3Eid prayer for women is Sunnah
3Eed Prayer is not obligatory for women, but it is Sunnah. Women should offer this prayer in the prayer-place with the Muslims, because the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam enjoined them to do that.
Umm 3Atiyah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: “We were commanded (and in one report it says, he commanded us; meaning the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam) to bring out to the 3Eed prayers the adolescent girls and the women in seclusion, and he commanded the menstruating women to avoid the prayer-place of the Muslims.” (1)
According to another report: “We were commanded to come out and to bring out the adolescent girls and those in seclusion.” (2)
Better for woman to go out to the 3Eed prayers or to stay at home
It is better for women to go out to the 3Eed prayer. Umm 3Atiyyah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allaah SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam commanded us to bring them (women) out on (3Eed) al-Fitr and (3Eed) al-Adha, and to bring out adolescent girls, menstruating women and virgins, but the menstruating women were to stay away from the prayer, but were to witness goodness and the gathering of the Muslims.
I said: “O Messenger of Allaah, what if one of us does not have a jilbaab?”
He said: “Let her sister lend her a jilbaab.” (3)
Al-Haafiz said: This shows that it is mustahabb for women to come out and attend the 3Eed prayers, whether they are young or not.
Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen was asked: what is better for a woman, to come out to the 3Eed prayer or to stay at home?
He replied: “It is better for them to go out to 3Eed prayer, because the Prophet SallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam enjoined that the women go out to the 3Eed prayer, even the adolescent girls and virgins – i.e., women who do not ordinarily go out. He commanded them to go out, and he told the menstruating women to go out but to keep away from the prayer-place. So menstruating women should go out with other women for 3Eed, but they should not enter the place where the Eed prayer is offered, because the 3Eed prayer-place is a mosque and it is not permissible for a menstruating woman to stay there, but it is permissible for her to pass through or to take something she needs from it, without staying there. Based on this we say: women are commanded to go out to the 3Eed prayer and join the men in this prayer, because of the goodness, dhikr and du3aa’ they may experience there.” (4)
He also said:
“But they must go out looking decent, not wearing adornment, makeup or perfume, so that they may combine following the Sunnah with avoiding fitnah”. (5)
Rulings about Covering the Feet (Must read for sisters)
=========================================================References: (1) Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1/93; Muslim, 890. (2) http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/26983 (3) Al-Bukhaari (324) and Muslim (890) (4) Majmoo3 Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn 3Uthaymeen, 16/210. (5) http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/49011