Israa’ and Mi’raaj (the Prophet’s Night Journey and Ascent into heaven) are two great signs of Allaah which point to the truthfulness of the His Messenger Muhammad SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam, and the greatness of his status before Allaah.
They are also signs of the great power of Allaah, and of His exalted position above His creation.
The Date of Israa’ & Miraaj:
Shaykh 3Abd al- 3Azeez ibn Baaz said:
With regard to this night on which the Israa’ and Mi’raaj took place, there is nothing in the saheeh ahaadeeth to indicate that it is in Rajab or in any other month. Everything that has been narrated concerning a specific date for these events cannot be proven to have come from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam according to the scholars of hadeeth.
There must be a great wisdom why Allaah made people forget the exact night of Israa’ and Mi‘raaj; but even if it were specified, still it would not be permissible for Muslims to perform specific acts of 3Ibaadah (worship) on this night or celebrate it.
It was reported with an isnaad that is not saheeh from al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad that the Prophet’s Night Journey (al-Israa’) took place on the 27th of Rajab. This was denied by Ibraaheem al-Harbi and others.
Even if the date were proven, it would not be permissible for the Muslims to single it out for particular acts of worship, and it is not permissible for them to celebrate it, because the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did not celebrate it and they did not single it out in any way, or perform specific acts of 3Ibaadah on it.
If celebrating it was something that is prescribed in Islam, the Messenger would have told his ummah about that, either in word or in deed. If any such thing had happened, it would have been well known, and his companions would have transmitted the information to us.
In fact, they were the forerunners to every good act, so if celebrating the night of Israa’ and Mi’raaj was lawful, they would have been the first people to do so. The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam was the sincerest giver of advice to people; he perfectly conveyed the Message of Islaam and fulfilled the Amaanah (trust).
If honoring this night and celebrating it was part of the Deen of Allaah, he SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam would never have concealed or neglected it. Since nothing of this happened, it is understood that celebrating and honoring this night is not part of Islam at all. Allaah has perfected the Din for the Muslim Ummah and completed His Favors upon them…” (1)
Different Innovation on 27th of Rajab:
It was reported that 3Aayesha radi Allaahu 3Anha said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours which is not a part of it, will have it rejected.”
There is no proof that the Israa’ and Mi3raaj happened on this date [the date, the month & the year of Mi3raaj is not proved by authentic ahadeeth]
Celebrating the Night of 27th Rajab:
One innovation that take place during this month is the recitation of the story of the Mi3raaj, and celebrations to commemorate it on the twenty-seventh of Rajab, or singling out this night to perform extra acts of worship such as Qiyaam al-Layl or rejoicing and celebrating.
Some celebrations are accompanied by haraam things such as mixing of men and women, singing and music, all of which are not permitted on the two 3Eeds which are prescribed in Islaam, let alone innovated celebrations. (2)Fasting on 27th of Rajab:
Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen (Rahimahu-Allaah) was asked about fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer. He replied:
“Fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer is a bid3ah (innovation), and every bid3ah is a going astray”. (3)
Sacrificing an Animal on the 27th night of Rajab
With regard to slaughtering sacrificial animals in the middle of Sha3baan or the 27th of Rajab, this is a baseless Bid3ah (innovation in religion) that is neither permissible for one to do nor for any one to eat from it, because of the lack of evidence. Rather, this is practicing a Bid3ah.
As for slaughtering animals and giving them in charity during the month of Ramadaan, seeking by it to draw oneself closer to Allaah, Ramadaan is a blessed month where it is ordained to expand efforts in giving alms and spending on the poor.If one slaughters animals for this purpose during Ramadaan, Dhul-Hijjah or any other time, and gives them in charity then all this is good.
Yet, to appoint the middle of Sha3baan or the twenty-seventh of Rajab specifically – as done by some people celebrating this night, this is baseless in Sharee3ah. Rather, this is a Bid3ah. (4)
Participation Impermissible in Celebrating Israa’ and Mi‘raaj:
Celebrating the anniversary of Israa’ and Mi‘raaj is a null and void Bid3ah. It is not known that any of his Rightly-Guided Caliphs, who are the Imams of guidance from the Sahabah and the Tabi3oon to have celebrated this day. Celebrating the Israa’ and Mi‘raaj is Bid3ah and it is not permissible to participate in it. (5)
The Month of Rajab (A short concise article)
Fasting In Rajab [NEW]References: (1) http://islamqa.info/en/60288 (2) http://islamqa.info/en/60288 (3) Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn 3Uthaymeen, 20/440 (4) Fatwas of Nur 3Ala Al-Darb (5) http://alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=356&PageNo=1&BookID=10