The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever directs someone to a good, then he will have the reward equal to the doer of the action". [Saheeh Muslim]

Posts tagged ‘Ibaadah’

Ruling on Wiping the Neck during Wudoo’

Bismillaah - CopyProphet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

شَرُّ الأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا وَكُلُّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلالَةٌ

“The worst of matters are those which are newly-invented, and every innovation is a going astray.” (1)

He SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam also said:

مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي دِينِنَا مَا لَيْسَ فِيهِ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ

“Whoever introduces anything into our religion that is not part of it, will have it rejected.” (2)

Widespread AHadeeth about Wiping of the Neck:

These are widespread ahadeeth on internet & different social media forums, about wiping of the neck during wudoo’.

1).Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Wiping the neck is a protection from the yoke (or chains – al-ghull)”  (3)

Al-Nawawi said about this hadeeth “these are not the words of the Prophet” (4). He (Al-Nawawi) & Shaykh Al-Banee graded this hadeeth as Fabricated (mawdoo3) (5)

2). It is narrated from Talhah ibn Musarraf, from his father, from his grandfather, which says that he saw the Messenger of AllaahSallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam wiping his head until he reached the back of his head and the first part of the neck”

This is classed as da3eef by al-Albaani in Da3eef Abi Dawood. (6)

Fatawaa of Scholars about Wiping the Neck:

The majority of scholars are of the opinion that such a practice is not likable.  Many scholars even think that wiping over the neck is Bida3h (bad innovation).  This is the opinion of the Shafi3ee.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:

There is no saheeh report from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam which says that he wiped his neck during wudoo’, rather no such thing has been narrated from him in any saheeh hadeeth. Rather the saheeh ahaadeeth which describe the wudoo’ of the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam do not mention that he wiped his neck. Hence the majority of scholars, such as Maalik, al-Shaafa3ee and Ahmed did not regard that as mustahabb. Those who say that it is mustahabb rely on a report narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu or a da3eef (weak) hadeeth which says that he wiped his head until he reached the back of his head. Such reports cannot be relied on, and it does not contradict what is indicated by the sound ahaadeeth. Whoever does not wipe his neck, his wudoo’ is valid according to scholarly consensus” (7)

Imaam an-Nawawee (rahimahullaah):

Wiping the neck during Wudhu is not from the Sunnah, rather it is an innovation. (8) (9)

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

There is no saheeh hadeeth from the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam about wiping the neck at all.” (10)

Shaykh Ibn Baaz said:

It is not mustahabb or prescribed in sharee3ah to wipe the neck, rather the head and the ears only are to be wiped, as is indicated by the Qur’aan and Sunnah.” (11)

Shaykh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) said:

I do not see it permissible to wipe ones neck during wudhu, except that a daleel is provided that is authentic, showing its legislation and since there is none it should not be done.(12)

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa replied:

 There is no proof in either the Book of Allaah or the Sunnah of His Messenger SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam that wiping the neck is part of wudoo’, so it is not a prescribed part of wudoo’. (13)

Related Posts:

Know the Rulings

Rulings about Covering the Feet (in prayer)

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References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Saheeh Bukharee & Saheeh Muslim.
According to a version narrated by Muslim: ((Whoever does any action that is not in accordance with this matter of ours will have it rejected”))
(3)Al-ghull (plural. al-aghlaal) refers to chains that are placed on the neck. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“They are those who disbelieved in their Lord! They are those who will have iron chains (al-aghlaal) tying their hands to their necks”  [soorah Al-Ra3d, v:5]

“And We shall put iron collars (al-aghlaal) round the necks of those who disbelieved. Are they requited aught except what they used to do?”  [soorah Saba, v:33]

