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Posts tagged ‘fasting on 9th dhul hijjah’

Fasting on 3Arafah if it Falls on Friday

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Fasting On Jumu3ah (Friday):

Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that he said: “I heard the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam say:

“None of you should fast on a Friday unless he fasts the day before or the day after”.’ (1)

Fasting on 3Arafah if It Coincides with Friday:

Shaykh 3Abdul-3Azeez bin 3Abdullaah Aal ash-Shaykh was asked the following question:

Q: If the day of 3Arafah (the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah) was to coincide with Friday is it permissible to single it out with fasting (i.e. by not fasting a day along with it)? May Allaah reward you with good.

He replied:

Fasting Friday is forbidden if the intent is the day of Friday itself;  i.e. singling out the day of Friday; so one must fast a day before it or a day after it.

As for it (Friday) coinciding with a day that is obligatory to fast, or (if Friday coincided) with fasting the six days of Shawwaal, or with fasting the 9th or 10th day of Muharram, or with fasting the day of 3Arafah, then there is nothing to prevent him from that (fasting Friday by itself); as long as he is not in a state of Ihraam performing Hajj. ” (2)

Shaykh ibn Baz (rahimahullaah) was asked:

Q: The day of 3Arafah came on Friday, and I fasted on Friday which was the day of 3Arafah, but I did not fast on Thursday; so is there any sin upon me?

He answered:

We hope there is no sin upon you. This is because you did not intend to single out this day for fasting; rather you only fasted this day because it was the day of 3Arafah.

But if you would have fasted Thursday along with it, it would have been safer and less doubtful.

This is because the Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam prohibited singling out Friday for fasting as it relates to the one observing and optional fast. And you were observing an optional fast. Therefore if you would have fasted Thursday along with it, with would have been safer and less doubtful even if your intention was to fast because it was 3Arafah.

But for the believer to investigate so he can be in agreement with the commands of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is safer and less doubtful.

As for fasting (Friday) intending to do so because it is a virtuous day, then this is not permissible because the Messenger prohibited that.

But if you fast this day because it is the day of 3Arafah then we hope there will be nothing upon you. But if the person takes precaution and fast on Thursday along with Friday, this will be safer. (3)

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ was asked:

Q: Is it permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of 3Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday? Or, should a person observe Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it, bearing in mind that the former case conflicts with the Hadeeth prohibiting the observance of Sawm on Friday alone?

They replied:

It is permissible to observe Sawm on the Day of 3Arafah alone if it happens to be on a Friday without observing Sawm on a day preceding or succeeding it as the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is authentically reported to have urged people to observe Sawm on this day highlighting its superiority and the great reward for observing Sawm on it.

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: Fasting the Day of 3Arafah forgives the sins of two years: the previous and the following…”

This Hadeeth specifies the general meaning of the Hadeeth that readsNone of you should fast on Friday unless he fasts a day before or after it”.

Accordingly, the general prohibition understood from this Hadeeth should be understood in the context of observing Sawm on Friday for it merely being Friday.

However, observing Sawm on Friday for another purpose recommended by Shari3ah is permissible and not prohibited even if Sawm is observed on Friday alone. If Sawm is observed on a day preceding or succeeding it, it will be a more precautionary implementation of the two Hadeeths which will have the effect of the increase of the reward. (4)

Ibn Hajar said in Fath Al-Baari:

(after mentioning the prohibition of singling out Jumu3ah for fasting)

“Excluded from this prohibition is one who fasts the day before or after, or if it coincides with days that he habitually fasts, such as one who fasts al-Ayyaam al-Beed (the 13th, 14th and 15th of each hijri month), or who has the habit of fasting a specific day such as the Day of 3Arafah,  and it coincides with a Friday…. (5)

Similarly, if 3Ashoorah or 3Arafah coincides with a Friday, he may fast, because his intention is to fast 3Ashoorah or 3Arafah, not to fast on a Friday. (6)

Compiled by TowardsHuda

Related Posts:

Virtues of the Day of 3Arafah

Fasting On 3Arafah for Different Moon Sighting Countries

Suggested Program For 3Arafah [NEW]

Fasting and Prescribed deeds on the Day of 3Arafah

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References:
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Fasting On 3Arafah for Different Moon Sighting Countries

It was reported from Abu Qataadah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was asked about fasting on the Day of 3Arafah. He said, “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year.” (1)

In another narration: “I ask Allaah that it may expiate for (the sins of) the year that comes before it and the year that comes after it.”

