The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: "Whoever directs someone to a good, then he will have the reward equal to the doer of the action". [Saheeh Muslim]

The Forgotten Promise



الم ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لاَ رَيْبَ فِيهِ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ

Alif Laaam Meeeem..Dhalik-al-Kitaabu Laa rayeba feeh….

And the Imaam starts off reciting the Soorah in his awesome voice, causing your heart to turn over at the sweetness. You make a promise to yourself that after this Ramadaan you will recite the Qur’aan more often.

Ramadaan passes, Shawwaal comes and goes, then Dhul Qa3dah and then Dhul Hijjah…Safar…and you haven’t touched the Qur’aan since Ramadaan. This is the fourth time this occurred, you remember making the same promise to yourself the year before…and the year before…and the year before…only to end up being distracted each time and leaving the Qur’aan on top of the shelf to collect dust.

Why is it that we can find ourselves spending so much time doing other things, reading other books, studying secular studies, and surfing the internet yet it’s hard for us to find time for the Qur’aan?

يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلنَّاسُ قَدۡ جَآءَتۡكُم مَّوۡعِظَةٌ۬ مِّن رَّبِّڪُمۡ وَشِفَآءٌ۬ لِّمَا فِى ٱلصُّدُورِ وَهُدً۬ى وَرَحۡمَةٌ۬ لِّلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ

“O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (this Qur’aan), and a healing for that in your breasts, – a Guidance and a Mercy for the believers.” (1)

Little do we realize what this Qur’aan is and how little time do we spend reciting it!

How little time do we spend memorizing it, contemplating it, and pondering over it! If only we knew the high status of those who become companions of the Qur’aan, then surely we would attach ourselves to it and never detach ourselves from it. Our tongues would dry with constant recitation.

So the intention here is to remind ourselves by highlighting some of ahaadeeth that pertain to the Qur’aan and the glad tidings they give to the People of the Qur’aan, and to mention some statements of our Salaf, to incite ourselves to spend more time with it. For indeed Allaah has chosen this Ummah to receive the Qur’aan, the one miracle that will remain until the Day of Judgment, The Book about which Allaah says:

لَوۡ أَنزَلۡنَا هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ عَلَىٰ جَبَلٍ۬ لَّرَأَيۡتَهُ ۥ خَـٰشِعً۬ا مُّتَصَدِّعً۬ا مِّنۡ خَشۡيَةِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ وَتِلۡكَ ٱلۡأَمۡثَـٰلُ نَضۡرِبُہَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

“Had We sent down this Qur’aan on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rending asunder by the fear of Allaah.” (2)

This is the Ummah of the Qur’aan, and we are of this Ummah, will we not then seize this?

أَلَمۡ يَأۡنِ لِلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَن تَخۡشَعَ قُلُوبُہُمۡ لِذِڪۡرِ ٱللَّهِ

“Has not the time come for the hearts of those who believe to be affected by Allaah’s Reminder?” (3)

The Qur’aan and the Hearts


Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam has said: “The people of Qur’aan, they are the people of Allaah and His specialties.” (4)

So who are the “People of the Qur’aan”? What does it take to become one of them?

And how can we strive to join their ranks? What sets them apart from the rest of the people?

It is high time for us to return to the Qur’aan, for our state in the world today is only because of ourselves, because we have abandoned the Qur’aan. We have severed our relationship with the Book, and have taken ourselves to other petty matters, turning to the Qur’aan only when we are in need, and sometimes, not even then.

When it comes to finding peace, we find our youth turning to music instead of the recitation of the Qur’aan, we find our brothers and sisters turning to novels instead of the recitation of the Qur’aan.

This is not finger pointing, but the aim here is merely to incite ourselves to examine our life to check whether we have habits, and to check whether we do things that are non essential and non beneficial and leave them and turn that time to the Qur’aan because without the Qur’aan, what life do our hearts have? We have forgotten the role the Qur’aan should have in our lives, will we not then give that role back to the Qur’aan?

What set our Salaf apart from the rest of the following generations? It was nothing except their attachment to the Qur’aan. Their lives was the Qur’aan. In the day they would recite Qur’aan, and during night prayers, they contemplated over it. And history is a witness to where it led them.

Ibn Khaldoon said in Al-Muqaddimah “Then the cities of Islaam grew, and illiteracy disappeared from amongst the Arabs because of their constant occupation with the Qur’aan.“

Like our body needs food to survive, our soul also need its nurishment as well. Our hearts need ‘food’ to remain alive.

