“An excerpt from “Tafseer of Soorah Al-Fatihah
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
[All] praise is [due] to Allaah , Lord of the worlds
[soorah Al-Fatihah, v:2]
الحمد: is translated as “All praise”.
we can praise anyone:
- When we want something
- Because of having awe of them
- Out of fear for them
In case of human, it is not called حمد, we don’t use it for human.
حمد means praising & thanking Allaah with Love & ta3dheem (exaltation)
حب = Love
تعظيم = to make it great/ to glorify/ exaltation/ to respect, elevate
we are praising Allaah with Love & gratitude.
There is another word used for praise in Arabic:
مدح = حمد = praise
Hamd ( حمد) has something in it that Madh (مدح ) doesn’t have. We don’t do exaltation when we praise the human.
Hamd ( حمد) is special, only used for Allaah.
Why we are praising Allaah (using Hamd)? due to His complete perfection.
When we praise a human, it becomes a Madh (مدح ) without Love or ta3dheem. You can thank a human without having love for them. But for Allaah it is perfect. We thank Allaah praising Him for His mercy, Love, for being As-Samee3, Al-Mujeeb, Al-3Adheem, At-tawwaab, ArRahmaan, Ar-Razzaaq, Ar-Raheem …………
لله = for Allaah
رب = Rabb (generally translated as Lord) but it has no equivalent in English
رب = Rabb (one who nurtures & rears , upbring & give tarbiyah, takes care)
Allaah has created the human & prepared for them all the tools that they can used, He takes cares of them. In Arabic a person taking care of the house or master of the house is called:
رب البيت (Rabb-ul-bayt) or
ربة البيت (Rabbat-ul-bayt)
The word رب (Rabb) comes from the word tarbiyyah (رب–> تربيّة) which means nurturing, training, educating, bringing up, nourishing. Allaah being the Rabb; He gives tarbiyyah to His slaves, takes care of His creation.
There are two types of Tarbiyyah:
- General Tarbiyah
- Special/Exclusive Tarbiyyah
1). General Tarbiyyah: for all of His creation without exception. He created them, provided them, gives everything to them (ears, eyesight, rain, crops etc) whether they worship Him or not, guide them to things that are beneficial for them in duniya, to reach higher in duniya, everything for a better life.
Just like a mother who takes care of food, drink, good school, medical care, provides for child, do everything for him etc.
2). Special/Exclusive Tarbiyyah: This is Only for His Awliyaa’ (special slaves) Close believers whom He loves.
Whats that Special Tarbiyyah?
He up-brings them, raises them on Eemaan. How?
He gives them the ability to achieve Eemaan, raises & nurtures them on Eemaan & He increases the Eemaan & completes it for them – by guiding them to causes that will help increase their Eemaan (e.g., classes, righteous kids, knowledge etc). He gives special attention. He will bring everything on his way which will bring him closer to Allaah. Out of His Mercy & love, He will remove any obstacles that come between the slaves & Him. Allaah protects them & brings good in their path even if they didn’t specifically ask Allaah. He will give them tawfeeq (توفيق ) to do everything good.
توفيق = ability to achieve/ ability to do
We need intention & ability to do any good deeds & it’s from Allaah’s tawfeeq. He will protect them from all harms. He takes special care of their deen. (e.g., a mother who gives tarbiayh to her son, gives him good company, removes any harm that comes his way etc)
Allaah’s tarbiyyah is much more on scale. The slave is under special tarbiyyah of Allaah.
Shaykh As-Sa3dee said something very beautiful about it. He said: “perhaps this is the secret behind all the du3aa’ of Anbiyaa’ (prophets) start with Rabbi/Rabbanaa, due to it carrying this meaning, for all that they were asking & requesting & desired fell under His specific tarbiyyah.
They asked with so much khushoo, complete ifitqaar, humility, whatever they asked: to be protected from fitnah, knowledge, victory.., they said rabbi. At the end of du3aa they used different names of Allaah, but the beginning of their du3aa’ , they used rabbi.
We are heedless of this word “رب”. It has a beautiful feeling. When you make du3aa’ feel that special closeness to Allaah. Say it with your tongue & heart:
(Ya rabbi, give me beneficial knowledge, give me righteous companions etc)
رب العالمين = The Rabb of 3Aalameen (general tarbiyyah) giving bounties to the worlds
Shaykh Uthaymeen said; العالمين is everything beside Allaah
العالمين = Plural of عالم (derived from word علامة = a sign)
Everything in Allaah’s creation is pointing to; is a sign to a great creator who is Allaah.
Download as pdf: Tafseer
Notes taken by students
from online class “Tafseer of Soorah Al-Fatihah”.
Based on tafaseer of Shaykh 3Uthaymeen & shaykh As-Sa3dee.