The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever directs someone to a good, then he will have the reward equal to the doer of the action". [Saheeh Muslim]

Archive for the ‘Tafseer’ Category

Salaah Is the Foundation

Salaah (prayer) is the second pillar from the pillars of Islaam. Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “The first matter that the slave will be brought to account for on the Day of Judgment is the prayer. If it is sound, then the rest of his deeds will be sound. And if it is bad, then the rest of his deeds will be bad.” (1)

A reminder about safe guarding our salaah, which is one of the foundation of our deen. Beautiful explanation of some verses of Qur’aan by brother 3Abdul Nasir Jangda.

(1) Recorded by al-Tabaranee, classed as saheeh by shaykh Albanee,  Saheeh al-Jamee, vol.1, p. 503

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A True Story The Man Who Has Exceeded Age of 96

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Respecting Parents…A reminder

A reminder for first and foremost myself & for each of you, specially our youth. A reminder about an important issue which we neglect or don’t take seriously.

وَقَضَىٰ رَبُّكَ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا إِيَّاهُ وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا ۚ إِمَّا يَبْلُغَنَّ عِندَكَ الْكِبَرَ أَحَدُهُمَا أَوْ كِلَاهُمَا فَلَا تَقُل لَّهُمَا أُفٍّ وَلَا تَنْهَرْهُمَا وَقُل لَّهُمَا قَوْلًا كَرِيمًا

“And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour”.

وَاخْفِضْ لَهُمَا جَنَاحَ الذُّلِّ مِنَ الرَّحْمَةِ وَقُل رَّبِّ ارْحَمْهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيَانِي صَغِيرًا

And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.” [soorah Al-Isra, v:23-24]

 

May Allaah make us understand our responsibility towards our parents & may He make us all treat our parents with the best treatment & may He forgive us and forgive them. Aameen

Related Posts:

Your parents..When was the last time you hugged your mother? [must watch]

Mother, Umm, Ammi, Mom, Maa

Tafseer:(All) Praise Be To Allaah,Lord of the worlds

“An excerpt from “Tafseer of Soorah Al-Fatihah 

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

[All] praise is [due] to Allaah , Lord of the worlds

[soorah Al-Fatihah, v:2]

الحمد

الحمد:  is translated as “All praise”.

we can praise anyone:

  1. When we want something
  2. Because of having awe of them
  3. Out of fear for them

In case of human, it is not called حمد, we don’t use it for human.

حمد  means praising & thanking Allaah with Love & ta3dheem (exaltation)

حب  = Love

تعظيم = to make it great/ to glorify/ exaltation/ to respect, elevate

we are praising Allaah with Love & gratitude.

There is another word used for praise in Arabic:

مدح = حمد = praise

Hamd ( حمد) has something in it that Madh (مدح ) doesn’t have. We don’t do exaltation when we praise the human.

Hamd ( حمد) is special, only used for Allaah.

Why we are praising Allaah (using Hamd)?  due to His complete perfection.

When we praise a human, it becomes a Madh (مدح ) without Love or ta3dheem. You can thank a human without having love for them. But for Allaah it is perfect. We thank Allaah praising Him for His mercy, Love, for being As-Samee3, Al-Mujeeb, Al-3Adheem, At-tawwaab, ArRahmaan, Ar-Razzaaq, Ar-Raheem …………

لله

لله =  for Allaah

رب

رب = Rabb (generally translated as Lord) but it has no equivalent in English

رب = Rabb (one who nurtures & rears , upbring & give tarbiyah, takes care)

Allaah has created the human & prepared for them all the tools that they can used, He takes cares of them. In Arabic a person taking care of the house or master of the house is called:

رب البيت  (Rabb-ul-bayt) or

ربة البيت (Rabbat-ul-bayt)

The word رب (Rabb) comes from the word tarbiyyah (رب–> تربيّة) which means nurturing, training, educating, bringing up, nourishing. Allaah being the Rabb; He gives tarbiyyah to His slaves, takes care of His creation.

