The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever directs someone to a good, then he will have the reward equal to the doer of the action". [Saheeh Muslim]

Posts tagged ‘3Ashoora’

Beginning of New Hijri Year 1437H

Bismillaah

Muharram, the 1st month of new Hijri year 1437H is starting from Thursday, 15th October 2014.

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

The best of fasting after Ramadaan is fasting Allaah’s month of Muharram. (1)

themonthofmuharram

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said about fasting the 10th Muharram:

For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before. (2)

the_merit_of_fasting__ashura_

 09 Muharram 1437 H = Friday, 23rd October 2015

10 Muharram (3Aashooraa’) 1437H = Saturday, 24th October 2015

11 Muharram 1437H = Sunday, 25th October 2015

Important Note:

Also, please be advised that there is no special du3aa’, prayer or 3Ibaadah, to be done or end the Hijri year with.  click the link below.

End the Hijri year with fasting & Prayers for forgiveness? [Must read]

Related Posts:

Ruling on offering congratulations at the Beginning of the Hijri Year

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Fasting Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’ [NEW]

More Muharram Resources

Reference:
(1)  Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Muslim
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Fasting Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’

besm4

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.” (1)

Mustahabb (encouraged) to fast Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’:

3Abd-Allaah ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhuma said: “When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted on 3Aashooraa’ and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

If I live to see the next year, in-shaa’-Allaah, we will fast on the ninth day too.’

But it so happened that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam passed away before the next year came.” (2)

Al-Shaafa3ee and his companions, Ahmad, Ishaaq and others said:

It is mustahabb [recommended] to fast both the ninth and the tenth, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted the tenth and intended to fast the ninth.

Wisdom Behind Fasting Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’

If one were to ask, what is the wisdom behind fasting the ninth as well as the tenth?  The answer is:

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

The scholars among our companions and others said that there are several reasons for recommending fasting on the ninth day (Taasoo3aa’):

1. The intention behind it is to be different from the Jews who limit their fasting to the tenth day. This was narrated from Ibn 3Abbaas.

2. The intention was to join the fast of 3Aashooraa to another day, just as it is not allowed to fast on a Friday on its own [but it is allowed if one fasts the day before or the day after as well].

3. The idea is to be on the safe side and make sure one is fasting on the tenth, in case the moon sighting was not accurate and what people think is the ninth is actually the tenth.

The strongest of these reasons is in order to be different from the People of the Book.

fasting taasoo3aa

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah said:

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam forbade resembling the People of the Book in many ahaadeeth. For example, he said concerning 3Aashooraa: “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth.” (3)

Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, commenting on the hadeeth “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth”:

His concern to fast the ninth may be understood as meaning that he would not limit himself to that, rather that he would add it to the tenth, either to be on the safe side, or to be different from the Jews and Christians, which is more likely to be correct; this is what may be understood from some of the reports narrated by Muslim.” (4)

Based on this, there are different ways of fasting 3Aashooraa, the least of which is to fast the tenth only, but it is better to fast the ninth as well. The more one fasts in Muharram, the better.

 Fasting Only On the Day of 3Aashooraa’:

Shaykh al-Islaam said:

Fasting on the day of 3Aashoraa’ is an expiation for a year, and it is not makrooh to fast only that day”. (5)

Ibn Hajar al-Haytami said: 

There is nothing wrong with fasting only on 3Aashooraa’.” (6)

only 3Aashooraa'

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa said:

It is permissible to fast the day of 3Aashooraa’. (tenth day of Muharram) just one day, however, it is better to fast the day before it or the day after it (also)”. (7)

Related Posts:

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Some Rulings About 3Aashooraa’

 References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Muslim, 1916.
(3) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 6
(4) Fath al-Baari, 4/245
Read More: http://islamqa.com/en/ref/21785
(5) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5
(6) In Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj: part 3, Baab Sawm al-Tatawwu’
(7) Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘3lmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Volume 10, Page 401, Fatwa No.13700

Beginning of New Year 1436H

bismillah21

Muharram, the 1st month of new Hijri year 1436H is starting from Saturday, 25th October 2014.

