The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever directs someone to a good, then he will have the reward equal to the doer of the action". [Saheeh Muslim]

Archive for the ‘Saying of the salaf’ Category

Winter: Believer’s Best Season

It is said that winter is a time when people suffer from Seasonal Affective Disorder, also known as ‘the Winter Blues’. However, it is interesting to see how the early Muslims welcomed winter, as it is clear that they saw it in a totally different light.

Here are four ways that they would benefit from winter:

1 & 2: Fasting and praying

Imaam Ahmad reported with an authentic chain that 3Umar bin al-Khattab said: “Winter is the booty (prize) of the worshippers.” (1)

Ibn Rajab al-Hambali said:

“Winter is the best season for the believer because…Allaah strengthens his practice in it by making worship easy for him. This is because in winter, the believer can fast during the day with ease without suffering from hunger and thirst. The days are short and cold, and he therefore doesn’t feel the hardship of fasting…

As for praying at night in the winter due to its long nights, one can have his share of sleep and then get up to pray afterwards and recite all that he usually recites of the Qur’aan while he has had enough sleep. So, he can combine between the sleep that he needs and the usual amount of recitation of the Qur’aan that he completes in a day. So, he fulfills the interests of both his religion and the comfort of his body…

And it was narrated that Ibn Mas3oud said: “Welcome to winter! Blessings descend in it, its nights are long to pray in, and its days are short to fast in.”

It is also narrated from him and al-Hasan: “Winter is a wonderful time for the believer. Its nights are long to pray in, and its days are short to fast in.”

When it was winter time, 3Ubayd bin 3Umayr would say: “O people of the Qur’aan! Your nights are now long for you to recite in. So, recite! Your days are now short for you to fast in. So, fast! Night prayer in the winter equals fasting during the day in the summer.”

This is why Mu3adh wept on his deathbed and said: “I weep because I will miss the thirst I felt when I fasted, praying at night during the winter, and sitting knee to knee with the scholars during the gatherings of knowledge.”” (2)

It was reported by Ahmad (4/335) with a chain authenticated by al-Albanee in that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Fasting in the winter is the easy booty (prize).” (3)

Ibn Rajab commented on this in ‘Lata’if al-Ma3arif’ (p. 276):

“And the meaning of it being an easy prize is that it is a prize obtained without any battle or effort or hardship. So, the owner of this prize has been given it as a favor without any effort on his part.”

3: Caring for the poor

Ibn Rajab said in ‘Lata’if al-Ma3arif’ (p. 281):

“Taking care of the poor in the winter and protecting them from the cold is a great deed. Safwan bin Salim went out on a cold night in Madeenah near the mosque, and he saw a man with little clothing on. So, he took off his coat and covered him up with it. So, someone living in Shaam saw in a dream that Safwan bin Salim had entered Paradise with a shirt he had made. So, he went to Madinah and said: “Show me where Safwan is.” When he found him, he told him of the dream.

Also, Mis’ar saw a bedouin standing in the Sun saying:

Winter has come, and I have no money * And such a thing can only happen to a Muslim;
The people have put on their coats * And it is as if I am in Makkah only wearing ihram…

So, Mis’ar took off his coat and put it on the man.

It was related to one of the righteous leaders that there was a woman with four orphaned children who were naked and hungry. So, he had a man go to them and bring them clothes and food. He then took off his outer clothing and said: “I will not wear these or be warmed by them until you return and tell me that they are clothed and fed.” So, the man went and came back and confirmed to the leader while he was shivering in the cold that they had taken the clothes and had eaten. He then put his outer clothes back on.

At-Tirmidhi reported from Abu Sa3eed al-Khudri that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever feeds a hungry believer will be fed by Allah on the Day of Judgement from the fruits of Paradise, and whoever quenches his thirst will have his thirst quenched from the Sealed Nectar, and whoever clothes him will be clothed from the green silk of Paradise.”

And Ibn Abi ad-Dunya reported with his chain that Ibn Mas3oud said: “The people will be gathered on the Day of Ressurection as naked, hungry, and thirsty as they ever were. So, whoever clothed someone will be clothed by Allaah, whoever fed someone will be fed by Allaah, and whoever quenched someone’s thirst will have his thirst quenched by Allaah, and whoever relieved others will be given Relief by Allaah.”

4: Remembering the realities of Hell

It is reported that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Hell complained to its Lord, saying: “Parts of me have consumed the other parts.” So, He allowed it two breaths of exhalation: one in winter and one in summer. As for its breath in winter, that is the bitter cold, and its breath in the summer is the extreme heat.” (4)

Ibn Rajab said in ‘Lata’if al-Ma3arif’ (p. 282):

“And from the virtues of winter is that it reminds one of the extreme cold of Hell and pushes one to seek refuge from it…

Zubayd al-Yami woke up one night to pray. So, he walked towards the bowl of water that he would wash up from and put his hand it to find the water so cold that it was almost frozen. This reminded him of the extreme cold in Hell, and he did not remove his hand from the bowl until he later awoke and his servant came to find him like this.

His servant said: “What are you doing, sir? Why didn’t you pray at night as you usually do? Why are you sitting here like this?”

He replied: “I put my hand in this bowl and touched the cold water, and was reminded of the extreme cold of Hell. By Allaah, I did not feel the severity of its coolness until you came just now. So, go and don’t tell anyone about this until I die.”

And nobody knew of this incident until he had died, may Allaah have Mercy on him.

& it is mentioned in the authentic hadeeth: “Hell complained to its Lord, saying: “Parts of me have consumed the other parts.” So, He allowed it two breaths of exhalation: one in winter and one in summer. As for its breath in winter, that is the bitter cold, and its breath in the summer is the extreme heat.”

…How often does winter come then summer * And spring goes and autumn comes;

And we go from hot to cold * And the sword of destruction is raised over your head;

O you who is insignificant in this world * Till when will procrastination deceive you?

You who seeks what is temporary, till when * Will your heart be busy with what is temporary?

Strange is the one who humiliates himself for this world * While a piece of bread would suffice him for each day…”

So, these examples show that winter time is a special time that we should mark not by being down and inactive, but rather by reviving our energy in worship and servitude to Allaah.

source: written by Abu Sabaya

Related Posts:

The blessings of Winter

Got the Winter blues? Make the Most of it!  must read

Winter is the Orchard of Obedience [new] must read

References:

(1) Az-Zuhd’ (p. 118)
(2) Lata’if al-Ma3arif’ (p. 276)
(3) ‘as-Silsilah as-Sahihah’ (1922)
(4) ‘as-Silsilah as-Sahihah’ (1457)

Trials

“Trials are a wake-up call for the forgetful ones, a means of achieving reward for the patient ones, and a reminder of blessings for everyone.”

[Al-Hasan bin Sahl]
 

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Ibtilaa’: Tests Are a Medicine

Testing, Affliction & Calamities

… As If You Were not meant to Expire and be Forgotten?