(4) Al-Majmoo3 (1/489)  (http://islamqa.info/en/70120)
(5 ) Arabic site
(6) Abu Dawood (132) and was classed as da3eef by al-Albaan33 in Da3eef Abi Dawood.
(7) Majmoo3 al-Fataawa, 21/127
(8) Al-Badar al-Muneer v. 2 p. 221
(9) In al-Majmoo3 (1/489)
Al-Nawawi mentioned a difference of opinion among the companions of al-Shaafa3ee (may Allaah have mercy on him) concerning wiping the neck in wudoo’. Then he said: This is a summary of what they said, and they had four views on this matter, one of which is that it is Sunnah to wipe it with new water. The second is that it is mustahabb and cannot be said to be Sunnah. The third is that it is mustahabb to use the water left from wiping the head and ears. The fourth is that it is neither Sunnah nor mustahabb.
The fourth view is the one that is correct. Hence al-Shaafa3ee (may Allaah have mercy on him) did not mention it, and neither did our earlier companions. It was not mentioned by most of the scholars. There is no proof of that from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
(10) in Zaad al-Ma3aad (1/195)
(11)Majmoo3 Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 10/ 103 ((http://islamqa.info/en/70120))
 (12) Tamaam al-Minnah page 98
(13)  Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 5/235 ((http://islamqa.info/en/2168))
 

Maintaining Good Deeds After Ramadaan

Bismillaah - Copy

Here are 6 practical advices on maintaining & sustaining good deeds after Ramadaan. Reflect on the virtues of these good deeds & lets compete with each other to Jannah inshaa’Allaah. 

1: Guard your Prayers:

# Don’t miss the Congregation:

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “A man’s prayer in congregation is twenty-five times better than his praying in his house or marketplace, because when he does wudoo’ and does it well, then goes out to the mosque, only going there to pray, he does not take a single step but he is raised in status and a sin is erased thereby. When he prays, the angels continue to send blessings upon him so long as he is still in the place where he prayed, (saying), ‘O Allaah, send blessings on him, O Allaah have mercy on him.’ And one of you is still in a state of prayer so long as he is waiting for the prayer.” (1)

3Uthmaan ibn 3Affaan said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah SallAllahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam say: “Whoever does wudoo’ for prayer and does wudoo’ well, then walks to (perform) the prescribed prayer, and offers the prayer with the people or with the congregation or in the mosque, Allaah will forgive him his sins.” (2)

# Save yourself from the Fire!

Prophet  SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever prays for forty days with the congregation, always being present for the first takbeer, it will be written that he will be safe from two things: he will be safe from the Fire and safe from hypocrisy.” (3)

# Pray  As soon as the Iqaamah is called (for sisters)

Narrated 3Abdullaah: “I asked the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam: “Which deed is the dearest to Allaah?” He replied, “To offer the prayers at their early stated fixed times.” (4)

2: Never miss the Regular Sunnah ((Sunnah mu’akkadah):

This is the first wall Shaytaan breaks to break your castle of Salaah.

# Buiilt A house in Jannah:

“Whoever prays twelve rak3ahs during the night and day, a house will be built for him in Paradise: four before Dhuhr and two after, two rak3ahs after Maghrib, two rak3ahs after 3Ishaa’ and two rak3ahs before Fajr prayer.” (5) see footnote for another narration.

# The Sunnah of Fajr:

“The two rak3ahs of Fajr are better than this world and everything in it.”(6). The one who misses the Sunnah prayer before Fajr may offer it after Fajr prayer.

3: Get up 1 (or half an) hour before Fajr and Pray Tahajjud:

# The Best Prayer

“The best prayer after the obligatory prayer is prayer at night.” (7)

# Don’t be a Negligent:

The Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever prays Qiyaam reciting ten verses will not be recorded as one of the negligent. Whoever prays Qiyaam reciting one hundred verses will be recorded as one of the devout. Whoever prays Qiyaam reciting one thousand verses will be recorded as one of the Muqantireen.” (8)

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “The closest that the Lord is to His slave is in the later part of the night, so if you can be one of those who remember Allaah at that time, then do so.”(9)

# Get all your needs answered by Allaah:

Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu reported that the Prophet  SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “The Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the night remains and says: ‘Who will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness, that I may forgive him?'” (10)

4: Have A Daily Qur’aan Sitting,

Have a daily relationship with the Qur’aan. Don’t leave it for next Ramadaan.

Sit for half an hour after Fajr or whenever it will be convenient for you.