Fasting The Day of 3Arafah for Different Moon Sighting Countries

The day of 3Arafah and the fast thereon is the ninth day of the month of Dhul-Hijjah, which is defined for each country according to their sighting of the new moon of Dhul-Hijjah. So it may be on Thursday for the people of Makkah, and for others it may be on Wednesday or Saturday. It is not essential to follow the people of Makkah when there are differences in the sighting of the new moon. This is the most correct of the scholarly views, that each country has its own sighting when there is a difference concerning that. (1)

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: what if the day of 3Arafah is different because of the moon being sighted at different times in different countries? Should we fast according to the moon sighting in the country where we are or according to the moon sighting in al-Haramayn (the two Holy Sanctuaries)?

He replied: ”This is based on a difference of opinion among the scholars: Is there only one moon sighting for the whole world or does it vary according to when the moon rises in different places?

The correct view is that it varies according to when the moon rises in different places.

For example, if the moon is sighted in Makkah, and today is the ninth, and it is sighted elsewhere one day before Makkah, and the day of 3Arafah in Makkah is the tenth for them, it is not permissible for them to fast on this day because it is 3Eid.

Similarly if it so happens that they sight the moon after Makkah, and the 9th in Makkah is the 8th for them, then they should fast the day that is the 9th for them, which is the 10th in Makkah. This is the correct view, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said:“When you see it (the new moon) fast and when you see it break your fast.”

Those who did not see the moon in their own location have not seen it. Just as people are unanimously agreed that the times for dawn and sunset vary according to their own location, so too the months are also worked out by location, just like the daily timings.(2)

Related Posts:

Virtues of the Day of 3Arafah

Fasting and Prescribed deeds on the Day of 3Arafah

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References:
(1) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/140011
(2) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa, 20. http://islamqa.com/en/ref/40720/

Fasting and Prescribed deeds on the Day of 3Arafah

Fasting:

It was reported from Abu Qataadah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was asked about fasting on the Day of 3Arafah. He said, “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year.” (1)

In another narration:I ask Allaah that it may expiate for (the sins of) the year that comes before it and the year that comes after it.”

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: What is the ruling on fasting the day of 3Arafah for non-pilgrims and pilgrims?

He replied: “Fasting on the day of 3Arafah for non-pilgrims is a confirmed Sunnah. The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was asked about fasting on the day of 3Arafah and he said: “I ask Allaah that it may expiate for (the sins of) the year that comes before it and the year that comes after it”.  According to another report he said: “It expiates for the past and coming years.”

As for the pilgrim, it is not Sunnah for him to fast on the day of 3Arafah, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam did not fast on the day of 3Arafah during the Farewell Pilgrimage. In Saheeh al-Bukhaaree it is narrated from Maymoonah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the people were not sure whether the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was fasting on the day of 3Arafah, so she sent him some milk when he was standing in 3Arafah, and he drank it whilst the people were looking on. ” (2)

Fasting on Day of 3Arafah for Different Moon Sighting Countries

Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: what if the day of 3Arafah is different because of the moon being sighted at different times in different countries? Should we fast according to the moon sighting in the country where we are or according to the moon sighting in al-Haramayn (the two Holy Sanctuaries)?

He replied: “This is based on a difference of opinion among the scholars: Is there only one moon sighting for the whole world or does it vary according to when the moon rises in different places?

The correct view is that it varies according to when the moon rises in different places.

For example, if the moon is sighted in Makkah, and today is the ninth, and it is sighted elsewhere one day before Makkah, and the day of 3Arafah in Makkah is the tenth for them, it is not permissible for them to fast on this day because it is 3Eid.