So what is the ‘Food’ of our hearts?

Ibn Al Qayyim said: “The keys to the life of the heart lie in reflecting upon the Qur‘aan , being humble before Allaah in secret, and leaving sins.” (6)

And if one thinks about this, he finds that they are dependent upon one another. The Qur’aan and evil cannot coexist in the same heart, so one needs to leave off sins in order to be able to recite and reflect on the Qur’aan for it to have any effect on him, and only when one reflects on the Qur’aan can he feel the power of its Words, and only then can he humble himself  before Allaah in secret for it is easier to commit a sin in secret then in the open.

Ibn Masood said “These hearts are vessels. Fill them up with Qur’aan and occupy them with nothing else.”

and he also said “The love of the Qur’aan and the love of music cannot combine in the heart of a believer.”

Allaah says, telling of the characteristics of the believers, when they recite or hear the Qur’aan:

“…The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it (when they recite it or hear it). Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allaah. That is the guidance of Allaah. He Guides therewith whom He pleases and whomever Allaah sends astray, for him there is no guide.” (7)

Ibn Katheer says regarding this verse:

“This is the description of the righteous, when they hear the Words of the Compeller, the Protector, the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving, because they understand the promises and warnings contained therein. The frightening words and threats make their skin shiver from fear.
[…]
When they hear the Aayat of Allaah, they are not too busy to pay attention to them; they listen to them and understand their meanings. So they act upon them and prostrate when they hear them, out of understanding, not out of ignorance and blind following of others. Third they adhere to the correct etiquette when they listen to them. As the Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, used to do when they listened to the words of Allaah recited by the Messenger of Allaah. Their skin would shiver, and their hearts would soften to the remembrance of Allaah. They did not shout or do other actions that are not natural; on the contrary, they would sit quietly with the proper attitude of fear, in an unparalleled fashion. they attained the victory of praise from their Lord in this world and the Hereafter.
[…]
Qatadah said: “This is the characteristic of the friends of Allaah; Allaah has described them in this manner, saying that their skin shivers, their eyes weep and their hearts find rest to the remembrance of Allaah. He did not say that they lose their minds and swoon; that is the characteristic of the followers of innovation, and that comes from the Shaytan.”

Remember that the Qur’aan can either be a proof for us or a proof against us, let us make sure that it will become a proof for us on the Day of Judgment.

It is narrated on the authority of 3Umar radi Allaahu 3Anhu that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Verily, Allaah will raise elevate some people by this Book and He will degrade others with it”. (8)

In another narration the Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever puts (the Qur’aan) ahead of him, it will lead him to Paradise; and whoever throws it behind him, it will drag him into Hell.” (9)

We ask Allaah to make us of those who recite this Book, follow it, understand it, and then teach it to others seeking nothing except His reward.

The Reward

So let us turn to our first source, the ahadeeth and take a look at a few narrations about the Qur’aan and the reward of the one who recites it & memorizes it and let us ask Allaah subhaanahu wa ta3alaa to make us of the Companions of the Qur’aan.

The Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam has informed us of the great reward of those that take the Qur’aan as their companion, and hold fast to it, stick to it and never abandon it for anything else. They are with the Qur’aan in the day, and they recite it at night in prayer.

Virtues of Reading & memorizing the Qur’aan:

عن عبد الله بن مسعود قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” مَن قرأ حرفاً من كتاب الله فله به حسنة ، والحسنة بعشر أمثالها ، لا أقول { الم } حرف ، ولكن ألِف حرف ، ولام حرف ، وميم حرف . رواه الترمذي ( 2910 ) وقال : حسن صحيح . وصححه الألباني في صحيح الترمذي .

3Abd-Allaah ibn Mas3ood said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Whoever reads a letter of the Book of Allaah will be credited with a good deed, and a good deed gets a tenfold reward. I do not say that Alif-Laam-Meem is a letter, rather alif is a letter, laam is a letter and meem is a letter.” (10)

That’s 30 hasanaat for reciting only 3 letters! Imagine if one were to recite soorah Al-Fatihah how much hasanaat they will receive, imagine if one recites soorah Al-Baqarah!

Imagine for a second, the ones who set out to memorize this Book, reciting its verses over and over hunderds of times to engrave it in their memories, how much is their total recitation? How much is their reward?