There are two types of Tarbiyyah:

  1. General Tarbiyah
  2. Special/Exclusive Tarbiyyah

1). General Tarbiyyah:  for all of His creation without exception. He created them, provided them, gives everything to them (ears, eyesight, rain, crops etc)  whether they worship Him or not, guide them to things that are beneficial for them in duniya, to reach higher in duniya, everything for a better life.

Just like a mother who takes care of food, drink, good school, medical care,  provides for child, do everything for him etc.

2). Special/Exclusive Tarbiyyah: This is Only for His Awliyaa’ (special slaves) Close believers whom He loves.

Whats that Special Tarbiyyah?

He up-brings them, raises them on Eemaan. How?

He gives them the ability to achieve Eemaan, raises & nurtures them on Eemaan  & He increases the Eemaan &  completes it for them – by guiding them to causes that will help increase their Eemaan (e.g., classes, righteous kids, knowledge etc). He gives special attention. He will bring everything on his way which will bring him closer to Allaah. Out of His Mercy & love, He will remove any obstacles that come between the slaves & Him. Allaah protects them & brings good in their path even if they didn’t specifically ask Allaah. He will give them tawfeeq (توفيق ) to do everything good.

توفيق = ability to achieve/ ability to do

We need intention & ability to do any good deeds & it’s from Allaah’s tawfeeq. He will protect them from all harms. He takes special care of their deen. (e.g., a mother who gives tarbiayh to her son, gives him  good company, removes any harm that comes his way etc)

Allaah’s tarbiyyah is much more on scale. The slave is under special tarbiyyah of Allaah.

Shaykh As-Sa3dee said something very beautiful about it. He said: “perhaps this is the secret behind all the du3aa’ of Anbiyaa’ (prophets) start with Rabbi/Rabbanaa, due to it carrying this meaning, for all that they were asking & requesting & desired fell under His specific tarbiyyah.

They asked with so much khushoo, complete ifitqaar, humility, whatever they asked: to be protected from fitnah, knowledge, victory..,  they said rabbi. At the end of du3aa they used different names of Allaah, but the beginning of their du3aa’ , they used rabbi.

We are heedless of this word “رب”. It has a beautiful feeling. When you make du3aa’ feel that special closeness to Allaah. Say it with your tongue & heart:

(Ya rabbi, give me beneficial knowledge, give me righteous companions etc)

رب العالمين  

رب العالمين  = The Rabb of 3Aalameen (general tarbiyyah) giving bounties to the worlds

Shaykh Uthaymeen said; العالمين is everything beside Allaah

العالمين = Plural of عالم (derived from word علامة = a sign)

Everything in Allaah’s creation is pointing to; is a sign to a great creator who is Allaah.

Download as pdf: Tafseer

Notes taken by students
from online class “Tafseer of Soorah Al-Fatihah”.
Based on tafaseer of Shaykh 3Uthaymeen  & shaykh As-Sa3dee.
 

We are POOR

For all the college students out there, we know that being broke (without money; penniless) is normal. But I’m here to tell the rest of you that you are all broke too. Every. Last. One of you.

You may be thinking: “I just graduated, I make an awesome salary, I just bought this brand new 09 car, and I’m doing very well!” Or, “I live my parents and they take care of me!”

Well my response to you is that you’re still broke. Very very poor.

Confused?

Read the words of your Rabb:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنْتُمُ الْفُقَرَاءُ إِلَى اللَّهِ ۖ وَاللَّهُ هُوَ الْغَنِيُّ الْحَمِيدُ

“O mankind! You are all Fuqaraa’ (who stand in need of Allaah, but Allaah is Rich (free of all wants and needs), Worthy of all praise!” (1)

Allaah ta3aalaa addresses all of us, every last one of us. Not just the believers, Not just the Prophet but Muslim, non-Muslim, white, black, woman, man…every last human on this earth.

 يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ O Mankind!

أَنْتُمُ الْفُقَرَاءُ  You are all Fuqaraa’ to Allaah. 

Al fuqaraa is plural of the word faqeer (فقير)which is from the root

fa-qaaf-ra (ف ق ر)

and faqr means poverty. Faqeer is one who has poverty and one who is poor. If we look at the root of this word, Faqrah is used for part of the spine and faaqirah is used for that which breaks the spine. So a faqeer is one who is suffering from back-breaking poverty, one who is extremely needy, so desperate for anything that could save them.

