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Posts tagged ‘april fool’

Ruling on Telling Lies that Do not Harm Anyone

Bismillah-Salaam1

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ was asked a question:

Q. What is the ruling on Telling lies that do not harm anyone?

They replied:

Lying is absolutely Haraam (prohibited) except in the cases that are excluded by Shari3ah (Islaamic law), which does not include what is mentioned in the question.

This prohibition is based on the general meaning of evidence, such as Allaah’s Statement:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَكُونُوا مَعَ الصَّادِقِينَ

 “O you who believe! Be afraid of Allaah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds)”(1)

Moreover, it is related on the authority of 3Abdullaah ibn Mas3ood radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alahy wa sallam said:

Adhere to telling the truth, for telling the truth leads to righteousness and righteousness leads to Jannah (Paradise). A person will keep on speaking the truth and seek to speak the truth until they are recorded with Allaah as a truth-speaker.

Beware of lying! For lying leads to immorality and immorality leads to Hellfire. A person will keep on telling lies and seek to tell lies until they are recorded with Allaah as a liar.” (2)

no_lies

It is also narrated that 3Abdullaah ibn Mas3ood radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “Telling lies is wrong whether in earnest or in jest, read if you wish: “O you who believe! Be afraid of Allaah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds).”  He read the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) and said: 

فهل تجدون لأحد فيه رخصة؟
“Do you find any Rukhsah (concession) allowing anyone to tell a lie?” (3)

Related Posts:

Lying In Joke (Jest)

“Tell them Daddy Is not home!!

April Fool (summarized from shaykh Salih  Munajjid’s Article)

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References:

(1) Surah at-Tawbah, (9:119)

(2)  Al-Bukhari and Muslim. These words are from Muslim (2607)

(3) Fatwa Source: Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’, Fatwa no. 6355, Part 26; Pages 51-52 (http://islamqa.info/en/105477)

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Lying In Joke (Jest)

Bismillah1Allaah says in the Qu’raan:

مَا يَلْفِظُ مِنْ قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ

(interpretation of the meaning):

“Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared [to record].” (1)

عن أبي أمامة قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أنا زعيم ببيت في ربض الجنة لمن ترك المراء وإن كان محقا، وببيت في وسط الجنة لمن ترك الكذب وإن كان مازحا، وببيت في أعلى الجنة لمن حسن خلقه وحسنه الألباني

 The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

I guarantee a house in Jannah for one who gives up arguing, even if he is in the right; and I guarantee a home in the middle of Jannah for one who abandons lying even for the sake of fun; and I guarantee a house in the highest part of Jannah for one who has good manners.” (2)

saudi_mosmyat-beda3-0025

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: 

Woe to the person who lies in his talking to make people laugh, woe to him, woe to him”. (3)

3Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Abi Laylaa said: “The companions of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam told us that they were travelling with the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam. A man among them fell asleep and some of them went and took his arrows.

When the man woke up, he got alarmed (because his arrows were missing) and the people laughed. The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said, “What are you laughing at?”

They said, “Nothing, except that we took the arrows and he got alarmed.”

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

It is not permissible for a Muslim to frighten another Muslim.” (4)

It is narrated by 3Abdullaah ibn as-Saa’ib ibn Yazeed radi-Allaahu 3Anhu that Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

None of you should take the property of his brother in amusement (i.e. jest), nor in earnest. If anyone takes the staff of his brother, he should return it.” (5)

Shaykh Albaanee was asked: Is there a difference between intentionally lying and jokingly lying? And is it permissible for a person to lie jokingly?

Response: No, it is not permissible.

Question: “(So) all of it is judged (regarded) the same?”

Response: Yes (it is) haraam. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam) only spoke the truth. (6)

Related Posts:

Ruling on Telling Lies that Do not Harm Anyone [New]

April Fool (summarized from shaykh Salih  Munajjid’s Article)

Tell Them Daddys Not Home

April Fool (wathakker flyer)

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References:

(1). [soorah Qaaf, verse: 18]
(2) [Abu Dawood, declared Hasan (good) by shaykh Al-bani
(3) Abu Dawood, al-Tirmidhi and al-Nasaai, declared authentic by shaykh Al-bani
(4) Abu Dawood (5004), and Musnad Ahmad. Authenticated by Shaikh al-Albanee in Saheeh al-Jamee (7658)
(5) Sunan Abu Dawood (5003) and graded as “Hasan” by Shaikh al-Albaanee
(6) al-Haawee min Fataawa ash- Shaykh al-Albaanee- Page 390-391

April Fool

Praise be to Allaah, we praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allaah from the evil of our own selves and from our evil deeds. Whomsoever Allaah guides, none can lead astray, and whomsoever He sends astray, none can guide.