Prophet  SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: Read the Qur’aan, for it will come on the Day of Resurrection interceding for its companions.” (11)

Whoever reads a letter of the Book of Allah will have one hasanah (good deed) for it, and the hasanah (good deed) brings a tenfold reward. I do not say that ‘Alif-Laam-Meem’ is a letter; rather Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter.” (12)

# Having Difficulty in Reading:

The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “A person who recites the Qur’an and masters it by heart, will be with the noble righteous scribes (in Heaven). And a person who exerts himself to learn the Qur’an by heart and recites it with great difficulty, will have a double reward.” (13)

5: Continue Fasting:

# Mondays & Thursdays

Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Deeds are shown (to Allaah) on Mondays and Thursdays, and I like my deeds to be shown when I am fasting.” (14)

3Aa’ishah radi Allaahu 3Anha said: “The Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam was keen to fast on Mondays and Thursdays.” (15)

# Fasting 3 days of every month:

Jareer ibn 3Abd-Allaah radi Allaahu 3Anhu narrated that the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Fasting three days of each month is fasting for a lifetime, and ayaam al-beed are the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth.” (16)

Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “My close friend [the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam] advised me to do three things which I will not give up until I die: Fasting three days of each month, praying Duha, and sleeping after Witr.” (17)

# Ayyaam Al-Beed

Abu Dharr radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: The Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said to me: “If you fast any part of the month, then fast the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth.” (18)

6: Perform Dhikr:

a) Morning & Evening Adhkaar:

Allaah says:

وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ غُرُوبِهَا

 “And glorify the praises of your Lord before the rising of the sun, and before its setting”  [soorah Ta-Ha, v:130]

وَاذْكُرْ رَبَّكَ فِي نَفْسِكَ تَضَرُّعًا وَخِيفَةً وَدُونَ الْجَهْرِ مِنْ الْقَوْلِ بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْآصَالِ

“And remember your Lord within yourself, humbly and with fear and without loudness in words in the mornings and in the afternoons” [soorah Al-A3raaf, v: 205]

Read after Fajr & 3Asr salaah, it will only take 10-15 minutes.Make your day productive.

# These Adhkaar are Protection.

The Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

“Reciting ‘Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad’ and al-Ma3wadhatayn [the last two soorahs of the Qur’aan] three times in the evening and in the morning will protect you against everything.” (19)

“If a person says, every day in the morning and every night in the evening:

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الَّذِي لا يَضُرُّ مَعَ اسْمِهِ شَيْءٌ فِي الأَرْضِ وَلا فِي السَّمَاءِ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

‘Bismillaah alladhi laa yadurru ma’a ismihi shay’un fi’l-ardi wa laa fi’l-sama’ wa Huwa al-Samee’ al-‘Aleem

(In the name of Allaah with Whose name nothing can cause harm on earth or in heaven, and He is the All-Seeing, the All-Knowing); 

three times, nothing will harm him.” (20)

# Sayyid al-Istighfaar 

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever says this during the day, believing in it with certainty, then dies on that day before evening comes, will be one of the people of Paradise, and whoever says it at night, believing in it with certainty, then dies on that night before morning comes, will be one of the people of Paradise.” (21)

Read more here

b) Adhkaar Before Sleeping:

# Reading soorah Al-Mulk

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “A soorah from the Qur’aan containing thirty verses will intercede for a man so that he will be forgiven. It is the soorah Tabaarak Alathi bi yadihi’l-mulk [i.e., Soorat al-Mulk].” (22)

3Abd-Allaah ibn Mas3ood said: “Whoever reads Tabaarak Alathi bi yadihi’l-mulk [i.e., Soorat al-Mulk] every night, Allaah will protect him from the torment of the grave.

At the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) we used to call it al-maani’ah (that which protects). In the Book of Allaah it is a soorah which, whoever recites it every night has done very well. (23)

# Reciting Aayat-ul-kursi

“When you go to your bed, recite Aayat al-Kursiy, for there will remain with you a guardian from Allaah, and no devil will approach you, until morning comes.” (24)

# Last 2 Aayaat of soorah Al-Baqarah

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever recites the last two verses of Soorat al-Baqarah at night, they will suffice him.” (25)

Read more here

Download Adkhaar Book

“Fortress of the Muslim” (English) 

“Hisnul Muslim” (Urdu)

