Al-Saheehayn (Bukharee & Muslim)
(7) http://islamqa.info/en/13930
(8) Arabic reference :Tirmidhee Book 32, Hadeeth 2293 / silsilah as-saheehah
English reference: Tirmidhee Vol. 4, Book 6, Hadeeth 2143 (Darussalaam)
(9) Al-Ifta
(10) Al-Ifta Fatawaa’
(11) Read the fabricated du3aa’ here
(12) Al-Iftaa Fatwa
(13) The fabricated prayer on the Last wednesday of Safar
(14) Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 2/354
(15) Al-Sunan wa’l-Mubtada’aat, p. 111, 112

Fasting Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’

besm4

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.” (1)

Mustahabb (encouraged) to fast Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’:

3Abd-Allaah ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhuma said: “When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted on 3Aashooraa’ and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

If I live to see the next year, in-shaa’-Allaah, we will fast on the ninth day too.’

But it so happened that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam passed away before the next year came.” (2)

Al-Shaafa3ee and his companions, Ahmad, Ishaaq and others said:

It is mustahabb [recommended] to fast both the ninth and the tenth, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted the tenth and intended to fast the ninth.

Wisdom Behind Fasting Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’

If one were to ask, what is the wisdom behind fasting the ninth as well as the tenth?  The answer is:

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

The scholars among our companions and others said that there are several reasons for recommending fasting on the ninth day (Taasoo3aa’):

1. The intention behind it is to be different from the Jews who limit their fasting to the tenth day. This was narrated from Ibn 3Abbaas.

2. The intention was to join the fast of 3Aashooraa to another day, just as it is not allowed to fast on a Friday on its own [but it is allowed if one fasts the day before or the day after as well].

3. The idea is to be on the safe side and make sure one is fasting on the tenth, in case the moon sighting was not accurate and what people think is the ninth is actually the tenth.

The strongest of these reasons is in order to be different from the People of the Book.

fasting taasoo3aa

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah said:

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam forbade resembling the People of the Book in many ahaadeeth. For example, he said concerning 3Aashooraa: “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth.” (3)

Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, commenting on the hadeeth “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth”:

His concern to fast the ninth may be understood as meaning that he would not limit himself to that, rather that he would add it to the tenth, either to be on the safe side, or to be different from the Jews and Christians, which is more likely to be correct; this is what may be understood from some of the reports narrated by Muslim.” (4)

Based on this, there are different ways of fasting 3Aashooraa, the least of which is to fast the tenth only, but it is better to fast the ninth as well. The more one fasts in Muharram, the better.

 Fasting Only On the Day of 3Aashooraa’:

Shaykh al-Islaam said:

Fasting on the day of 3Aashoraa’ is an expiation for a year, and it is not makrooh to fast only that day”. (5)

Ibn Hajar al-Haytami said: 

There is nothing wrong with fasting only on 3Aashooraa’.” (6)

only 3Aashooraa'

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa said:

It is permissible to fast the day of 3Aashooraa’. (tenth day of Muharram) just one day, however, it is better to fast the day before it or the day after it (also)”. (7)

Related Posts:

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Some Rulings About 3Aashooraa’

 References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Muslim, 1916.
(3) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 6
(4) Fath al-Baari, 4/245
Read More: http://islamqa.com/en/ref/21785
(5) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5
(6) In Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj: part 3, Baab Sawm al-Tatawwu’
(7) Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘3lmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Volume 10, Page 401, Fatwa No.13700

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