One of the things that have become widespread among the common people is the so called “April Fool’s Day”, where they claim that the first day of the fourth solar month is a day when lying is permitted without being subject to any shar3ee guidelines.

The prohibition of lying:

1. Allaah says

إنما يفتري الكذب الذين لا يؤمنون بآيات الله وأولئك هم الكاذبون

(interpretation of the meaning): “It is only those who believe not in the Aayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allaah, who fabricate falsehood, and it is they who are liars” (1)


2. It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

آية المنافق ثلاث إذا حدث كذب وإذا وعد أخلف وإذا اؤتمن خان.  رواه البخاري  32  ومسلم  89

“The signs of the hypocrite are three: when he speaks, he lies; when he makes a promise, he breaks it; and when he is entrusted with something, he betrays that trust.” (2)

The most evil kinds of lies are:

1.  Lies told about Allaah and His Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam.

This is the most serious kind of lie, and the one who does this is subject to a severe warning. Some of the scholars said that the one who does this is to be denounced as a kaafir.  Allaah says:

إن الذين يفترون على الله الكذب لا يفلحون

(interpretation of the meaning): “Say: ‘Verily, those who invent a lie against Allaah will never be successful’” (3)

وعن علي رضي الله عنه قال : قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” لا تكذبوا عليَّ ؛ فإنه من كذب علي فليلج النار

It was narrated that 3Ali radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Do not tell lies about me. Whoever tells lies about me, let him enter the Fire.’”  (4)

وعن أبي هريرة عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : ” من كذب عليَّ فليتبوأ مقعده من النار رواه البخاري 110  ومسلم 3

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever tells lies about me, let him take his place in Hell.”(5)

2. Lying in buying and selling.

عن أبي ذر عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : ” ثلاثة لا يكلمهم الله يوم القيامة ، ولا ينظر إليهم ، ولا يزكيهم ، ولهم عذاب أليم ، قال : فقرأها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ثلاث مرار ، قال أبو ذر : خابوا وخسروا من هم يا رسول الله ؟ قال : المسبل ، والمنَّان ، والمنفق سلعته بالحلف الكاذب

It was narrated from Abu Dharr radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “There are three to whom Allaah will not speak on the Day of Resurrection and He will not look at them or praise them, and they will have a painful torment.”

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam repeated this three times.Abu Dharr said: “May they be doomed and lost, who are they, O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “The one who lets his garment hang below his ankles, the one who reminds others of his favours, and the one who disposes of his goods by swearing a false oath.” (6)

3.  The prohibition on lying about visions and dreams

عن ابن عباس عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال من تحلَّم بحلم لم يره كلِّف أن يعقد بين شعيرتين ولن يفعل

It was narrated from Ibn 3Abbaas that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:“Whoever tells of a dream that he did not see will be commanded [on the Day of Resurrection] to tie two grains of barley together, but he will never be able to do it…….” (7)

4.  The prohibition of speaking about everything that one hears

It was narrated that Hafs ibn 3Aasim said: “The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: ‘It is sufficient lying for a man to speak of everything that he hears.’” (8)

5. Lying in jest (joke)

Some people think that it is permissible to tell lies if it is in jest. This is the excuse that they use for telling lies on April 1st or on other days. This is wrong. There is no basis for this in the pure sharee3ah. Lying is haraam whether the one who does it is joking or is serious.

Lying in jest is haraam just like other kinds of lies.

عن ابن عمر قال : قال صلى الله عليه وسلم :  إني لأمزح ولا أقول إلا حقّاً

It was narrated that Ibn 3Umar said: “The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “I joke, but I speak nothing but the truth.’” (9)

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: “They said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, you joke with us.’ He said, ‘But I only speak the truth.’” (10)

3Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Abi Laylaa said: the companions of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam told us that they were travelling with the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam. A man among them fell asleep and some of them went and took his arrows. When the man woke up, he got alarmed (because his arrows were missing) and the people laughed. The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said, “What are you laughing at?” They said, “Nothing, except that we took the arrows and he got alarmed.”