مثل الذي يقرأ القرآن وهو حافظ له مع السفرة الكرام البررة ، ومثل الذي يقرأ وهو يتعاهده ، وهو عليه شديد فله أجران . البخاري ومسلم

And another narration, it was narrated from 3Aa’ishah that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said:

“The one who is proficient in the recitation of the Qur’aan will be with the honourable and obedient scribes (angels) and he who recites the Qur’aan and finds it difficult to recite, doing his best to recite it in the best way possible, will have a double reward.” (11)

Commentary: Proficient here means one who reads the Qur’aan in accordance with the rules of “3Ilm At-Tajweed” (the science of the recitation of the Qur’aan) as is evidenced from the words of Imam Bukhaaree’s narration and the title given to the chapter.

This Hadeeth also highlights the merit of the reader of the Qur’aan who does not know `3Ilm At-Tajweed, and for that reason cannot read it fluently. But in spite of this, he reads it with great effort. He will be given double reward, one for the difficulty encountered in reciting it, and another for reading it. Safratun translated in the Hadeeth as scribes (angels) mean the angels that convey the Wahy (Revelation) to the Messenger of Allaah.


عن أبي هريرة عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : ” يجيء القرآن يوم القيامة فيقول : يا رب حلِّه ، فيلبس تاج الكرامة ثم يقول : يا رب زِدْه ، فيلبس حلة الكرامة ، ثم يقول : يا رب ارض عنه فيرضى عنه ، فيقال له : اقرأ وارق وتزاد بكل آية حسنة ” . رواه الترمذي ( 2915 ) وقال : هذا حديث حسن صحيح ، وقال الألباني في ” صحيح الترمذي ” برقم ( 2328 ) : حسن

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet sallAlalahu 3Alayhi wa sallam said:

Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “The Qur’aan will come on the Day of Resurrection and will say, ‘O Lord, adorn him.’ So he will be given a crown of honour to wear. Then it will say, ‘O Lord, give him more.’ So he will be given a garment of honour.’ Then it will say, ‘O Lord, be pleased with him.’ So Allaah will be pleased with him. Then it will be said to him, ‘Recite and advance in status, and for each verse you will gain one more hasanah (reward for good deed).” (12)

SubhaanAllaah, if this was the only Hadeeth describing the reward, then it would suffice! The Qur’aan itself will come on the Day of Judgement and intercede for its companions, and Allaah will give him a crown of honor, a garment of honor, Allaah will be pleased with him.

What else is needed to persuade us to recite the Qur’aan?

Yet here is another:

عن عبد الله بن عمرو عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : ” يقال لصاحب القرآن : اقرأ وارتق ورتل كما كنت ترتل في الدنيا فإن منزلتك عند آخر آية تقرأ بها “. رواه الترمذي ( 2914 ) وقال : هذا حديث حسن صحيح ، وقال الألباني في ” صحيح الترمذي ” برقم ( 2329 ) : حسن صحيح ، وأبو داود ( 1464 ) .

3Abd-Allaah ibn 3Amr that the Prophet sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: “It will be said to the companion of the Qur’aan (i.e., the one who memorized and studied it): ‘Read, advance in status and recite as you used to do in the world, for your status will be commensurate with the last aayah that you recite.’” (13)

(What is meant by reciting here is memorizing)

SubhaanAllaah, aren’t these three narrations enough to make us pick up the Qur’aan and read it and try to understand it?

The rewards are not limited to the on who becomes a companion of the Qur’aan himself, but by the Mercy of Allaah, it goes further and it goes to his parents as the hadeeth states:

ويُكسى والداه حلَّتين لا تقوم لهما الدنيا وما فيها ، فيقولان : يا رب أنى لنا هذا ؟ فيقال لهما : بتعليم ولدكما القرآن ” . رواه الطبراني في ” الأوسط .. .

وعن بريدة رضي الله عنه قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” من قرأ القرآن وتعلَّم وعمل به أُلبس والداه يوم القيامة تاجاً من نور ضوؤه مثل ضوء الشمس ، ويكسى والداه حلتين لا تقوم لهما الدنيا فيقولان : بم كسينا هذا ؟ فيقال : بأخذ ولدكما القرآن ” . رواه الحاكم

“….his parents will be clothed with garments which far surpass everything to be found in this world. They will say, “O Lord, how did we earn this.” It will be said to them, “Because you taught your child the Qur’aan.”’” (14)