In the Qur’aan, there are two words used to describe a poor person: faqeer and miskeen.

What is the difference?

Faqeer is someone who has no wealth and no means of obtaining wealth. So they have no money in the bank and they don’t have a job. While a miskeen is one who is also poor, but they have the means, they just need a little extra to make it.

So Allaah ta3aalaa doesn’t call us masakeen (plural of miskeen) but He says: You are all Fuqaraa’you are all extremely poor. You do not own or possess a thing. And if wasn’t for Allaah ta3aalaa, you would have nothing. You are all in need of Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aalaa, in the dunya and aakhirah. In every state of your existance: in the womb, as a baby, as a toddler, as a young person, as an old person, at the time of death, in the grave and in the hereafter.

So we are fuqaraa’. Who is Allaah?

Allaah is: الْغَنِي Al-Ghaniyy, the One who is Rich, the Independent.

Ghaniyy is from root:

ghayn-noon-ya (غ ن ي) and ghaniyy means richness. 

So Allaah is The One who is Very Rich, the One who is Self Sufficient, the One who is Free of All Wants and Needs. He needs nothing from us. Absolutely nothing. He has everything and we have nothing.

And He is: الْحَمِيد Al Hameed: The Most Praiseworthy.

Hameed is from ha-meem-daal (ح م د) and Hameed is the One who is deserving of praise, if one does hamd of Him or not. He doesn’t even need our hamd!

What lessons can we take from this ayah?

  1. Do not let the thought pass in your mind that you are benefiting Allaah 3azza wa jal in any way. Don’t be an arrogant broke person!
  2. Be humble to Allaah 3azza wa jal. Remember that Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aalaa needs nothing from us. Why would He, Al-Ghaniyy, need something from a puny, weak, broke human like ourselves when He Possesses the Kingdom (mulk) of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them? We are nothing.
  3. Ask Allaah ta3aalaa, and He will give you. “…O My servants, all of you are hungry (needy) except for those whom I feed, therefore seek food from Me so that I may feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked (need clothes) except for those whom I provide garments, therefore seek clothing from Me so that I should clothe you. O My servants, you sin by night and by day and I am there to pardon your sins, therefore seek forgiveness from Me so that I should grant you pardon…” (2)
  4. Attribute all good to Allaah 3azza wa jal, and not to ourselves. You didn’t memorize the Qur’an yourself. You didn’t study the deen yourself. You didn’t graduate yourself. You didn’t get that job yourself. You didn’t, you didn’t, you didn’t. Allaah 3azza wa jal gave us all of these blessings, we did not will it for ourselves. Don’t take credit for something you didn’t do.
  5. Be grateful for what Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aalaa has given you and thank Him. Do hamd of Al Hameed. How would we feel if we gave a load of cash to a homeless person who was in so much need of anything, yet they just took the money and didn’t even say thank you? We’d be angry, right? And for Allaah is the Highest Example! How can we, al fuqaraa’, receive blessing after blessing and not thank Allaah for it? He is not in need of our thanks and gratitude, Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aalaa says in soorah Ibraheem:

  لَئِنْ شَكَرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ ۖ وَلَئِنْ كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيدٌ

“Indeed if you are grateful and give thanks, surely I will definitely increase you, but if you are ungrateful (then know) My punishment is indeed most severe. (3)

What have we done to show Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aalaa we are truly thankful? 

Remember: Shukr (gratitude) is by action! The Prophet salAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam would pray qiyaam until his feet would swell, and when asked by 3Aeyshah radi-Allaahu 3anha why he still prays even though his past and future sins are forgiven, he said the famous answer:

يَا عَائِشَةُ أَفَلَا أَكُونُ عَبْدًا شَكُورًا

“O 3Aa’ishah, should I not be a thankful slave?” (4)

So we should use these blessings that Allaah has given us to do good, and not use them to disobey Him. Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aalaa says in soorah Saba:

وَقَلِيلٌ مِنْ عِبَادِيَ الشَّكُورُ,

“But FEW of My slaves are thankful” (5)

Will you be among those few?