Imaan Ibn Jawzee Rahimahullaah said:

أيها المقيم على الخطايا والعصيان،التارك لما أمرك الرحمن

المطيع للغويّ الفتان، إلى متى أنت على جرمك مصرّ، ومما يقرّبك إلى مولاك تفرّ؟

تطلب من الدنيا ما لا تدركه، وتتقي من الآخرة ما لا تملكه، لا أنت بما قسم الله من الرزق واثق، ولا أنت بما أمرك به لاحق

يا أخي، الموعظة، والله لا تنفعك، والحوادث لا تردعك. لا الدهر يدعك، ولا داعي الموت يسمعك

كأنك يا مسكين لم تزل حيا موجودا، كأنك لا تعود نسيا مفقودا

“O you who persists on mistakes and wrong doings;

O you who has turned away from what the most Loving and Compassionate commands;

O you who obeys the falsifier of the path and the creator of calamities .

How long are you going to insist on your misbehavior?

How long are you going to keep yourself distant from your Lord?

How long will you seek from this world what you cannot have, and keep away from the other world by that which you cannot possess?

Neither are you sure of what Allaah prepared of sustenance for you, nor are you satisfied with that which He has commanded for you.

O my brother, by Allaah! Admonition does not seem to benefit you!

Afflictions do not seem to threaten you!

Time does not leave you and the call of death does not reach your ears!

As if, you poor man, would live forever and you weren’t meant to expire and be forgotten?”

ibn Jawzee Rahimahullaah’s book, al Bahr ad-dumo’ (the sea of tears),

Ibtilaa’: Tests Are a Medicine

Imaam ibn Al Qayyim said:

“The ibtilaa’ (testing) of the believer is like medicine for him. It extracts from him the illnesses. Had the illness remained it would destroy him or diminish his reward and level (in the hereafter). The tests and the trials extract these illnesses from him and prepare him for the perfect reward and the highest of degrees (in the life to come).”

Calamities, trials and tests are signs of love from Allaah for the believers. They are comparable to a cure; although it may be bitter, you accept it because it is from the one whom you love; and to Allaah belongs the best example.

Ibn Al-Qayyim’s Book: “Ighaathatul Lahfan” p. 286.

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Testing, Affliction & Calamities 1

He Who Has No One Has Allaah

 

Keep Yourself Busy In Remembering Your Faults

Imaam Sufyaan Ath-Thawree (rahimahullaah) said:

“‘Keep yourself busy in remembering your faults, so that you have no time to remember the faults of others.

Be sad on account of all the time you spent in the past in other than the pursuit of your Hereafter.

 Cry frequently for the wrongs you have committed in the past, and perhaps you will then be  saved from them.

Never tire or become bored of good deeds and … of the people who perform them.”

Taken from “The Biography of Sufyaan Ath-Thauree”  pgs.175-176, by Salaahud-Deen ibn Ali ibn 3Abdul-Maujood
Translated by Faisal ibn Muhammad Shafeeq
Published by Darussalam

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Regret for wasted time should be deep!

Ibn al-Qayyim’s Advice

The Virtues of Fasting in the Heat

A beneficial reminder for us as we fast this Summer insha’Allaah. The temperature is between 42-47 degree these days… Alhamdulillaah for this opportunity to intend more lofty rewards during Ramadaan.

Fasting in the Heat

Ibn Rajab said about the virtues of fasting during hot days.

“…And from the acts of worship whose reward is multiplied during the heat is fasting, & this is because of the thirst that one experiences in the mid-day heat.”

This is why Mu3adh bin Jabal expressed regret on his deathbed that he would no longer experience this mid-day thirst, as did other early Muslims.

And it was related that Aboo Bakr would fast in the summer & not fast in the winter, & 3Umar advised his son 3Abdullaah on his deathbed: “Try to obtain the characteristics of faith,” & the first one he mentioned was fasting in the intense summer heat”.

And al-Qasim bin Muhammad said that 3Aayeshah would fast in the intense heat, & he was asked: “What drove her to do this?” He replied: “She would take advantage of the days before death”.

And some of the righteous women would choose the hottest days & fast them, saying: “If the price is low, everyone will buy,” meaning that she wanted to do those actions that only a few were capable of due to how hard it was to do them, & this is indicative of the high aspirations these women had.

And Aboo Moosaa al-Ash’aree was on a boat, & he heard someone calling out: “O passengers, stand up!” And he said this three times. So, Aboo Moosaa told him: “How can we stand up? Don’t you see where we are? How can we stand up?” So, the caller said:“Let me tell you of a rule that Allaah made upon Himself: whoever makes himself thirsty for Allaah’s sake on a hot day has the right upon Allaah to have his thirst quenched on the Day of Resurrection.” So, Aboo Moosaa would search out the days that were so hot that one would feel he was being cooked, & he would fast those days.

Ka3b said that Allaah Said to Moosaa: “I made it incumbent upon Myself that whoever is thirsty for My sake will have his thirst quenched on the Day of Resurrection,” & others said that it’s written in the Torah: “Glad tidings for whoever makes himself hungry in anticipation of the Great Day where he will have his hunger satisfied, & glad tidings for whoever makes himself thirsty in anticipation of the Great Day where he will have his thirst quenched.”

Al-Hasan said: “A maiden of Paradise will speak to the walee of Allaah while he is laying with her on the shore of a river of honey in Paradise while she hands him a glass of the sweetest drink, & she will ask him: “Do you know what day Allaah married me to you? He saw you on a long summer day while you were thirsty in the mid-day heat, & He called the Angels & said: “Look at My slave. He has left his wife & pleasure & food & drink for Me out of his desire for what I have for him. Bear witness that I have Forgiven him,” & He Forgave you on that day & married you to me.””

And when 3Amir bin 3Abd Qays went from Basrah to Shaam, Mu3awiyah would ask him to tell him what he needed. He refused to ask of him, & eventually said: “All I need is for you to return the heat of Basrah to me to make the fasting a bit harder, as it is too easy in your lands.”

And al-Hajjaj was on a journey between Makkah & Madeenah. He pulled out his dinner & invited a bedouin to eat with him, & the bedouin said: “I have been invited by One who is better than you & I have accepted the invitation.”

He asked: “And who is this?”

The man replied: “Allaah invited me to fast, & I fasted.” 

al-Hajjaj asked: “On this very hot day?”

The man replied: “Yes. I am fasting it in anticipation of a much hotter day”. 

al-Hajjaj said: “So, eat today & fast tomorrow.”

The man replied: “Only if you can guarantee that I will live until tomorrow.”

al-Hajjaj said: “This isn’t in my hands.”

The man said: “How can you ask me to do something now when there is something of the future that isn’t in your hands?”

And Ibn 3Umar went on a trip once with some companions, & they saw a sheep-herder who they invited to eat with them. He said: “I am fasting,” & Ibn 3Umar said: “You are fasting in heat like this, & while you are between all these plants & sheep?”