It was narrated that Buraydah said: “The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said: ‘Whoever reads the Qur’aan, learns it and acts in accordance with it, on the Day of Resurrection his parents will be given a crown to wear whose light will be like the light of the sun, and his parents will be given garments which far surpass everything to be found in this world. They will say, “Why have we been given this to wear?” It will be said, “Because your child learned the Qur’aan.”’” (15)

These two hadeeth support one another. (16)

The Warning


وَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ يَارَبِّ إِنَّ قَوْمِي اتَّخَذُوا هَذَا الْقُرْآنَ مَهْجُورًا

“And the Messenger (Muhammad sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam) will say: “O my Lord! Verily, my people deserted this Qur’aan (neither listened to it, nor acted on its laws and orders”. (17)

In our times, rarely does the Qur’aan come down from that top shelf in our bookshelves where it’s sitting collecting dust, it comes down only when someone dies. SubhaanAllaah, this Qur’aan was revealed for the living, not the dead! In fact, it is so bad in some places, that if the Qur’aan is heard being recited loudly, people will come to you and say “Ina lillaahi wa inna ilayhi Raaji3oon, who has died?”

That is what the Qur’aan has become! An ornament, which is decorated and then placed on the top most shelf and left only to be picked up when someone passes away. This shows a preference of symbolism over substance. When Ibn 3Abbas saw a copy of the Qur’aan decorated with silver, he said: “In so doing, you will be seducing the thief, while its true ornament and decoration are within it.“

We have become people who honor only the letters of the Qur’aan, leaving behind its guidance. We rarely recite it, and we do not understand it nor do we follow much of its commandments. We respect the outside of the Qur’aan, yet leave off respecting the inside. Shaykh Shuraym of Masjid Al Haram in Makkah, said in one of the Du3aa’ that he would say: “Oh Allaah make us from those that stand up for the Hudood (laws) of the Qur’aan, and do not make us from those who stand up and respect the letters and loose the Hudood of Yours.”

Then there are amongst us those who only take the Qur’aan for barakah and only for that. Some just restrict themselves to Soorah Yaa-Seen never going beyond that, and you’ll find these small pocket-sized mass printed. What happened to the rest of the Qur’aan? What happened to the rest of the Soorah? Allaah has revealed the entire Qur’aan and made the entire book blessed not just one soorah!

From the long Hadeeth regarding what happens to the soul and the questioning, it is narrated:

“…So his soul is returned to his body and there come to him two angels who make him sit up and they say to him, ‘Who is your Lord?’ He says, ‘Allaah.’ They say, ‘What is your religion?’ He says, ‘My religion is Islam.’ They say, ‘Who is this man who was sent among you?’ He says, ‘He is the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam.’ They say, ‘What did you do?’ He says,I read the Book of Allaah and I believed in it.’…” (18)

Re-read the underlined portion brothers and sisters!

Imaam Ibn Qayyim (rahimahu-Allaahu) said: “There are various types of ‘abandonment’ of the Qur’aan:

1) To abandon listening to it and believing in it.

2) To abandon acting upon it, and ignoring its lawful and prohibited ordinances (Halaal and haraam), even if one believes in it and recites it.

3) To abandon judging by it, and resorting to it as a judge when there are differences in the essence of the religion or other matters.

4) To abandon pondering over it, and understanding it, and seeking the explanation of it.

5) To abandon using it as a cure in all types of diseases of the heart, and instead to seek to cure these diseases by other means. (19)

How many of these types of abandonments are we guilty of?

So brothers and sisters let us take a step back, examine our lives and see if we are guilty of abandoning the Qur’aan in any of these categories and strive to make up wherever we are lacking. I remind foremost myself, and then you to pick up the Qur’aan and recite a portion of it daily, listen to it, and try to understand it..

The Salaf & The Qur’aan

The Salaf were the best of this Ummah as stated by the Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam in an authentic narration. There is not much to say about these narrations, they speak for themselves.