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “It is not permissible for a Muslim to frighten another Muslim.” (11)

6.  Lying when playing with children

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam warned against doing that. It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Aamir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “My mother called me one day when the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam was sitting in our house. She said, ‘Come here, and I will give you (something).’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said, ‘What do you want to give him?’

She said, ‘I will give him a date.’ The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: ‘If you had not given him something, you would have been lying.’” (12)

7.  Lying to make people laugh

It was narrated that Mu3aawiyah ibn Haydah said: “I heard the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam say: ‘Woe to the one who talks to make the people laugh and tells lies, woe to him, woe to him.’” (13)

april-fool

The punishment for lying

The liar is warned of destructive punishment in this world, and humiliating punishment in the Hereafter. These include:

1. Hypocrisy in the heart.

Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aala says:

فأعقبهم نفاقاً في قلوبهم إلى يوم يلقونه بما أخلفوا الله ما وعدوه وبما كانوا يكذبون

(interpretation of the meaning): “So He punished them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts till the Day whereon they shall meet Him, because they broke that (covenant with Allaah) which they had promised to Him and because they used to tell lies” (14)

2. Guidance to evildoing and to the Fire


It was narrated that 3Abd-Allaah ibn Mas3ood said “The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Truthfulness is righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. A person will continue to tell the truth until he is written with Allaah as one who tells the truth. Lying is evildoing, and evildoing leads to Hell. A person will keep on telling lies until he is written with Allaah as a liar.’” (15)

3.  His testimony will be rejected

4.  Blackening of the face in this world and in the Hereafter

5.  The liar will have the flesh of his cheeks torn to the back of his head (16)


Permissible kinds of lies

Lying is permissible in three cases: war; reconciling between two disputing parties; and a husband lying to his wife or vice versa for the sake of love and harmony.

عن أم كلثوم بنت عقبة أنها سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول : ليس الكذاب الذي يصلح بين الناس فينمي خيراً أو يقول خيراً

رواه البخاري ( 2546 ) ، ومسلم  2605

It was narrated from Umm Kalthoom bint 3Uqbah that she heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam say: “He is not a liar who reconciles between people and narrates something good or says something good.” (17)

It was narrated that Asmaa’ bint Yazeed said: “The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: ‘It is not permissible to tell lies except in three (cases): when a man speaks to his wife in a way to please her; lying in war; and lying in order to reconcile between people.’” (18)

April fool

But with regard to “April Fool”, (in Arabic, Kidhbat Neesaan or the lies of April), the origin of this lying is not known for sure. There are differing opinions concerning that.

It does not matter what the origins of April fool are. What matters more is knowing the ruling on lying on this day, which we are sure did not exist during the first and best generations of Islaam.

The things that happen on April fools’ day are many. Some people have been told that their child or spouse or someone who is dear to them has died, and unable to bear this shock, they have died. Some have been told that they are being laid off, or that there has been a fire or an accident in which their family has been killed, so they suffer paralysis or heart attacks, or similar diseases.  Some people have been told about their wives, that they have been seen with other men, and this has led them to kill or divorce their wives.

These are the endless stories and incidents that we hear of, all of which are lies which are forbidden in Islam and unacceptable to common sense or honest chivalry.

We have seen how Islaam forbids lying even in jest, and it forbids frightening a Muslim whether in seriousness or in jest, in words or in actions. This is the law of Allaah in which is wisdom and care for people’s circumstances.

And Allaah is the Source of Strength.

Summarized from E-book “April Fool” by Shaykh Salih Al-Munajjid

Click for Arabic book

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References:
(1) soorah Al-Nahl, v:105
(2) al-Bukhaari, 32; Muslim, 89
(3) soorahYoonus, v:69
(4) Bukhaaree
(5) Bukhaaree, Muslim
(6) Saheeh Muslim
(7) Saheeh Bukhaaree
(8) Saheeh Muslim
(9) Tabaraani in al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer
(10) At-Tirmidhee
(11) Abu Dawood & Ahmad – this version narrated by Ahmad
(12) Aboo Dawood
(13) Tirmidhi. He said: this is a hasan hadeeth. Abu Dawood
(14) soorah At-Tawbah 9:77
(15) Bukhaaree, Muslim
(16) (as narrated in a long hadeeth by al-Bukhaaree
(17) Bukhaaree, Muslim
(18) At-Tirmidhee 1939
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