The herder replied: “I’m taking advantage of my remaining days.”

Ibn 3Umar was impressed by this reply & said: “Can you sell one of your sheep to us? We’ll feed you from its meat when you break your fast, & we’ll also pay you for it.”

The herder said: “It doesn’t belong to me. It belongs to my master.” 

Ibn 3Umar said: “What would your master say if you told him that it was eaten by a wolf?”

The herder raised his finger to the sky & said: “What about Allaah?” 

Ibn 3Umar kept repeating this phrase that the herder was saying, & when he got to the city, he went to the herder’s owner & bought him & his sheep from him. He then freed the herder & gave him his sheep as a gift.

And Ruh bin Zinba’ was travelling between Makkah & Madinah on a very hot day. A herder living on a mountain approached him, & he said to him: “O herder, come eat with me.” The herder said: “I’m fasting.” Ruh said: “You’re fasting in this heat?” The herder replied: “Should I let my days pass by in vain?” So, Ruh said: “You have used your days wisely, O herder, while Ruh bin Zinba’ has wasted his.”

And Ibn 3Umar used to fast extra days until he would almost faint, & this wouldn’t cause him to break his fast.

And al-Imaam Ahmad would fast until he was about to pass out, & would wipe water over his face. He was asked about fasting very hot days, & he replied: “There is nothing wrong with wetting a towel to squeeze the water on himself to cool down with.” And the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam would pour water over his head while fasting.

And Aboo ad-Darda’ would say: “Fast the very hot days in anticipation of the Day of Resurrection, & pray two rak3at in the darkness of night in anticipation of the darkness of the grave.” 

And it’s reported in the two ‘Saheeh’s that he said: “You have seen us with the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam) on some of his journeys on very hot days, & a man would hold his hand against his head due to the intensity of the heat, & none of them would be fasting except the Messenger of Allaah & 3Abdullah bin Rawahah.”(1)

And the narration of Muslim states that Aboo ad-Darda’ said: “This was during the month of Ramadaan.”

”When those who fast for Allaah in the heat are patient despite their intense thirst, He will set aside a specific gate of the gates of Paradise for them. This is the gate called Rayyan, & whoever enters through it will drink, & whoever drinks after entering it will never be thirsty again. When they enter through it, it will be locked for those after them, & none will enter through it except them”.

From ‘Lataa’if al-Ma3aarif’ (p. 272-273) by Ibn Rajab

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Living Ramadaan: Goals, Intentions and Aspirations

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(1) Bukharee, Volume 3, Fasting, Hadeeth #: 166
 

Regret for wasted time should be deep!

A reminder for myself first and foremost

Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3aala will say:

 قَـٰلَ إِن لَّبِثۡتُمۡ إِلَّا قَلِيلاً۬ۖ لَّوۡ أَنَّكُمۡ كُنتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ – أَفَحَسِبۡتُمۡ أَنَّمَا خَلَقۡنَـٰكُمۡ عَبَثً۬ا وَأَنَّكُمۡ إِلَيۡنَا لَا تُرۡجَعُونَ

interpretation of meaning: “You stayed not but a little, if you had only known! Did you think that We had created you in play (without any purpose), and that you would not be brought back to Us?” (1)

Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

” احرص على ما ينفعك واستعن بالله ” 
“Strive to do that which will benefit you and seek the help of Allaah.” (2)

And he said:

 مَا قَعَدَ قَوْمٌ مَقْعَدًا لَا يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَيُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِلَّا كَانَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَسْرَةً يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ، وَإِنْ دَخَلُوا الْجَنَّةَ لِلثَّوَابِ

“No people sit in a gathering in which they do not remember Allaah or send blessings upon the Prophet, but it will be a source of regret for them on the Day of Resurrection, even if they entered Paradise as a reward.” (3)

So the only regret for people of Paradise will be the time they wasted in this life for any thing other than seeking pleasure of Allaah سبحانه وتعالى

Imaam Ibn Qayyim (rahimahu-Allaah) said:

“Regret for wasted time should be deep, for time passes quickly and it is difficult to make up what you have missed.

Time for the worshipper is a time for worship and reciting awraad, and for the devoted Muslim it is time for turning to Allaah عز و جل and focusing on Him سبحانه وتعالى with all his heart.

Time is the dearest thing to him and he would feel very sad if time passes without him doing what he is meant to do.

If he misses time, he can never make it up, because a second time has its own duties. So if he misses time, there is no way he can bring it back.” (4)

===============================================

References:

(1)  [soorah Al-Muminoon, v: 114-115]
(2) Saheeh Muslim
(3) Narrated by Ahmad (2/463) and classed as saheeh by the commentators according to the conditions of the two Shaykhs (al-Bukhaaree and Muslim), and by Shaykh al-Albaanee in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (no. 76).
(4) (Madaarij al-Saalikin, 3/49)

Have we abandoned the Qur’aan?

وَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ يَارَبِّ إِنَّ قَوْمِي اتَّخَذُوا هَذَا الْقُرْآنَ مَهْجُورًا

“And the Messenger (Muhammad sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam) will say: “O my Lord! Verily, my people deserted this Qur’aan (neither listened to it, nor acted on its laws and orders”. [soorah Al-Furqaan, v:30]

Imaam Ibn Qayyim (rahimahu-Allaahu) said: “There are various types of ‘abandonment’ of the Qur’aan:

1) To abandon listening to it and believing in it.

2) To abandon acting upon it, and ignoring its lawful and prohibited ordinances (Halaal and haraam), even if one believes in it and recites it.

3) To abandon judging by it, and resorting to it as a judge when there are differences in the essence of the religion or other matters.

4) To abandon pondering over it, and understanding it, and seeking the explanation of it.

5) To abandon using it as a cure in all types of diseases of the heart, and instead to seek to cure these diseases by other means.” (1)

How many of these types of abandonments are we guilty of?

Related Posts:

The Forgotten Promise

====================================================

Reference:
(1) ”An Introduction To The Sciences Of The Qur’aan” By Yasir Qadhi, p. 394, quoting from: Ibn Al-Qayyim, p. 113]

Stories of the Salaf’s preserving their tongues

Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (May Allaah Bestows His mercy upon him) said in his writings explaining the situations of many people:

“It is much surprising to find a person who easily preserves himself from committing sins i.e. earning Money from Haram sources, being injust, stealing, drinking alcohol or to look at what is unlawful for him to look at, while he still finds it difficult to preserve his tongue. It happens to see someone who is known with his righteousness, all time worshipping and piety but he utters words that cause Allah’s wrath, while he is not aware of such consequences. You may see a person who preserves himself from approaching what leads to injustice or any filthy action yet his tongue is not stopping from back-biting live and dead people alike without even caring about it”.

1) It was stated that if someone asked to see Ibrahim Al-Nakh3iee, while he is at home, but he disliked to go outside to meet him, he would tell his servant: “Tell him to ask for me in the Masjid and do not say: I am not here, so that it does not count as a lie”.