Compiled by TowardsHuda
References:
(1) Al-Bukhaari, 647; Muslim, 649
(2) Muslim (232)
(3) Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 200
(4) Saheeh Bukhaari
(5) Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, no. 380; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 6362.
Another narration:
“Allaah will build a house in Heaven for whoever is diligent in observing 12 Sunnah Rak’aat (as follows): 4 Rak’aat before and 2 after the Dhuhr (Midday) Prayer, 2 after the Maghrib (Sunset Prayer), 2 after the ‘Ishaa’ (Evening) Prayer and 2 before the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer.” Hadith sahih narrated by at-Tirmidhi No. 379 and by others. Hadith No. 6183 in Sahih al-Jaami
(6) Narrated by Muslim, 725.
(7) Narrated by Muslim, 1163.
(8)Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1398; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
(9) Reported by al-Tirmidhi and al-Nisaa’i)
(10) Bukhari and Muslim
(11) Narrated by Muslim (804)
(12) Narrated by at-Tirmidhi, 2910. classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh at-Tirmidhi.
(13) Bukhaaree
(14) Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 747; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1041.
(15) Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 745; al-Nasaa’i, 2361; Ibn Maajah, 1739; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1044
(16) Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 2420; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1040.
(17) Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1124; Muslim, 721.
(18) Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 761; al-Nasaa’i, 2424; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1038.
(19) Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, al-Da’waat, 3499. It was classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, no. 2829
(20) Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, al-Da’waat, 3388, Al-Albaani said in Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, it is hasan saheeh. No. 2689) 
(21) Narrated by al-Bukhaari, al-Da’waat, 6306) 
(22)Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2891; Abu Dawood, 1400; Ibn Maajah, 3786.
Al-Tirmidhi said, this is a hasan hadeeth. It was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 22/277, and by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah, 3053.
(23) Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 6/179; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, 1475.
(24) Saheeh al-Bukhaari (2311)
(25)Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5009) and Muslim (2714)

Will Allaah Accept?

Bismillah1A bitter truth, a sad reality of many Muslims.

A 2 minutes short clip, must watch for all.

The Prophet SalAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

“A slave may pray and have nothing recorded for it except a tenth of it, or a ninth, or an eighth, or a seventh, or a sixth, or a fifth, or a quarter, or a third, or a half.” (1)

The Prophet SalAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “The worst type of thief is the one who steals from his prayer”.

He was asked: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, how can a person steal from his prayer?’

He said: ‘By not doing rukoo3 and sujood properly.” (2)

And he SalAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: ‘The one who does not do rukoo3 properly, and pecks in sujood, is like a hungry man who eats only one or two dates; it does not do him any good at all.’” (3)

Related Posts:

An Inspirational True Story & a Resolution

Do Not Delay or “Get It Over With”

Are you neglecting the Fajr prayer?

Salaah Is the Foundation

References:
(1) Ahmad; Saheeh al-Jaami
(2) Ahmad and al-Haakim–saheeh by shaykh Al-baani
(3) Tabaraani- hasan by shaykh Al-Albaani
 
 

Sustaining The Good Deeds After Ramadaan

flower bism

Ramadaan has left us with all its blessings & beautiful days & night. As we struggle to sustain  the good deeds that we did in Ramadaan, here are some helpful tips to maintain some good deeds through out the year inshaa’-Allaah.

Prophet Muhammad SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: The most beloved deed to Allah is the most regular and constant even though it were little.”

1: Guard your Prayers:

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allaah SallAllahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “A man’s prayer in congregation is twenty-five times better than his praying in his house or marketplace, because when he does wudoo’ and does it well, then goes out to the mosque, only going there to pray, he does not take a single step but he is raised in status and a sin is erased thereby. When he prays, the angels continue to send blessings upon him so long as he is still in the place where he prayed, (saying), ‘O Allaah, send blessings on him, O Allaah have mercy on him.’ And one of you is still in a state of prayer so long as he is waiting for the prayer.” (1)

3Abdullaah narrated, “I asked the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam: “Which deed is the dearest to Allaah?” He replied, “To offer the prayers at their early stated fixed times.” (2)

2: Have A Daily Qur’aan Sitting,

Don’t leave it for next Ramadaan. Have a daily relationship with the Qur’aan

Set a time after Fajr or whenever it will be convenient for you. Prophet  SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: Read the Qur’aan, for it will come on the Day of Resurrection interceding for its companions.” (3)

Whoever reads a letter of the Book of Allah will have one hasanah (good deed) for it, and the hasanah (good deed) brings a tenfold reward. I do not say that ‘Alif-Laam-Meem’ is a letter; rather Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter.” (4)

3: Never Miss the Regular Sunnah ((Sunnah mu’akkadah):

Built A house in Jannah inshaa’Allaah:

Prophet  SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever prays twelve rak3ahs during the night and day, a house will be built for him in Paradise: four before Dhuhr and two after, two rak3ahs after Maghrib, two rak3ahs after 3Ishaa’ and two rak3ahs before Fajr prayer.” (5) see footnote for another narration.