Jubayr bin Mut3im said:“I heard the Messenger of Allah sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam recite “at-Toor” in the Maghrib prayer, and when he got to the verses “Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? No, but they have no firm Belief. Or are with them the treasures of your Lord? Or are they the tyrants with the authority to do as they like?” my heart wanted to fly from my body out of awe.” (20)

3Uthmaan bin 3Affaan said: “If our hearts were truly pure, we would never get enough of the Words of our Lord, and I hate that one day passes with me not looking in the Mushaf.” (21)

Ibn Abi Mulaykah narrated: “3Ikrimah bin Abi Jahl used to press the Mus-haf to his face and cry, saying: “The Book of my Lord! The Words of my Lord!”” (22)

Bishr bin as-Sirri said: “Verily, each verse is like a date: the more you chew it, the more of its sweetness is released.” Abu Sulayman heard this and commented: “True. It is the case with one of you that if he begins one chapter of it, he wants to read it to the end.” (23)

Abu az-Zahiriyyah narrated: “I went to Tarsus, so I entered upon Abu Mu3awiyah al-Aswad after he had become blind. In his house, I saw a Mus-haf hanging from the wall, so said to him: “May Allaah have Mercy upon you! A Mus-haf while you cannot even see?”

He replied: “My brother, will you keep a secret for me until the day I die?”

I said: “Yes.” Then, he said to me: “Verily, when I want to read from the Qur’aan, my eyesight comes back to me.” (24)

So keeping in mind what has proceeded, let us try to spend more time with the Qur’aan and let us have sincerity in this because the Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam has informed us in an authentic narration that of the first of the people to be thrown into Hell will be a person who memorized the Qur’aan in order to show off to the people and receive their praise. May Allaah protect us from that. Know that we cannot achieve success in becoming the People of the Qur’aan without making Du3aa’ for it.

اللهم جعلنا من اهل القراّن

Allahumma-Ja3lnaa min Ahl-il-Qur’aan

Oh Allaah make us of the People of the Qur’aan

Let us try to pick up the Mus-haf more often, and try to recite the Qur’aan daily.

Let us get a Tafseer of the many widely available today and sit down and try to understand what the verses mean.

Let us memorize the Qur’aan be it only a verse per day.

And let us teach others what we have learned because the Messenger sallAllaahu 3Alayhi wa Sallam said “The best among you are those who learn the Qur’aan and teach it.” (25)

Action Tipss:

Some quick tips/guide to start with:

Some more:

(taken from islamic ink with modification & addition)
 

Coming soon

Manners of reciting the Qur’aan
How to attain the sweetness of reciting the Qur’aan

====================================================

References:
(1). soorah younus, v:57
(2) soorah Al-Hashr, v:21.
(3) soorah Al-Hadeed, v:16
(4) Ahmad, Nisaa’ee, Ibn Maajah
(6) Haadiyyul-’Arwaah ilaa Bilaadil-Afraah (p. 45)
(7) soorah Az-Zumar, v:23
(8) Saheeh Muslim
(9) At-Tabaraani & Al-Bayhiqee
(10) Narrated by al-Tirmidhee, 2910; hasan saheeh. Also classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.
(11) Saheeh Bukharee & Saheeh Muslim
(12) Narrated by al-Tirmidhee, 2915. He said, this is a saheeh hasan hadeeth. Al-Albaani said in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 2328, this is hasan
(13) Narrated by al-Tirmidhee, 2914; he said this is a saheeh hasan hadeeth. Al-Albaani said in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, no. 2329, it is hasan saheeh. Also narrated by Abu Dawood, 1464
(14) Narrated by al-Tabaraanee in al-Awsat, 6/51
(15)  Narrated by al-Haakim, 1/756
(16) See al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 2829. http://www.islamqa.com/en/ref/14035
(17) soorah Al-Furqaan, v:30
(18) Narrated by Abu Dawood, 4753; Ahmad, 18063 – this version was narrated by him. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1676.
(19) “An Introduction To The Sciences Of The Qur’aan” By Yasir Qadhi, p. 394, quoting from: Ibn Al-Qayyim, p. 113]
(20) (soorah At-Toor, v:37) ‘Tafsir Ibn Katheer’; 4/309
(21) Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah; 7/215
(22) Reported by 3Abdullah bin al-Mubarak # 56
(23) Al-Hadith fi ‘Ulum al-Qur’an’; p. 70
(24) Imam Ibn Al Jawzi’s Sifaat us-Safwah
(25) Bukhaaree
 
 
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Comments on: "The Forgotten Promise" (7)

  1. […] original here: The Forgotten Sweetness « Towardshuda This entry was posted in Islam and tagged brothers, finding-peace, jawzi, katheer, music-instead, […]

  2. […] forgotten Promise Assalaamu alaykum The "forgotten Sweetness" and the forgotten Promise Reply With […]

  3. Ummhafsaa said:

    JazakAllahkhair for sweet reminders

  4. jazaana-Allaahu wa iyyakum

  5. […] The forgotten Sweetness […]

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