2) Jubayr bin 3Abdullaah said: I saw a man approaching Wahb Bin Manbah saying to him: “There is someone who backbites you” so Ibn Wahbah replied: “Did not the shaytaan find anyone else but you to muck with and make him to look like a fool? Then it was just moments after that and the man came so he welcomed him and treated him kindly.

3) Hatim Bin Al-3Asim said: “If a respectable good man sits with you, you would be watching every word you utter so that you do not say something wrong. Yet, you know that your words are watched by Allaah but you still do not watch the words you utter!!!

4) Abu Hyyan Al-Tamimi narrated from his father saying: “I saw the daughter of Al-Rabe3e Bin Al-khaytham asking his permission to go and play so he replied to her: go and utter nothing but goodness.”

5) A man told 3Amr Bin Al-3Obaid : Al-Aswari still backbites you and mentions you with no good , so 3Amr replied: “You did not fulfill the trust of the man when he let you sit with him since you told us what he said furthermore, you did not fulfill my rights upon you when you told me what I dislike to hear about one of my brothers. However, advise him that death will happen to all of us, the grave will hold us inside and the judgment day will gather us and then Allaah will be the judge between us and he is, truly, the most just wise judge.

6) Al-Mmoafi Bin 3Umran once was asked: what do you say of a man who writes poetry? He replied: “it is his life so let him waste it if he wishes the way he likes!!!”

7) Ibn 3Abbas ( radi Allaahu a’nhuma) said: There is no word that son of Adam utters without being written, even the pain-humming he makes because of his sickness. So when Imam Ahmad was sick, he was told that Tawoos disliked pain humming of sickness so Imam Ahmad stopped doing so, although the pain was great.

8.) 3Umar Bin 3Abd Al-3Azeez once said: “whoever knows and realize that his words, he utters, are part of his deeds, He, surely will speak only with what concerns him”

9) 3Abdullaah Al-Khayar used to say when he sits with people : “O’ Allaah save us and protect us and save the believers from the evilness of our tongues”

10) Some of the Salaf used to say: “every hour which Son of Adam lived will be viewed and screened to him. And every hour he lived and did not mention or remembered Allaah in that hour, he will weep on himself for wasting such an hour”

11) Al-Hassan bin Bashar once said: “I observed my tongue for thirty years so that I never uttered a word that require me to apologize for”.

12) A man once told Al-Fadeel bin 3Eyaad: “A man backbited me” Al-fadeel replied: “He benefited you rather than harmed you” (He refers to the fact that he will take from the good deeds of the one who backbited him in judgment day as a result of this)

13) 3Abd Al-Rahman Bin Mahdi once said: “I dislike people to disobey Allaah otherwise I would have wished every one in this world to backbite me. There is no equal joy to find in your scale in the judgment day a deed you did not know about or even did”

14) A man once said to Bakr bin Muhammad: “I was told that you are talking about me behind my back”. Bakr replied: “If I did then you are more precious to me than myself”

15) 3Abdullaah Bin Muhammad once said: I was with Imam Ahmed Bin Hanbal when a man told him: O Abu 3Abdullaah, I have backbited you, please forgive me for what I did. So Imam Ahmed said: “You are forgiven if you do not do it again.” After he said that I said to him surprisingly: O Abu 3Abdullaah you simply forgave him for what he did!!! He replied to me: “did not you see conditioning my forgiveness by not doing it ever again!!”

16) Some people came to Ibn Sereen and said to him: we backbited you, so forgive us for what we did!! He replied: “I will never make lawful what Allaah made unlawful.” ( he indicates that they still need to repent and ask Allaah forgiveness while he forgiven them)

17) It was narrated that Al-Hassan was once told that a man has backbited you. He immediately sent that man who backbited him a plate full of dates and sent a message saying: I wanted to reward you for giving me more reward, yet please forgive me as I cannot thank you enough for what you did for me”

18) Some wise men was once asked: “what is the wisdom behind that at the time of the prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam,  the filthy smell of backbiting was easily distinguished while nowadays we cannot distinguish this filthy smell anymore!!!  He replied: “It is because the filthy smell of backbiting filled our noses, nowadays, so that we know no other smell but that one. The example of this: A man who enters a shop of leather tanner who cannot the there because of the strong smell while the people who work there, eat, drink and they never even notice that smell because it fills their noses and got used to that smell, which is the same situation of us nowadays.

19) 3Abdullaah bin Al-Mubarak once said to Sufyan Al-Thawri : O 3Abdullaah, how amiazing that Abu Hanifah never backbites anyone so that he never even backbited an enemy of his. Sufyan replied: “He is more reasonable and smarter to let his tongue controlled with what erases his good deeds”

20) A man entered at 3Umar bin 4Abdul-4Azeez once and backbited another man. 3Umar bin 3abdul3Azeez said to this man: “If you wish we will investigate what you say so if we find you a liar then you are one of those who Allaah said about them

(interpretation) “O you who believe! If a Fasiq (liar — evil person) comes to you with any news, verify it, lest you should harm people in ignorance, and afterwards you become regretful for what you have done.”  [soorah Al-Hujraat, v: 6]

and if you were honest and what you said is true, then you are one of those who Allaah said about them: (interpretation) “A slanderer, going about with calumnies.” [soorah Al-Qalam, v:11] or you can ask forgiveness. The man replied: I ask forgiveness and will never do it again.”

21) A man came to 3Abdullah bin 3Umar – at the time he was a ruler- and said to him: “I heard that someone mentioned me with bad behind my back in front of you.”.

3Abdullah bin 3Umar said: Yes, it happened. The man said: Let me know what eh said so that I defend myself and show you that what was said are lies.”

3Abdullah bin 3Umar said: “I dislike uttering evilness about myself  by using my tongue. Yet, it is enough to know that I did not believe what was said and still joining the relationship between you and me.”

Related Posts:

Watch Your Tongue

Guard Your Tongue

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by Ibn Al-Qayyim -” Al-Jawaab aL-Al-Kafee Liman sala 3An Al-Dawa Al-shafi ( Aldaa Wa Al dawaa)”
(Taken from Multaqaa Ahl-Al-Hadeeth

The Forgotten Promise


الم ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لاَ رَيْبَ فِيهِ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ

Alif Laaam Meeeem..Dhalik-al-Kitaabu Laa rayeba feeh….

And the Imaam starts off reciting the Soorah in his awesome voice, causing your heart to turn over at the sweetness. You make a promise to yourself that after this Ramadaan you will recite the Qur’aan more often.

Ramadaan passes, Shawwaal comes and goes, then Dhul Qa3dah and then Dhul Hijjah…Safar…and you haven’t touched the Qur’aan since Ramadaan. This is the fourth time this occurred, you remember making the same promise to yourself the year before…and the year before…and the year before…only to end up being distracted each time and leaving the Qur’aan on top of the shelf to collect dust.