4: Wake-up  Half an hour (or one) before Fajr and Pray Tahajjud:

Prophet  SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “The best prayer after the obligatory prayer is prayer at night.” (6)

Have a need?

Want your du3aa’ to be answered?

Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu reported that the Prophet  SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “The Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the night remains and says: ‘Who will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness, that I may forgive him?’” (7)

5: Continue Fasting:

3 days of each month Fasting = Fasting life-time.

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Fasting three days of each month is fasting for a lifetime, and Ayaam al-Beed are the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth.” (8)

Abu Dharr radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: The Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said to me: “If you fast any part of the month, then fast the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth.” (9)

Fasting Mondays & Thursdays

Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Deeds are shown (to Allaah) on Mondays and Thursdays, and I like my deeds to be shown when I am fasting.” (10)

6: Perform Dhikr:

These Adhkaar are Protection.

a) Morning & Evening Adhkaar:

The Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Reciting ‘Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad’ and al-Ma3wadhatayn [the last two soorahs of the Qur’aan] three times in the evening and in the morning will protect you against everything.” (11)

(Read full Adhkaar, Download the book “Fortress of the Muslim”)

b) Adhkaar Before Sleeping:

Last 2 Aayaat of soorah Al-Baqarah

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever recites the last two verses of Soorat al-Baqarah at night, they will suffice him.” (12)

Reading soorah Al-Mulk

Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “A soorah from the Qur’aan containing thirty verses will intercede for a man so that he will be forgiven. It is the soorah Tabaarak Alathi bi yadihi’l-mulk [i.e., Soorat al-Mulk].” (13)

References:
(1) Al-Bukhaari, 647; Muslim, 649
(2) Saheeh Bukhaari
(3) Narrated by Muslim (804)
(4) Narrated by at-Tirmidhi, 2910. classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh at-Tirmidhi.
(5) Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, no. 380; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 6362.
(6) Narrated by Muslim, 1163.
(7) Bukhari and Muslim
(8)Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 2420; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1040.

(9) Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 761; al-Nasaa’i, 2424; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1038.
(10)Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 747; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1041.

(11) Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, al-Da’waat, 3499. It was classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, no. 2829

(12) Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5009) and Muslim (2714)
(13) Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2891; Abu Dawood, 1400; Ibn Maajah, 3786.

Al-Tirmidhi said, this is a hasan hadeeth. It was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 22/277, and by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah, 3053.
 

Virtues of Allaah’s Sacred Month of Muharram

month_of_Muharam_border

Allaah’s sacred month of Muharram is a blessed and important month. It is the first month of the Hijri calendar and is one of the four sacred months concerning which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ 

“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” [soorah at-Tawbah, v:36]

It was reported that Ibn 3Abbaas said that this phrase (so wrong not yourselves therein…) referred to all the months, then these four were singled out and made sacred, so that sin in these months is more serious and good deeds bring a greater reward.

The Virtue of Observing More Naafil Fasts during Muharram:

Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: ‘The best of fasting after Ramadaan is fasting Allaah’s month of Muharram.'” (1)

The phrase “Allaah’s month”, connecting the name of the month to the name of Allaah in a genitive grammatical structure, signifies the importance of the month. This hadeeth is probably meant to encourage increasing one’s fasting during Muharram, without meaning that one should fast for the entire month.

Fasting on 3Aashooraa’:

Ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam came to Madeenah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of 3Aashooraa’.

He said, ‘What is this?’ They said, ‘This is a righteous day, it is the day when Allaah saved the Children of Israeel from their enemies, so Moosa fasted on this day.’

He said, ‘We have more right to Moosaa than you,’ so he fasted on that day and commanded [the Muslims] to fast on that day.” (2)

Fasting on the day of 3Aashooraa’ was obligatory, but when fasting Ramadaan was made obligatory, the obligation to fast 3Aashooraa’ was lifted, i.e., it was no longer obligatory to fast on this day, but it is still desirable (mustahabb).