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

The best of fasting after Ramadaan is fasting Allaah’s month of Muharram. (1)

Muharram _6

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said about fasting the 10th Muharram:

For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before. (2)

 09 Muharram 1436 H = Sunday, 2nd November 2014

10 Muharram (3Aashooraa’) 1436H = Monday, 3rd November 2014

11 Muharram 1436H = Tuesday, 4th November 2014

Related Posts:

Ruling on offering congratulations at the Beginning of the Hijri Year

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

More Muharram Resources

Reference:
(1)  Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Muslim

Beginning of New Year 1435H

1UPDATED @ 20:30pm

The Supreme Court announced that Tuesday, (02/01/1435 AH according to Umm Al-Qura Calendar), corresponding to 5th November 2013, is the first day of the lunar month of Muharram for the year 1435AH, due to the lack of evidence of sighting the crescent of the month of Muharram on Sunday evening, 29th Dhu Al-Hijjah 1434 AH.
This came in a statement issued by the Supreme Court today. (1)

Muharram, the 1st month of new Hijri year 1435H has started from Today, 5th November 2013.

Prophet sallAllaahu 3etAlayhi wa sallam said: “The best of fasting after Ramadaan is fasting Allaah’s month of Muharram.”

Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said about fasting the 10th Muharram: “For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.”

Muharram _6

09 Muharram 1435 H = Wednesday, 13th November 2013
10 Muharram (3Aashooraa’) 1435H = Thursday, 14th November 2013
11 Muharram 1435H = Friday, 15th November 2013.

Related Posts:

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Ruling on offering congratulations at the Beginning of the Hijri Year

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

More Muharram Resources

Reference:
(1) Arab News
http://www.arabnews.com/news/472761

Muharram and 3Aashooraa’ 1434 AH

Muharram 1434 AH has started today.

1 Muharram 1434 AH is today, Thursday, 15th November 2012 & 10 Muharram (3Ashooraa’) 1434 AH will be on Saturday, 24th November 2012.

09 Muharram 1434 AH = Friday, 23rd November 2012
10 Muharram (3Aashooraa’) 1434 AH = Saturday, 24th November 2012
11 Muharram 1434 AH = Sunday, 25th November 2012.

Related Posts:

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Muharram

Fasting the Day of 3Ashooraa’

Virtues of Fasting 3Aashooraa’:

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ : مَا رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَتَحَرَّى صِيَامَ يَوْمٍ فَضَّلَهُ عَلَى غَيْرِهِ إِلا هَذَا الْيَوْمَ يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ وَهَذَا الشَّهْرَ يَعْنِي شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ . ” رواه البخاري

Ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “I never saw the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam so keen to fast any day and give it priority over any other than this day, the day of 3Aashooraa’, and this month, meaning Ramadaan.” (1)


قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” صِيَامُ يَوْمِ عَرَفَةَ أَحْتَسِبُ عَلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ السَّنَةَ الَّتِي قَبْلَهُ وَالسَّنَةَ الَّتِي بَعْدَهُ وَصِيَامُ يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ أَحْتَسِبُ عَلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ السَّنَةَ الَّتِي قَبْلَهُ ” رواه مسلم

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.” (2)

Mustahabb (encouraged) to fast Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’:

3Abd-Allaah ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhuma said: “When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted on 3Aashooraa’ and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians.’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said, ‘If I live to see the next year, inshaa’ Allaah, we will fast on the ninth day too.’ But it so happened that the Messenger of AllaahsallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam passed away before the next year came.” (3)

Fasting 3Aashooraa (download as pdf)

Related Posts:

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

Some Rulings About 3Aashooraa’

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Reference:
(1) Bukhaaree
(2) Muslim
(3) Read More: http://islamqa.com/en/ref/21785
 

Some Rulings About 3Ashooraa’

3Aashooraa’ in History

Ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam came to Madeenah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of ‘Aashooraa’. He said, ‘What is this?’