Or will you be an arrogant, ungrateful broke person?

Alhamdulillaah. Hamadan, katheeran, tayyiban, mubaarakan feeh.

The most perfect praise is only for Allaah, a praise that is countless, good and blessed. 

اللَّهُمَّ أَعِنِّي عَلَى ذِكْرِكَ وَشُكْرِكَ وَحُسْنِ عِبَادَتِكَ

Allaahumma a3innee 3alaa dhikrika wa shukrika wa husni 3ebaadatik.

O Allaah, help us to remember You, to thank You, and to worship You in the best way.

Notes by Amatullaah (from bayyinah Tafseer)
Taken from Tayyibaat with slight modifications

Related Post:

===================================================
Reference:
(1) soorah Fatir, v:15
(2) Hadeeth Qudsee, Saheeh Muslim
(3) soorah Ibraheem, v:7
(4) Bukhaaree (4557) and Muslim (2820).
(5) soorah Saba, v:13

Online Tafseer Classes

Imaam Ibn Qayyim (rahimahu-Allaahu) mentioned various types of ‘abandonment’ of the Qur’aan & one of it is to abandon pondering over it, and understanding it, and seeking the explanation of it. (click to read the other types)

An opportunity to learn about the book of Allaah. Ustaadh Fahad has started a Tafseer class on Friday mornings. The class was started  last Friday and this Friday it will be the 2nd class.

Summarized Tafseer (تَيْسِيرُ اللَّطِيفِ المَنَّانِ خُلاصةَ تَفسيرِ القُرآن)

Days  : Fridays

Time  : 4:00 AM [Qatar, Kuwait, Riyadh time] [4:00 AM (GMT+03:00)]

About The Class: (Ustaadh’s Note)

This series of Classes shall be in the translation of the Concise Book of Al Imam As’ Sa3dee (may Allaah have mercy on him) which he has summarized from his well known book (تيسير الكريم الرحمن).

In this concise Book he says – explaining the reason behind writing the book, “I have written a book in the interpretation of the Qur’aan long and thorough, which prevents the readers from continuing reading it so some of the knowledgeable and advising people pointed out to me that I should write a Book not long and containing the summary of that interpretation, and that we should be sufficed with talking only on some of the verses we choose and pick from all subjects and meanings of the Qur’aan, so I sought the aid of Allaah in this Blessed work.”

Why this Book?: (Ustaadh’s note)

I wanted to start teaching this book for many reasons:

  •  I was asked several times for classes in tafseer
  • when I gave some classes in this Book the dear brothers and sisters demanded that we go through it all.
  • I was asked to give classes in the “Names of Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aala and this contained it and more
  • The key of happiness being in carefully clarifying the Great meanings of this Book (The Qur’aan).

May Allaah give us all Happiness in this Dunya and in the Hereafter, and Guide us to All that Pleases Him. Ameen.

How to Join Live Classes (click)

Important Rules for the Class (click)

Access to the previous Recordings:

coming soon

wassalaamu 3Alaykum

Soorah Al-Kahf Resources

Virtues of reading Soorah Al-Kahf on Jumu3ah

“Whoever reads Soorat al-Kahf on Friday, he will be illuminated with light between the two Fridays.”

Word for Word English Translation (pdf)

soorah Al-kahf (Right click & save target as)

Soorah Al-Kahf Tafseer (from Ibn Katheer)

Tafseer (Right click & save target as)

Verse by Verse Recitation & English Translation

by Shaykh 3Abdullaah Basfar

Word for Word Urdu Translation (pdf) [NEW]

part 1, part 2, part 3 (Right click & save target as)

Verse by verse Recitation & Urdu translation

by Shaykh Sudays & Shaykh Shuraym

Beautiful Recitation (with translation)

by Shaykh Aboo Bakr Al Shatry

Beautiful Recitation

by Shaykh Mishary Raashid Al-Affasy



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Jumu3ah Reminder 2 (virtues of reading soorah Al-Kahf on Friday)

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