The Virtues of Fasting 3Aashooraa:

Ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhu said: “I never saw the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam so keen to fast any day and give it priority over any other than this day, the day of 3Aashooraa’, and this month, meaning Ramadaan.” (3)

The Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “For fasting the day of 3Aashooraa’, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before.” (4)

This is from the bounty of Allaah towards us: for fasting one day He gives us expiation for the sins of a whole year. And Allaah is the Owner of Great Bounty.

Not relying too much on the reward for fasting it:

Some people who are deceived rely too much on things like fasting on 3Aashooraa’ or the day of  3Arafaah, to the extent that some of them say, “Fasting on 3Aashooraa’ will expiate for the sins of the whole year, and fasting on the day of 3Arafaah will bring extra rewards.”

Ibn al-Qayyim said: ‘This misguided person does not know that fasting in Ramadaan and praying five times a day are much more important than fasting on the day of 3Arafaah and 3Aashooraa’, and that they expiate for the sins between one Ramadaan and the next, or between one Friday and the next, so long as one avoids major sins. But they cannot expiate for minor sins unless one also avoids major sins; when the two things are put together, they have the strength to expiate for minor sins.

Which day is 3Aashooraa’?

Ibn 3Abbaas said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam commanded us to fast 3Aashooraa’, the tenth day of Muharram.” (5)

It is Mustahabb (encouraged) to Fast Taasoo3aa’ with 3Aashooraa’:

3Abd-Allaah ibn 3Abbaas radi Allaahu 3Anhuma said: “When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted on 3Aashooraa’ and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians.’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “If I live to see the next year, inshaa’ Allaah, we will fast on the ninth day too.” But it so happened that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam passed away before the next year came.” (6)

Al-Shaafa3ee and his companions, Ahmad, Is-haaq and others said: “It is mustahabb to fast on both the ninth and tenth days, because the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam fasted on the tenth, and intended to fast on the ninth.”

On this basis it may be said that there are varying degrees of fasting 3Aashooraa’, the least of which is to fast only on the tenth and the best of which is to fast the ninth as well. And the more one fasts in Muharram, the better it is.

Fasting Only on the Day of 3Aashooraa’:

Shaykh al-Islaam said: “Fasting on the day of 3Aashoraa’ is an expiation for a year, and it is not makrooh to fast only that day”. (7)

Ibn Hajar al-Haytami said: “There is nothing wrong with fasting only on 3Aashooraa’.” (8)

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa said: “It is permissible to fast the day of 3Aashooraa’. (tenth day of Muharram) just one day, however, it is better to fast the day before it or the day after it (also)”. (9)

Bid3ahs Common on 3Aashooraa’:

Some are wearing kohl, taking a bath (ghusl), wearing henna, shaking hands with one another, cooking grains (huboob), showing happiness….

They also reported a fabricated hadeeth that is falsely attributed to the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, which says, “Whoever is generous to his family on the day of 3Aashooraa’, Allaah will be generous to him for the rest of the year.” Reporting all of this from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam is tantamount to lying.’

Nothing to that effect has been reported in any saheeh hadeeth from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam or from his Companions. None of the imaams of the Muslims encouraged or recommended such things, neither the four imaams, nor any others. No reliable scholars have narrated anything like this, neither from the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam nor from the Sahaabah, nor from the Taabi3een; neither in any saheeh report or in a da3eef (weak) report.

We ask Allaah to make us followers of the Sunnah of His Noble Prophet and may Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and all his family and companions.

Extracted & compiled from e-books “The Virtues of Allah’s sacred month of Muharram” & Fasting on ‘Aashooraa‘ by Shaykh Saleh Munajjid

Download as pdf (rightclick & save target as)

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Related Posts:

Ruling on Offering Congratulations At The Beginning Of the Hijri Year

Fasting on 3Ashooraa

Some Rulings About 3Ashooraa’

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References:
(1) Muslim
(2) Bukhaaree
(3) Bukhaaree
(4) Muslim
(5) At-Tirmidhee
(6) Muslim
(7) Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5
(8) In Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj: part 3, Baab Sawm al-Tatawwu’
(9) Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘3lmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Volume 10, Page 401, Fatwa No.13700
 

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