Why is it that we can find ourselves spending so much time doing other things, reading other books, studying secular studies, and surfing the internet yet it’s hard for us to find time for the Qur’aan?

يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلنَّاسُ قَدۡ جَآءَتۡكُم مَّوۡعِظَةٌ۬ مِّن رَّبِّڪُمۡ وَشِفَآءٌ۬ لِّمَا فِى ٱلصُّدُورِ وَهُدً۬ى وَرَحۡمَةٌ۬ لِّلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ

“O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (this Qur’aan), and a healing for that in your breasts, – a Guidance and a Mercy for the believers.” (1)

Little do we realize what this Qur’aan is and how little time do we spend reciting it!

How little time do we spend memorizing it, contemplating it, and pondering over it! If only we knew the high status of those who become companions of the Qur’aan, then surely we would attach ourselves to it and never detach ourselves from it. Our tongues would dry with constant recitation.

So the intention here is to remind ourselves by highlighting some of ahaadeeth that pertain to the Qur’aan and the glad tidings they give to the People of the Qur’aan, and to mention some statements of our Salaf, to incite ourselves to spend more time with it. For indeed Allaah has chosen this Ummah to receive the Qur’aan, the one miracle that will remain until the Day of Judgment, The Book about which Allaah says:

لَوۡ أَنزَلۡنَا هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ عَلَىٰ جَبَلٍ۬ لَّرَأَيۡتَهُ ۥ خَـٰشِعً۬ا مُّتَصَدِّعً۬ا مِّنۡ خَشۡيَةِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ وَتِلۡكَ ٱلۡأَمۡثَـٰلُ نَضۡرِبُہَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

“Had We sent down this Qur’aan on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rending asunder by the fear of Allaah.” (2)

This is the Ummah of the Qur’aan, and we are of this Ummah, will we not then seize this?

أَلَمۡ يَأۡنِ لِلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَن تَخۡشَعَ قُلُوبُہُمۡ لِذِڪۡرِ ٱللَّهِ

“Has not the time come for the hearts of those who believe to be affected by Allaah’s Reminder?” (3)

The Qur’aan and the Hearts


Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam has said: “The people of Qur’aan, they are the people of Allaah and His specialties.” (4)

So who are the “People of the Qur’aan”? What does it take to become one of them?

And how can we strive to join their ranks? What sets them apart from the rest of the people?

It is high time for us to return to the Qur’aan, for our state in the world today is only because of ourselves, because we have abandoned the Qur’aan. We have severed our relationship with the Book, and have taken ourselves to other petty matters, turning to the Qur’aan only when we are in need, and sometimes, not even then.

When it comes to finding peace, we find our youth turning to music instead of the recitation of the Qur’aan, we find our brothers and sisters turning to novels instead of the recitation of the Qur’aan.

This is not finger pointing, but the aim here is merely to incite ourselves to examine our life to check whether we have habits, and to check whether we do things that are non essential and non beneficial and leave them and turn that time to the Qur’aan because without the Qur’aan, what life do our hearts have? We have forgotten the role the Qur’aan should have in our lives, will we not then give that role back to the Qur’aan?

What set our Salaf apart from the rest of the following generations? It was nothing except their attachment to the Qur’aan. Their lives was the Qur’aan. In the day they would recite Qur’aan, and during night prayers, they contemplated over it. And history is a witness to where it led them.

Ibn Khaldoon said in Al-Muqaddimah “Then the cities of Islaam grew, and illiteracy disappeared from amongst the Arabs because of their constant occupation with the Qur’aan.“

Like our body needs food to survive, our soul also need its nurishment as well. Our hearts need ‘food’ to remain alive.

So what is the ‘Food’ of our hearts?

Ibn Al Qayyim said: “The keys to the life of the heart lie in reflecting upon the Qur‘aan , being humble before Allaah in secret, and leaving sins.” (6)

And if one thinks about this, he finds that they are dependent upon one another. The Qur’aan and evil cannot coexist in the same heart, so one needs to leave off sins in order to be able to recite and reflect on the Qur’aan for it to have any effect on him, and only when one reflects on the Qur’aan can he feel the power of its Words, and only then can he humble himself  before Allaah in secret for it is easier to commit a sin in secret then in the open.

Ibn Masood said “These hearts are vessels. Fill them up with Qur’aan and occupy them with nothing else.”

and he also said “The love of the Qur’aan and the love of music cannot combine in the heart of a believer.”

Allaah says, telling of the characteristics of the believers, when they recite or hear the Qur’aan:

“…The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it (when they recite it or hear it). Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allaah. That is the guidance of Allaah. He Guides therewith whom He pleases and whomever Allaah sends astray, for him there is no guide.” (7)

Ibn Katheer says regarding this verse:

“This is the description of the righteous, when they hear the Words of the Compeller, the Protector, the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving, because they understand the promises and warnings contained therein. The frightening words and threats make their skin shiver from fear.
[…]
When they hear the Aayat of Allaah, they are not too busy to pay attention to them; they listen to them and understand their meanings. So they act upon them and prostrate when they hear them, out of understanding, not out of ignorance and blind following of others. Third they adhere to the correct etiquette when they listen to them. As the Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, used to do when they listened to the words of Allaah recited by the Messenger of Allaah. Their skin would shiver, and their hearts would soften to the remembrance of Allaah. They did not shout or do other actions that are not natural; on the contrary, they would sit quietly with the proper attitude of fear, in an unparalleled fashion. they attained the victory of praise from their Lord in this world and the Hereafter.
[…]
Qatadah said: “This is the characteristic of the friends of Allaah; Allaah has described them in this manner, saying that their skin shivers, their eyes weep and their hearts find rest to the remembrance of Allaah. He did not say that they lose their minds and swoon; that is the characteristic of the followers of innovation, and that comes from the Shaytan.”

Remember that the Qur’aan can either be a proof for us or a proof against us, let us make sure that it will become a proof for us on the Day of Judgment.

It is narrated on the authority of 3Umar radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Verily, Allaah will raise elevate some people by this Book and He will degrade others with it”. (8)

In another narration the Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever puts (the Qur’aan) ahead of him, it will lead him to Paradise; and whoever throws it behind him, it will drag him into Hell.” (9)

We ask Allaah to make us of those who recite this Book, follow it, understand it, and then teach it to others seeking nothing except His reward.

The Reward

So let us turn to our first source, the ahadeeth and take a look at a few narrations about the Qur’aan and the reward of the one who recites it & memorizes it and let us ask Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3alaa to make us of the Companions of the Qur’aan.

The Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam has informed us of the great reward of those that take the Qur’aan as their companion, and hold fast to it, stick to it and never abandon it for anything else. They are with the Qur’aan in the day, and they recite it at night in prayer.