They said, ‘This is a righteous day, it is the day when Allaah saved the Children of Israeel from their enemies, so Moosa fasted on this day.’

He said, ‘We have more right to Moosa than you,’ so he fasted on that day and commanded [the Muslims] to fast on that day.”

According to another report: “He said to his Companions: ‘You have more right to Moosa than they do, so fast on that day.” (2)


The practice of fasting on 3Aashooraa’ was known even in the days of Jaahiliyyah, before the Prophet’s mission. It was reported that 3Ayeshah  radi Allaahu 3Anha said: “The people of Jaahiliyyah used to fast on that day…”

It was also reported that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam used to fast on 3Aashooraa’ in Makkah, before he migrated to Madeenah. When he migrated to Madeenah, he found the Jews celebrating this day, so he asked them why, and they replied as described in the hadeeth quoted above. He commanded the Muslims to be different from the Jews, who took it as a festival, as was reported in the hadeeth of Abu Moosa radi Allaahu 3Anhu, who said: “The Jews used to take the day of 3Aashooraa’ as a festival [according to a report narrated by Muslim: the day of ‘Aashooraa’ was venerated by the Jews, who took it as a festival.

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: ‘So you [Muslims] should fast on that day.’”

Apparently the motive for commanding the Muslims to fast on this day was the desire to be different from the Jews, so that the Muslims would fast when the Jews did not, because people do not fast on a day of celebration. (3)

Fasting on the day of 3Aashooraa’ was obligatory, but when fasting Ramadaan was made obligatory, the obligation to fast 3Aashooraa’ was lifted, i.e., it was no longer obligatory to fast on this day, but it is still desirable (mustahabb).

Celebrating 3Aashooraa’:

[wearing kohl, taking a bath (ghusl), using henna, shaking hands with one another, cooking grains (huboob), showing their happiness]:

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about it & he replied:

‘Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds. Nothing to that effect has been reported in any saheeh hadeeth from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or from his Companions. None of the imaams of the Muslims encouraged or recommended such things, neither the four imaams, nor any others.

No reliable scholars have narrated anything like this, neither from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, nor from the Sahaabah, nor from the Taabi3een; neither in any saheeh report or in a da3eef (weak) report; neither in the books of Saheeh, nor in al-Sunan, nor in the Musnads.

No hadeeth of this nature was known during the best centuries, but some of the later narrators reported ahaadeeth like the one which says “Whoever puts kohl in his eyes on the day of 3Aashooraa’ will not suffer from eye disease in that year, and whoever takes a bath (does ghusl) on the day of 3Aashooraa’ will not get sick in that year, etc.”

They also narrated reports concerning the supposed virtues of praying on the day of 3Aashooraa’, and other reports saying that on the day of 3Aashooraa’ Adam repented, the Ark settled on Mount Joodi, Yoosuf returned to Ya3qoob, Ibraaheem was saved from the fire, the ram was provided for sacrifice instead of Ismaa’eel, and so on. They also reported a fabricated hadeeth that is falsely attributed to the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, which says, “Whoever is generous to his family on the day of 3Aashooraa’, Allaah will be generous to him for the rest of the year.”

As for the other things, such as cooking special dishes with or without grains, or wearing new clothes, or spending money on one’s family, or buying the year’s supplies on that day, or doing special acts of worship such as special prayers or deliberately slaughtering an animal on that day, or saving some of the meat of the sacrifice to cook with grains, or wearing kohl and henna, or taking a bath (ghusl), or shaking hands with one another, or visiting one another, or visiting the mosques and mashhads (shrines) and so on… all of this is reprehensible bid3ah and is wrong.