Similarly if it so happens that they sight the moon after Makkah, and the 9th in Makkah is the 8th for them, then they should fast the day that is the 9th for them, which is the 10th in Makkah. This is the correct view, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said:“When you see it (the new moon) fast and when you see it break your fast.”

Those who did not see the moon in their own location have not seen it. Just as people are unanimously agreed that the times for dawn and sunset vary according to their own location, so too the months are also worked out by location, just like the daily timings.(3)

Best Du3aa’ on the Day of 3Arafah

It was narrated from 3AbdAllaah ibn 3Amr ibn al-3Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said:

“The best of du3aa’ is du3aa’ on the day of 3Arafah, and the best that I and the Prophets before me said is:

لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له ، له الملك ، وله الحمد ، وهو على كل شيء قدير

‘Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahul-mulk wa lahul-hamd wa huwa 3ala kulli shay’in qadeer’ 

(There is no god but Allaah alone, with no partner or associate; His is the dominion, to Him be praise, and He has power over all things).” (4)

Commenting on the Hadeeth, Ibn 3Abdul-Barr (rahimahullah) said, “The Hadeeth stands as evidence that the supplications on the Day of 3Arafah are most probably answered and that the best of remembrance of Allaah is to say, ‘There is none worthy of worship except Allaah’.” (5)

It was narrated from Talhah ibn 3Ubayd ibn Kurayz in a mursal report: “The best of du3aa’ is du3aa’ on the day of 3Arafah.” (6).

The scholars differed concerning this virtue of du3aa’ on the day of 3Arafah, whether it applies only to those who are in 3Arafah or it includes other places. The more correct view is that it is general and that the virtue is connected to the day, but undoubtedly those who are in 3Arafah have combined the virtue of the place with the virtue of the time.

Al-Baaji (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “The words ‘the best of du3aa’ is on the day of 3Arafah’ mean the dhikr with the greatest blessing, the greatest reward and that which is most likely to be answered. It may be interpreted as referring to pilgrims only, because the meaning of du3aa’ on the day of 3Arafah is very true in their case, and applies especially to them. But if the day of 3Arafah is regarded in general terms, it is described as such because of the pilgrims being there. And Allaah knows best”. (7)

Takbeer:

The scholars said that there are two types of Takbeer:

First: which is not limited to a specific time, and it is Sunnah to say it all the time, morning and evening, before prayer and after prayer, at all times. It starts with the start of the month of Dhul-Hijjah and lasts until the last day of Tashreeq.

Second: The Takbeer restricted to a specific time, which is prescribed after prayers. It starts from Fajr on the day of 3Arafah and lasts until the sun sets on the last day of the days of Tashreeq, in addition to the takbeer that may be recited at any time.

So when a person says the tasleem at the end of the obligatory prayer, he should pray for forgiveness (by saying Astaghfir-Allaah) three times, and say:“Allaahumma anta al-salaam wa minka al-salaam, tabaarakta yaa dhaa’l-jalaali wa’l-ikraam (“O Allaah, You are al-Salaam [the One Who is free from all defects and deficiencies), and from You is all peace, blessed are You, O possessor of majesty and honour)”, then start the takbeer. (8)

It was narrated that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam and a group of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) used to recite Takbeer following each of the five prayers from Fajr on the day of 3Arafah until 3Asr on the 13th day of Dhu’l-Hijjah. (9)

Compiled by towardshuda

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References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (part 20, question no. 404)
(3) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa, 20. 
http://islamqa.com/en/ref/40720/
(4) At-Tirmidhi (3585)’ classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb (1536).
(5) Islamweb.net
(6) Narrated by Maalik in al-Muwatta’ (500); classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’ (1102)
(7) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/70282
(8) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn Baaz  13/17; al-Sharh al-Mumti’ by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 5/220-224.
(9) http://islamqa.com/en/ref/10508  (Kitaab Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn Baaz )
 
 

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