Virtues of Reading & memorizing the Qur’aan:

عن عبد الله بن مسعود قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” مَن قرأ حرفاً من كتاب الله فله به حسنة ، والحسنة بعشر أمثالها ، لا أقول { الم } حرف ، ولكن ألِف حرف ، ولام حرف ، وميم حرف . رواه الترمذي ( 2910 ) وقال : حسن صحيح . وصححه الألباني في صحيح الترمذي .

3Abd-Allaah ibn Mas3ood said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever reads a letter of the Book of Allaah will be credited with a good deed, and a good deed gets a tenfold reward. I do not say that Alif-Laam-Meem is a letter, rather alif is a letter, laam is a letter and meem is a letter.” (10)

That’s 30 hasanaat for reciting only 3 letters! Imagine if one were to recite soorah Al-Fatihah how much hasanaat they will receive, imagine if one recites soorah Al-Baqarah!

Imagine for a second, the ones who set out to memorize this Book, reciting its verses over and over hunderds of times to engrave it in their memories, how much is their total recitation? How much is their reward?

مثل الذي يقرأ القرآن وهو حافظ له مع السفرة الكرام البررة ، ومثل الذي يقرأ وهو يتعاهده ، وهو عليه شديد فله أجران . البخاري ومسلم

And another narration, it was narrated from 3Aa’ishah that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

“The one who is proficient in the recitation of the Qur’aan will be with the honourable and obedient scribes (angels) and he who recites the Qur’aan and finds it difficult to recite, doing his best to recite it in the best way possible, will have a double reward.” (11)

Commentary: Proficient here means one who reads the Qur’aan in accordance with the rules of “3Ilm At-Tajweed” (the science of the recitation of the Qur’aan) as is evidenced from the words of Imam Bukhaaree’s narration and the title given to the chapter.

This Hadeeth also highlights the merit of the reader of the Qur’aan who does not know `3Ilm At-Tajweed, and for that reason cannot read it fluently. But in spite of this, he reads it with great effort. He will be given double reward, one for the difficulty encountered in reciting it, and another for reading it. Safratun translated in the Hadeeth as scribes (angels) mean the angels that convey the Wahy (Revelation) to the Messenger of Allaah.


عن أبي هريرة عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : ” يجيء القرآن يوم القيامة فيقول : يا رب حلِّه ، فيلبس تاج الكرامة ثم يقول : يا رب زِدْه ، فيلبس حلة الكرامة ، ثم يقول : يا رب ارض عنه فيرضى عنه ، فيقال له : اقرأ وارق وتزاد بكل آية حسنة ” . رواه الترمذي ( 2915 ) وقال : هذا حديث حسن صحيح ، وقال الألباني في ” صحيح الترمذي ” برقم ( 2328 ) : حسن

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet sallAlalahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “The Qur’aan will come on the Day of Resurrection and will say, ‘O Lord, adorn him.’ So he will be given a crown of honour to wear. Then it will say, ‘O Lord, give him more.’ So he will be given a garment of honour.’ Then it will say, ‘O Lord, be pleased with him.’ So Allaah will be pleased with him. Then it will be said to him, ‘Recite and advance in status, and for each verse you will gain one more hasanah (reward for good deed).” (12)

SubhaanAllaah, if this was the only Hadeeth describing the reward, then it would suffice! The Qur’aan itself will come on the Day of Judgement and intercede for its companions, and Allaah will give him a crown of honor, a garment of honor, Allaah will be pleased with him.

What else is needed to persuade us to recite the Qur’aan?

Yet here is another:

عن عبد الله بن عمرو عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : ” يقال لصاحب القرآن : اقرأ وارتق ورتل كما كنت ترتل في الدنيا فإن منزلتك عند آخر آية تقرأ بها “. رواه الترمذي ( 2914 ) وقال : هذا حديث حسن صحيح ، وقال الألباني في ” صحيح الترمذي ” برقم ( 2329 ) : حسن صحيح ، وأبو داود ( 1464 ) .

3Abd-Allaah ibn 3Amr that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “It will be said to the companion of the Qur’aan (i.e., the one who memorized and studied it): ‘Read, advance in status and recite as you used to do in the world, for your status will be commensurate with the last aayah that you recite.’” (13)

(What is meant by reciting here is memorizing)

SubhaanAllaah, aren’t these three narrations enough to make us pick up the Qur’aan and read it and try to understand it?

The rewards are not limited to the on who becomes a companion of the Qur’aan himself, but by the Mercy of Allaah, it goes further and it goes to his parents as the hadeeth states:

ويُكسى والداه حلَّتين لا تقوم لهما الدنيا وما فيها ، فيقولان : يا رب أنى لنا هذا ؟ فيقال لهما : بتعليم ولدكما القرآن ” . رواه الطبراني في ” الأوسط .. .

وعن بريدة رضي الله عنه قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” من قرأ القرآن وتعلَّم وعمل به أُلبس والداه يوم القيامة تاجاً من نور ضوؤه مثل ضوء الشمس ، ويكسى والداه حلتين لا تقوم لهما الدنيا فيقولان : بم كسينا هذا ؟ فيقال : بأخذ ولدكما القرآن ” . رواه الحاكم

“….his parents will be clothed with garments which far surpass everything to be found in this world. They will say, “O Lord, how did we earn this.” It will be said to them, “Because you taught your child the Qur’aan.”’” (14)

It was narrated that Buraydah said: “The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: ‘Whoever reads the Qur’aan, learns it and acts in accordance with it, on the Day of Resurrection his parents will be given a crown to wear whose light will be like the light of the sun, and his parents will be given garments which far surpass everything to be found in this world. They will say, “Why have we been given this to wear?” It will be said, “Because your child learned the Qur’aan.”’” (15)

These two hadeeth support one another. (16)

The Warning


وَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ يَارَبِّ إِنَّ قَوْمِي اتَّخَذُوا هَذَا الْقُرْآنَ مَهْجُورًا

“And the Messenger (Muhammad sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam) will say: “O my Lord! Verily, my people deserted this Qur’aan (neither listened to it, nor acted on its laws and orders”. (17)

In our times, rarely does the Qur’aan come down from that top shelf in our bookshelves where it’s sitting collecting dust, it comes down only when someone dies. SubhaanAllaah, this Qur’aan was revealed for the living, not the dead! In fact, it is so bad in some places, that if the Qur’aan is heard being recited loudly, people will come to you and say “Ina lillaahi wa inna ilayhi Raaji3oon, who has died?”

That is what the Qur’aan has become! An ornament, which is decorated and then placed on the top most shelf and left only to be picked up when someone passes away. This shows a preference of symbolism over substance. When Ibn 3Abbas saw a copy of the Qur’aan decorated with silver, he said: “In so doing, you will be seducing the thief, while its true ornament and decoration are within it.“

We have become people who honor only the letters of the Qur’aan, leaving behind its guidance. We rarely recite it, and we do not understand it nor do we follow much of its commandments. We respect the outside of the Qur’aan, yet leave off respecting the inside. Shaykh Shuraym of Masjid Al Haram in Makkah, said in one of the Du3aa’ that he would say: “Oh Allaah make us from those that stand up for the Hudood (laws) of the Qur’aan, and do not make us from those who stand up and respect the letters and loose the Hudood of Yours.”