None of it has anything to do with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, or the way of the Khulafa’ al-Raashidoon. It was not approved of by any of the imaams of the Muslims, not Maalik, not al-Thawri, not al-Layth ibn Sa3d, not Abu Haneefah, not al-Oozaa3i, not al-Shaafa3’i, not Ahmad ibn Hanbal, not Ishaaq ibn Raahwayh, not any of the imaams and scholars of the Muslims. (4)

Taking it as a day of mourning:

Celebrating that day is an innovation (bid3ah), and making it an anniversary for mourning is also an innovation.

What the Shi3ah do on 3Ashooraa’ of beating their chests, slapping their cheeks, striking their shoulders with chains and cutting their heads with swords to let the blood flow are all innovations that have no basis in Islaam. These things are evils that were forbidden by the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, who did not prescribe for his ummah to do any of these things or anything similar to them to mark the death of a leader or the loss of a martyr, no matter what his status.


3Abd-Allaah ibn Mas3ood radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “He is not one of us who strikes his cheeks, rends his garment, or cries with the cry of the Jaahiliyyah.” (5)

These reprehensible actions that the Shi3ah do on the day of 3Ashooraa’ have no basis in Islam. The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam did not do them, nor did any of his companions. None of his companions did them when he or anyone else died, although the loss of Muhammad sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was greater than the death of al-Husayn radi Allaahu 3Anhu. (6)

Al-Haafidh ibn Katheer rahimahAllaah, known for his work of tafseer, states regarding this act of mourning the death of Husayn ibn 3Alee radi Allahu anhu:

“Every Muslim should mourn the killing of al-Husayn radi Allahu anhu, for he is one of the leaders of the Muslims, one of the scholars of the Sahaabah, and the son of the daughter of the Messenger of AllaahsallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, who was the best of his daughters. He was a devoted worshipper, and a courageous and generous man. But there is nothing good in what the Shi3ah do of expressing distress and grief, most of which may be done in order to show off. His father was better than him and he was killed, but they do not take his death as an anniversary as they do with the death of al-Husayn. His father was killed on a Friday as he was leaving the mosque after Fajr prayer, on the seventeenth of Ramadan in 40 AH.

3Uthmaan was better than 3Alee according to Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa3ah, and he was killed when he was besieged in his house during the days of al-Tashreeq in Dhu’l-Hijjah of 36 AH, with his throat cut from one jugular vein to the other, but the people did not take his death as an anniversary.

3Umar ibn al-Khattaab was better than 3Alee and 3Uthmaan, and he was killed as he was standing in the mihraab, praying Fajr and reciting Qur’aan, but the people did not take his death as an anniversary. Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq was better than him but the people did not take his death as an anniversary.

The Messenger of Allah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is the leader of the sons of Adam in this world and the Hereafter, and Allaah took him to Him as the Prophets died before him, but no one took the dates of their deaths as anniversaries on which they do what these ignorant Raafidis do on the day that al-Husayn was killed. … The best that can be said when remembering these and similar calamities is that which 3Al33 ibn al-Husayn narrated from his grandfather the Messenger of Allah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, who said: “There is no Muslim who is afflicted by a calamity and when he remembers it, even if it was in the dim and distant past, he says Inna Lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raaji3oon (verily to Allaah we belong and unto Him is our return), but Allaah will give him a reward like that of the day when it befell him.” (7)

Eating food that is made on 3Ashooraa’:

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: This is an abhorrent evil and reprehensible innovation which must be abandoned; it is not permissible to take part in it and it is not permissible to eat the food that is offered.

And he said: It is not permissible take part in it or to eat of these meats or drink these drinks [prepared for this occasion] (8)

About 3Aashooraa (download as pdf)

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References:
(1) Al-Bukhaaree
(2) Al-Bukhaaree
(3) Summarized from the words of al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar – may Allaah have mercy on him – in Fath al-Baari Sharh ‘ala Saheeh al-Bukhaari
(4) Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah – may Allaah have mercy on him. Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5)
(5) Al-Bukhaari (1294) and Muslim (103)
(6) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/101268
(7) Al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihaayah (8/221).
(8) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/102885/

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