Then there are amongst us those who only take the Qur’aan for barakah and only for that. Some just restrict themselves to Soorah Yaa-Seen never going beyond that, and you’ll find these small pocket-sized mass printed. What happened to the rest of the Qur’aan? What happened to the rest of the Soorah? Allaah has revealed the entire Qur’aan and made the entire book blessed not just one soorah!

From the long Hadeeth regarding what happens to the soul and the questioning, it is narrated:

“…So his soul is returned to his body and there come to him two angels who make him sit up and they say to him, ‘Who is your Lord?’ He says, ‘Allaah.’ They say, ‘What is your religion?’ He says, ‘My religion is Islam.’ They say, ‘Who is this man who was sent among you?’ He says, ‘He is the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam.’ They say, ‘What did you do?’ He says,I read the Book of Allaah and I believed in it.’…” (18)

Re-read the underlined portion brothers and sisters!

Imaam Ibn Qayyim (rahimahu-Allaahu) said: “There are various types of ‘abandonment’ of the Qur’aan:

1) To abandon listening to it and believing in it.

2) To abandon acting upon it, and ignoring its lawful and prohibited ordinances (Halaal and haraam), even if one believes in it and recites it.

3) To abandon judging by it, and resorting to it as a judge when there are differences in the essence of the religion or other matters.

4) To abandon pondering over it, and understanding it, and seeking the explanation of it.

5) To abandon using it as a cure in all types of diseases of the heart, and instead to seek to cure these diseases by other means. (19)

How many of these types of abandonments are we guilty of?

So brothers and sisters let us take a step back, examine our lives and see if we are guilty of abandoning the Qur’aan in any of these categories and strive to make up wherever we are lacking. I remind foremost myself, and then you to pick up the Qur’aan and recite a portion of it daily, listen to it, and try to understand it..

The Salaf & The Qur’aan

The Salaf were the best of this Ummah as stated by the Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam in an authentic narration. There is not much to say about these narrations, they speak for themselves.

Jubayr bin Mut3im said:“I heard the Messenger of Allah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam recite “at-Toor” in the Maghrib prayer, and when he got to the verses “Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? No, but they have no firm Belief. Or are with them the treasures of your Lord? Or are they the tyrants with the authority to do as they like?” my heart wanted to fly from my body out of awe.” (20)

3Uthmaan bin 3Affaan said: “If our hearts were truly pure, we would never get enough of the Words of our Lord, and I hate that one day passes with me not looking in the Mushaf.” (21)

Ibn Abi Mulaykah narrated: “3Ikrimah bin Abi Jahl used to press the Mus-haf to his face and cry, saying: “The Book of my Lord! The Words of my Lord!”” (22)

Bishr bin as-Sirri said: “Verily, each verse is like a date: the more you chew it, the more of its sweetness is released.” Abu Sulayman heard this and commented: “True. It is the case with one of you that if he begins one chapter of it, he wants to read it to the end.” (23)

Abu az-Zahiriyyah narrated: “I went to Tarsus, so I entered upon Abu Mu3awiyah al-Aswad after he had become blind. In his house, I saw a Mus-haf hanging from the wall, so said to him: “May Allaah have Mercy upon you! A Mus-haf while you cannot even see?”

He replied: “My brother, will you keep a secret for me until the day I die?”

I said: “Yes.” Then, he said to me: “Verily, when I want to read from the Qur’aan, my eyesight comes back to me.” (24)

So keeping in mind what has proceeded, let us try to spend more time with the Qur’aan and let us have sincerity in this because the Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam has informed us in an authentic narration that of the first of the people to be thrown into Hell will be a person who memorized the Qur’aan in order to show off to the people and receive their praise. May Allaah protect us from that. Know that we cannot achieve success in becoming the People of the Qur’aan without making Du3aa’ for it.

اللهم جعلنا من اهل القراّن

Allahumma-Ja3lnaa min Ahl-il-Qur’aan

Oh Allaah make us of the People of the Qur’aan

Let us try to pick up the Mus-haf more often, and try to recite the Qur’aan daily.

Let us get a Tafseer of the many widely available today and sit down and try to understand what the verses mean.

Let us memorize the Qur’aan be it only a verse per day.

And let us teach others what we have learned because the Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said “The best among you are those who learn the Qur’aan and teach it.” (25)

Action Tipss:

Some quick tips/guide to start with:

Some more:

(taken from islamic ink with modification & addition)
 

Coming soon

Manners of reciting the Qur’aan
How to attain the sweetness of reciting the Qur’aan

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References:
(1). soorah younus, v:57
(2) soorah Al-Hashr, v:21.
(3) soorah Al-Hadeed, v:16
(4) Ahmad, Nisaa’ee, Ibn Maajah
(6) Haadiyyul-’Arwaah ilaa Bilaadil-Afraah (p. 45)
(7) soorah Az-Zumar, v:23
(8) Saheeh Muslim
(9) At-Tabaraani & Al-Bayhiqee
(10) Narrated by al-Tirmidhee, 2910; hasan saheeh. Also classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.
(11) Saheeh Bukharee & Saheeh Muslim
(12) Narrated by al-Tirmidhee, 2915. He said, this is a saheeh hasan hadeeth. Al-Albaani said in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 2328, this is hasan
(13) Narrated by al-Tirmidhee, 2914; he said this is a saheeh hasan hadeeth. Al-Albaani said in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, no. 2329, it is hasan saheeh. Also narrated by Abu Dawood, 1464
(14) Narrated by al-Tabaraanee in al-Awsat, 6/51
(15)  Narrated by al-Haakim, 1/756
(16) See al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 2829. http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/14035
(17) soorah Al-Furqaan, v:30
(18) Narrated by Abu Dawood, 4753; Ahmad, 18063 – this version was narrated by him. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1676.
(19) “An Introduction To The Sciences Of The Qur’aan” By Yasir Qadhi, p. 394, quoting from: Ibn Al-Qayyim, p. 113]
(20) (soorah At-Toor, v:37) ‘Tafsir Ibn Katheer’; 4/309
(21) Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah; 7/215
(22) Reported by 3Abdullah bin al-Mubarak # 56
(23) Al-Hadith fi ‘Ulum al-Qur’an’; p. 70
(24) Imam Ibn Al Jawzi’s Sifaat us-Safwah
(25) Bukhaaree
 
 

Souls are like conscripted soldiers

 

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا قَالَتْ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ : ” الأَرْوَاحُ جُنُودٌ مُجَنَّدَةٌ فَمَا تَعَارَفَ مِنْهَا ائْتَلَفَ وَمَا تَنَاكَرَ مِنْهَا اخْتَلَفَ . ”  صحيح البخاري : كتاب أحاديث الأنبياء : باب الأرواح جنود مجندة

Imaam al-Bukhaaree rahimahu-Allaahu reported in his Saheeh that 3Aa’ishah radi Allaahu 3Anha said: “I heard the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam saying: ‘Souls are like conscripted soldiers; those whom they recognize, they get along with, and those whom they do not recognize, they will not get along with.” (1)

Ibn Hajar rahimahu-Allaahu said in his commentary on the hadeeth: “Concerning the phrase ‘Souls are like conscripted soldiers…’ al-Khattaabi said: ‘This may refer to their similarity as regards good or evil, righteousness or corruption. Good people are inclined towards other good people, and evil people are similarly inclined towards other evil people. Souls feel affinity with others according to the nature in which they were created, good or evil. If souls’ natures are similar, they will get along, otherwise they will not be on good terms with one another. It could be that what is being referred to is the beginning of creation in the realm of the unseen when, it is reported, souls were created before bodies, and used to meet one another and express their pessimism about the future. When souls have entered bodies (come to the physical realm) they may recognize one another from the past, and may be on friendly terms or otherwise based on that past experience.”

The phrase “conscripted soldiers” refers to different types or classifications, or groups brought together. Ibn al-Jawzi said: “What we learn from this hadeeth is that when a person finds that he feels dislike towards someone who is known to be virtuous or righteous, he should try to find out the reason for that so that he can make the effort to rid himself of something undesirable. The opposite (if a person finds himself liking someone who is known to be evil) also applies.”

Al-Qurtubi said: “Although they are all souls, they differ in different ways, so a person will feel an affinity with souls of one kind, and will get along with them because of the special quality that they have in common. So we notice that people of all types will get along with those with whom they share an affinity, and will keep away from those who are of other types. [“Birds of a feather flock together” – Translator].

We may also note that within any given group or type, people may get along with some and dislike others, and this is in accordance with issues or qualities that form the basis of love or hate.”

The hadeeth was also narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh, 4773. Al-Nawawi said: “With regard to the words of the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam, ‘Souls are like conscripted soldiers; those whom they recognize, they get along with, and those whom they do not recognize, they will not get along with’, the scholars said that the meaning is groups gathered together, or different types. As for them getting along, this happens because of something in common between them that Allaah has created.

It was said that they are similar attributes that Allaah has created in them, or that they were created in a group and then dispersed in their bodies, so people who have similar characteristics will like one another, and those who do not have similar characteristics will not like one another.

Al-Khattaabi and others said: this getting along with one another has to do with what Allaah decreed from the outset about the ultimate destiny of souls, whether they will be among the blessed [in Paradise] or the doomed [in Hell]. Souls are of two opposing kinds, and when they meet in this physical world, they will either love or hate one another depending on the way they were created. Good souls will be inclined towards other good souls, and evil souls will be inclined towards other evil souls.

And Allaah knows best.

By shaykh Salih Munajjid


Related Post:

A Soul’s Connection to Another

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References:
English: http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/3864
Arabic:  http://www.islam-qa.com/ar/ref/3864
(1) Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Kitaab Ahaadeeth al-Anbiyaa’, Baab al-Arwaah junood mujannadah

A Soul’s Connection to Another

It is narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi Allaahu 3anhu that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3alayhi wa sallam said: “Souls are like recruited soldiers, those that recognise one another unite in harmony and those that do not recognise one another are at an aversion.” (1)


Abu Hatim said: “The reason that people find concordancy and harmony between themselves (after the Decree) lies in the recognition of two souls. And likewise, their discord and seperation lies in the aversion of the two souls. Hence if two souls recognise each other, they will find familiarity and affection between themselves and if there is aversion between the two souls they will in turn find aversion and seperation between their beings.

Mujahid (rahimahu-Allaah) said: “Ibn 3Abbas radi Allaahu 3Anhu saw a man and said: “Indeed he loves me”. They said, “And how do you know?!”

He said, “Because I love him and souls are like recruited soldiers, those that recognise one another  unite in harmony and those that do not recognise one another are at an aversion.”

Abu Bakr al-Anbari recited:

Indeed the hearts are soldiers enlisted for Allaah
Upon the earth, through affection do they recognise each other
So those at a familiarity are held in harmony
And those enstranged are at a difference

It is narrated from Qatadah (rahimah-Allaah) that he said regarding the verse of Allaah,

إِلاَّ مَن رَّحِمَ رَبُّكَ وَلِذَلِكَ خَلَقَهُمْ

“Except him on whom your Lord has bestowed His Mercy and for that did He create them.” (2)

He said: “(Created them) for mercy and obedience. As for the people of obedience, their hearts and desires are unified even though they may be distant from each other (living apart). And as for the people of disobedience, then their hearts are at a discord even though they may be closel gathered and living together”.

Mansoor al-Karizi:

Whatever the eyes and heart behold will be in affection
For neither the heart nor the eyes can be concealed
But they are only two souls, one in view of the other
So one recognises the other and hence they meet


Abu Hatim: The greatest sign that alludes to what a person is like in his daily affair is expressed through whom he befriends and whom he is at enmity with, because a person is on the path of his friend and birds of a feather only flock together. I have never seen something more indicative of another, moreso even than smoke indicating fire, as much as I’ve seen a companion allude to the reality of his companion.

The smart one avoids accompanying the doubtful one and he keeps away from the one whose Deen is questionable because whoever keeps in the company of a people is known by them and whoever lives with a person ends up being attributed to him. A man does not befriend except one who is like him or of his nature (i.e. in character). If a person does not find one to befriend from amongst the people, he seeks out one whose companionship will only beautify him and it will not disgrace him to be known by him. If he sees goodness from him, he counts it (and remembers it), and if he sees a bad thing he conceals it for him, and if he remains silent over it he’s the first to speak about it to him, and were he to ask of anything he would give it.

Indeed, from amongst Mankind is one who if a person were to see him, he would be amazed. And if he got to know him more, his amazement would increase. And from amongst them is one who has an aversion to another upon seeing him, and getting to know him only increases him in hostility. Their agreement is due to the agreement of their souls from aforetime, and their aversion is due to their souls’ aversion.

If two souls meet in affection and are then forced to depart with the departure of life without any hateful event or they depart due to death, then that there is shocking death and grevious pain. There has never been a moment of such prolonged grief, such apparant loss, lasting sorrow, deep sadness and lament more so than when two brethrens or beloveds are seperated.

And no-one has tasted a taste more bitter than when two close friends are seperated and it’s all over.

I wonder at the one who extends his right hand
To his beloved at the time of seperation and he hastens therein!
I felt weak and incapable of saying farewell when I saw him
So my heart shook his hand whilst my eye wept.

Related Posts:

Souls are like conscripted soldiers


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From book “‘Gardens of the Intelligent & Journeys of the Virtuous’” by Ibn Habban
Translated by Farhia Yahya
References:
(1) Saheeh Muslim
(2) Soorah Hood, v: 119

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